Amalia Fleming, Lady Fleming (née Koutsouri-Vourekas; Greek:
Αμαλία Κουτσούρη-Φλέμινγκ, translit. lang;
28 June 1912 – 26 February 1986) was a Greek physician, activist and
Fleming was born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (now Istanbul,
Turkey) in 1912. She moved to Greece and, during the Axis occupation,
took part in the National Resistance, for which she was jailed by the
Italians. She married Sir Alexander Fleming in 1953, but with his
death in March 1955 she was widowed less than two years later.
She returned to Greece in 1963 and was arrested by the Greek junta
during the period of the dictatorship (1967-1974) for acts of
resistance. She was released from prison due to health problems in
1971 but was stripped of her Greek citizenship and exiled. While in
exile, she wrote a "A Piece of Truth," a personal account of her
imprisonment as well as of the trial of Alexandros Panagoulis. While
in London she worked with Melina Mercouri and Helen Vlachos of
Kathimerini against the junta of the colonels.
Fleming returned to Greece after the fall of the junta in 1974. She
joined PASOK and was elected to the Greek Parliament in 1977, 1981 and
1985. She also was active in several human rights organisations,
notably Amnesty International, Democratic Concern, and Human Rights
Fleming initiated and funded the establishment of the Greek Foundation
for Basic Biological Research "Alexander Fleming" (1965) which was
later transformed to the Biomedical Sciences Research Center
"Alexander Fleming", a governmental, non-profit institution which is
actively involved in research areas covering immunology, molecular
biology, genetics and molecular oncology.
Amalia Fleming died in 1986. The same year a hospital was founded at
Athens and named after her (currently known as Sismanogleio-Amalia
Fleming General Hospital).
^ RICHARD CLOGG (17 October 1995). "Obituary: Helen Vlachos". The
Independent. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
^ "Information-History". Γενικό Νοσοκομείο
Αττικης "Σισμανόγλειο- Αμαλία
Φλέμινγκ " (in Greek). Retrieved 13 May 2014.