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Sir Alexander Korda
Alexander Korda
(/ˈkɔːrdə/; born Sándor László Kellner, 16 September 1893 – 23 January 1956)[1][2] was a British film producer and director and screenwriter, who founded his own successful film production studios and film distribution company[3]. Born in Hungary, where he started his career, he worked briefly in Austria and Germany in silent films, before heading to Hollywood
Hollywood
where he worked on from 1926 to 1930. The change led to the divorce from his first wife, popular Hungarian film actress María Corda, who could not make the transition because of her strong accent. From 1930, Korda became a leading figure in the British film industry, the founder of London
London
Films and the owner of British Lion Films, a film distributing company. Korda was the first filmmaker to have been officially knighted.[4]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career in European silent film

2.1 Film in Hungary 2.2 Films in Vienna 2.3 Films in Berlin

3 Career in Hollywood

3.1 Fox 3.2 Films in France

4 Career in Britain

4.1 London
London
Films

4.1.1 The Private Life of Henry VIII

4.2 Denham

5 World War Two years

5.1 Return to Hollywood 5.2 Return to Britain

6 MGM 7 British Lion Films 8 Final Films

8.1 Death

9 Family 10 Legacy and honours 11 Filmography 12 Unmade projects 13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

Early life[edit] The elder brother of filmmakers Zoltan and Vincent was born as Sándor László Kellner to a Jewish family[5], to the parents Henrik Kellner and Ernesztina Weisz[6][7], in Pusztatúrpásztó, Austria-Hungary, where he worked as a journalist. Early career in European silent film[edit] Film in Hungary[edit] After the death of his father Korda began writing film reviews to support his family. Korda changed his family name from Kellner to Korda—from the Latin phrase "sursum corda" which means lift up your hearts.[8] Korda became an important film figure through his film magazines Pesti Mozi, Mozihét and Világ. This led to invitations to write film screenplays. Korda's first film script was for Watchhouse in the Carpathians (1914), which he also helped direct. When the First World War broke out, Korda was excused from military service in the Austrian Army because of his bad eyesight.[9] Korda made a film with Gyula Zilahy, The Duped Journalist (1914). He also directed Tutyu and Totyo (1915), The Officer's Swordknot (1915) and Lyon Lea (1915).[10] Korda established a film company named Corvin Film, building it into one of the largest in Hungary. His first film for them was White Nights (1916), a big success. He followed it with The Grandmother (1916), Tales of the Typewriter (1916), The Man with Two Hearts (1916), The One Million Pound Note (1916), Cyclamen (1916), Struggling Hearts (1916), The Laughing Saskia (1916), Miska the Magnate (1916), St. Peter's Umbrella (1917), The Stork Caliph (1917) (from the novel by Mihály Babits), and Magic (1917). Korda later regarded Harrison and Barrison (1917) as his best film. He also made Faun (1918), The Man with the Golden Touch
The Man with the Golden Touch
(1918), and Mary Ann (1918). During the Hungarian Soviet Republic
Hungarian Soviet Republic
Korda made Ave Caesar! (1919), White Rose (1919), Yamata (1919) and Neither at Home or Abroad (1919). His final Hungarian film was Number 111 (1919). In October 1919, Korda was arrested during the White Terror that followed the overthrow of the short-lived Communist government, the Hungarian Democratic Republic, because of his participation in its government. After his release, he left Hungary
Hungary
for Austria, and never returned to his country of birth.[11] Films in Vienna[edit]

Korda's first wife was the actress María Corda, who starred in many of his silent films in Europe and America.

