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The ANDROSCOGGIN RIVER is a river in the U.S. states of Maine
Maine
and New Hampshire , in northern New England
New England
. It is 178 miles (286 km) long and joins the Kennebec River
Kennebec River
at Merrymeeting Bay in Maine
Maine
before its water empties into the Gulf of Maine
Maine
on the Atlantic Ocean . Its drainage basin is 3,530 square miles (9,100 km2) in area. The name "Androscoggin" comes from the Eastern Abenaki term /aləssíkɑntəkw/ or /alsíkɑntəkw/, meaning "river of cliff rock shelters" (literally "thus-deep-dwelling-river"); or perhaps from Penobscot /aləsstkɑtəkʷ/, meaning "river of rock shelters". The Anglicization of the Abenaki term is likely an analogical contamination with the colonial governor Edmund Andros .

CONTENTS

* 1 Course * 2 Water quality * 3 Streamflow * 4 Angling the Androscoggin * 5 History * 6 Major tributaries * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

COURSE

The Androscoggin begins in Errol, New Hampshire , where the Magalloway River joins the outlet of Umbagog Lake
Umbagog Lake
. The river flows generally south but with numerous bends past the towns of Errol and Milan and the city of Berlin before turning east at the town of Gorham, New Hampshire , to cut across the northern end of the White Mountains and enter Maine. Continuing east, the river passes the towns of Bethel , Rumford , and Dixfield before turning south at the town of Livermore Falls and leaving the mountains behind. The river passes through the twin cities of Lewiston and Auburn , turns southeast, passes the community of Lisbon Falls and reaches tidewater just below the final falls in the town of Brunswick . Merrymeeting Bay is a 10-mile-long (16 km) freshwater estuary where the Androscoggin meets the Kennebec River
Kennebec River
nearly 20 miles (32 km) inland from the Atlantic Ocean.

WATER QUALITY

The Androscoggin was once heavily polluted by a variety of textile mills , paper mills , and other industries located along its banks, and helped inspire the Clean Water Act . Although the river has benefited greatly from environmental work and the departure of certain types of industry from the region, recent EPA test results indicate unacceptably high levels of mercury -contaminated wastewater are still being discharged into the river from numerous paper mills. One environmentalist group has cited the results in calling the Androscoggin one of the 20 most polluted rivers in America. One 14-mile (23 km) stretch requires oxygen bubblers to prevent fish from suffocating. As of May 2007, environmental groups had a lawsuit pending, in an attempt to force the paper mills located along the river to clean their waste streams. Companies have resisted, citing cost.

STREAMFLOW

Power canal along the Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
in Gorham, New Hampshire

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) maintains four river flow gauges on the Androscoggin River. All four are below one or more dams.

The first is at Errol, New Hampshire (44°46′57″N 71°07′46″W / 44.78250°N 71.12944°W / 44.78250; -71.12944 ), where the watershed is 1,046 square miles (2,710 km2). Flow here has ranged from 16,500 to 0 ft³/s (467 and 0 m³/s) (zero flow when dam closed). The mean annual flow between 1905 and 2005 is 1,919 ft³/s (54.3 m³/s).

The second is near Gorham, New Hampshire (44°26′10″N 71°11′27″W / 44.43611°N 71.19083°W / 44.43611; -71.19083 ), where the watershed is 1,361 square miles (3,520 km2). Flow here has ranged from 21,900 to a mean daily low of 795 ft³/s (620 and 22.5 m³/s) (lows when dam closed). The mean annual flow between 1905 and 2005 is 2,512 ft³/s (71 m³/s).

The third is at Rumford, Maine
Maine
(44°33′04″N 70°32′38″W / 44.55111°N 70.54389°W / 44.55111; -70.54389 ), where the watershed is 2,068 square miles (5,360 km2). Flow here has ranged from 74,000 to 625 ft³/s (2,094 and 17.7 m³/s). The mean annual flow between 1905 and 2005 is 3,801 ft³/s (107.6 m³/s).

