HOME
The Info List - Albi


--- Advertisement ---



1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Albi
Albi
(French pronunciation: ​[albi]; Occitan: Albi [ˈalβi])[1] is a commune in southern France. It is the prefecture of the Tarn department, on the river Tarn, 85 km northeast of Toulouse. Its inhabitants are called Albigensians (French: Albigeois, Albigeoise(s), Occitan: albigés -esa(s)). It is the seat of the Archbishop of Albi. The episcopal city, around the Cathedral Sainte-Cécile, was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
list of World Heritage Sites in 2010.[2]

Contents

1 Administration 2 History 3 Main sights 4 A World Heritage Site 5 Climate 6 Transport 7 Sport 8 Education 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — sister cities

10 Notable people 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Administration[edit] Albi
Albi
is the seat of 4 cantons, covering 16 communes, with a total population of 71,281.[3] History[edit]

View of Palais de la Berbie

St-Madeleine Church, Albi

Cathédrale Sainte-Cécile

Collégiale Saint-Salvi, the oldest church in Albi, dedicated to Saint Salvius

The first human settlement in Albi
Albi
was in the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
(3000-600 BC). After the Roman conquest of Gaul
Gaul
in 51 BC, the town became Civitas Albigensium, the territory of the Albigeois, Albiga. Archaeological
Archaeological
digs have not revealed any traces of Roman buildings, which seems to indicate that Albi
Albi
was a modest Roman settlement. In 1040, Albi
Albi
expanded and constructed the Pont Vieux (Old Bridge). New quarters were built, indicative of considerable urban growth. The city grew rich at this time, thanks to trade and commercial exchanges, and also to the tolls charged to travelers for using the Pont Vieux. In 1208, the Pope and the French king joined forces to combat the Cathars, who had developed their own version of ascetic Christian dualism, and so a heresy considered dangerous by the dominant Catholic Church. Repression was severe, and many Cathars
Cathars
were burnt at the stake throughout the region. The area, until then virtually independent, was reduced to such a condition that it was subsequently annexed by the French Crown. After the upheaval of the Albigensian Crusade
Albigensian Crusade
against the Cathars, the bishop Bernard de Castanet, in the late 13th century, completed work on the Palais de la Berbie, a Bishops' Palace
Palace
with the look of a fortress. He ordered the building of the cathedral of Sainte-Cécile starting in 1282. The town enjoyed a period of commercial prosperity largely due to the cultivation of Isatis Tinctoria, commonly known as woad. The fine houses built during the Renaissance
Renaissance
bear witness to the vast fortunes amassed by the pastel merchants. Albi
Albi
had a small Jewish
Jewish
community during medieval times, until it was annihilated in the 1320s shepherds' Crusade.[4] Ever since, Jews
Jews
were only allowed to transit the town by payment, without living in it. In 1967, approximately 70 Jews
Jews
lived in Albi, most of them of North-African origin.[5] Albi
Albi
has conserved its rich architectural heritage which encapsulates the various brilliant periods of its history. Considerable improvement and restoration work has been done, to embellish the old quarters and to give them a new look, in which brick reigns supreme. Main sights[edit] Albi
Albi
was built around the original cathedral and episcopal group of buildings. This historic area covers 63 hectares. Red brick and tiles are the main feature of most of the edifices. Along with Toulouse
Toulouse
and Montauban, Albi
Albi
is one of the main cities built in Languedoc-style red brick.

Pont Vieux on the Tarn

Among the buildings of the town is the Sainte Cécile cathedral, a masterpiece of the Southern Gothic style, built between the 13th and 15th centuries. It is characterised by a strong contrast between its austere, defensive exterior and its sumptuous interior decoration. Built as a statement of the Christian faith after the upheavals of the Cathar
Cathar
heresy, this gigantic brick structure was embellished over the centuries: the Dominique de Florence Doorway, the 78 m high bell tower, the Baldaquin over the entrance (1515–1540). The rood screen is a filigree work in stone in the Flamboyant Gothic
Flamboyant Gothic
style. It is decorated with a magnificent group of polychrome statuary carved by artists from the Burgundian workshops of Cluny
Cluny
and comprising over 200 statues, which have retained their original colours. Older than the Palais des Papes
Palais des Papes
in Avignon, the Palais de la Berbie, formerly the Bishops' Palace
Palace
of Albi, now the Toulouse-Lautrec
Toulouse-Lautrec
Museum, is one of the oldest and best-preserved castles in France. This imposing fortress was completed at the end of the 13th century. Its name comes from the Occitan
Occitan
word Bisbia, meaning Bishops' Palace. The Old Bridge (Pont Vieux) is still in use after almost a millennium. Originally built in stone (in 1035), then clad with brick, it rests on eight arches and is 151 m long. In the 14th century, it was fortified and reinforced with a drawbridge, and houses were built on the piers.