After leaving Hungary, Korda accepted an invitation from Count Alexander Kolowrat
Alexander Kolowrat
to work for his company Sascha-Film
Sascha-Film
in the Austrian capital Vienna.[12] Korda worked alongside Kolowrat, who had attracted several leading Hungarian and German directors into his employment, on the 1920 historical epic The Prince and the Pauper. The film was a major international success and inspired Korda with the idea of making "international films" with global box office appeal.[13] Korda's next two films, Masters of the Sea (1922) and A Vanished World (1922), were both nautical-set adventures based on Hungarian novels. By that stage, Korda had grown irritated with Kolowrat's interference with his work and left Sascha to make an independent film, Samson and Delilah (1922), set in the world of opera. The film was made on a lavish scale, with large crowd scenes. The lengthy shooting schedule lasted 160 working days. The film was not a success.[14] Films in Berlin[edit] Unable to find further backing for his film projects, Korda left Vienna and travelled to Germany. Korda raised funding for the melodrama The Unknown Tomorrow (1923). With backing from Germany's biggest film company, UFA, Korda returned to Vienna to make Everybody's Woman (1924). While there, he began work on his next film, the historical Tragedy in the House of Habsburg (1924), which portrayed the Mayerling Incident. It earned back around half of its production cost.[15] He followed this with Dancing Mad (1925), another melodrama. Korda had frequent problems with money, and often had to receive support from friends and business associates. Korda had cast his wife Maria Corda as the female lead in all his German-language films and to a large degree, his productions depended on her star power. Korda cast her again in A Modern Dubarry
A Modern Dubarry
(1927), which adapted the life story of Madame Du Barry, based on an original screenplay by Lajos Bíró. The film may have intended to highlight Maria Corda's star potential to Hollywood.[16] Korda made his final German film Madame Wants No Children
Madame Wants No Children
(1926) for the American studio's Fox's Berlin-based subsidiary. Although made later, it was released before A Modern Dubarry. Career in Hollywood[edit] In December 1926 after receiving a joint contract offer from the American studio First National, Korda and his wife sailed for the United States on board the steamer Olympic.[17] Once they reached Hollywood, both struggled to adapt to the studio system. Korda had to wait some time before gaining his first directorial assignment. His first American film was a drama titled The Stolen Bride (1927). Korda was chosen as it was a Hungarian-themed romance about a peasant's love for a countess.[18] The film starred the American actress Billie Dove, rather than Korda's wife. After The Stolen Bride's moderate success, Korda was brought in to work on the comedy The Private Life of Helen of Troy
The Private Life of Helen of Troy
(1927), replacing the previous director, George Fitzmaurice. The film retells the story of Helen of Troy, parodying the plot-line of historical epics of the era by transforming the classical characters into everyday people with modern problems. The film was a significant success for Korda, with his wife playing the role of Helen. After this film, however, Korda became pigeon-holed as a director of female stars and exotic foreign locations. He was generally given similar assignments for the remainder of his time in Hollywood.[19] The film was his most satisfying work in the United States and provided the template for his later success in Britain. Korda's next few films Yellow Lily
Yellow Lily
(1928) (with Dove), Night Watch (1928) (with Dove), and Love and the Devil
Love and the Devil
(with wife Maria Korda(1929) were disappointments as his career lost its momentum. The latter two were both Silent films, but had sound effects and music added to their soundtracks as part of Hollywood's transitional phase of technology following the success of the first Sound film
Sound film
The Jazz Singer. Korda's next film The Squall
The Squall
(1929), with a young Myrna Loy, was his first "talkie" and featured a Hungarian setting. Although, like many other directors, Korda had misgivings about the new technology, he quickly adapted to making sound films. Korda's marriage was strained in Hollywood. The arrival of sound films wrecked his wife's career as her heavy accent made her unemployable by American studios for most films. Love and the Devil
Love and the Devil
was the last of Korda's films she appeared in, and she made only two more films. She became increasingly resentful of the switch in their relationship as her career was now over while Korda, who had once relied on her for the production of his films, was relatively flourishing. Their marriage collapsed, and they divorced in 1930.[20] Korda made two more sound films at First National: Her Private Life (1929) and Lilies of the Field (1930), both of which were remakes of earlier silent films. Gradually Korda grew more frustrated in Hollywood
Hollywood
as he came to strongly dislike the studio system. He hoped to save up enough money to return to Europe and begin producing on a large scale there, but his lavish personal spending and the large amounts he lost in the Wall Street Crash prevented this. When his producer Ned Marin moved from First National to the Fox Film Corporation, Korda followed him. Korda's new contract gave him $100,000 a year.[21] Fox[edit] His first film for Fox, Women Everywhere
Women Everywhere
(1930), cost slightly more than some of the programmers he had previously directed in the United States. He collaborated with several figures who would contribute to his future success in Britain. Korda was offered a series of scripts, all of which he disliked, before he finally agreed to make The Princess and the Plumber (1930).[22] Korda's reluctance to make the film led to his conflict with studio bosses, which brought to an end his first period in Hollywood. Films in France[edit] Korda went to France where he made The Men Around Lucy (1931) for Paramount. He also made Rive gauche (1931). Korda had a big success with Marius (1931)starring Raimu
Raimu
from the play by Marcel Pagnol. He followed it with Längtan till havet (1932), and The Golden Anchor (1932). Career in Britain[edit]

Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
and Elsa Lanchester
Elsa Lanchester
in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933), produced and directed by Korda

John Clements and Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
in Korda's production of The Four Feathers (1939) directed by Zoltan Korda

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
and Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
in That Hamilton Woman
That Hamilton Woman
(1941), produced and directed by Korda

