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Anhui
Anhui
([án.xwéi]; Chinese: 安徽) is a province of the People's Republic of China
China
located in the eastern region of the country. The province is located across the basins of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
and the Huai River, bordering Jiangsu
Jiangsu
to the east, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
to the southeast, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the south, Hubei
Hubei
to the southwest, Henan
Henan
to the northwest, and Shandong
Shandong
for a short section in the north. Anhui
Anhui
is the 22nd largest Chinese province based on area, the 8th most populous, and the 12th most densely-populated region of all 34 Chinese provincial regions. Hefei
Hefei
is the provincial capital and largest city. The name "Anhui" derives from the names of two cities: Anqing
Anqing
and Huizhou (now Huangshan
Huangshan
City).[4] The abbreviation for Anhui
Anhui
is "Chinese: 皖; pinyin: wǎn" after the historical State of Wan, Mount Wan, and the Wan river. The administration of Anhui
Anhui
is composed of the provincial administrative system, led by the Governor, Provincial Congress, The People's Political Consultative Conference, and Provincial Higher people's Court. Anhui
Anhui
is known as a province with political tradition in China's government system. Aside from managing provincial government departments, the provincial government manages 16 cities, 62 counties, 43 county-level districts and 1,522 townships. By the end of 2016, the population registered in Anhui
Anhui
was 70.27 million. The total GDP of Anhui
Anhui
Province is listed as 12th of all 31 provincial regions in 2017.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Administrative divisions 4 Administration 5 Economy

5.1 Major Economic and Technological Development Zones

5.1.1 Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Technological Development Zone 5.1.2 Hefei
Hefei
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone 5.1.3 Wuhu
Wuhu
Economic and Technological Development Zone 5.1.4 Wuhu
Wuhu
Export Processing Zone

6 Transportation

6.1 Rail 6.2 Highway system 6.3 Subway 6.4 Aviation

7 Demographics 8 Culture 9 Education 10 Religion 11 Tourism

11.1 Development

12 Notable people 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 External links

History[edit]

the old town of Sanhe, Feixi County

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Anhui
Anhui
Province was established in the sixth year of the Reign of the Kangxi Emperor
Kangxi Emperor
of the Qing Dynasty, before that, there was no coherent concept of "Anhui". The province also has another name of "Wan" because, during the Spring and Autumn Period
Spring and Autumn Period
(722–481 B.C.), a small country named "Wan" was here and a mountain called "Wanshan" is in the province. Before Anhui
Anhui
was established, this land had a long history. 2 million years ago, human beings inhabited this area - proven by some findings in Fanchang County. Archaeologists have identified the cultural domains of Yangshao, Longshan, dated to the Neolithic Age (between 4,000 and 10,000 years ago). There are many historic sites found in the province from the period of the Xia dynasty
Xia dynasty
(2100 B.C.) to the Warring Kingdoms
Warring Kingdoms
(475–221 B.C.). After the Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
unified China, this area belonged to different prefectures such as the Jiujiang, Zhang, Tang and Sishui Prefectures. Anhui
Anhui
became parts of Yang, Yu, and Xu prefectures during Han dynasties. In the period of the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
(222–280 A.D.), Anhui was separately dominated by the Wu State and Wei State. During the Jin Dynasty, Northern and Southern dynasties
Northern and Southern dynasties
and the Sui dynasty, Anhui was part of Yang, Xu and Yu prefectures, respectively. Later on, the Hui area flourished quickly and the economy and culture of Hui Prefecture created great influence during Song Dynasty. During the Yuan dynasty, ruled by the Mongolian emperor, Anhui
Anhui
area was a part of Henan
Henan
province. During the Ming dynasty, the area was directly managed by the administration of the Capital of Nanjing. Shortly after the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
was established, this area and Jiangsu province were merged as one province until the sixth year (1666 or 1667) of the Kangxi Emperor's reign in the Qing dynasty. Later during the Qing Dynasty, Anhui
Anhui
played an important role in the Self-Strengthening Movement led by Li Hongzhang, an important Prime Minister during the later Qing Dynasty. At this time, many western weapons, factories and modern government concepts were introduced into China. Over the next 50 years, Anhui
Anhui
became one of the most aggressive areas with liberal thought. Within this environment, many ideologists appeared in Anhui. Several of them impacted the future of China including, Hu Shih, a Chinese philosopher, essayist and diplomat, and Chen Duxiu, founder of the Chinese Communist Party
Chinese Communist Party
and the first General Secretary of the CCP. In 1938, the north and central areas of the province were heavily damaged because Chiang Kai Shek, the then-President of the Republic of China, broke the dam of Yellow River, hoping this strategy could slow down the invasion by the Imperial Japanese Army. Within only ten days of the dam breaking, the water and sands drowned all of north and middle area of this province, 500,000 to 900,000 Chinese lives were lost, along with an unknown number of Japanese soldiers. The flood prevented the Japanese Army from taking Zhengzhou. With the establishment of People’s Republic of China
China
in 1949, the capital city of Anhui
Anhui
province moved to what was then a small town, Hefei. At the same time, the provincial government spent a lot of energy and money to develop this new capital city which has become China
China
Top 25 city (of totally 660 cities all over China) in 2010s. After 1949, the government also launched many Water Projects to solve the hurt during World War II. In addition, many other areas of China supported Anhui’s development. In the later 1990s, the province has become one of the fastest growing provinces in China. In 2010s, the province became a part of China
China
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Delta Economic Area which is the most developed area of China. And the capital city, Hefei, is set as the sub-central city of this Economic Area, only after Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou. In terms of culture, Northern Anhui
Anhui
was firmly a part of the North China
China
Plain together with modern-day Henan
Henan
province, northern Jiangsu and southern Shandong
Shandong
provinces. Central Anhui
Anhui
was densely populated and constituted mostly of fertile land from the Huai River
Huai River
watershed. In contrast, the culture of Southern Anhui, bordered mostly along the Yangtze, was closer to Jiangxi
Jiangxi
and southern Jiangsu
Jiangsu
provinces. The hills of southeastern Anhui
Anhui
formed a unique and distinct cultural sphere of its own. Geography[edit]

