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The AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW109 is a lightweight, twin-engine, eight-seat multi-purpose helicopter built by the Italian manufacturer Leonardo (formerly AgustaWestland, merged into the new Finmeccanica since 2016).[1] The rotorcraft had the distinction of being the first all-Italian helicopter to be mass-produced.[2] Developed as the A109 by Agusta, it originally entered service in 1976 and has since been used in various roles, including light transport, medevac, search-and-rescue, and military roles. The AW109 has been in continuous production for 40 years. The AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW119 is a derivative of the AW109, the main difference being that it is powered only by a single engine instead.

Contents

1 Development

1.1 Origins 1.2 Further development

2 Design 3 Operational history 4 Variants 5 Operators

5.1 Military and government operators 5.2 Former military operators

6 Accidents 7 Displayed 8 Specifications (AW109 Power with PW206C) 2850 Kilo version 9 Notable appearances in media 10 See also 11 References

11.1 Citations 11.2 Bibliography

12 External links

Development[edit] Origins[edit]

Agusta
Agusta
A109 K2 of the Rega over Mount Pilatus

In the late 1960s, Agusta
Agusta
designed the A109 originally as a single-engine commercial helicopter.[3] However, it was soon realised that a twin-engine design was needed and it was re-designed in 1969 with two Allison 250-C14 turboshaft engines. A projected military version (the A109B) was considered early on but Agusta
Agusta
initially chose not to pursue immediate development, instead concentrating on the eight-seat A109C version.[4] The first of three prototypes made its maiden flight on 4 August 1971.[5] The A109's flight testing phase was prolonged, this was due in part to the discovery of dynamic instability which took a year to resolve via a modified transmission design;[6] this led to the first production aircraft being completed almost four years later in April 1975. On 1 June 1975, certification for visual flight rules (VFR) upon the A109 was received from the Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA).[3] In 1976, deliveries of production A109 to customers began. Advantages over the then-market leading Bell 206
Bell 206
were the A109's superior speed, twin-engine redundancy, and greater seating capacity.[3] In 1975, Agusta
Agusta
returned again to the possibility of a military version, thus a series of trials were carried out between 1976 and 1977 using a total of five A109As outfitted with Hughes Aircraft-built TOW missiles. Two military versions emerged from this program, one was intended for light attack/close support missions and the other for shipboard operations.[7] Further development[edit]

A Belgian AW109 Power performing a display flight, 2013

Improved civil versions quickly followed on from the initial production model; in 1981, a A109A Mk2 with a widened cabin was made available to operators.[8] In 1993, the A109 K2 was introduced using a new powerplant, a pair of Turbomeca Arriel
Turbomeca Arriel
1K1 engines; this was followed by the A109 Power, broadly similar to the K2 except for the use of Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206 engines instead, in 1996.[3] According to AgustaWestland, the A109 Power was in service in 46 countries by 2008. In 2006, an enlarged variant, the A109S Grand, was introduced.[3] The Agusta
Agusta
A109 was renamed the AW109 following the July 2000 merger of Finmeccanica S.p.A.
Finmeccanica S.p.A.
and GKN plc's respective helicopter subsidiaries Agusta
Agusta
and Westland Helicopters
Westland Helicopters
to form AgustaWestland. Since the mid-1990s, fuselages for the AW109 have been manufactured by PZL-Świdnik, which became a subsidiary company of AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
in 2010. In June 2006, the 500th fuselage was delivered by PZL-Świdnik, marking 10 years of co-operation on the AW109 between the two companies.[9] In 2004, AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
formed a joint venture with Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation
Changhe Aircraft Industries Corporation
for the support and production of the AW109; by 2009, the joint venture was capable to perform final assembly of the AW109, as well as manufacture major sections such as the fuselage.[10] In February 2014, AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
revealed that it was developing the AW109 Trekker, an updated variant of the AW109. It is equipped with skid landing gear (the first twin-engine helicopter by AgustaWestland to have this feature) and is powered by a pair of FADEC-equipped Pratt & Whitney Canada PW207C engines; its avionics are supplied by Genesys Aerospace, which have been designed for single-pilot operations.[11] The Trekker reportedly advances upon the standard AW109's utility capabilities.[12] As per prior AW109 versions, the final assembly of the Trekker is undertaken at sites in both the US and Italy.[3][13] Design[edit]