Korda relocated to London
London
where he made Service for Ladies
Service for Ladies
(1932) for Paramount. He produced Women Who Play
Women Who Play
(1932)for them. London
London
Films[edit] Korda then decided to form his own company. In 1932 Korda founded London
London
Films with Big Ben
Big Ben
as the company logo. Their first film was Wedding Rehearsal (1932). He produced Men of Tomorrow
Men of Tomorrow
(1932) co directed by his brother Zoltan Korda, That Night in London
London
(1932) starring Robert Donat, Strange Evidence (1933), Counsel's Opinion (1933), and Cash (1933). The Private Life of Henry VIII[edit] Korda had a huge hit with The Private Life of Henry VIII
The Private Life of Henry VIII
(1933), which he directed. It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, established Korda internationally and made a star of Charles Laughton. Korda followed it with The Girl from Maxim's
The Girl from Maxim's
(1933) which he shot in English and French. He tried to repeat the success of Henry with The Private Life of Don Juan (1934) starring Douglas Fairbanks, which he directed, and The Rise of Catherine the Great
The Rise of Catherine the Great
(1934) which he did not. Neither did as well as Henry. Korda produced a well respected short, The Private Life of the Gannets (1934) and enjoyed a big success as producer with The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934). Also popular was Sanders of the River
Sanders of the River
(1935) starring Paul Robeson
Paul Robeson
and directed by his brother, and The Ghost Goes West (1936) starring Donat. His other credits as producer include Moscow Nights (1936) with Laurence Olivier, Men Are Not Gods
Men Are Not Gods
(1936), and Forget Me Not (1936). Korda directed Rembrandt (1936) with Laughton, which was a critical rather than commercial success. Things to Come
Things to Come
(1936) directed by William Cameron Menzies has become regarded as a classic. It was written by H.G. Wells
H.G. Wells
who also write Korda's The Man Who Could Work Miracles (1936). He helped finance the documentary Conquest of the Air (1936). Denham[edit] Korda bought property in Denham, Buckinghamshire, including Hills House, and planned to build film studios on the property. London Film's Denham Film Studios
Denham Film Studios
was financed by the Prudential and opened in 1936. Korda was naturalised as a British subject on 28 October 1936.[23] That same year, Korda was an important contributor to the Moyne Commission, formed to protect British film production from competition, mainly from the United States. Korda said: "If American interests obtained control of British production companies they may make British pictures here but the pictures made would be just as American as those made in Hollywood. We are now on the verge of forming a British school of film making in this country."[24] Korda produced Fire Over England
Fire Over England
(1937) with Olivier and Vivien Leigh. He also attempted a version of I, Claudius with Laughton and Merle Oberon which was abandoned. Korda made Dark Journey (1937) with Conrad Veidt
Conrad Veidt
and Leigh, and had a big hit with Elephant Boy (1937) directed by his brother from a Rudyard Kipling
Rudyard Kipling
story; it made a star of Sabu. Korda also made some cheaper films: Farewell Again (1938), Storm in a Teacup (1938) with Leigh and Rex Harrison, The Squeaker (1937), Action for Slander (1937), Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
(1937), and Paradise for Two (1937). Knight Without Armour
Knight Without Armour
(1937) with Donat and Marlene Dietrich
Marlene Dietrich
was an expensive epic that failed to recoup its money. The Divorce of Lady X (1938) was a comedy with Olivier and Merle Oberson. Korda had a big success with The Drum (1938), directed by Zoltan and starring Sabu. He produced South Riding (1938), The Challenge (1938), The Rebel Son (1939) and Prison Without Bars
Prison Without Bars
(1938). World War Two years[edit] The advent of World War Two saw Korda make more propaganda films. They included Q Planes
Q Planes
(1939) with Olivier and The Lion Has Wings
The Lion Has Wings
(1939). Korda had a massive hit with another Imperial adventure directed by Zoltan, The Four Feathers (1939). By 1939, Michael Powell
Michael Powell
had been hired as a contract director by Korda on the strength of The Edge of the World. Korda set him to work on some projects such as Burmese Silver that were subsequently cancelled.[25] Nonetheless, Powell was brought in to save a film that was being made as a vehicle for two of Korda's star players, Conrad Veidt and Valerie Hobson. The film was The Spy in Black, where Powell first met Emeric Pressburger. Korda also produced the comedy Over the Moon (1939) and the drama 21 Days (1939). Korda, though, soon had financial difficulties and management of the Denham complex was merged with Pinewood in 1939,[26] becoming part of the Rank Organisation. Return to Hollywood[edit] The outbreak of World War II in Europe meant The Thief of Bagdad had to be completed in Hollywood, where Korda was based again for a few years. While in the United States, Korda produced and directed That Hamilton Woman (1941) with Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