Wuhu
Wuhu
Street at Night

Government building in Fuyang
Fuyang
City

Hong Village, South Anhui

Anhui
Anhui
is quite diverse topographically. The north of the province is part of the North China Plain
North China Plain
while the north-central areas are part of the Huai River
Huai River
watershed. Both of these regions are very flat and densely populated. The land becomes more uneven further south, with the Dabie Mountains
Dabie Mountains
occupying much of southwestern Anhui
Anhui
and a series of hills and ranges cutting through southeastern Anhui. The Yangtze River finds its way through south Anhui
Anhui
in between these two mountainous regions. The highest peak in Anhui
Anhui
is Lotus Peak, part of Huangshan
Huangshan
in southeastern Anhui. It has an altitude of 1873 m. Major rivers include the Huai River
Huai River
in the north and the Yangtze in the south. The largest lake is Lake Chaohu
Lake Chaohu
situated in the center of the province, with an area of about 800 km2 (310 sq mi). The southeastern part of the province near the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
has many lakes as well. As with topography, the province differs in climate from north to south. The north is more temperate and has more clearcut seasons. January temperatures average at around −1 to 2 °C north of the Huai River, and 0 to 3 °C south of the Huai River; in July temperatures average 27 °C or above. Plum rains occur in June and July and may cause flooding. Anhui
Anhui
has 16 cities. Economically, top 3 cities are, Hefei, Wuhu
Wuhu
and Anqing.

Hefei Wuhu Anqing Huangshan
Huangshan
City Tongling

Ma'anshan Huainan Bengbu Bozhou

Administrative divisions[edit] Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Anhui and List of township-level divisions of Anhui Anhui
Anhui
is divided into sixteen prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities:

Administrative divisions of Anhui

№ Division code[5] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[6] Population 2010[7] Seat Divisions[8]

