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The original American Basketball
Basketball
Association (ABA) was a men's professional basketball league, from 1967 to 1976. The ABA ceased to exist with the American Basketball
Basketball
Association–National Basketball Association merger in 1976, leading several teams to join the National Basketball
Basketball
Association and the introduction of the 3-point shot
3-point shot
in the NBA.

Contents

1 League history

1.1 Commissioners

2 Teams 3 List of ABA championships 4 Prominent players 5 Season leaders

5.1 Scoring leaders 5.2 Rebounding leaders 5.3 Assists leaders 5.4 Steals leaders 5.5 Blocks leaders

6 Awards 7 Succession 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

League history[edit]

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The ABA was conceived at a time stretching from 1960 through the mid-1970s when numerous upstart leagues were challenging, with varying degrees of success, the established major professional sports leagues in the United States. Basketball
Basketball
was seen as particularly vulnerable to a challenge; its major league, the National Basketball
Basketball
Association, was the youngest of the Big Four major leagues, having only played 21 seasons to that point, and was still fending off contemporary challenging leagues (it had been less than five years since the American Basketball
Basketball
League (ABL) shut down). According to one of the owners of the Indiana Pacers, its goal was to force a merger with the more established league. Potential investors were told that they could get an ABA team for half of what it cost to get an NBA expansion team at the time. When the merger occurred, ABA officials said their investment would more than double.[1] The ABA distinguished itself from its older counterpart with a more wide-open, flashy style of offensive play, as well as differences in rules—a 30-second shot clock (as opposed to the NBA's 24-second clock, though the ABA did switch to the 24 second shot clock for the 1975–76 season) and use of a three-point field goal arc, pioneered in the earlier ABL. Also, the ABA used a colorful red, white and blue ball, instead of the NBA's traditional orange ball. The ABA also had several "regional" franchises, such as the Virginia Squires
Virginia Squires
and Carolina Cougars, that played "home" games in several cities. The ABA also went after four of the best referees in the NBA: Earl Strom, John Vanak, Norm Drucker
Norm Drucker
and Joe Gushue, getting them to "jump" leagues by offering them far more in money and benefits. In Earl Strom's memoir Calling the Shots, Strom conveys both the heady sense of being courted by a rival league with money to burn—and also the depression that set in the next year when he began refereeing in the ABA, with less prominent players performing in inadequate arenas, in front of very small crowds. Nevertheless, the emergence of the ABA boosted the salaries of referees just as it did the salaries of players. The freewheeling style of the ABA eventually caught on with fans, but the lack of a national television contract and protracted financial losses would spell doom for the ABA as an independent circuit. In 1976, its last year of existence, the ABA pioneered the now-popular slam dunk contest at its all-star game in Denver. The league succeeded in forcing a merger with the NBA in the 1976 offseason. Four ABA teams were absorbed into the older league: the New York Nets, Denver
Denver
Nuggets, Indiana Pacers, and San Antonio Spurs. Two other clubs, the Kentucky Colonels
Kentucky Colonels
and the Spirits of St. Louis, were disbanded upon the merger, with each getting a buyout: the Colonels received a one-time buyout that owner John Y. Brown, Jr.
John Y. Brown, Jr.
used to purchase the NBA's Buffalo Braves, while the Spirits owners negotiated a cut of the other ABA teams' television revenues in perpetuity. This deal netted the ownership group of the Spirits over $300M through nearly four decades due to a large increase in television revenues. In 2014, the NBA and the Spirits ownership agreed to phase out future payments in exchange for a one-time payment of $500M, making the total value for the deal over $800M.[2] The seventh remaining team, the Virginia Squires, received nothing, as they had ceased operations shortly before the merger. One of the more significant long-term contributions of the ABA to professional basketball was to tap into markets in the southeast that had been collegiate basketball hotbeds (including North Carolina, Virginia, and Kentucky). The NBA was focused on the urban areas of the Northeast, Midwest and West Coast. At the time, it showed no interest in placing a team south of Washington, D.C, other than the Atlanta metropolitan area where the NBA's Hawks franchise is established. Commissioners[edit]