An AW109SP in flight, 2013

The AW109 is a lightweight twin-engine helicopter, known for its speed, elegant appearance and ease of control.[3][14][15] Since entering commercial service, several revisions and iterations have been made, frequently introducing new avionics and engine technologies. AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
have promoted the type for its multirole capabilities and serviceability. The type has proven highly popular with VIP/corporate customers; according to AgustaWestland, 50% of all of the AW109 Power variant had been sold in such configurations. Other roles for the AW109 have included emergency medical services, law enforcement, homeland security missions, harbor pilot shuttle duty, search and rescue, maritime operations, and military uses.[3] In 2008, AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
claimed the AW109 to be "one of the industry’s best-selling helicopters".[3] A range of turboshaft powerplants have been used to power the numerous variants of the AW109, from the original Allison 250-C14 engines to the Turbomeca Arriel
Turbomeca Arriel
1K1 and Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206 of more modern aircraft.[3] Powerplants can be replaced or swapped for during airframe overhauls, resulting in increasing lifting capacity and other performance changes. In the case of single-engine failure, the AW109 is intended to have a generous power reserve even on a single engine.[8] The engines drive a fully articulated four-blade rotor system.[16] Over time, more advanced rotor blade designs have been progressively adopted for the AW109's main and tail rotors, such as composite materials being used to replace bonded metal,[17] these improvements have typically been made with the aim of reducing operating costs and noise signature. According to Rotor&Wing, the type is well regarded for its "high, hot, and heavy" performance.[3]

Head-on view of a low-flying AW109, 2008

According to AgustaWestland, the AW109 Power features various advanced avionics systems, these include a three-axis autopilot, an auto-coupled Instrument Landing System, integrated GPS, a Moving Map Display, weather radar, and a Traffic Alerting System.[18] These systems are designed to reduce pilot workload (the AW109 can be flown under single or dual-pilot instrument flight rules (IFR)) and enable the use of night vision goggles (NVG) to conduct day-or-night operations.[19] The AW109 has a forced trim system which can be readily and selectively activated by the controlling pilot using triggers located on the cyclic and collective which hold the control inputs at the last set position if activated.[3][16] All critical systems are deliberately redundant for fail-safe operations; the hydraulic system, hydraulic actuators, and electrical system are all dual-redundant, while the power inverters are triple-redundant.[8] The AW109 also has reduced maintenance requirements due to an emphasis on reliability across the range of components used.[19] Some models of the AW109 feature the "quick convertible interior", a cabin configuration designed to be flexibly re-configured to allow the rotorcraft to be quickly adapted for different roles, such as the installation or removal of mission consoles or medical stretchers. Mission-specific equipment can also be installed in the externally accessible separate baggage compartment, which can be optionally expanded. Optional cabin equipment includes soundproofing, air conditioning, and bleed air heating.[19] Aftermarket cabin configurations are offered by third parties; Pininfarina
Pininfarina
and Versace have both offered designer interiors for the AW109, while Aerolite Max Bucher has developed a lightweight emergency medical service interior.[3] The majority of AW109s are fitted with a retractable wheeled tricycle undercarriage, providing greater comfort than skids and taxiing capability.[14][15] For shipboard operations, the wheeled landing gear is reinforced, deck mooring points are fixed across the lower fuselage, and extensive corrosion protection is typically applied.[20] Optional mission equipment for the AW109 has included dual controls, a rotor brake, windshield wipers, a fixed cargo hook, snow skis, external loudspeakers, wire-strike protection system, engine particle separator, engine compartment fire extinguishers, datalink, and rappelling fittings.[19] A range of armaments can be installed upon the AW109, including pintle-mounted machine guns, machine gun pods, 20mm cannons, rocket pods, anti-tank missiles and air-to-air missiles.[20][21] Those AW109s operated by the U.S. Coast Guard, later designated as MH-68A, had the following equipment installed: a rescue hoist, emergency floats, FLIR, Spectrolab NightSun search light, a 7.62 mm M240D
M240D
machine gun and a Barrett M107
Barrett M107
semi-automatic .50 caliber anti-material rifle with laser sight.[22] Operational history[edit] Various branches of the Italian military have operated variants of the AW109; the Guardia di Finanza has operated its own variant of the AW109 since the 1980s for border patrol and customs duties, by 2010, it was in the process of replacing its original AW109s with a new-generation of AW109s.[2] In 1982, the Argentine Army Aviation
Argentine Army Aviation
deployed three A109As to the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
during the Falklands War. They operated with the helicopter fleet (9 UH-1H, 2 CH-47C and 2 Pumas) in reconnaissance and liaison roles. One of the helicopters was destroyed on the ground by a British Harrier attack; the others were captured and sent to Europe in HMS Fearless (L10). The British Army Air Corps
British Army Air Corps
decided to use those helicopters in domestic operations (being flown by 8 Flight AAC to support SAS regiment deployments in the UK), alongside two additional A109 which were purchased later following favorable use of the first two; all were retired in 2009.[23][24] The improved AW109E and SP – Grand New versions have also been operated by No. 32 Squadron of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
to transport members of the British Royal Family.[25] In 1988, 46 A109s were sold to the Belgian Armed Forces; it was later alleged that Agusta
Agusta
had given the Belgian Socialist Party over 50 million Belgian francs as a bribe to secure the sale. The resulting scandal led to the resignation and later conviction of NATO Secretary General Willy Claes.[26] Belgium
Belgium
has operated an A109 aerial display team.[27] In early 2013, a pair of Belgian AW109s were deployed to Sévaré, Mali, to perform medical evacuation mission in support of the French-led Operation Serval.[28] In June 2013, Belgian newspaper La Libre Belgique
La Libre Belgique
alleged that several former Belgian military helicopters had been sold via a private company to South Sudan
South Sudan
in violation of a European Union
European Union
embargo on weapons sales.[29][30]