Districts Counties CL cities

  340000 Anhui 安徽省 Ānhuī Shěng 139600.00 59,500,510 Hefei 44 55 6

1 340100 Hefei 合肥市 Héféi Shì 11445.06 7,457,000 Shushan District 4 4 1

16 340200 Wuhu 芜湖市 Wúhú Shì 6026.05 3,443,000 Jiujiang District 4 4

3 340300 Bengbu 蚌埠市 Bèngbù Shì 5952.13 3,164,000 Bengshan District 4 3

10 340400 Huainan 淮南市 Huáinán Shì 5531.09 2,334,000 Tianjia'an District 5 2

13 340500 Ma'anshan 马鞍山市 Mǎ'ānshān Shì 4049.13 2,304,000 Yushan District 3 3

9 340600 Huaibei 淮北市 Huáiběi Shì 2740.91 2,114,000 Xiangshan District 3 1

15 340700 Tongling 铜陵市 Tónglíng Shì 2937.83 1,562,670 Tongguan District 3 1

2 340800 Anqing 安庆市 Ānqìng Shì 13525.03 4,472,667 Yingjiang District 3 6 1

11 341000 Huangshan 黄山市 Huángshān Shì 9678.84 1,359,000 Tunxi District 3 4

7 341100 Chuzhou 滁州市 Chúzhōu Shì 13523.22 3,938,000 Langya District 2 4 2

8 341200 Fuyang 阜阳市 Fùyáng Shì 10122.77 7,600,000 Yingzhou District 3 4 1

14 341300 Suzhou 宿州市 Sùzhōu Shì 9939.80 5,353,000 Yongqiao District 1 4

12 341500 Lu'an 六安市 Lù'ān Shì 15447.45 5,612,000 Jin'an District 3 4

4 341600 Bozhou 亳州市 Bózhōu Shì 8522.58 4,851,000 Qiaocheng District 1 3

6 341700 Chizhou 池州市 Chízhōu Shì 8391.73 1,403,000 Guichi District 1 3

5 341800 Xuancheng 宣城市 Xuānchéng Shì 12323.43 2,533,000 Xuanzhou District 1 5 1

The sixteen prefecture-level divisions of Anhui
Anhui
are subdivided into 105 county-level divisions (44 districts, 6 county-level cities, and 55 counties). Those are in turn divided into 1,845 township-level divisions (972 towns, 634 townships, nine ethnic townships, and 230 subdistricts). Administration[edit] Main articles: Politics of Anhui and List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China The Politics of Anhui Province is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China. The Governor of Anhui
Anhui
(安徽省省长) is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Anhui. However, in the province's dual party-government governing system, the Governor has less power than the Anhui
Anhui
Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
Provincial Committee Secretary (安徽省委书记), colloquially termed the " Anhui
Anhui
Party Chief". Most provincial government departments and the Governor office are located at No.1 Zhongshan Road,moved from old downtown of Hefei
Hefei
since 2016.Provincial government is responsible to manage 16 prefecture-level cities, 105 counties, 1845 townships and different departments in Anhui. The National People's Congress (NPC) is just located near provincial government.The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (C.P.P.C.C.) is located at No.317,Suzhou Road.The Provincial Higher People's Court is located No.472.Changjiang Rd. Typically,annual provincial congress meeting is hold in the first quarter of each year shortly before national congress meeting and the annual meeting of C.P.P.C.C is hold in the first quarter or the fourth quarter of each year. Economy[edit]

Robotic Manufacturingline,in Hefei

Agriculture in Anhui
Anhui
varies according to the climate zones that the province crosses. To the north of the Huai River, wheat and sweet potatoes are grown, while to the south of the Huai River
Huai River
it is rice and wheat instead. Natural resources of Anhui
Anhui
include iron in Ma'anshan, coal in Huainan, and copper in Tongling. There are industries related to these natural resources (e.g. steel industry at Ma'anshan). One of the famous Anhui-based corporations is the automobile company Chery, which is based in Wuhu.

Farmlands of South Anhui

Compared to its more prosperous neighbours to the east, Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and Jiangsu, Anhui
Anhui
has lagged markedly behind in economic development, with a GDP per capita around half of those two provinces in 2017 rapidly improved from 1/3 of those two provinces in 2010. However, the provincial GDP per capita is based on the population registered in the province (that is, with local Hukou), but not necessarily residing there. Therefore, the per-capita GDP of provinces with many residents working elsewhere is likely underestimated.[citation needed] There is great regional disparity as well, and most of the wealth is concentrated in industrial regions close to the Yangtze River, such as Hefei, Wuhu, and Ma'anshan. Anhui's nominal GDP for 2016 was approximately 2.4 trillion yuan (US$365.8 billion) in the year of 2016. In 2017, the province GPD exceeds Beijing's GDP first time. It is considered as a mid-size economy in terms of economic output.The province has some high tech companies like iFlyTek which was listed as the smartest companies in the world in 2016. At iFlyTek's basis, China
China
Speech Valley was found in 2010s which represents China
China
top concentration of commercialized Artificial Intelligence. The province is China
China
biggest clusters of household electrical appliances as well as many electronic products with the largest volume manufacturing centers of Haier, Hisense, Whirlpool, Gree, Royalstar, Meling. Hefei, as capital city of Anhui, probably is one of China
China
largest intelligence manufacturing centers in the world. Additionally, the province has developed many other industries/companies within different fields such as :

Healthcare Industries like: Anke Bio,Tonrol Pharm,Zhaoke Pharm New Enery & New Materials like: JA Solar, SunGrow, Guofeng Plastic, 3M Materials, Unilever Public Security like: Sun Create, KDlian, China
China
Meyer Automobile and Construction Machinery like: JAV, Chery, Volkswagen Electronic, Continental AG,Heli Forklift Construction like: Conch Cement Semiconductor&electronics like: Hejing Electronic Co(one of world largest Semiconductor product maker), BOE(world largest LED Screen maker) Minging & Metal like: Tongling
Tongling
Non-ferrous Metal(One of China largest non-ferrous groups), Maanshan Steel Robotics like: CSG(manufacturing robots maker),Keyiren Agriculture and Food like: Fengle Seed,Huida Agro

There are 77 of all 500 Fortune 500 companies have operations in this province such as 3M, ABB, VW, Continental AG, Unilever. Major Economic and Technological Development Zones[edit]

Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Technological Development Zone

Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Technological Development Zone[edit] Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Technological Development Zone is located in the southwest of Hefei. The zone is divided into two functional areas. The east part is allocated for manufacturing purpose and it also has two parks; the west part is where the business center, Hefei
Hefei
university town, and the international community center are located. It is established in 1993, and it is located close to Hefei
Hefei
Luogang International Airport.[9] Hefei
Hefei
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone[edit] Hefei
Hefei
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was founded in October 1990 and approved by the State Council as a state-level Development Zone in March 1991. In 1997, the Development Zone was ratified as an APEC Science and Technology Industrial Park, with special open policies to APEC and EU members. Hefei
Hefei
High Tech Park was also approved as a National High Tech Export Base in 2000 and obtained the award of an Advanced High Tech Zone under the Torch Program in 2003. So far, more than 100 hi-tech enterprises have entered the zone. Industries encouraged in the zone include Chemicals Production and Processing, Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Heavy Industry, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Medical Equipment and Supplies, Research and Development, Telecommunications Equipment.[10] Wuhu
Wuhu
Economic and Technological Development Zone[edit] Established in 1993, Wuhu
Wuhu
Economic & Technological Development Zone is the first state-level development zone approved by central government in Anhui
Anhui
Province. As the hub in the west of the Yangtze Delta, it is an ideal place for business in Central China
China
and East China
China
such as manufacturing place or logistic center due to great transportation advantage. Wuhu
Wuhu
port is the last fine deepwater port here going against the Yangtse River. It is the main foreign trade base and overseas transportation center. It takes 1 hour from Wuhu
Wuhu
to Nanjing Lukou International Airport and to Hefei
Hefei
Luogang Airport.[11] Wuhu
Wuhu
Export Processing Zone[edit] Wuhu
Wuhu
Export Processing Zone was approved to be a national level export processing zone by State Council. Wuhu
Wuhu
Export Processing Zone is located in the Wuhu
Wuhu
EDZ, with a total planned area of 2.95 km2 with the first-stage are being 1.1 km2. It is located close to Wuhu
Wuhu
Airport and Wuhu
Wuhu
Port. Industries encouraged in the zone include Electronics Assembly & Manufacturing, Heavy Industry, Instruments & Industrial Equipment Production, Shipping/Warehousing/Logistics, Trading and Distribution.[12] Transportation[edit]

Anhui
Anhui
High Speed Train

Hefei
Hefei
South Railway Station

One of Metro Entrances in Hefei

Historically, Anhui's transport network was hampered by the lack of bridges across the Yangtze River, which divides the province into northern and southern regions. The first bridge across the Yangtze in Anhui, the Tongling
Tongling
Yangtze River
Yangtze River
Bridge was completed in 1995. As of October 2014, Anhui
Anhui
had four bridges across the Yangtze, at Ma'anshan, Wuhu, Tongling, and Anqing. Rail[edit] Anhui
Anhui
was a place with a lack of a railway network. The situation has improved in the last 20 years. Most cities in this province are now connected by a high-speed train system. The newest one is Hefeinan Railway Station ( Hefei
Hefei
South Railway Station 合肥火车南站) where most high-speed trains pass through. The Chinese government set Hefei as the leading National railway hub in 2016. In addition, according to the Chinese central government, Anhui
Anhui
will set at least 5 sub-central railway hubs in the next 5 years. Since Hefei
Hefei
is the hub of China's high-speed train system, there are many important railway lines connecting the cities in this province, including:

Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu High-Speed Railway Hefei-Fuzhou High-Speed Railway Hefei- Bengbu
Bengbu
High-Speed Railway Shangqiu-Hefei-Hanzhou High-Speed Railway Hefei-Anqing-Jiujiang High-Speed Railway Hefei-Qingdao High-Speed Railway (under construction) Nanjing-Xi'an High-Speed Railway (under construction) Huainan
Huainan
Raiway Hefei-Jiujiang Railway Nanjing-Xi'an Railway Lujiang- Tongling
Tongling
Raiway (under construction)

Highway system[edit] Several cities of Anhui
Anhui
have become the crossroads of China's highway system. The province has set an ambitious plan from 2015 to 2025. Some important highways include: G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway G40 Shanghai-Xi'an Expressway G42 Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway S24 Changshu- Hefei
Hefei
Expressway And G4212, G5011,National Highway 206,National Highway 312,National Highway 346,S17 Bengbu- Hefei
Hefei
Expressway, G3W Expressway This is an important reason why so many express companies set their hubs in Hefei. Subway[edit] Hefei
Hefei
and Wuhu
Wuhu
already have complete subway systems, and there are 9 cities in Anhui
Anhui
with clear future plans for subway systems. Hefei
Hefei
Metro includes 2 completed lines, 3 lines under construction and another 10 lines planned. Wuhu
Wuhu
has 2 subway lines under construction and another 3 lines planned. Aviation[edit] The province has 5 major commercial airports and another 4 major airports are under construction. Hefei
Hefei
Xinqiao International Airport and Huangshan
Huangshan
International Airport are the 2 international airports. The 5 airports in operation are:

Hefei
Hefei
Xinqiao International Airport (IATA: HFE, ICAO: ZSOF) Huangshan
Huangshan
Tunxi International Airport (IATA: TXN, ICAO: ZSTX) Fuyang
Fuyang
Xiguan Airport (IATA: FUG, ICAO: ZSFY) Anqing
Anqing
Tianzhushan Airport (IATA: AQG, ICAO: ZSAQ) Chizhou
Chizhou
Jiuhuashan Airport (IATA: JUH, ICAO: ZSJH)