La Goulue arriving at the Moulin Rouge, by Toulouse-Lautrec
Toulouse-Lautrec
(1892).

Albi
Albi
is a city known for its elite Lycée Lapérouse, a high school with 500 students situated inside an old monastery. It has several advanced literature classes. Furthermore, it is one of the few holding a full-scale music section with special high-tech rooms for this section. Albi
Albi
is the home of the Toulouse-Lautrec
Toulouse-Lautrec
Museum. More than 1000 works, including the 31 famous posters, are held here. This body of work forms the largest public collection in the world devoted to Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Toulouse-Lautrec
who was born in Albi
Albi
in 1864. The Pacific explorer Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse
Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse
was born in Albi
Albi
and his discoveries are commemorated in a museum there. Located in an ancient mill (41 rue Porta), the Le LAIT Art Centre is a research laboratory dedicated to contemporary art.[6] A World Heritage Site[edit] UNESCO's World Heritage Centre notes the Old Bridge (Pont-Vieux), the Saint-Salvi quarter, the quarter's church, the fortified cathedral (late 13th century) in unique southern French Gothic style from local brick, the bishop’s Palais de la Berbie, and residential quarters, which help the Episcopal City of Albi
Albi
form a "coherent and homogeneous ensemble of monuments and quarters that has remained largely unchanged over the centuries... a complete built ensemble representative of a type of urban development in Europe from the Middle Ages to the present day."[7] Climate[edit] Albi
Albi
experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) bordering oceanic climate (Cfb). Like much of southwestern France, the summers tend to be warmer and the winters milder than most areas of similar classification. Substantial summer rainfall prevents its climate from being classified as Mediterranean.

Climate data for Albi
Albi
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 19.5 (67.1) 24.7 (76.5) 28.3 (82.9) 29.9 (85.8) 33.5 (92.3) 38.8 (101.8) 40.8 (105.4) 41.4 (106.5) 36.4 (97.5) 31.4 (88.5) 25.3 (77.5) 21.0 (69.8) 41.4 (106.5)

Average high °C (°F) 9.4 (48.9) 11.2 (52.2) 14.7 (58.5) 17.4 (63.3) 21.6 (70.9) 25.5 (77.9) 28.7 (83.7) 28.4 (83.1) 24.7 (76.5) 19.7 (67.5) 13.2 (55.8) 9.8 (49.6) 18.7 (65.7)

Average low °C (°F) 1.4 (34.5) 1.7 (35.1) 3.8 (38.8) 6.2 (43.2) 10.2 (50.4) 13.6 (56.5) 15.8 (60.4) 15.6 (60.1) 12.3 (54.1) 9.5 (49.1) 4.9 (40.8) 2.1 (35.8) 8.1 (46.6)

Record low °C (°F) −18.6 (−1.5) −12.0 (10.4) −9.8 (14.4) −2.9 (26.8) −0.2 (31.6) 4.3 (39.7) 6.5 (43.7) 4.9 (40.8) 1.0 (33.8) −2.7 (27.1) −9.4 (15.1) −10.5 (13.1) −18.6 (−1.5)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.9 (2.201) 53.1 (2.091) 51.5 (2.028) 82.0 (3.228) 79.9 (3.146) 64.4 (2.535) 40.6 (1.598) 55.9 (2.201) 57.1 (2.248) 65.4 (2.575) 60.0 (2.362) 65.1 (2.563) 730.9 (28.776)

Average precipitation days 10.2 8.4 8.8 10.2 9.6 7.3 5.1 6.5 6.7 9.1 9.7 10.0 101.7

Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.6 118.6 177.0 183.6 219.3 244.9 270.6 255.7 213.5 154.1 92.7 86.8 2,113.2

Source: Météo France[8][9]

Transport[edit] Albi
Albi
is served by two railway stations on the line from Toulouse
Toulouse
to Rodez:

Gare d'Albi-Ville Gare d'Albi-Madeleine

The A68 motorway connects Albi
Albi
with Toulouse
Toulouse
(and Lyon
Lyon
N 88, future motorway). Sport[edit]

SC Albi
SC Albi
– The city's rugby union team competing in the second-level Rugby Pro D2. RC Albi
Albi
– A rugby league team that compete in the Elite One Championship. Albi
Albi
held Stage 13 of the 2007 Tour de France. The stage was a 55 km (34 mi) individual time trial which started and finished in the city. Circuit d'Albi, a motor racing circuit used for national racing surrounding Albi's airport.