Pair of South African Air Force
South African Air Force
(SAAF) AW109s landing in formation

In the 1990s, the US Coast Guard, seeking to tackle drug trafficking on small speed boats via armed aerial interdiction helicopters, evaluated several options and selected the AW109 as the winner. For a number of years, eight armed AW109s, designated MH-68A Sting Ray, were leased from AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
and deployed at Coast Guard land facilities and onboard cutters. Positive experience with the AW109 led to the Coast Guard deciding to arm all of its helicopters and, following adaptions of their existing assets, the AW109s were returned after the lease expired.[3] In September 1999, the South African Air Force
South African Air Force
(SAAF) placed an order for 30 AW109s;[3] 25 of the 30 rotorcraft was assembled locally by Denel Aviation, starting in 2003.[31][32] As many as 16 SAAF AW109s were deployed for patrol, utility, and medical evacuation missions during the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[33] In July 2013, the SAAF reported that 18 AW109s had effectively been grounded due to lack of funding, these rotorcraft being only occasionally activated but not conducting flights; in 2013, only 71 flight hours were allocated to the whole AW109 fleet. The type may be reduced to flying VIPs rather than being operationally capable; South Africa
South Africa
is also considering selling a number of AW109s, and may cease helicopter operations altogether.[34] In 2001, 20 AW109s were ordered for the Swedish Armed Forces,[3] receiving the Swedish military designation of Hkp 15. In 2010, it was reported that considerable demands were being placed upon the AW109 fleet, in part due to the delayed delivery of the NHIndustries NH90.[35] In early 2015, a pair of Swedish AW109s were deployed on board the Royal Netherlands Navy
Royal Netherlands Navy
ship HNLMS Johan de Witt, their first-ever deployment on board a foreign vessel, in support of a multinational anti-piracy mission off the coast of Somalia; the AW109 reportedly achieve a 100% availability rate over the course of three months.[36]