The 4 airports under construction are:

Wuhu
Wuhu
Xuancheng
Xuancheng
Airport Suzhou Dadian Airport Bengbu
Bengbu
Tenghu Airport[13] (蚌埠腾湖机场) Bozhou
Bozhou
Airport

Note: Hefei
Hefei
Xinqiao International Airport will undergo expansion from 2018 to 2025. Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1912[14] 16,229,000 —    

1928[15] 21,715,000 +33.8%

1936–37[16] 23,354,000 +7.5%

1947[17] 22,462,000 −3.8%

1954[18] 30,343,637 +35.1%

1964[19] 31,241,657 +3.0%

1982[20] 49,665,724 +59.0%

1990[21] 56,180,813 +13.1%

2000[22] 58,999,948 +5.0%

2010[23] 59,500,510 +0.8%

Han Chinese
Han Chinese
make up the vast majority of the population. The Hui and She nationalities are the two largest minorities. Anhui
Anhui
has a highly unbalanced gender ratio. According to a 2009 study published in the British Medical Journal, in the 1–4 age group, there are 138 boys for every 100 girls, making it among the most unbalanced of provinces in China.[24] Culture[edit] Anhui
Anhui
spans many geographical and cultural regions. The northern, flatter parts of the province, along the Huai River
Huai River
and further north, are most akin to neighbouring provinces like Henan, Shandong
Shandong
and northern Jiangsu. In contrast, the southern, hilly parts of the province are more similar in culture and dialect to other southern, hilly provinces, like Zhejiang
Zhejiang
and Jiangxi. Mandarin dialects
Mandarin dialects
are spoken over the northern and central parts of the province, north of the Yangzi river. Dialects to the north (e.g. Bengbu
Bengbu
dialect) are classified as Zhongyuan Mandarin, together with dialects in provinces such as Henan
Henan
and Shandong; dialects in the central parts (e.g. Hefei
Hefei
dialect) are classified as Jianghuai Mandarin, together with dialects in the central parts of neighbouring Jiangsu
Jiangsu
province. Non- Mandarin dialects
Mandarin dialects
are spoken to the south of the Yangzi: dialects of Wu are spoken in Xuancheng
Xuancheng
prefecture-level city, though these are rapidly being replaced by Jianghuai Mandarin; dialects of Gan are spoken in a few counties in the southwest bordering Jiangxi
Jiangxi
province;[25] and the Huizhou dialects are spoken in about ten counties in the far south, a small but highly diverse and unique group of Chinese dialects. Huangmeixi, which originated in the environs of Anqing
Anqing
in southwestern Anhui, is a form of traditional Chinese opera
Chinese opera
popular across China. Huiju, a form of traditional opera originating in the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, is one of the major precursors of Beijing Opera; in the 1950s, Huiju (which had disappeared) was revived. Luju is a type of traditional opera found across central Anhui, from east to west. Anhui cuisine
Anhui cuisine
is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. Combining elements of cooking from northern Anhui, south-central Anhui, and the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, Anhui
Anhui
cuisine is known for its use of wild game and herbs, both land and sea, and comparatively simple methods of preparation. Anhui
Anhui
has a high concentration of traditional products related to calligraphy: Xuanzhou (today Xuancheng) and Huizhou (today Huangshan City) are revered for producing Xuan Paper and Hui Ink, respectively, which are traditionally considered the best types of paper and ink for Chinese calligraphy. She County is famous for the She Inkstone, one of the most preferred types of inkstones (a required tool in traditional calligraphy).[citation needed] Education[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Anhui

University of Science and Technology of China

Main Campus of Hefei
Hefei
University of Technology

Anhui
Anhui
has some good universities. Most universities in Anhui
Anhui
are located in Hefei, Wuhu, Bengbu,Maanshan, some of them are pretty well known. Specifically, Hefei
Hefei
is one of the most important research central cities in China
China
with leading basic scientific research capability. -Public University

University of Science & Technology of China, China
China
top University Hefei
Hefei
University of Technology, China
China
well-known Engineering School Anhui
Anhui
University, China
China
Key University Anhui
Anhui
Agricultural University, in Hefei Anhui
Anhui
Medical University Anhui
Anhui
Normal University, in Wuhu Anhui University
Anhui University
of Finance and Economics, in Bengbu Anhui University
Anhui University
of Technology, in Ma'anshan Anhui University
Anhui University
of Technology and Science, in Wuhu
Wuhu
City Anhui University
Anhui University
of Traditional Chinese Medicine Anhui University
Anhui University
of Science & Technology, in Huainan Anqing
Anqing
Teachers College, in Anqing Fuyang
Fuyang
Teachers College, in Fuyang Hefei
Hefei
Normal University, in Hefei Wannan Medical College, in Wuhu
Wuhu
City Hefei
Hefei
Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese Academy of Sciences
in Hefei Beihang University
Beihang University
(BUAA) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus Beijing Foreign Studies University
Beijing Foreign Studies University
(BFSU) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus Tianjin University
Tianjin University
(TJU) - Hefei
Hefei
Graduate School Peking University
Peking University
(PKU) - Hefei
Hefei
Graduate School Tsinghua University
Tsinghua University
(THU) - Hefei
Hefei
Institute of Public Safety Research