and Vivien Leigh, and produced Lydia (1941) with Oberon. He supervised Jungle Book (1942), a live action version of the Kipling story, directed by Zoltán Korda. He also had minor involvement in To Be or Not to Be (1942). Return to Britain[edit] On 22 September 1942, Korda was knighted at Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
by George VI
George VI
for his contribution to the war effort, the first film director to receive the honour.[2][4] MGM[edit] He returned to Britain in 1943 as production chief of MGM-London films, with a £35 million, 10-year programme. The scheme ended after one year, one film and a £1million loss to MGM.[27] The only film to come out of it was Perfect Strangers (1945) with Robert Donat
Robert Donat
and Deborah Kerr, which was popular. Korda directed. British Lion Films[edit] Via London
London
Films, Korda bought a controlling interest in British Lion Films. He produced A Man About the House
A Man About the House
(1947). In 1948 Korda received an advance payment of £375,000, the largest single payment received by a British film company, for three movies, An Ideal Husband (1947) (which Korda directed), Anna Karenina (1948) and Mine Own Executioner
Mine Own Executioner
(1948). He released three other films, Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948), The Winslow Boy (1948) and The Fallen Idol (1948).[28] The Winslow Boy and Fallen Idol were hits. An Ideal Husband and Anna Karenina had some acclaim but lost money. Bonnie Prince Charlie was a fiasco. Korda was also badly hurt by the trade war between the British and American film industries in the late 1940s.[29] Korda did recover, in part due to a £3 million loan British Lion received from the National Film Finance Corporation. In 1948 Korda signed a co-production deal with David O. Selznick.[30] This resulted in The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949) which was a huge success. London
London
Films made smaller budgeted movies: The Cure for Love (1949), The Happiest Days of Your Life
The Happiest Days of Your Life
(1950), The Angel with the Trumpet (1950), My Daughter Joy (1950),State Secret (1950), The Wooden Horse (1950), Seven Days to Noon
Seven Days to Noon
(1951), Lady Godiva Rides Again
Lady Godiva Rides Again
(1951), The Wonder Kid (1951), and Mr. Denning Drives North
Mr. Denning Drives North
(1951). He helped finance Outcast of the Islands
Outcast of the Islands
(1952), Home at Seven (1952), Who Goes There! (1952), The Holly and the Ivy (1952), The Ringer (1952), Folly to Be Wise
Folly to Be Wise
(1953), Twice Upon a Time (1953), The Captain's Paradise (1953), and The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan (1953). Cry, the Beloved Country (1951), directed by Zoltan, was acclaimed. The Sound Barrier
The Sound Barrier
(1952) from David Lean
David Lean
was a hit. The Man Between
The Man Between
(1953) was an attempt to repeat the success of The Third Man. Korda helped make The Heart of the Matter (1954), Hobson's Choice (1954), The Belles of St Trinian's
The Belles of St Trinian's
(1954), and The Teckman Mystery (1954), In 1954 he received £5 million from the City Investing Corporation of New York, enabling him to keep producing movies until his death.[30] Final Films[edit] Korda's final films included The Man Who Loved Redheads
The Man Who Loved Redheads
(1955), Three Cases of Murder (1955), A Kid for Two Farthings (1955), The Deep Blue Sea (1955), Summertime (1955), and Storm Over the Nile
Storm Over the Nile
(1955) a remake of The Four Feathers, His last film was Laurence Olivier's adaptation of Richard III (1955) and Smiley (1956). A draft screenplay of what became The Red Shoes was written by Emeric Pressburger in the 1930s for Korda and intended as a vehicle for Merle Oberon, whom Korda later married. The screenplay was bought by Michael Powell and Pressburger, who made it for J. Arthur Rank. During the 1950s, Korda reportedly expressed interest in producing a James Bond film based upon Ian Fleming's novel Live and Let Die, but no agreement was ever reached.[31] Death[edit] Korda died at the age of 62 in London
London
in 1956 of a heart attack and was cremated. His ashes are at Golders Green Crematorium
Golders Green Crematorium
in London. Family[edit] Korda was married three times, first to the Hungarian actress María Corda in 1919. They had one son, Peter Vincent Korda, and divorced in 1930. In 1939, he married the film star Merle Oberon. They divorced six years later. He married, lastly, on 8 June 1953, Alexandra Boycun (1928–1966), who survived him. Korda's younger brothers, Zoltan and Vincent were also directors. Korda's nephew Michael Korda (Vincent's son), wrote a roman à clef about Merle Oberon, published after her death.[32] It was entitled Queenie. He also wrote a memoir about his large, extended family and filmmaker father and uncles. Legacy and honours[edit]