An Australian AW109 during a rescue demonstration, 2008

Between 2007 and 2012, three AW109E Power helicopters were operated under lease by the Royal Australian Navy
Royal Australian Navy
(RAN) to train naval aircrew.[37] In May 2008, the Royal New Zealand Air Force
Royal New Zealand Air Force
(RNZAF) placed an order for five AW109LUH rotorcraft to replace their aging Bell 47 Sioux in a training capacity; they are also used in the utility role to compliment the larger NHIndustries NH90
NHIndustries NH90
and has seen limited use in VIP
VIP
missions.[38] In August 2008, Scott Kasprowicz and Steve Sheik broke the round-the-world speed record using a factory-standard AgustaWestland AW109S Grand, with a time of 11 days, 7 hours and 2 minutes. The AW109S Grand is also recorded as being the fastest helicopter from New York to Los Angeles.[39][40] In 2013, the Philippine Air Force
Philippine Air Force
(PAF) and the Philippine Navy independently ordered batches of AW109 Power rotorcraft; additional AW109s were ordered in 2014.[41] The PAF AW109s are used as armed gunships, while both armed and unarmed AW109s are operated by the Philippine Navy.[42][43] Variants[edit]

Agusta
Agusta
A109 of the Italian police

Dyfed-Powys Police
Dyfed-Powys Police
Air Support Unit Helicopter
Helicopter
(X-Ray 99) demonstration at police HQ Open Day 2008

A109A The first production model, powered by two Allison Model 250-C20 turboshaft engines. It made its first flight on 4 August 1971. Initially, the A109 was marketed under the name of "Hirundo" (Latin for the swallow), but this was dropped within a few years. A109A EOA Military version for the Italian Army. A109A Mk.II Upgraded civilian version of the A109A. A109A Mk.II MAX Aeromedical evacuation version based on A109A Mk.II with extra wide cabin and access doors hinged top and bottom, rather than to one side. A109B Unbuilt military version. A109BA Version created for the Belgian Army. Based on the A109C with fixed landing gear. A109C Eight-seat civil version, powered by two Allison Model 250-C20R-1 turboshaft engines.[15] A109C MAX Aeromedical evacuation version based on A109C with extra-wide cabin and access doors hinged top and bottom, rather than to one side.[44] A109D One prototype only A109E Power Upgraded civilian version, initially powered by two Turbomeca
Turbomeca
Arrius 2K1 engines. Later the manufacturer introduced an option for two Pratt & Whitney PW206C engines to be used – both versions remain known as the A109E. Marketed as the AW109E and Power. A109E Power Elite A stretched cabin version of A109E Power. Features a glass cockpit with two complete sets of pilot instruments and navigation systems, including a three-axis autopilot, an auto-coupled Instrument Landing System and GPS.[18] A109LUH Military LUH "Light Utility Helicopter" variant based on the A109E Power. Operators include South African Air Force, Swedish Air Force, Royal New Zealand
New Zealand
Air Force, Nigerian Air Force, as well as Algeria and Malaysia. MH-68A Eight A109E Power aircraft were used by the United States
United States
Coast Guard Helicopter
Helicopter
Interdiction Tactical Squadron Jacksonville (HITRON Jacksonville) as short-range armed interdiction helicopters from 2000 until 2008, when they were replaced with MH-65C Dolphins.[45] Agusta designated these armed interdiction aircraft as "Mako" until the U.S. Coast Guard officially named it the MH-68A Stingray in 2003.[22] A109K Military version. A109K2 High-altitude and high-temperature operations with fixed wheels rather than the retractable wheels of most A109 variants. Typically used by police, search and rescue, and air ambulance operators. A109M Military version. A109 km Military version for high altitude and high temperature operations. A109KN Naval version. A109CM Standard military version. A109GdiF Version for Guardia di Finanza, the Italian Finance Guard. A109S Grand Marketed as the AW109 Grand, it is a lengthened cabin-upgraded civilian version with two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW207 engines and lengthened main rotor blades with different tip design from the Power version. AW109SP AW109 Grand New single IFR, TAWS
TAWS
and EVS, especially for EMS. AW109 Trekker A variant of the AW109S Grand with fixed landing skids.[46] CA109 Chinese direct copy of the AW109E for China mainland market by Jiangxi Changhe Agusta
Agusta
Helicopter
Helicopter
Co., Ltd., a Leonardo Helicopter Division(formerly AgustaWestland) and Changhe Aviation Industries Joint Venture Company established in 2005.[47]

