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The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
(AMPAS, also known as simply the Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures. The Academy's corporate management and general policies are overseen by a Board of Governors, which includes representatives from each of the craft branches. The roster of the Academy's approximately 6,000 motion picture professionals is a "closely guarded secret".[2] While the great majority of its members are based in the United States, membership is open to qualified filmmakers around the world. The Academy is known around the world for its annual Academy Awards, now officially known as The "Oscars".[3] In addition, the Academy holds the Governors Awards annually for lifetime achievement in film; presents Scientific and Technical Awards annually; gives Student Academy Awards
Academy Awards
annually to filmmakers at the undergraduate and graduate level; awards up to five Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting annually; and operates the Margaret Herrick Library (at the Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study) in Beverly Hills, California, and the Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, Los Angeles. The Academy plans to open the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in 2019.[4][5]

Contents

1 History 2 Galleries and theaters

2.1 Current

2.1.1 Academy Headquarters 2.1.2 Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study 2.1.3 Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study

2.2 Former

2.2.1 Academy Theater in New York

2.3 Upcoming

2.3.1 The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures

3 Membership 4 Expulsions 5 Academy branches 6 Board of Governors 7 Original 36 founders of the Academy 8 Presidents of the Academy 9 Current administration of the Academy 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

Headquarters building

The notion of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) began with Louis B. Mayer, head of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(MGM). He said he wanted to create an organization that would mediate labor disputes without unions[6] and improve the industry's image. He met with actor Conrad Nagel, director Fred Niblo, and the head of the Association of Motion Picture Producers, Fred Beetson to discuss these matters. The idea of this elite club having an annual banquet was discussed, but no mention of awards at that time. They also established that membership into the organization would only be open to people involved in one of the five branches of the industry: actors, directors, writers, technicians, and producers.[7] After their brief meeting, Mayer gathered up a group of thirty-six people involved in the film industry and invited them to a formal banquet at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
on January 11, 1927.[8] That evening Mayer presented to those guests what he called the International Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Everyone in the room that evening became a founder of the Academy.[7] Between that evening and when the official Articles of Incorporation for the organization were filed on May 4, 1927, the "International" was dropped from the name, becoming the "Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences".[9][10] Several organizational meetings were held prior to the first official meeting held on May 6, 1927. Their first organizational meeting was held on May 11. At that meeting Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. was elected as the first president of the Academy, while Fred Niblo
Fred Niblo
was the first vice-president, and their first roster, composed of 230 members, was printed.[9] That night, the Academy also bestowed its first honorary membership, to Thomas Edison.[10] Initially, the Academy was broken down into five main groups, or branches, although this number of branches has grown over the years. The original five were: Producers, Actors, Directors, Writers and Technicians.[11] The initial concerns of the group had to do with labor."[12] However, as time went on, the organization moved "further away from involvement in labor-management arbitrations and negotiations."[13] One of several committees formed in those initial days was for "Awards of Merit," but it was not until May 1928 that the committee began to have serious discussions about the structure of the awards and the presentation ceremony. By July 1928 the board of directors had approved a list of 12 awards to be presented.[14] During July the voting system for the Awards was established, and the nomination and selection process began.