He was knighted for contributions to the film industry. The Alexander Korda
Alexander Korda
Award for "Outstanding British Film of the Year" is given in his honour by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

Filmography[edit] The following films were directed by Korda.

1948 Bonnie Prince Charlie (also produced) 1947 Mine Own Executioner
Mine Own Executioner
(also produced; uncredited)[33] 1947 An Ideal Husband (also produced) 1945 Perfect Strangers ( a.k.a. Vacation From Marriage; also produced) 1941 That Hamilton Woman
That Hamilton Woman
(also produced) 1940 The Thief of Baghdad (uncredited; also produced) 1939 The Lion Has Wings
The Lion Has Wings
(uncredited; also produced) 1936 The Man Who Could Work Miracles
The Man Who Could Work Miracles
(director: some scenes – uncredited; also produced) 1936 Rembrandt (also produced) 1934 The Private Life of Don Juan (also produced) 1934 The Rise of Catherine the Great
The Rise of Catherine the Great
(uncredited; also produced) 1933 The Girl from Maxim's
The Girl from Maxim's
(also produced) 1933 The Private Life of Henry VIII
The Private Life of Henry VIII
(also produced) 1933 La dame de chez Maxim's (also produced) 1932 Wedding Rehearsal (also produced) 1932 The Golden Anchor 1932 Service for Ladies
Service for Ladies
(also produced) 1931 Längtan till havet 1931 The Men Around Lucy (aka Die Männer um Lucie; also produced) 1931 Marius (as Alexandre Korda) 1931 Rive Gauche 1930 The Princess and the Plumber 1930 Women Everywhere 1930 Lilies of the Field 1929 Her Private Life 1929 The Squall 1929 Love and the Devil 1928 Night Watch 1928 Yellow Lily 1927 The Private Life of Helen of Troy 1927 The Stolen Bride 1927 A Modern Dubarry 1926 Madame Doesn't Want Children 1925 Dancing Mad
Dancing Mad
(also wrote) 1924 Tragedy in the House of Habsburg (also produced) 1924 Everybody's Woman (a.k.a. Folly of Doubt) 1923 The Unknown Tomorrow (also produced and co-wrote) 1922 Samson and Delilah (also produced and co-wrote) 1922 A Vanished World

1922 Masters of the Sea 1920 The Prince and the Pauper 1919 Number 111 (as Sándor Korda; also produced) 1919 Ave Caesar! (as Korda Sándor) 1919 Neither at Home or Abroad (as Korda Sándor; also produced) 1919 White Rose (as Korda Sándor) 1919 Yamata (as Korda Sándor; also produced) 1919 Man of Gold (as Korda Sándor) 1918 Mary Ann 1918 Faun (as Korda Sándor; also produced) 1917 The Stork Caliph (as Korda Sándor; also produced) 1917 Harrison és Barrison (also produced) 1917 St. Peter's Umbrella 1917 Magic (as Korda Sándor) 1916 A Dolovai nábob leánya 1916 The Man With Two Hearts (as Korda Sándor) 1916 The Grandmother(as Korda Sándor: also wrote) 1916 The Laughing Saskia 1916 The One Million Pound Note (also wrote) 1916 Cyclamen 1916 White Nights (a.k.a. Fédora; also co-wrote) 1916 Miska the Magnate (as Korda Sándor) 1916 Struggling Hearts (uncredited; also co-wrote) 1916 Tales of the Typewriter (as Korda Sándor; also wrote) 1915 The Officer's Swordknot (as Korda Sándor) 1915 Lyon Lea (as Korda Sándor) 1915 Tutyu and Totyo (as Korda Sándor) 1914 The Duped Journalist 1914 Watchhouse in the Carpathians (as Korda Sándor)

The following additional films were produced by Alexander Korda
Alexander Korda
but not directed by him:

1956 Smiley (uncredited) 1955 Richard III (uncredited) 1955 Storm Over the Nile
Storm Over the Nile
(uncredited) 1955 The Deep Blue Sea 1955 A Kid for Two Farthings (uncredited) 1953 The Man Between
The Man Between
(a.k.a. Berlin Story; exec.producer uncredited) 1951 Outcast of the Islands
Outcast of the Islands
(exec.producer; uncredited) 1950 Gone to Earth (U.S. version The Wild Heart; uncredited) 1949 The Third Man
The Third Man
(also co-wrote; uncredited) 1948 Anna Karenina 1943 The Biter Bit (short) 1942 Jungle Book 1942 To Be or Not to Be (uncredited)[33] 1941 Lydia (a.k.a. Illusions) 1941 The Great Awakening (a.k.a. New Wine; exec.producer uncredited) 1941 Old Bill and Son
Old Bill and Son
(uncredited) 1940 21 Days
21 Days
(a.k.a. 21 Days
21 Days
Together) 1939 The Four Feathers 1939 The Spy in Black
The Spy in Black
(a.k.a. U-Boat 29) 1939 Q Planes
Q Planes
(a.k.a. Clouds over Europe) 1939 Over the Moon 1938 The Challenge (uncredited) 1938 Prison Without Bars 1938 The Divorce of Lady X
The Divorce of Lady X
(uncredited) 1938 The Drum (a.k.a. Drums; executive producer uncredited) 1938 South Riding 1937 I, Claudius (incomplete) 1937 Paradise for Two 1937 Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
(executive producer) 1937 The Squeaker (a.k.a. Murder on Diamond Row) 1937 Storm in a Teacup (uncredited)[34]