Operators[edit]

Agusta
Agusta
AW109E Power operated by Care Flight International Air Ambulance

AW109E Power from the Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Navy

The AW109 is flown by a range of operators including private companies, military services, emergency services and air charter companies. Military and government operators[edit]

Belgian Air Component
Belgian Air Component
A109BA anti-tank variant.

AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW109 Border Police (Bulgaria)

Nigerian Air Force
Nigerian Air Force
AW109

A RNZAF AW109 in 2012

An AW109 Power helicopter of the Philippine Navy

AW109E of the Empire Test Pilots' School

 Algeria

Gendarmerie Nationale[48] Algerian police[49]

 Albania

Albanian Air Force[50]

 Bangladesh

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Navy[50]

 Belgium

Belgian Air Component[50]

 Bulgaria

Bulgarian Border Police[51]

 Chile

Carabineros de Chile[52]

 Greece

Hellenic Air Force[53]

 Italy

Carabinieri[54][55] Guardia di Finanza[56] Italian Army[50] Vigili del Fuoco[57] Italian State Police[58] State Forestry Corps[59]

 Japan

Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department[60]

 Latvia

State Border Guard[61]

 Malaysia

Malaysian Army[50]

 Mexico

Mexican Air Force

 New Zealand

Royal New Zealand
New Zealand
Air Force[50]

 Nigeria

Nigerian Air Force[50] Nigerian Navy[50]

 Oman

Royal Oman
Oman
Police

 Peru

Peruvian Army[62]

 Philippines

Philippine Navy[63][64] Philippine Air Force[65]

18th Attack Squadron, 15th Strike Wing, PAF

 Slovenia

Slovenian Ministry of Defence[66] Slovenian Police[67]

 South Africa

South African Air Force[50]

 Sweden

Swedish Armed Forces[50]

 Turkmenistan

Turkmen Air Force
Turkmen Air Force
– At least 3 in service since at least 2016.[68]

 Uganda

Uganda
Uganda
National Police[69]

 United Kingdom

Royal Air Force[50]

Former military operators[edit]

A U.S. Coast Guard MH-68A Stingray

 Argentina

Argentine Army[70]

 Australia

Royal Australian Navy[71]

 Italy

Italian Air Force
Italian Air Force
operated 3 aircraft from 1986[72]

 Paraguay

Paraguayan Air Force[73]

 Slovenia

Slovenian Air Force[74]

 United Kingdom

Army Air Corps[75]

 United States

United States
United States
Coast Guard[76]

 Venezuela

Venezuelan Army[77][78]

Accidents[edit]