[15] This "award of merit for distinctive achievement" is what we know now as the Academy Award. The initial location of the organization was 6912 Hollywood Boulevard.[12][13] In November 1927, the Academy moved to the Roosevelt Hotel at 7010 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard, which was also the month the Academy's library began compiling a complete collection of books and periodicals dealing with the industry from around the world. In May 1928, the Academy authorized the construction of a state of the art screening room, to be located in the Club lounge of the hotel. The screening room was not completed until April 1929.[12] With the publication of Report on Incandescent Illumination in 1928, the Academy began a long history of publishing books to assist its members. Another early initiative concerned training Army Signal Corps officers.[13] In 1929, Academy members in a joint venture with the University of Southern California
California
created America's first film school to further the art and science of moving pictures. The school's founding faculty included Fairbanks (President of the Academy), D. W. Griffith, William C. deMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, and Darryl F. Zanuck.[16] 1930 saw another move, to 7046 Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard, in order to accommodate the enlarging staff,[13] and by December of that year the library was acknowledged as "having one of the most complete collections of information on the motion picture industry anywhere in existence."[17] They would remain at that location until 1935, when further growth would cause them to move once again. This time, the administrative offices would move to one location, to the Taft Building at the corner of Hollywood
Hollywood
and Vine, while the library would move to 1455 North Gordon Street.[13] In 1934, the Academy began publication of the Screen Achievement Records Bulletin, which today is known as the Motion Picture Credits Database. This is a list of film credits up for an Academy Award, as well as other films released in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County, using research materials from the Academy's Margaret Herrick Library.[18] Another publication of the 1930s was the first annual Academy Players Directory in 1937. The Directory was published by the Academy until 2006, when it was sold to a private concern. The Academy had been involved in the technical aspects of film making since its founding in 1927, and by 1938, the Science and Technology Council consisted of 36 technical committees addressing technical issues related to sound recording and reproduction, projection, lighting, film preservation and cinematography.[13] In 2009, the inaugural Governors Awards were held, at which the Academy awards the Academy Honorary Award and the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award. In 2016, the Academy became the target of criticism for its failure to recognize the achievements of minority professionals. For the second year in a row all 20 nominees in the major acting categories were white. The president of the Academy Cheryl Boone Isaacs,[19] the first African American and third woman to lead the Academy,[20] denied in 2015 that there was a problem. When asked if the Academy had difficulty with recognizing diversity, she replied "Not at all. Not at all."[21] When the nominations for acting were all white for a second year in a row Gil Robertson IV, president of the African American Film Critics Association called it "offensive."[citation needed] The actors' branch is "overwhelmingly white" and the question is raised whether conscious or unconscious racial biases played a role.[22] Spike Lee, interviewed shortly after the all-white nominee list was published, pointed to Hollywood
Hollywood
leadership as the root problem, "We may win an Oscar now and then, but an Oscar is not going to fundamentally change how Hollywood
Hollywood
does business. I'm not talking about Hollywood
Hollywood
stars. I'm talking about executives. We're not in the room."[23] Boone Isaacs also released a statement, in which she said "I am both heartbroken and frustrated about the lack of inclusion. This is a difficult but important conversation, and it's time for big changes."[24] After Boone Isaac's statement, prominent African-Americans such as director Spike Lee, actors Will Smith
Will Smith
and Jada Pinkett Smith, and activist Rev. Al Sharpton
Al Sharpton
called for a boycott of the 2016 Oscars for failing to recognize minority achievements, the board voted to make "historic" changes to its membership.[clarification needed] The Academy stated that by 2020 it would double its number of women and minority members.[25] In August 2017, John Bailey was elected President of the Academy to a four-year term.[26] Galleries and theaters[edit]

Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study building on La Cienega Boulevard in Beverly Hills, California

Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study
Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study
in the Hollywood
Hollywood
district

The Academy's numerous and diverse operations are housed in three facilities in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
area: the headquarters building in Beverly Hills, which was constructed specifically for the Academy, and two Centers for Motion Picture Study – one in Beverly Hills, the other in Hollywood
Hollywood
– which were existing structures restored and transformed to contain the Academy’s Library, Film
Film
Archive and other departments and programs. Current[edit] Academy Headquarters[edit] The Academy Headquarters Building in Beverly Hills once housed two galleries that were open free to the public. The Grand Lobby Gallery and the Fourth Floor Gallery offered changing exhibits related to films, film-making and film personalities. These galleries have since been closed in preparation for the opening of the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures in 2019. The building includes the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, which seats 1,012, and was designed to present films at maximum technical accuracy, with state-of-the-art projection equipment and sound system. The theater is busy year-round with the Academy's public programming, members-only screenings, movie premieres and other special activities (including the live television broadcast of the Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations announcement every January). The building once housed the Academy Little Theater, is a 67-seat screening facility, but this was converted to additional office space in a building remodel. Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study[edit] Main article: Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study The Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study, located in central Hollywood
Hollywood
and named for legendary actress and Academy founder Mary Pickford, houses several Academy departments, including the Academy Film
Film
Archive, the Science and Technology Council, Student Academy Awards and Grants, and the Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting. The building, originally dedicated on August 18, 1948, is the oldest surviving structure in Hollywood
Hollywood
that was designed specifically with television in mind. Additionally, it is the location of the Linwood Dunn Theater, which seats 286 people. Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study[edit] The Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study is located at 333 S. La Cienega Boulevard in Beverly Hills. It is home to the Academy's Margaret Herrick Library, a world-renowned, non-circulating reference and research collection devoted to the history and development of the motion picture as an art form and an industry. Established in 1928, the library is open to the public and used year-round by students, scholars, historians and industry professionals. The library is named for Margaret Herrick, the Academy's first librarian who also played a major role in the Academy's first televised broadcast, helping to turn the Oscar ceremony into a major annual televised event.[27] The building itself was built in 1928, where it was originally built to be a water treatment plant for Beverly Hills. Its "bell tower" held water-purifying hardware.[28] Former[edit] Academy Theater in New York[edit] The Academy also has a New York City-based East Coast showcase theater, the Academy Theater at Lighthouse International. The 220-seat venue was redesigned in 2011 by renowned theater designer Theo Kalomirakis, including an extensive installation of new audio and visual equipment. The theater is in the East 59th Street headquarters of the non-profit vision loss organization, Lighthouse International.[29] In July 2015, it was announced that the Academy was forced to move out, due to Lighthouse International selling the property the theater was in.[30] Upcoming[edit] The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures[edit] Main article: Academy Museum of Motion Pictures The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures, a Los Angeles
Los Angeles
museum currently under construction, will be the newest facility associated with the Academy. It is scheduled to open in 2018 and will contain over 290,000 square feet of state-of-the-art galleries, exhibition spaces, movie theaters, educational areas, and special event spaces. The Academy Museum of Motion Pictures will be the world's premier museum devoted to exploring and curating the history and future of the moving image.[31] Membership[edit] Membership in the Academy is by invitation only. Invitation comes from the Board of Governors. Membership eligibility may be achieved by earning a competitive Oscar nomination, or by the sponsorship of two current Academy members from the same branch to which the candidate seeks admission.[32] New membership proposals are considered annually in the spring. Press releases announce the names of those who have recently been invited to join. Membership in the Academy does not expire, even if a member struggles later in his or her career.[33] Academy membership is divided into 17 branches, representing different disciplines in motion pictures. Members may not belong to more than one branch. Members whose work does not fall within one of the branches may belong to a group known as "Members at Large". Members at Large have all the privileges of branch membership except for representation on the Board. Associate members are those closely allied to the industry but not actively engaged in motion picture production. They are not represented on the Board and do not vote on Academy Awards. According to a February 2012 study conducted by the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times (sampling over 5,000 of its 5,765 members), the Academy at that time was 94% white, 77% male, 86% age 50 or older, and had a median age of 62. A third of members were previous winners or nominees of Academy Awards themselves. Of the academy's 43-member board of governors, only six were female; Cheryl Boone Isaacs
Cheryl Boone Isaacs
was the sole person of color on the board.[34] June 29, 2016 saw a paradigm shift in the Academy's selection process, resulting in a new class comprising 46% women, and 41% people of color.[35] The effort to diversify the Academy was led by social activist, and Broadway Black managing-editor, April Reign.[36] Reign created the Twitter hashtag #OscarsSoWhite as a means of criticizing the dearth of non-white nominees for the 2015 Academy Awards. Though the hashtag drew widespread media attention, the Academy remained obstinate on the matter of adopting a resolution that would make demonstrable its efforts to increase diversity. With the 2016 Academy Awards, many, including April Reign, were dismayed by the Academy's insouciance about representation and inclusion, as the 2016 nominees were once again entirely white. April Reign revived #OscarsSoWhite, and renewed her campaign efforts, including multiple media appearances and interviews with reputable news outlets. As a result of Reign's campaign, the discourse surrounding representation and recognition in film spread beyond the United States
United States
of America and became a global discussion. Faced with mounting pressure to modernize the Academy membership, the Academy capitulated and instituted all new policies to ensure that future Academy membership invitations would better represent the demographics of modern film-going audiences.[37] In 2016, the Academy invited 683 new members that were made up of nearly half women and people of color, but it was still disproportionately white and male (89% and 73%, respectively); it is committed to doubling the number of women and minorities in its group by 2020.[38] Members are able to see many new films for free at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater and other facilities[clarification needed] within two weeks of their debut, and sometimes before release; in addition, some of the screeners are available through iTunes to its members.[39][40] Expulsions[edit] Two people have been expelled from the Academy.