The fourth is at Auburn, Maine
Maine
(44°04′20″N 70°12′31″W / 44.07222°N 70.20861°W / 44.07222; -70.20861 ), where the watershed is 3,263 square miles (8,450 km2). Flow here has ranged from 135,000 to 340 ft³/s (3,820.5 and 9.6 m³/s).

ANGLING THE ANDROSCOGGIN

The Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
is a popular fishing destination for anglers seeking brook , rainbow and brown trout , as well as landlocked salmon and smallmouth bass . The upper reaches near Errol, New Hampshire, are popular with local and visiting fly fishermen for the chance to catch landlocked salmon from a drift boat. Although the upper reaches contain some bass, the river warms as it flows into Maine, and smallmouth bass are the chief quarry in its lower reaches.

HISTORY

Stereoscopic
Stereoscopic
image "Under the bridge at Berlin Falls", by the Bierstadt Brothers
Bierstadt Brothers

The ancient name for the river was Pescedona, which is Abenaki for "a branch".

According to the USGS, variant names for the Androscoggin River include Amasagu'nteg, Amascongan, Ambrose Coggin, Ammeriscoggin, Ammoscoggin, Amos Coggin, Amoscommun, Anasagunticook, Anconganunticook, Andrews Coggin, Andros Coggan, Andros Coggin, Androscoggen, Andrus Coggin, Aumoughcaugen, and Ameriscoggin River.

The average Androscoggin drop of eight feet per mile made it an excellent source of water power encouraging development of the cities of Berlin, New Hampshire , and Lewiston and Auburn, Maine
Maine
, and the Maine
Maine
towns of Brunswick , Topsham , Lisbon Falls , Livermore Falls , Chisholm , Mexico , Rumford and Bethel .

MAJOR TRIBUTARIES

Listed from source to mouth of Androscoggin, with location of tributary's mouth:

* Magalloway River , Errol, New Hampshire * Clear Stream , Errol, New Hampshire * Mollidgewock Brook , Errol, New Hampshire * Chickwolnepy Stream , Milan, New Hampshire * Dead River , Berlin, New Hampshire * Moose Brook , Gorham, New Hampshire * Moose River , Gorham, New Hampshire * Peabody River
Peabody River
, Gorham, New Hampshire * Wild River , Gilead, Maine
Maine
* Pleasant River , Bethel, Maine
Maine
* Alder River , Bethel, Maine
Maine
* Sunday River , Bethel, Maine
Maine
* Bear River , Newry, Maine
Maine
* Ellis River , Rumford, Maine
Maine
* Concord River , Rumford, Maine
Maine
* Swift River , Rumford and Mexico, Maine
Maine
* Webb River , Dixfield, Maine
Maine
* Dead River , Leeds, Maine
Maine
* Nezinscot River , Turner, Maine
Maine
* Little Androscoggin River , Auburn, Maine
Maine
* Sabattus River , Lisbon, Maine
Maine
* Little River , Lisbon Falls, Maine
Maine

REFERENCES

* ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS source coordinates. * ^ A B U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Androscoggin River, USGS
USGS
GNIS. * ^ Google Earth elevation for GNIS mouth coordinates. * ^ A B "Androscoggin Watershed". MaineRivers.org. Retrieved December 14, 2016. * ^ A B Water Resources Data - Maine, Water Year 2005, USGS
USGS
Water Data Reports for the United States, 2005. * ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite , accessed June 30, 2011 * ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4 . Retrieved 11 April 2011. * ^ Dean R. Snow, "Eastern Abenaki", in Handbook of North American Indians, ed. Bruce G. Trigger (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution , 1978), 15:146. * ^ A B C Sharon, Susan (May 17, 2007). "Cities Battle over River\'s Pollution Level". NPR. Retrieved December 14, 2016. * ^ http://www.wmtw.com/news/21394672/detail.html * ^ DeLorme Mapping Company, The Maine
Maine
Atlas and Gazetteer (13th edition) (1988) ISBN 0-89933-035-5 maps 6,10,11;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
watershed