In October 1989 – a private charter A109A Mk.II crash landed in New Jersey, killing three executives of the Trump Organization. The cause was a manufacturing defect in one of the main rotor blades.[17] On 10 October 2001 (2001-10-10) – an A109E Power (registration I-FLAN) on a night medevac flight crashed on Poggio Ballone (Grosseto, Italy). Two pilots, two medical personnel and one patient were killed.[79]: In April 2009 (2009-April): South African Air Force
South African Air Force
AW109 crashed into Woodstock Dam in the Drakensberg, due to pilot error, killing all three on board.[80] On 9 June 2009, an A-109E operated by the New Mexico
Mexico
State Police, impacted terrain near Santa Fe, New Mexico, shortly after taking off during a search and rescue flight. It was following visual flight rules flight into instrument meteorological conditions. The officer flying and a rescued hiker were fatally injured; a highway patrol officer who was acting as a spotter during the accident flight was seriously injured.[81][82] On 22 August 2009, an AW109S HEMS helicopter (registration I-REMS) struck power lines and crashed on Mount Cristallo near Cortina d’Ampezzo (province of Belluno, northern Italy) while flying over a landslide, searching for people who could have potentially been injured. All 4 people on board (pilot, winch operator, medic and rescuer) died in the crash.[83] On 17 August 2011 (2011-08-17): Beijing
Beijing
Municipal Public Security Bureau CA109 police helicopter crashed into Miyun reservoir in Miyun County, Beijing
Beijing
of China. Three crewmen were killed and one crewman was severely injured.[84] On 16 January 2013 (2013-01-16): Vauxhall
Vauxhall
helicopter crash, an AW109 on charter to Rotormotion clipped a construction crane attached to the St George Wharf Tower
St George Wharf Tower
in Vauxhall, London, before crashing to the ground and bursting into flames, killing the pilot and a person on the ground. The helicopter was completely destroyed and the crane was also seriously damaged.[85] On 15 December 2012, a Nigerian Navy
Nigerian Navy
AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
helicopter crashed in Bayelsa State while conveying VIPs to Port Harcourt from Okoroba Village in Bayelsa state, the crash claimed the lives of six people, including Kaduna state Governor Patrick Yakowa.[86] The investigation stated the cause could have either been human error, material failure or a combination of both. Turbomeca
Turbomeca
were closely examining the engine.[87] On 30 March 2013, a South African Air Force
South African Air Force
AW109 crashed while on an anti-poaching patrol in the Kruger National Park
Kruger National Park
in South Africa. All five SANDF members aboard were killed.[88]

Displayed[edit]

A109A at Fleet Air Arm Museum, Yeovil, England. Former AE-331 of the Argentine Army Aviation, captured in the Falklands War.[89]

Specifications (AW109 Power with PW206C) 2850 Kilo version[edit]

Flight deck of an AW109, 2012

Data from Leonardo "AW109 Power".  General characteristics

Crew: 1 or 2 Capacity: 6 or 7 passengers Length: 11.448 m (37 ft 7 in) fuselage Height: 3.50 m (11 ft 6 in) Empty weight: 1,590 kg (3,505 lb) Max takeoff weight: 2,850 kg (6,283 lb) Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW206C Turboshaft
Turboshaft
engine, 418 kW (561 hp) each Main rotor diameter: 11.00 m (36 ft 1 in)

Performance

Maximum speed: 311 km/h (193 mph; 168 kn) Cruise speed: 285 km/h; 177 mph (154 kn) Never exceed speed: 311 km/h; 193 mph (168 kn) Ferry range: 932 km (579 mi; 503 nmi) Rate of climb: 9.8 m/s (1,930 ft/min)

Notable appearances in media[edit] Main article: Aircraft in fiction §  AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW109 See also[edit]

Aviation portal

Related development

AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW109S Grand Agusta
Agusta
A129 Mangusta AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
AW119 Koala

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Bell 222/230 Bell 430 Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin Eurocopter EC135 Sikorsky S-76

Related lists

List of rotorcraft

References[edit] Citations[edit]

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Air International
October 1978, pp. 160–161. ^ Air International
Air International
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AgustaWestland
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PZL-Świdnik
deliver 500th airframe to AgustaWestland". PZL-Świdnik
PZL-Świdnik
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Medevac
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Helicopter
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AgustaWestland
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Sweden
Moves Helos From Piracy
Piracy
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Fédération Aéronautique Internationale
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AgustaWestland
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Philippine Navy
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Philippine Navy
Weaponizes Helicopters to Deploy on Frigates." Sputnik News, 20 August 2015. ^ " Philippine Air Force
Philippine Air Force
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Chile
Expand Their AW109 Power Fleet". Aviation News. Retrieved 7 February 2013.  ^ " Hellenic Air Force
Hellenic Air Force
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Carabinieri
AgustaWestland
AgustaWestland
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AgustaWestland
AW109 Power Helicopters Ordered By Ministry Of The Interior Of Latvia
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takes delivery of AW109 helicopters for navy, air force". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on 24 July 2015.  ^ " Philippine Air Force
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Signs Contract for Eight AW109 Power helicopters". AgustaWestland. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2013.  ^ " Slovenia
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Bibliography[edit]