1937 Knight Without Armour 1937 Action for Slander
Action for Slander
(executive producer) 1937 Elephant Boy 1937 Dark Journey (uncredited) 1937 Farewell Again (a.k.a. Troopship; uncredited) 1937 Fire Over England
Fire Over England
(uncredited) 1936 Conquest of the Air (updated for a 1940 re-release) 1936 The Fox Hunt 1936 Men Are Not Gods 1936 Forget Me Not (uncredited) 1936 Things to Come 1936 Miss Bracegirdle Does her Duty (short) 1935 Wharves and Strays 1935 Sanders of the River 1935 Moscow Nights (a.k.a. I Stand Condemned; uncredited) 1935 The Ghost Goes West 1935 Things Are Looking Up (uncredited)[34] 1934 The Scarlet Pimpernell (also co-wrote) 1934 The Private Life of the Gannets (documentary short) 1933 Cash 1933 Strange Evidence 1933 Counsel's Opinion 1932 Women Who Play 1932 That Night in London 1932 Men of Tomorrow 1919 Kutató Sámuel

Unmade projects[edit] Korda announced a number of projects which were never made, including:

the life of T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
with Leslie Howard[35] later to be directed by Brian Desmond Hurst. the life of Nijinsky
Nijinsky
(1930s)[36] Cyrano de Bergerac
Cyrano de Bergerac
with Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1930s–1940s)[37] Precious Bane with Robert Donat[38] Burmese Silver with Conrad Veidt
Conrad Veidt
(1930s)[39] the story of Pocahontas
Pocahontas
starring Merle Oberon
Merle Oberon
(1939)[40] adaptation of Manon Lescaut for Merle Oberon[41] an adaptation of War and Peace
War and Peace
by Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
to star Merle Oberon(1940s)[1] Velvet Coat, the life of Robert Louis Stevenson
Robert Louis Stevenson
with Oberon and Robert Donat[42] an adaptation of Greenmantle by John Buchan[42] Lottie Dundass starring Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
from the play by Enid Bagnold[43] an adaptation of The Wrecker by Robert Louis Stevenson[43] Habitation Enforced from the story by Rudyard Kipling[43] an adaptation of The King's General by Daphne du Maurier
Daphne du Maurier
(late 1940s)[44] The Promotion of the Admiral from the novel by C. S. Forester
C. S. Forester
starring Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
directed by Powell and Pressburger
Powell and Pressburger
(1940s)[45] A Tale of Two Cities
A Tale of Two Cities
with Gregory Peck[30] Tess of the d'Urbervilles
Tess of the d'Urbervilles
with Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
as Tess Around the World in Eighty Days The Magic Mountain
The Magic Mountain
by Thomas Mann Point Counter Point by Aldous Huxley

References[edit]