Education[edit]

École des mines d'Albi-Carmaux Jean-François Champollion University Center for Teaching and Research

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Albi
Albi
is twinned with:

Girona, Spain Palo Alto, United States Randwick City
Randwick City
Council, Australia Abomey, Benin Maui County, United States

Notable people[edit]

Antoinette de Saliès (1639–1730), writer, feminist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Toulouse-Lautrec
(1864-1901), painter, caricaturist, illustrator

See also[edit]

Lion and Sun Tourism in Tarn

References[edit]

^ However, after the preposition a ~ à, the name becomes as Albi
Albi
~ à-z- Albi
Albi
[aˈzalβi] ^ UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre – World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee
inscribes five new cultural sites on World Heritage List and approves two extensions to existing properties. Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-19. ^ 2014 legal populations of the Tarn department ^ http://jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1085-alby-albi ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0001_0_00686.html ^ http://www.centredartlelait.com/?lang=en# ^ "Episcopal City of Albi". World Heritage Centre - UNESCO. Retrieved 20 August 2012.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Albi" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016.  ^ "Climat Midi-Pyrénées" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 8, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Albi.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Albi.

INSEE Tourist Office of Albi Albi
Albi
official Website in french Archdiocese of Albi
Albi
(Albia) – Article from the Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 Albi
Albi
(in English) Detailed description of the Madeleine Church of Albi
Albi
(in French)

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Tarn department

Aguts Aiguefonde Alban Albi Albine Algans Almayrac Alos Amarens Ambialet Ambres Andillac Andouque Anglès Appelle Arfons Arifat Arthès Assac Aussac Aussillon Bannières Barre Beauvais-sur-Tescou Belcastel Bellegarde-Marsal Belleserre Berlats Bernac Bertre Le Bez Blan Blaye-les-Mines Boissezon Bournazel Bout-du-Pont-de-Larn Brassac Brens Briatexte Brousse Broze Burlats Busque Cabanès Les Cabannes Cadalen Cadix Cagnac-les-Mines Cahuzac Cahuzac-sur-Vère Cambon Cambon-lès-Lavaur Cambounès Cambounet-sur-le-Sor Les Cammazes Campagnac Carbes Carlus Carmaux Castanet Castelnau-de-Lévis Castelnau-de-Montmiral Castres Caucalières Cestayrols Combefa Cordes-sur-Ciel Coufouleux Courris Crespin Crespinet Cunac Cuq Cuq-Toulza Curvalle Damiatte Dénat Donnazac Dourgne Le Dourn Durfort Escoussens Escroux Espérausses Fauch Faussergues Fayssac Fénols Fiac Florentin Fontrieu Fraissines Frausseilles Le Fraysse Fréjairolles Fréjeville Gaillac Garrevaques Le Garric Garrigues Gijounet Giroussens Graulhet Grazac Guitalens-L'Albarède Itzac Jonquières Jouqueviel Labarthe-Bleys Labastide-de-Lévis Labastide-Gabausse Labastide-Rouairoux Labastide-Saint-Georges Labessière-Candeil Laboulbène Laboutarie Labruguière Lacabarède Lacapelle-Pinet Lacapelle-Ségalar Lacaune Lacaze Lacougotte-Cadoul Lacroisille Lacrouzette Lagardiolle Lagarrigue Lagrave Lamillarié Lamontélarié Laparrouquial Larroque Lasfaillades Lasgraisses Lautrec Lavaur Lédas-et-Penthiès Lempaut Lescout Lescure-d'Albigeois Lisle-sur-Tarn Livers-Cazelles Lombers Loubers Loupiac Lugan Magrin Mailhoc Marnaves Marssac-sur-Tarn Marzens Le Masnau-Massuguiès Massac-Séran Massaguel Massals Maurens-Scopont Mazamet Mézens Milhars Milhavet Miolles Mirandol-Bourgnounac Missècle Monestiés Montans Montauriol Montcabrier Montdragon Montdurausse Montels Montfa Montgaillard Montgey Montirat Montpinier Montredon-Labessonnié Mont-Roc Montrosier Montvalen Moularès Moulayrès Moulin-Mage Mouzens Mouzieys-Panens Mouzieys-Teulet Murat-sur-Vèbre Nages Navès Noailhac Noailles Orban Padiès Palleville Pampelonne Parisot Paulinet Payrin-Augmontel Péchaudier Penne Peyregoux Peyrole Pont-de-Larn Poudis Poulan-Pouzols Prades Pratviel Puéchoursi Puybegon Puycalvel Puycelsi Puygouzon Puylaurens Rabastens Rayssac Réalmont Le Rialet Le Riols Rivières Ronel Roquecourbe Roquemaure Roquevidal Rosières Rouairoux Rouffiac Roumégoux Roussayrolles Saint-Affrique-les-Montagnes Saint-Agnan Saint-Amancet Saint-Amans-Soult Saint-Amans-Valtoret Saint-André Saint-Antonin-de-Lacalm Saint-Avit Saint-Beauzile Saint-Benoît-de-Carmaux Saint-Christophe Saint-Cirgue Sainte-Cécile-du-Cayrou Sainte-Croix Sainte-Gemme Saint-Gauzens Saint-Genest-de-Contest Saint-Germain-des-Prés Saint-Germier Saint-Grégoire Saint-Jean-de-Marcel Saint-Jean-de-Rives Saint-Jean-de-Vals Saint-Juéry Saint-Julien-du-Puy Saint-Julien-Gaulène Saint-Lieux-Lafenasse Saint-Lieux-lès-Lavaur Saint-Marcel-Campes Saint-Martin-Laguépie Saint-Michel-de-Vax Saint-Michel-Labadié Saint-Paul-Cap-de-Joux Saint-Pierre-de-Trivisy Saint-Salvi-de-Carcavès Saint-Salvy-de-la-Balme Saint-Sernin-lès-Lavaur Saint-Sulpice-la-Pointe Saint-Urcisse Saïx Saliès Salles Salvagnac Saussenac Sauveterre La Sauzière-Saint-Jean Le Ségur Sémalens Senaux Senouillac Le Sequestre Sérénac Serviès Sieurac Sorèze Soual Souel Taïx Tanus Tauriac Técou Teillet Terre-Clapier Terssac Teulat Teyssode Tonnac Le Travet Tréban Trébas Trévien Vabre Valderiès Valdurenque Valence-d'Albigeois Vaour Veilhes Vénès Verdalle Le Verdier Viane Vielmur-sur-Agout Vieux Villefranche-d'Albigeois Villeneuve-lès-Lavaur Villeneuve-sur-Vère Vindrac-Alayrac Le Vintrou Virac Viterbe Viviers-lès-Lavaur Viviers-lès-Montagnes