-Military Universities

National University of Defense Technology
National University of Defense Technology
(NUDT) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus PLA Artillery University PLA Armoured Force University PLA Vechile University PLA Air Force Flight Academy(13th) Armed Police Command College(Hefei)

Religion[edit]

Religion in Anhui[26][note 1]    Islam
Islam
(0.58%)    Chinese ancestral religion
Chinese ancestral religion
(4.64%)    Christianity
Christianity
(5.30%)   Other religions or not religious people[note 2] (89.48%)

The predominant religions in Anhui
Anhui
are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 4.64% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration, while 5.30% of the population identifies as Christian.[26] According to a 2010 survey, Muslims constitute 0.58% of the population of Anhui
Anhui
.[27] The reports didn't give figures for other types of religion; 89.48% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in worship of nature deities, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism
Taoism
and folk religious sects.

Avalokitesvara
Avalokitesvara
of One Thousand Arms at the Guanyin Nunnery.

Langya Buddhist Temple in Chuzhou.

The Qingyun Street Mosque in Fuyang
Fuyang
, Anhui
Anhui
,China

Courtyard of a Buddhist temple in Qingyang County, Chizhou.

Tourism[edit]

Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui
Anhui
Xidi
Xidi
and Hongcun.

Anhui's principal tourism sites include the following:

Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui
Anhui
Xidi
Xidi
and Hongcun
Hongcun
(World Heritage Site). Chao Lake Jing Ting Mountain Mount Huangshan
Huangshan
(World Heritage Site) Mount Jiuhua Mount Langya Mount Qiyun Mount Tianzhu Old Town of Tunxi Taiji Cave, the longest karst cave in East China. Zhenfeng Pagoda, a Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
pagoda in Anqing
Anqing
City. Zuiweng Pavilion, named after the poet Ouyang Xiu
Ouyang Xiu
(1007–1072 AD).

Development[edit] In 2008, France helped the Anhui
Anhui
Provincial Tourism Bureau develop a rural tourism demonstration project.[28] Notable people[edit]