^ a b "Knighthood For Film Man From Hungary". The Barrier Miner. Broken Hill, NSW. 17 June 1942. p. 4. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b "Korda, Alexander (1893–1956)", BFI Screenonline. ^ Obituary Variety, 25 January 1956, p. 63. ^ a b "No. 35719". The London
London
Gazette. 25 September 1942. p. 4175.  ^ "Variety Club-Jewish Chronicle colour supplement '350 years'". The Jewish Chronicle. 15 December 2006. pp. 28–29.  ^ "Sursum Korda". www.filmtett.ro. FILMTETT EGYESÜLET. January 15, 2005.  ^ "Korda Sándor". www.hangosfilm.hu. HANGOSFILM.  ^ Darien Library (2013-03-22), Meet the Author: Michael Korda, retrieved 2016-04-16  ^ Kulik, p. 13 ^ Kulik, p. 14 ^ Kulik, pp. 26–27 ^ Kulik, pp. 27–29 ^ Kulik, pp. 30–31 ^ Kulik, pp. 32–34 ^ Kulik, p. 39 ^ Kulik, p. 40 ^ Kulik, pp. 41–42 ^ Kulik, p. 45 ^ Kulik, p. 48 ^ Kulik, pp. 49–50 ^ Kulik, p. 52 ^ Kulik, pp. 54–55 ^ "No. 34338". The London
London
Gazette. 6 November 1936. p. 7118.  ^ Quoted from terramedia website 2009 ^ Powell, Michael. A Life In Movies: An Autobiography. London: Heinemann, 1986. ISBN 0-434-59945-X. ^ "Denham Studios", BFI Screenonline. ^ "How to lose a cool £7 million". The Argus. Melbourne. 20 July 1954. p. 4. Retrieved 5 August 2012.  ^ "THE STARRY WAY". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. 13 March 1948. p. 2. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  ^ "Film Industry Slipping Out of the Big Money". The Sunday Herald. Sydney. 1 January 1950. p. 7 Supplement: Features. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b c " Hollywood
Hollywood
stars to make films in UK". The Argus. Melbourne. 20 May 1948. p. 4. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ Caplen, Robert A., Shaken & Stirred: The Feminism of James Bond, p. 73 (2010). ^ Korda, Michael (1999). Another life : a memoir of other people (1st ed.). New York: Random House. ISBN 0679456597.  ^ a b " Alexander Korda
Alexander Korda
Screen Credits".  -B.F.I. Accessed 2016-01-10 ^ a b "Alexander Korda". - Open University. Accessed 2015-12-29 ^ "PICTURES AND PERSONALITIES". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas. 15 June 1935. p. 13. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ " Merle Oberon
Merle Oberon
in Nijinsky
Nijinsky
Film". The Mail. Adelaide. 29 May 1937. p. 12. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "No title". Cairns Post. Qld. 12 August 1935. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "ROBERT DONAT TO STAR AS GHOST.—". The Western Champion. Barcaldine, Qld. 12 October 1935. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "UNITED ARTISTS". The West Australian. Perth. 17 February 1939. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "Pars About Players". The Mail. Adelaide. 4 February 1939. p. 14. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "MERLE OBERON TELLS OF HER ROMANCE". The Australian Women's Weekly. 17 June 1939. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b "BIG FILM PLANS FOR BRITAIN". The Advertiser. Adelaide. 18 December 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ a b c "KORDA PLANS BIG PROGRAMME". The Mercury. Hobart, Tas. 2 June 1945. p. 11. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "Ambitious Korda plan launched". The Daily News. Perth. 6 September 1947. p. 22 Edition: FIRST EDITION. Retrieved 7 July 2012.  ^ "GOSSIP AMONG STARS". The Argus. Melbourne. 23 December 1947. p. 9 Supplement: The Argus Woman's Magazine. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Kulik, Karol. Alexander Korda: The Man Who Could Work Miracles. Virgin Books, 1990. ISBN 978-0870003356 Korda, Michael. Another Life: A Memoir of Other People. Random House Publishing Group, 1999. ISBN 978-0679456599 Korda, Michael. Charmed Lives: A Family Romance. Random House, 1979. ISBN 9780394419541

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Korda.

Alexander Korda
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on IMDb Alexander Korda
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at the British Film Institute's Screenonline Alexander Korda
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at Virtual History Alexander Korda
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at Find a Grave

v t e

The films of Alexander Korda

As director

1910s

Watchhouse in the Carpathians (1914) The Duped Journalist (1914) Tutyu and Totyo (1914) Lea Lyon (1915) The Officer's Swordknot (1915) White Nights (1916) The Grandmother (1916) Tales of the Typewriter (1916) The Man with Two Hearts (1916) The One Million Pound Note (1916) Cyclamen (1916) Struggling Hearts (1916) The Laughing Saskia (1916) Miska the Magnate (1916) St. Peter's Umbrella (1917) The Stork Caliph (1917) Magic (1917) Harrison and Barrison (1917) Faun (1918) The Man with the Golden Touch
The Man with the Golden Touch
(1918) Mary Ann (1918) Ave Caesar! (1919) White Rose (1919) Yamata (1919) Neither at Home or Abroad (1919) Number 111 (1919)

1920s

The Prince and the Pauper (1920) Masters of the Sea (1922) A Vanished World (1922) Samson and Delilah (1922) The Unknown Tomorrow (1923) Everybody's Woman (1924) Tragedy in the House of Habsburg (1924) Dancing Mad
Dancing Mad
(1925) Madame Wants No Children
Madame Wants No Children
(1926) A Modern Dubarry
A Modern Dubarry
(1927) The Stolen Bride (1927) The Private Life of Helen of Troy
The Private Life of Helen of Troy
(1927) Yellow Lily
Yellow Lily
(1928) Night Watch (1928) Love and the Devil
Love and the Devil
(1929) The Squall
The Squall
(1929) Her Private Life
Her Private Life
(1929)