Carmine Caridi was expelled on February 3, 2004 for copyright infringement. He was accused of leaking screeners that had been sent to him.[41][42] Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
was expelled for "sexually predatory behavior and workplace harassment" after an emergency meeting held on October 13, 2017.[43][44]

Academy branches[edit] The 17 branches of the Academy are:

Actors Casting Directors (created July 31, 2013)[45] Cinematographers Costume Designers (created from former Art Directors Branch)[46] Designers (created from former Art Directors Branch)[46] Directors Documentary Executives Film
Film
Editors Make-up Artists and Hairstylists Music Producers Public Relations Short Films and Feature Animation Sound Visual Effects Writers

Board of Governors[edit] As of April 2014, the Board of Governors consists of 51 members (governors), consisting of three governors from each of the 17 Academy branches. The Makeup Artists and Hairstylists Branch, created in 2006, had only one governor until July 2013.[46] The Casting Directors Branch, created in 2013, elected its first three governors in Fall 2013.[45] The Board of Governors is responsible for corporate management, control and general policies. The Board of Governors also appoints a CEO and a COO to supervise the administrative activities of the Academy. Original 36 founders of the Academy[edit] From the original formal banquet which was hosted by Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
in 1927, everyone invited became a founder of the Academy:[47]

Actors

Richard Barthelmess Jack Holt Conrad Nagel Milton Sills Douglas Fairbanks Harold Lloyd Mary Pickford

Directors

Cecil B. DeMille Frank Lloyd Henry King Fred Niblo John M. Stahl Raoul Walsh

Lawyers

Edwin Loeb George W. Cohen

Producers

Fred Beetsonto Charles H. Christie Sid Grauman Milton E. Hoffman Jesse L. Lasky M. C. Levee Louis B. Mayer Joseph M. Schenck Irving Thalberg Harry Warner Jack L. Warner Harry Rapf

Technicians

J. Arthur Ball Cedric Gibbons Roy Pomeroy

Writers

Joseph W. Farnham Benjamin Glazer Jeanie MacPherson Bess Meredyth Carey Wilson Frank E. Woods

Presidents of the Academy[edit] Presidents are elected for one-year terms and may not be elected for more than four consecutive terms.

# Name Term

1 Douglas Fairbanks 1927–1929

2 William C. deMille 1929–1931

3 M. C. Levee 1931–1932

4 Conrad Nagel 1932–1933

5 J. Theodore Reed 1933–1934

6 Frank Lloyd 1934–1935

7 Frank Capra 1935–1939

8 Walter Wanger (1st time) 1939–1941

9 Bette Davis 1941 (resigned after two months)

10 Walter Wanger (2nd time) 1941–1945

11 Jean Hersholt 1945–1949

12 Charles Brackett 1949–1955

13 George Seaton 1955–1958

14 George Stevens 1958–1959

15 B. B. Kahane 1959–1960 (died)

16 Valentine Davies 1960–1961 (died)

17 Wendell Corey 1961–1963

18 Arthur Freed 1963–1967

19 Gregory Peck 1967–1970

20 Daniel Taradash 1970–1973

21 Walter Mirisch 1973–1977

22 Howard W. Koch 1977–1979

23 Fay Kanin 1979–1983

24 Gene Allen 1983–1985

25 Robert Wise 1985–1988

26 Richard Kahn 1988–1989

27 Karl Malden 1989–1992

28 Robert Rehme (1st time) 1992–1993

29 Arthur Hiller 1993–1997

30 Robert Rehme (2nd time) 1997–2001

31 Frank Pierson 2001–2005

32 Sid Ganis 2005–2009

33 Tom Sherak 2009–2012

34 Hawk Koch 2012–2013

35 Cheryl Boone Isaacs 2013–2017

36 John Bailey 2017–present

Source: "Academy Story". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 9, 2018.  Current administration of the Academy[edit]