Gao Yao (皋陶) (lived in the 21st century BC), political advisor of the Yu the Great. Guan Zhong (管仲) (720–645 BC), Prime Minister of Duke Huan of Qi. Zhuang Zi (庄子) (369–286 BC), philosopher of Taoism. Fan Zeng
Fan Zeng
(范增) (277–204 BC), advisor to Xiang Yu. Zhang Liang (张良) (262–189 BC), strategist and statesman of the early Han dynasty. Liu An (刘安) (179–122 BC), King of Huainan. Hua Tuo
Hua Tuo
(华陀) (140–208), physician. Cao Cao
Cao Cao
(曹操) (155–220), warlord and the penultimate chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty. Cao Pi
Cao Pi
(曹丕) (187–226), Emperor Wen of Wei, first emperor of the state of Cao Wei. The Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
era Cao Wei
Cao Wei
generals Cao Ren
Cao Ren
(曹仁), Cao Hong (曹洪), Xiahou Dun
Xiahou Dun
(夏侯惇), Xiahou Yuan
Xiahou Yuan
(夏侯渊), Cao Zhen (曹真). The Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
era Sun Wu generals Zhou Yu
Zhou Yu
(周瑜), Lu Su (鲁肃), Lü Meng
Lü Meng
(吕蒙). Ji Kang
Ji Kang
(嵇康) (223–262), musician, author, poet. Huan Wen (桓温) (312–373), general of the Jin Dynasty. Huan Xuan
Huan Xuan
(桓玄) (369–404), founder of the state of Huan Chu. Zhu Wen(朱温) (852–912), founder of Later Liang. Yang Xingmi (杨行密) (852–905), founder of the state of Wu (Ten Kingdoms). Bao Zheng
Bao Zheng
(包拯) (999–1062),a famous upright official of Northern Song dynasty. Li Gonglin
Li Gonglin
(李公麟) (1049–1106), painter. Zhu Xi
Zhu Xi
(朱熹) (1130–1200), philosopher of Neo-Confucianism. Zhu Yuanzhang
Zhu Yuanzhang
(朱元璋) (1328–1398), Hongwu Emperor, founder and first emperor of the Ming dynasty. The Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
generals Xu Da
Xu Da
(徐达), Chang Yuchun
Chang Yuchun
(常遇春), Tang He (汤和), Mu Ying
Mu Ying
(沐英). Hong Ren
Hong Ren
(弘仁), painter. Zhang Tingyu
Zhang Tingyu
(张廷玉), politician and historian of Qing dynasty. Yao Nai
Yao Nai
(姚鼐), main figure of Tongcheng School of Qing dynasty. Wu Jingzi
Wu Jingzi
(吴敬梓) (1701—1754), novelist. Dai Zhen
Dai Zhen
(戴震) (1724–1777), a notable scholar. Cheng Changgeng (zh) (程长庚) (1811-1880), one of the founders of Beijing
Beijing
opera. Li Hongzhang
Li Hongzhang
(李鸿章) (1823–1901), leading statesman of the late Qing Empire. Liu Mingchuan
Liu Mingchuan
(刘铭传) (1836–1896), first governor of the province of Taiwan. Jeme Tien Yow
Jeme Tien Yow
(詹天佑) (1861–1919), famous Chinese railroad engineer. Duan Qirui
Duan Qirui
(段祺瑞) (1865–1936), warlord and politician, commander in the Beiyang Army. Huang Binhong
Huang Binhong
(黄宾虹) (1865–1955), painter. Bai Wenwei (zh) (柏文尉) (1876–1947), scholar, Kuomintang (KMT) General, Governor of Anhui
Anhui
(1912–13) Chen Duxiu (陈独秀) (1879–1942), co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party. Feng Yuxiang
Feng Yuxiang
(冯玉祥) (1882–1948), warlord and leader in Republican China. Hu Shih
Hu Shih
(胡适) (1891–1962), philosopher, essayist and diplomat. Tao Xingzhi
Tao Xingzhi
(陶行知) (1891–1946), a renowned Chinese educator and reformer. Zhang Zhizhong
Zhang Zhizhong
(张治中) (1895–1969), Kuomintang (KMT) General. Wei Lihuang
Wei Lihuang
(卫立煌) (1897–1960), Kuomintang (KMT) General. Zhu Guangqian (朱光潜) (1897–1986), founder of the study of aesthetics in 20th-century China. Li Kenong
Li Kenong
(李克农) (1899–1962), a major figure of Chinese Communist intelligence. Sun Li-jen
Sun Li-jen
(孙立人) (1900–1990), Kuomintang (KMT) General. Ke Qingshi
Ke Qingshi
(柯庆施) (1902–1965), one of the senior leaders of the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
during the 1950s and 1960s. Wang Ming
Wang Ming
(王明) (1904–1974), senior leader of the early Chinese Communist Party. Wang Jiaxiang
Wang Jiaxiang
(王稼祥) (1906–1974), one of the senior leaders of the early Communist Party of China. Zhao Puchu (赵朴初) (1907–2000), religious and public leader. Wu Zuoren
Wu Zuoren
(吴作人), (1908–1997), painter. Yan Fengying (zh) (严凤英) (1930–1968), performing artist of Huangmei opera. Yu Ying-shih (余英时), Chinese-American historian. Deng Jiaxian
Deng Jiaxian
(邓稼先), leading organizer and key contributor to the Chinese nuclear weapon programs. Chen Ning Yang
Chen Ning Yang
(杨振宁), Chinese-American physicist who won the 1957 Nobel prize in physics. Xu Haifeng (许海峰), first person to win a gold medal for China
China
in the Olympic Games. Hu Jintao
Hu Jintao
(胡锦涛), former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, President of the People's Republic of China Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
(李克强), 7th Premier of the People's Republic of China Shou-Wu Zhang
Shou-Wu Zhang
(张寿武), Chinese-American mathematician Jin Jing
Jin Jing
(金晶), female paralympic fencer Zhao Wei
Zhao Wei
(赵薇) actress, pop singer, and film director. Deng Linlin
Deng Linlin
(邓琳琳), Olympic gold medal winning gymnast.

See also[edit]

Major national historical and cultural sites in Anhui

Notes[edit]

^ The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015)[26] in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: ① Christian churches, and ② the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organised into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China
China
(deity cults, Buddhism, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, et. al.) was not reported by Wang. The number of Muslims is taken from a survey reported in the year 2010.[27] ^ This may include:

Buddhists; Confucians; Deity worshippers; Taoists; Members of folk religious sects; And people not bounded to, nor practicing any, institutional or diffuse religion.