George Mikan
George Mikan
1967–1969 James Carson Gardner
James Carson Gardner
1969 (interim)[3] Jack Dolph 1969–1972 Bob Carlson 1972–1973 Mike Storen 1973–74 Tedd Munchak 1974–75 Dave DeBusschere
Dave DeBusschere
1975–76

NBA great George Mikan
George Mikan
was the first commissioner of the ABA, where he introduced both the 3-point line and the league's trademark red, white and blue basketball.[4] Mikan resigned in 1969. Dave DeBusschere, one of the stars of the New York Knicks
New York Knicks
championship teams, moved from his job as Vice President and GM of the ABA's New York Nets
New York Nets
in 1975 to become the last commissioner of the ABA and facilitate the ABA–NBA merger in 1976.[5] Teams[edit] Of the original 11 teams, only the Kentucky Colonels
Kentucky Colonels
and Indiana Pacers remained for all nine seasons without relocating, changing team names, or folding. However, the Denver
Denver
Larks/Rockets/Nuggets, a team that had been assigned to Kansas City, Missouri, moved to Denver without playing a game in Kansas City due to the lack of a suitable arena. In addition to the four surviving ABA teams, seven current NBA markets have ABA heritage: Utah, Dallas, Houston, Miami, New Orleans, Memphis, and Charlotte all had an ABA team before the NBA arrived. The Louisville, Kentucky-Indiana market, former home of the ABA Kentucky Colonels, is considered a top contender for the next NBA expansion or relocation, and in fact the then Vancouver Grizzlies
Vancouver Grizzlies
had Louisville as one of its four "finalists" for a new home before choosing Memphis
Memphis
in 2001. The Colonels led the ABA in attendance five of the ABA's nine seasons, with regular sellouts of 16,600+ fans at Louisville's Freedom Hall, since replaced by the 22,000-seat KFC Yum! Center.[6]

Franchise Cities/Names Years Fate

Anaheim Amigos Los Angeles Stars Utah Stars Anaheim Amigos 1967–1968 Folded, 1975 NBA entered Utah in 1979 (Jazz).

Los Angeles Stars 1968–1970

Utah Stars 1970–1975

Dallas Chaparrals Texas Chaparrals San Antonio Spurs Dallas Chaparrals 1967–1970 Joined NBA, 1976, as San Antonio Spurs NBA added franchise in Dallas (Mavericks) in 1980.

Texas Chaparrals 1970–1971

Dallas Chaparrals 1971–1973

San Antonio Spurs 1973–1976

Houston Mavericks Carolina Cougars Spirits of St. Louis Houston Mavericks 1967–1969 Folded, 1976 NBA added a franchise in Charlotte (Hornets) in 1988.

Carolina Cougars 1969–1974

Spirits of St. Louis 1974–1976

Indiana Pacers Indiana Pacers 1967–1976 Joined NBA, 1976, as Indiana Pacers

Kansas City/ Denver
Denver
Larks/Rockets/Nuggets Kansas City (unnamed) 1967 Joined NBA, 1976, as Denver
Denver
Nuggets

Denver
Denver
Larks 1967

Denver
Denver
Rockets 1967–1974

Denver
Denver
Nuggets 1974–1976

Kentucky Colonels Kentucky Colonels 1967–1976 Folded, 1976

Minnesota Muskies Miami Floridians Floridians Minnesota Muskies 1967–1968 Folded, 1972 NBA added Miami market in 1988 with Heat, which wear Floridians jerseys in Hardwood Classics days. NBA added Minnesota market in 1989 with Timberwolves, which wear Minnesota Muskies jerseys in Hardwood Classics games.

Miami Floridians 1968–1970

Floridians 1970–1972

New Orleans/Louisiana Buccaneers Memphis
Memphis
Pros/Tams/Sounds Baltimore Hustlers/Claws New Orleans Buccaneers 1967–1970 Folded, 1975 Both New Orleans (Pelicans) and Memphis
Memphis
(Grizzlies) have NBA teams.

Louisiana Buccaneers 1970

Memphis
Memphis
Pros 1970–1972

Memphis
Memphis
Tams 1972–1974

Memphis
Memphis
Sounds 1974–1975

Baltimore Hustlers 1975

Baltimore Claws 1975

New York/New Jersey Americans New York Nets New York Americans 1967 Joined NBA, 1976, with name changes to reflect move to New Jersey (1977) and currently Brooklyn Nets
Brooklyn Nets
(2012).