"The A-109A – Agusta's Pace-Setter". Air International, October 1978, Vol. 15 No. 4. pp. 159–166, 198. Cliff, Roger. Chad J. R. Ohlandt and David Yang. Ready for Takeoff: China's Advancing Aerospace Industry. "Rand Corporation", 2011. ISBN 0-8330-5208-X. Barrie, Douglas. "Air Forces of the World". Flight International, 10–16 September 1997, Vol. 152 No. 4591. pp. 35–71. Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011, Vol. 180 No. 5321. pp. 26–52. McClellan, J. Mac. Agusta
Agusta
A109 Mk II Plus. "Flying Magazine", February 1989. Vol. 116. No. 2. ISSN 0015-4806. pp. 34–38. Moll, Nigel. Agusta
Agusta
A109A: City Slicker. "Flying Magazine", April 1992. Vol. 119. No. 4. ISSN 0015-4806. pp. 62–70.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Agusta
Agusta
A109.

AW109 Power page on Leonardo GrandNew page on Leonardo A109S presentation on BlueSkyRotor

v t e

Agusta/AgustaWestland/Leonardo Helicopters

Agusta

A.101 AB.102 A.103 A.104 A.105 A.106 A109 A109S A.115 A.120 A.123 A129 AZ.8L CP-110 EH101

AgustaWestland

Apache AW009 AW101

VH-71 CH-149

AW109

AW109S

AW119 AW139 AW149 AW159 AW169 AW189 AW249 AW609 T129 Project Zero

Meridionali/Agusta

EMA 124

Aeroengines

GA.40 GA.70 GA.140 A.270 TA.230

Other

Giovanni Agusta MV Agusta PZL-Świdnik Westland Helicopters Caproni

v t e

United States
United States
helicopter designations, Army/Air Force and Tri-Service systems

Numerical sequence used by USAAC/USAAF/USAF 1941–present; US Army 1948–1956 and 1962–present; US Navy 1962–present

Main sequence (1941–1962)

Prefix R-, 1941–1948

R-1 R-2 R-3 R-4 R-5 R-6 R-7 R-8 R-9 R-10 R-11 R-12 R-13 R-14 R-15 R-16

Prefix H-, 1948–1962

H-5 H-6 H-9 H-10 H-11 H-12 H-13/J H-15 H-16 H-17 H-18 H-19 H-20 H-21 H-22 H-23 H-24 H-25 H-26 H-27 H-28 H-29 H-30 H-31 H-32 H-33 H-34 H-35 H-361 H-37 H-381 H-39 H-40 H-41 H-42 H-43 H-441 H-451

Main joint sequence (1962–present)

1962 redesignations

OH-13/UH-13J UH-19 CH-21 OH-23 UH-25 CH-34 CH-37 HH-43

New designations

CH-46/HH-46/UH-46 CH-47 UH-48 XH-49 QH-50 XH-51 HH-52 CH-53/HH-53/MH-53/CH-53E/CH-53K CH-54 TH-55 AH-56 TH-57 OH-58 XH-59 UH-60/SH-60/HH-60/MH-60 YUH-61 XCH-62 YAH-63 AH-64 HH-65 RAH-66 TH-67 MH-68 H-691 ARH-70 VH-71 UH-72 H-73 to H-891 MH-90 H-911 VH-92

1962 redesignations reusing old numbers

UH-1/N/Y AH-1/J/T/W/Z SH-2/SH-2G SH-3/CH-3/HH-3 OH-4 OH-5 OH-6/MH-6/AH-6

1 Not assigned

v t e

Italian Armed Forces aircraft designation system

1–100

Q-1 G-2 H-3D/H-3F G-4 AV-8 Q-9 Q-10 A-11 Q-11 Q-12 F-16 G-17 G-21 C-27 F-35 C-42/P-42 H-47 C-50 P-72 H-90

101-200

H-101 G-103 H-109 H-129 C-130 H-139 U-166 C-180 A-200

201-400

H-205 H-206 U-208 H-212 C-222 C-228 T-260 C-319 T-339 T-345 T-346

401-2000

H-412 H-500 KC-707 KC-767 C

.