v t e

World Heritage Sites
World Heritage Sites
in France

Île-de-France

Palace
Palace
and Park of Versailles Fontainebleau Palace
Palace
and Park Paris: Banks of the Seine Provins

Parisian basin

Amiens
Amiens
Cathedral Belfries of Belgium and France1 Bourges
Bourges
Cathedral Champagne hillsides, houses and cellars Chartres
Chartres
Cathedral Climats and terroirs of Burgundy Reims: Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Abbey of Saint-Remi, Palace
Palace
of Tau Abbey of Fontenay Le Havre Vézelay Church and hill

Nord-Pas-de-Calais

Belfries of Belgium and France1 Nord-Pas de Calais Mining Basin

East

Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains
Salins-les-Bains
and Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans Nancy: Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance Strasbourg: Grande Île, Neustadt Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3

West

Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe Mont Saint-Michel
Mont Saint-Michel
and its bay

South West

Episcopal city, Albi Port of the Moon, Bordeaux Prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the Vézère valley Pyrénées – Mont Perdu2 Saint-Émilion

Centre East

Chauvet Cave Lyon

Mediterranean

Roman and Romanesque monuments, Arles Carcassonne
Carcassonne
citadel Gulf of Porto: Calanches de Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble, Avignon
Avignon
Bridge Pont du Gard Orange: Roman Theatre and environs, Triumphal Arch

Multiple regions

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier Canal du Midi Fortifications of Vauban Loire Valley
Loire Valley
between Sully-sur-Loire
Sully-sur-Loire
and Chalonnes-sur-Loire Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France

Overseas departments and territories

Lagoons of New Caledonia Pitons, cirques and remparts of Réunion Taputapuātea

1Shared locally with other region/s and with Belgium 2Shared with Spain 3Shared with Austria, Germany, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155947194 LCCN: n81043405 GND: 4079683-8 BNF:

.