New Jersey Americans 1967–1968

New York Nets 1968–1976

Oakland Americans/Oaks Washington Capitals Virginia Squires Oakland Americans 1967 Folded, 1976 NBA relocated San Francisco Warriors to Oakland (as the Golden State Warriors) in 1971 and the Baltimore Bullets to Washington (now the Washington Wizards) in 1973.

Oakland Oaks 1967–1969

Washington Capitals 1969–1970

Virginia Squires 1970–1976

Pittsburgh Pipers/Pioneers/Condors Minnesota Pipers Pittsburgh Pipers 1967–1968 Folded, 1972 NBA has been in Minneapolis–St. Paul since 1989 with the Timberwolves.

Minnesota Pipers 1968–1969

Pittsburgh Pipers 1969–1970

Pittsburgh Pioneers 1970

Pittsburgh Condors 1970–1972

San Diego Conquistadors/Sails San Diego Conquistadors 1972–1975 Folded, 1975 NBA operated in San Diego from 1967 to 1971 with the San Diego Rockets (now the Houston Rockets) and from 1978 to 1984 with the San Diego Clippers (now the Los Angeles Clippers).

San Diego Sails 1975

List of ABA championships[edit] Main article: List of ABA champions

Year Western Division champion Games Eastern Division champion Playoffs MVP

1967–68 New Orleans Buccaneers 3–4 Pittsburgh Pipers Connie Hawkins
Connie Hawkins
C, Pittsburgh

1968–69 Oakland Oaks 4–1 Indiana Pacers Warren Jabali
Warren Jabali
G, Oakland

1969–70 Los Angeles Stars 2–4 Indiana Pacers Roger Brown F/G, Indiana

1970–71 Utah Stars 4–3 Kentucky Colonels Zelmo Beaty
Zelmo Beaty
C, Utah

1971–72 Indiana Pacers 4–2 New York Nets Freddie Lewis
Freddie Lewis
G, Indiana

1972–73 Indiana Pacers 4–3 Kentucky Colonels George McGinnis
George McGinnis
F/C, Indiana

1973–74 Utah Stars 1–4 New York Nets Julius Erving
Julius Erving
F, New York

1974–75 Indiana Pacers 1–4 Kentucky Colonels Artis Gilmore
Artis Gilmore
C, Kentucky

With the ABA cut down to seven teams by the middle of its final season, the league abandoned divisional play.

Year Winner Games Runners-up Playoffs MVP

1975–76 New York Nets 4–2 Denver
Denver
Nuggets Julius Erving
Julius Erving
F, New York

Prominent players[edit]

Marvin Barnes Rick Barry Zelmo Beaty Ron Boone John Brisker Hubie Brown Larry Brown Roger Brown Don Buse Mack Calvin Darel Carrier Jim Chones Billy Cunningham Louie Dampier Mel Daniels Julius "Dr. J" Erving Donnie Freeman George "Ice Man" Gervin Artis Gilmore Jerry Harkness Connie Hawkins

Spencer Haywood Dan Issel Warren Jabali Bobby Jones Jimmy Jones Larry Jones Larry Kenon Freddie Lewis Maurice Lucas Moses Malone George McGinnis Doug Moe Bob Netolicky Johnny Neumann Billy Paultz Charlie Scott James Silas David "Skywalker" Thompson George Thompson Fly Williams Willie Wise

For more information, see ABA All-Time Team.[7] Season leaders[edit]

* Elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball
Basketball
Hall of Fame

Scoring leaders[edit]

Season Player Team(s) Games played Points PPG

1st

1967–68

Hawkins, ConnieConnie Hawkins* Pittsburgh Pipers 70 1875 26.8 BEST PPG

2nd

1968–69

Barry, RickRick Barry* Oakland Oaks 35 1190 34.0

3rd

1969–70

Haywood, SpencerSpencer Haywood* Denver
Denver
Rockets 84 2519 30.0

1970–71

Issel, DanDan Issel* Kentucky Colonels 83 2480 29.9

1971–72

Scott, CharlieCharlie Scott* Virginia Squires 73 2524 34.6 BEST POINT

1972–73

Erving, JuliusJulius Erving* Virginia Squires 71 2268 31.9

1973–74

Julius Erving* (2) New York Nets 84 2299 27.4

1974–75

McGinnis, GeorgeGeorge McGinnis* Indiana Pacers 79 2353 29.8

1975–76

Julius Erving* (3) New York Nets 84 2462 29.3

Rebounding leaders[edit]