TRIBUTARIES

* Alder River * Bear River * Cathance River
Cathance River
* Chickwolnepy Stream * Clear Stream * Concord River * Cupsuptic River * Dead Cambridge River * Dead Diamond River * Dead River (ME) * Dead River (NH) * Dead River (Sabattus) * East Branch Cupsuptic River * East Branch Dead Diamond River * East Branch Nezinscot River * East Branch Pleasant River * East Branch Swift River * Ellis River * First East Branch Magalloway River * Kennebago River * Little Androscoggin River * Little Dead Diamond River * Little East Branch Cupsuptic River * Little Magalloway River * Little River * Magalloway River * Middle Branch Dead Diamond River * Middle Branch Little Magalloway River * Mollidgewock Brook * Moose Brook * Moose River * Muddy River * Nezinscot River * Peabody River
Peabody River
* Pleasant River * Rangeley River * Rapid River * Rattle River * Sabattus River * Sanborn River * Second East Branch Magalloway River * South Branch Little Dead Diamond River * South Branch Sunday River * Sunday River * Swift Cambridge River * Swift Diamond River * Swift River * Third East Branch Magalloway River * Webb River * West Branch Dead Diamond River * West Branch Ellis River * West Branch Little Dead Diamond River * West Branch Little Magalloway River * West Branch Magalloway River * West Branch Nezinscot River * West Branch Peabody River
Peabody River
* West Branch Pleasant River * West Branch Swift River * Wild River

LAKES

* Akers Pond * Androscoggin Lake * Lake Auburn
Lake Auburn
* Aziscohos Lake * Echo Lake * Greenough Pond * Kennebago Lake * Mooselookmeguntic Lake * Parker Pond * Parmachenee Lake * Pontook Reservoir
Pontook Reservoir
* Range Ponds * Rangeley Lake
Rangeley Lake
* Richardson Lakes * Sabattus Pond * Success Pond * Thompson Lake * Tripp Pond * Umbagog Lake
Umbagog Lake
* Webb Lake

TOWNS

* Albany * Andover * Auburn * Berlin * Bethel * Bowdoin * Brunswick * Buckfield * Byron * Cambridge * Canton * Carthage * Chesterville * Dixfield * Dummer * Durham * Errol * Fayette * Gilead * Gorham * Greene * Greenwood * Hanover * Hartford * Hebron * Jay * Leeds * Lewiston * Lisbon * Livermore * Livermore Falls * Mechanic Falls * Mexico * Minot * Monmouth * Mount Vernon * Newry * Norway * Otisfield * Oxford * Paris * Peru * Pittsburg * Poland * Randolph * Rangeley * Readfield * Roxbury * Rumford * Sabattus * Shelburne * Sumner * Topsham * Turner * Upton * Vienna * Wales * Wayne * Weld * Wentworth\'s Location * West Paris * Woodstock

LANDMARKS

* Brown Company
Brown Company
* Maine
Maine
Central Railroad * Old Speck Mountain * Range Ponds State Park * Rumford Mill * St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad * White Mountains

* v * t * e

Rivers of New Hampshire

ANDROSCOGGIN RIVER WATERSHED

* Androscoggin River * Chickwolnepy Stream * Clear Stream * Dead Diamond River * Dead River * East Branch Dead Diamond River * Little Dead Diamond River * Little Magalloway River * Magalloway River * Middle Branch Dead Diamond River * Middle Branch Little Magalloway River * Mollidgewock Brook * Moose Brook * Moose River * Peabody River
Peabody River
* Rattle River * South Branch Little Dead Diamond River * Swift Diamond River * West Branch Dead Diamond River * West Branch Little Dead Diamond River * West Branch Little Magalloway River * West Branch Magalloway River * West Branch Peabody River
Peabody River
* Wild River