References[edit]

^ "Doing Business in China
China
– Survey". Ministry Of Commerce – People's Republic Of China. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.  ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census [1] (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.  ^ 《2013中国人类发展报告》 (PDF) (in Chinese). United Nations Development Programme China. 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ (in Chinese) Origin of the Names of China's Provinces, People's Daily Online. ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 深圳市统计局. 《深圳统计年鉴2014》. 深圳统计网. 中国统计出版社. Retrieved 2015-05-29.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
Beijing
Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 中国民政统计年鉴 2014. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.  ^ " Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Technological Development Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2013-04-10.  ^ " Hefei
Hefei
Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2013-04-10.  ^ RightSite.asia Wuhu
Wuhu
Economic & Technological Development Zone ^ " Wuhu
Wuhu
Export Processing Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2013-04-10.  ^ 蚌埠论坛 (2016-02-15). "蚌埠民用机场选址确定 位于怀远县淝河乡腾湖". 万家资讯. Retrieved 2018-01-10.  ^ "1912年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1928年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1936–37年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1947年全国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05.  ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19.  ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-08-29.  ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27.  ^ "China's excess males, sex selective abortion, and one child policy: analysis of data from 2005 national intercensus survey". BMJ. Retrieved 2013-04-10.  ^ Damian Harper; Chung Wah Chow; David Eimer; Thomas Huhti; Carolyn B. Heller; Robert Kelly (2009). China
China
(11, illustrated ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 437. ISBN 1-74104-866-4. Retrieved 23 September 2011.  ^ a b c China
China
General Social Survey 2009, Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) 2007. Report by: Xiuhua Wang (2015, p. 15) Archived 2015-09-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b Min Junqing. The Present Situation and Characteristics of Contemporary Islam
Islam
in China. JISMOR, 8. 2010 Islam
Islam
by province, page 29. Data from: Yang Zongde, Study on Current Muslim Population in China, Jinan Muslim, 2, 2010. ^ Anhui
Anhui
Cooperates With France To Build Rural Tourism Area Archived September 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Anhui.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anhui.

Anhui
Anhui
Government website Anhui
Anhui
Provincial Tourism Administration Official Site Economic profile for Anhui
Anhui
Province at HKTDC  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ngan-hui". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Places adjacent to Anhui

Henan Shandong Jiangsu

Anhui

Hubei Jiangxi Zhejiang

v t e

Anhui articles

Capital: Hefei

Overviews

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities North China
China
Plain Huai River Dabie Mountains Lake Chaohu Yangtze Plain Yangtze River Jiangnan Huangshan
Huangshan
Mountains Qiantang River

Attractions

Mount Huangshan Mount Jiuhua Mount Jingting Mount Qiyun Mount Tianzhu Zuiweng Pavilion Taiji Cave Zhenfeng Pagoda

Culture

Huangmeixi
Huangmeixi
opera tea

Keemun Huangshan
Huangshan
Maofeng tea Lu'an
Lu'an
Melon Seed tea Taiping houkui

Cuisine

Li Hongzhang
Li Hongzhang
hodge-podge soup

Dialects

Central Plains Mandarin Lower Yangtze Mandarin Taihu Wu dialects Xuanzhou Wu dialects Huizhou Chinese Gan Chinese

Education

University of Science and Technology of China Anhui
Anhui
University Anhui
Anhui
Agricultural University Anhui
Anhui
Normal University

Category

v t e

County-level divisions of Anhui
Anhui
Province

Hefei
Hefei
(capital)

Prefecture-level cities

Hefei

Luyang District Yaohai District Shushan District Baohe District Chaohu
Chaohu
City Changfeng County Feidong County Feixi County Lujiang County

Wuhu

Jinghu District Sanshan District Jiujiang District Yijiang District Wuhu
Wuhu
County Fanchang County Nanling County Wuwei County

Bengbu

Bengshan District Longzihu District Yuhui District Huaishang District Huaiyuan County Wuhe County Guzhen County

Huainan

Tianjia'an District Datong District Xiejiaji District Bagongshan District Panji District Fengtai County Shou County

Ma'anshan

Yushan District Huashan District Bowang District Dangtu County Hanshan County He County

Huaibei

Xiangshan District Duji District Lieshan District Suixi County

Tongling

Tongguan District Jiao District Yi'an District Zongyang County

Anqing

Yingjiang District Daguan District Yixiu District Tongcheng City Huaining County Qianshan County Taihu County Susong County Wangjiang County Yuexi County

Huangshan

Tunxi District Huangshan
Huangshan
District Huizhou District She County Xiuning County Yi County Qimen County

Chuzhou

Langya District Nanqiao District Mingguang City Tianchang City Lai'an County Quanjiao County Dingyuan County Fengyang County

Fuyang

Yingzhou District Yingdong District Yingquan District Jieshou
Jieshou
City Linquan County Taihe County Funan County Yingshang County

Suzhou

Yongqiao District Dangshan County Xiao County Lingbi County Si County

Lu'an

Jin'an District Yu'an District Yeji District Huoqiu County Shucheng County Jinzhai County Huoshan County

Bozhou

Qiaocheng District Guoyang County Mengcheng County Lixin County

Chizhou

Guichi District Dongzhi County Shitai County Qingyang County

Xuancheng

Xuanzhou District Ningguo City Langxi County Guangde County Jing County Jingde County Jixi County

v t e

Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

Provinces

Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang

Autonomous regions

Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang

Municipalities

Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin

Special
Special
administrative regions

Hong Kong Macau

Other

Taiwan¹

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139563946 GND: 4002062-9 BNF: cb11960807q (d

.