1930s

Lilies of the Field (1930) Women Everywhere
Women Everywhere
(1930) The Princess and the Plumber
The Princess and the Plumber
(1930) The Men Around Lucy (1931) Rive gauche (1931) Marius (1931) Längtan till havet (1931) The Golden Anchor (1932) Service for Ladies
Service for Ladies
(1932) Wedding Rehearsal (1932) The Private Life of Henry VIII
The Private Life of Henry VIII
(1933) La dame de chez Maxim's (1933) The Girl from Maxim's
The Girl from Maxim's
(1933) The Private Life of Don Juan (1934) Rembrandt (1936)

1940s

That Hamilton Woman
That Hamilton Woman
(1941) Perfect Strangers (1945) An Ideal Husband (1947)

As producer only

1930s

Women Who Play
Women Who Play
(1932) Men of Tomorrow
Men of Tomorrow
(1932) That Night in London
London
(1932) Strange Evidence (1933) Counsel's Opinion (1933) Cash (1933) Catherine the Great (1934) The Private Life of the Gannets (1934) (short) The Scarlet Pimpernel (1934) Things Are Looking Up (1935) Sanders of the River
Sanders of the River
(1935) Wharves and Strays (1935) (short) The Ghost Goes West
The Ghost Goes West
(1935) Miss Bracegirdle Does Her Duty (1936) (short) The Fox Hunt (1936) Things to Come
Things to Come
(1936) I Stand Condemned (1936) Men Are Not Gods
Men Are Not Gods
(1936) Forget Me Not (1936) The Man Who Could Work Miracles
The Man Who Could Work Miracles
(1936) Fire Over England
Fire Over England
(1937) I, Claudius (1937) (unfinished) Dark Journey (1937) Elephant Boy (1937) Farewell Again (1937) Storm in a Teacup (1937) Action for Slander
Action for Slander
(1937) Knight Without Armour
Knight Without Armour
(1937) The Squeaker (1937) Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
Return of the Scarlet Pimpernel
(1937) Paradise for Two (1937) The Divorce of Lady X
The Divorce of Lady X
(1938) The Drum (1938) South Riding (1938) The Challenge (1938) Prison Without Bars
Prison Without Bars
(1938) Q Planes
Q Planes
(1939) The Four Feathers (1939) The Rebel Son (1939) The Spy in Black
The Spy in Black
(1939) The Lion Has Wings
The Lion Has Wings
(1939) Over the Moon (1939)

1940s

21 Days
21 Days
(1940) Conquest of the Air (1940) The Thief of Bagdad (1940) Old Bill and Son
Old Bill and Son
(1941) Lydia (1941) To Be or Not to Be (1942) Jungle Book (1942) The Biter Bit (1943) (short) The Shop at Sly Corner (1947) A Man about the House (1947) Mine Own Executioner
Mine Own Executioner
(1947) Night Beat (1948) Anna Karenina (1948) The Winslow Boy (1948) The Fallen Idol (1948) Bonnie Prince Charlie (1948) That Dangerous Age
That Dangerous Age
(1949) The Last Days of Dolwyn
The Last Days of Dolwyn
(1949) Saints and Sinners (1949) The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949)

1950s

The Cure for Love (1950) The Happiest Days of Your Life
The Happiest Days of Your Life
(1950) The Angel with the Trumpet (1950) The Bridge of Time (1950) (short documentary) My Daughter Joy (1950) State Secret (1950) The Wooden Horse
The Wooden Horse
(1950) Seven Days to Noon
Seven Days to Noon
(1950) Lady Godiva Rides Again
Lady Godiva Rides Again
(1951) The Wonder Kid (1951) Mr. Denning Drives North
Mr. Denning Drives North
(1952) Outcast of the Islands
Outcast of the Islands
(1952) Home at Seven (1952) Who Goes There! (1952) Cry. the Beloved Country (1952) Edinburgh (1952) (short documentary) Road to Canterbury (1952) (short documentary) The Sound Barrier
The Sound Barrier
(1952) The Holly and the Ivy (1952) The Ringer (1953) Folly to Be Wise
Folly to Be Wise
(1953) Twice Upon a Time (1953) The Captain's Paradise
The Captain's Paradise
(1953) The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan
The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan
(1953) The Man Between
The Man Between
(1953) The Heart of the Matter (1954) Hobson's Choice (1954) The Belles of St Trinian's
The Belles of St Trinian's
(1954) The Teckman Mystery (1954) The Man Who Loved Redheads
The Man Who Loved Redheads
(1955) Three Cases of Murder
Three Cases of Murder
(1955) A Kid for Two Farthings (1955) The Deep Blue Sea (1955) Summertime (1955) Storm Over the Nile
Storm Over the Nile
(1955) Richard III (1955) Smiley (1956)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 102339929 LCCN: n81142348 ISNI: 0000 0001 2283 6384 GND: 118565400 SELIBR: 336443 SUDOC: 027593649 BNF: cb11960007h (data) NLA: 35599988 NKC: pna2004259370 BNE: XX1166

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