Season Player Team(s) Game played Offensive rebounds Defensive rebounds Total rebounds RPG

1967–68

Daniels, MelMel Daniels* Minnesota Muskies 78 502 711 1213 15.6

1968–69

Mel Daniels* (2) Indiana Pacers 76 383 873 1256 16.5

1969–70

Spencer Haywood* Denver
Denver
Rockets 84 533 1104 1637 19.5

1970–71

Mel Daniels* (3) Indiana Pacers 82 394 1081 1475 18.0

1971–72

Gilmore, ArtisArtis Gilmore* Kentucky Colonels 84 421 1070 1491 17.8

1972–73

Artis Gilmore* (2) Kentucky Colonels 84 449 1027 1476 17.6

1973–74

Artis Gilmore* (3) Kentucky Colonels 84 478 1060 1538 18.3

1974–75

Nater, SwenSwen Nater San Antonio Spurs 78 369 910 1279 16.4

1975–76

Artis Gilmore* (4) Kentucky Colonels 84 402 901 1303 15.5

Assists leaders[edit]

Season Player Team(s) Games played Assists APG

1967–68

Brown, LarryLarry Brown* New Orleans Buccaneers 78 506 6.5

1968–69

Larry Brown* (2) Oakland Oaks 77 544 7.1

1969–70

Larry Brown* (3) Washington Caps 82 580 7.1

1970–71

Melchionni, BillBill Melchionni New York Nets 81 672 8.3

1971–72

Bill Melchionni (2) New York Nets 80 669 8.4

1972–73

Bill Melchionni (3) New York Nets 61 453 7.4

1973–74

Smith, AlAl Smith Denver
Denver
Rockets 76 619 8.1

1974–75

Calvin, MackMack Calvin Denver
Denver
Nuggets 74 570 7.7

1975–76

Buse, DonDon Buse Indiana Pacers 84 689 8.2

Steals leaders[edit]

Season Player Team(s) Games played Steals SPG

1973–74

McClain, TedTed McClain Denver
Denver
Rockets 84 250 2.98

1974–75

Taylor, BrianBrian Taylor New York Nets 79 221 2.80

1975–76

Don Buse Indiana Pacers 84 346 4.12

Blocks leaders[edit]

Season Player Team(s) Games played Blocks BPG

1973–74

Jones, CaldwellCaldwell Jones San Diego Conquistadors 79 316 4.00

1974–75

Caldwell Jones
Caldwell Jones
(2) San Diego Conquistadors 76 246 3.24

1975–76

Paultz, BillyBilly Paultz San Antonio Spurs 83 253 3.05

Awards[edit] Main article: List of American Basketball
Basketball
Association awards and honors Succession[edit] In 1999, a new league calling itself the ABA 2000 was established. The new league uses a similar red, white and blue basketball as the old ABA, but unlike the original ABA, it does not feature players of the same caliber as the NBA, nor does it play games in major arenas or on television as the original ABA did. See also[edit]

1960s portal 1970s portal

American Basketball
Basketball
Association (2000–present) List of defunct sports leagues Loose Balls, written by Terry Pluto Semi-Pro, a comedy about the ABA starring Will Ferrell, of the fictional Flint Tropics World Hockey Association, another league that intended to compete with its professional counterpart, the NHL American Football League

References[edit]

^ The Official NBA Basketball
Basketball
Encyclopedia. Villard Books. 1994. p. 180. ISBN 0-679-43293-0.  ^ Burke, Monte. "The NBA Finally Puts An End To The Greatest Sports Deal Of All Time". Forbes. Retrieved 2016-12-11.  ^ Sports Encyclopedia ^ "ESPN Classic: Mikan was first pro to dominate the post". Retrieved 2007-12-04.  ^ " Dave DeBusschere
Dave DeBusschere
Bio". NBA.com. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-09.  ^ Official ABA Guides, 1967–1976. ^ RememberTheABA.com ABA All-Time Team Page (as selected at 30 year ABA anniversary event)