CONNECTICUT RIVER WATERSHED

* Ammonoosuc River
Ammonoosuc River
* Ashuelot River
Ashuelot River
* Blow-me-down Brook * The Branch * Cold River * Connecticut River * East Branch Mohawk River * Gale River
Gale River
* Great Brook * Halls Stream
Halls Stream
* Ham Branch * Indian River * Indian Stream * Israel River
Israel River
* Johns River * Knox River * Little River * Little Sugar River * Mascoma River
Mascoma River
* Millers River * Mink Brook * Mirey Brook * Mohawk River * Nash Stream * North Branch Gale River
Gale River
* North Branch Millers River * North Branch Sugar River
North Branch Sugar River
* North Branch Upper Ammonoosuc River
Ammonoosuc River
* Oliverian Brook * Otter Brook * Partridge Brook * Perry Stream * Phillips Brook * Simms Stream * South Branch Ashuelot River
Ashuelot River
* South Branch Gale River
Gale River
* South Branch Israel River
Israel River
* South Branch Sugar River
South Branch Sugar River
* Stocker Brook * Sugar River * Tarbell Brook * Upper Ammonoosuc River
Ammonoosuc River
* West Branch Mohawk River * West Branch Upper Ammonoosuc River
Ammonoosuc River
* Wild Ammonoosuc River
Ammonoosuc River
* Zealand River

MERRIMACK RIVER WATERSHED

* Baboosic Brook
Baboosic Brook
* Back River * Baker River * Bear Brook * Beards Brook * Beaver Brook * Beebe River
Beebe River
* Big River * Black Brook * Blackwater River * Cockermouth River * Cohas Brook * Contoocook River
Contoocook River
* East Branch Baker River * East Branch Pemigewasset River * Fowler River * Frazier Brook * Gridley River * Gunstock River * Lane River * Little Massabesic Brook-Sucker Brook * Little River (Big River) * Little River (Merrimack River) * Little Suncook River * Lost River * Mad River * Melvin River * Merrimack River
Merrimack River
* Merrymeeting River * Middle Branch Piscataquog River
Middle Branch Piscataquog River
* Nashua River * Newfound River * Nissitissit River
Nissitissit River
* North Branch Contoocook River
Contoocook River
* North Fork East Branch Pemigewasset River * Nubanusit Brook * Pemigewasset River * Pennichuck Brook * Piscataquog River * Powwow River * Purgatory Brook * Red Hill River * Salmon Brook * Shedd Brook * Smith River * Soucook River * Souhegan River
Souhegan River
* South Branch Baker River * South Branch Piscataquog River * South Branch Souhegan River
Souhegan River
* Spicket River * Squam River * Stony Brook * Suncook River * Tioga River * Turkey River * Warner River * West Branch Mad River * West Branch Souhegan River
Souhegan River
* West Branch Warner River * Winnipesaukee River

PISCATAQUA RIVER /NH ATLANTIC COAST WATERSHED

* Bean River * Bellamy River * Berrys River * Blackwater River * Branch River * Browns River * Bunker Creek * Cochecho River * Drakes River * Ela River * Exeter River
Exeter River
* Fresh River * Hampton Falls River * Hampton River * Isinglass River
Isinglass River
* Jones Brook * Lamprey River
Lamprey River
* Little River ( New Hampshire Atlantic coast) * Little River (Brentwood) * Little River (Exeter) * Little River (Lamprey River) * Mad River * North Branch River * North River * Old River * Oyster River * Pawtuckaway River * Piscassic River * Piscataqua River * Rattlesnake River * Salmon Falls River * Squamscott River * Taylor River * Winnicut River

SACO RIVER WATERSHED

* Bearcamp River
Bearcamp River
* Beech River * Chocorua River
Chocorua River
* Cold River (Bearcamp River) * Cold River * Cutler River * Dan Hole River * Deer River * Dry River * East Branch Saco River
Saco River
* East Branch Whiteface River * East Fork East Branch Saco River
Saco River
* Ellis River * Little Cold River * Lovell River * Mad River * Middle Branch Mad River * Mill Brook * New River * Ossipee River
Ossipee River
* Pequawket Brook * Pine River * Rocky Branch * Saco River
Saco River
* Sawyer River * Shepards River * South Branch Mad River * South River * Swift River (Bearcamp River) * Swift River (Saco River)
Swift River (Saco River)
* West Branch * Whiteface River * Wildcat Brook
Wildcat Brook
* Wonalancet River

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