Academy Officers[48]

President – John Bailey First Vice President – Lois Burwell Vice President – Kathleen Kennedy Vice President – Michael Tronick Vice President – Nancy Utley Treasurer – Jim Gianopulos Secretary – David Rubin Chief Executive Officer – Dawn Hudson

Governors[48]

Actors Branch – Laura Dern, Whoopi Goldberg, Tom Hanks Casting Directors Branch – Lora Kennedy, David Rubin, Bernard Telsey Cinematographers Branch – John Bailey, Darkyn Okada, Mandy Walker Costume Designers Branch – Sharen Davis, Deborah Nadoolman Landis, Isis Mussenden Designers Branch – James D. Bissell, Jan Pascale, Wynn P. Thomas Directors Branch – Michael Mann, Kimberly Peirce, Steven Spielberg Documentary Branch – Kate Amend, Rory Kennedy, Roger Ross Williams Executives Branch – Jim Gianopulos, David Linde, William M. Mechanic Film
Film
Editors Branch – Mark Goldblatt, Carol Littleton, Michael Tronick Makeup Artists and Hairstylists Branch – Kathryn Blondell, Lois Burwell, Leonard Engelman Music Branch – Charles Bernstein, Michael Giacchino, Laura Karpman Producers Branch – Albert Berger, Mark Johnson, Kathleen Kennedy Public Relations Branch – Christina Kounelias, Marvin Levy, Nancy Utley Short Films and Feature Animation
Animation
Branch – Jon Bloom, Bill Kroyer, Tom Sito Sound Branch – Kevin Collier, Teri E. Dorman, Scott Millan Visual Effects Branch – Craig Barron, Richard Edlund, John Knoll Writers Branch – Larry Karaszewski, Billy Ray, Robin Swicord Governors-at-large[19] (nominated by the President and elected by the board) – Reginald Hudlin, Gregory Nava, Jennifer Yuh Nelson

See also[edit]

Film
Film
in the United States
United States
portal

National Film
Film
Registry American Film
Film
Institute Motion Picture Association of America Academy of Television Arts & Sciences American Academy of Arts and Sciences

References[edit]