External links[edit]

Remember the ABA

v t e

American Basketball
Basketball
Association seasons

Seasons

1967–68 1968–69 1969–70 1970–71 1971–72 1972–73 1973–74 1974–75 1975–76

Playoffs

1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976

All-Star Games

1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976

Champions Awards and honors ABA–NBA merger
ABA–NBA merger
(1976 ABA Dispersal Draft)

v t e

American Basketball
Basketball
Association teams

Anaheim Amigos/ Los Angeles Stars
Los Angeles Stars
(1967–70) Baltimore Claws (1975) Carolina Cougars
Carolina Cougars
(1969–74) Dallas Chaparrals/Texas Chaparrals (1967–73) Denver
Denver
Rockets/ Denver Nuggets
Denver Nuggets
(1967–76) Houston Mavericks (1967–69) Indiana Pacers
Indiana Pacers
(1967–76) Kentucky Colonels
Kentucky Colonels
(1967–76) Memphis
Memphis
Pros/ Memphis
Memphis
Tams/ Memphis
Memphis
Sounds (1970–75) Miami Floridians/The Floridians (1968–72) Minnesota Muskies (1967–68) Minnesota Pipers
Minnesota Pipers
(1968–69) New Jersey Americans/ New York Nets
New York Nets
(1967–76) New Orleans Buccaneers (1967–70) Oakland Oaks (1967–69) Pittsburgh Pipers/Condors (1967–68; 1969–72) San Antonio Spurs
San Antonio Spurs
(1973–76) San Diego Conquistadors/Sails (1972–75) Spirits of St. Louis
Spirits of St. Louis
(1974–76) Utah Stars
Utah Stars
(1970–75) Virginia Squires
Virginia Squires
(1970–76) Washington Caps
Washington Caps
(1969–70)

ABA All-Time Team

v t e

American Basketball
Basketball
Association champions

1967–68 Pittsburgh Pipers 1968–69 Oakland Oaks 1969–70 Indiana Pacers 1970–71 Utah Stars 1971–72 Indiana Pacers 1972–73 Indiana Pacers 1973–74 New York Nets 1974–75 Kentucky Colonels 1975–76 New York Nets

v t e

National Basketball
Basketball
Association

Eastern Conference

Atlantic

Boston Celtics Brooklyn Nets New York Knicks Philadelphia 76ers Toronto Raptors

Central

Chicago Bulls Cleveland Cavaliers Detroit Pistons Indiana Pacers Milwaukee Bucks

Southeast

Atlanta
Atlanta
Hawks Charlotte Hornets Miami Heat Orlando Magic Washington Wizards

Western Conference

Northwest

Denver
Denver
Nuggets Minnesota Timberwolves Oklahoma City Thunder Portland Trail Blazers Utah Jazz

Pacific

Golden State Warriors Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles Lakers Phoenix Suns Sacramento Kings

Southwest

Dallas Mavericks Houston Rockets Memphis
Memphis
Grizzlies New Orleans Pelicans San Antonio Spurs

Annual events

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Summer League Christmas Day All-Star Weekend

Game

Global Games

Africa 2015, Africa 2017

Playoffs

List

Finals

Champions

History

Predecessors

BAA NBL ABA

Merger

Criticisms and controversies

2007 Tim Donaghy betting scandal

Lockouts Seasons Records

regular season post-season All-Star Game Win-loss records

Personalities

Players

Current rosters Foreign players Race and ethnicity First overall draft picks Highest paid Retired numbers Banned or suspended NBPA

Head coaches

Current Player-coaches Champions Foreign coaches NBCA

Owners Referees

Awards and honors

Larry O'Brien Trophy NBA Awards

NBA MVP Finals MVP All-Star Game MVP

Hall of Fame

Members

NBA Silver Anniversary Team NBA 35th Anniversary Team 50 Greatest Players

Others

Arenas Business

Collective bargaining agreement Salary cap NBA Store

Culture

Cheerleading Mascots Dress code

G League Midwest Division Media

TV NBA TV

Rivalries Teams

Defunct Expansion Relocated Timeline

WNBA Basketball
Basketball
in the United States

Category Portal 201

.