^ "2017 Oscars: Who are the 6,687 voting members of the academy?". Goldderby.com. February 13, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2017.  ^ Unmasking Oscar: Academy voters are overwhelmingly white and male John Horn, Nicole Sperling and Doug Smith, The LA Times, February 19, 2012 ^ ^ Pond, Steve (February 19, 2013). "AMPAS Drops '85th Academy Awards' – Now It's Just 'The Oscars'". The Wrap. Retrieved February 22, 2013. ^ "Museum". oscars.org.  ^ Cieply, Michael (February 15, 2017). "Delayed Again, The Academy Movie Museum Tip-Toes Into 2019". Deadline.com.  ^ It all started when the original Hollywood
Hollywood
mogul wanted to build a beach house David Thomson, Vanity Fair, February 21, 2014 ^ a b Wiley, Mason, and Damien Bona. Inside Oscar. New York: Ballantine Books, 1986 pg. 2 ^ Levy, Emanuel. And The Winner Is.... New York: Ungar Publishing, 1987 pg. 1 ^ a b Osborne, Robert. 60 Years of The Oscar. Abbeville Press, 1989. Page 8. ^ a b "History of the Academy: How It Began". Oscars.org. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011.  ^ Osborne, Robert. 60 Years of The Oscar. Abbeville Press, 1989. Page 9. ^ a b c Osborne, Robert. 60 Years of The Oscar. Abbeville Press, 1989. Page 10. ^ a b c d e f "History of the Academy". Oscar.org. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011.  ^ Osborne, Robert. 60 Years of The Oscar. Abbeville Press, 1989. Page 15. ^ Wiley, Mason, and Damien Bona. Inside Oscar. New York: Ballantine Books, 1986 pg. 3 ^ Staff. "USC School of Cinematic Arts: History". cinema.usc.edu. Retrieved February 9, 2014.  ^ Osborne, Robert. 60 Years of The Oscar. Abbeville Press, 1989. Page 12. ^ "Motion Picture Credits Database". Oscars.org.  ^ a b "board of governors". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 1, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2016.  ^ " Cheryl Boone Isaacs
Cheryl Boone Isaacs
elected first African-American head of Oscars". Goldderby.com. July 31, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.  ^ Academy Awards
Academy Awards
President Cheryl Boone Isaacs
Cheryl Boone Isaacs
Responds After ‘Oscars So White’ Snubs On Twitter Tyler McCarthy, international Business Times, January 17, 2015 ^ Oscar nominations uproar raises the question: Did racial bias, conscious or not, come into play? The LA Times, January 23, 2016 ^ Another Oscar Year, Another All-White Ballot Cara B Buckley, The New York Times, January 15, 2016 ^ Boone, Cheryl; Isaacs (January 18, 2016). "STATEMENT FROM ACADEMY PRESIDENT CHERYL BOONE ISAACS". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved January 29, 2016.  ^ Academy Promises 'Historic' Changes to Diversify Membership Daniel Kreps, RollingStone, Jan 23, 2016 ^ Tapley, Kristopher (2017-08-08). "John Bailey Elected President of the Motion Picture Academy". Variety. Retrieved 2017-08-09.  ^ "About the Library". Oscars.org. AMPAS. Retrieved January 29, 2016.  ^ "The Beverly Hills Waterworks Building, now known as the Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 29, 2016.  ^ Lester, Ahren. "HARMAN's JBL loudspeakers installed at New York's Academy Theater". Audio Pro International. Retrieved February 18, 2012.  ^ Feinberg, Scott (July 10, 2015). "Academy Forced Out of Longtime Theater Venue in New York". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved January 29, 2016.  ^ The Academy Museum. Oscars.org. Retrieved on May 22, 2014. ^ "Academy Membership". February 27, 2017.  ^ "Oscar voters aren't always who you might think". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. February 19, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012.  ^ "Oscar voters overwhelmingly white, male". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. February 19, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2012.  ^ "Academy's diverse new class includes Idris Elba, America Ferrera". June 29, 2016.  ^ "Meet April Reign, the Activist Who Created OscarsSoWhite". February 27, 2016.  ^ "Updates on the film academy's 2016 class: An exclusive club gets much bigger after OscarsSoWhite". L.A. Times. June 29, 2016.  ^ "The movies story of 2016: The film academy and diversity". L.A. Times. December 7, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2017.  ^ Hammond, Pete (March 26, 2012). "Oscar Voters Last To See 'Hunger Games'?". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ "Academy members get screeners through iTunes".  ^ "The Godfather Actor
Actor
Carmine Caridi Says He Was Thrown Out of the Academy for Sharing VHS Screeners". PEOPLE.com. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-10-15.  ^ "An Actor's Personal Tale: I Was Thrown Out of the Academy for Sharing VHS Screeners". The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter. Retrieved 2017-10-15.  ^ Barnes, Brooks (2017-10-14). " Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
Ousted From Motion Picture Academy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-10-15.  ^ Lartey, Jamiles; London, Edward Helmore David Batty in (2017-10-14). " Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
expelled from Academy over sexual assault allegations". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-10-15.  ^ a b "The Academy Creates Branch For Casting Directors". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. July 31, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.  ^ a b c "Oscars shockeroo: Alex Gibney beats incumbent Michael Moore for board seat". Goldderby.com. July 15, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.  ^ "History of the Academy: Original 36 founders of the Academy Actors". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
website. 2008. Retrieved July 20, 2013.  ^ a b "Board of Governors". 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

Official website Hollywood
Hollywood
is a Union Town, The Nation
The Nation
(April 2, 1938) History of the Academy and Screen Actors Guild

v t e

Academy Awards

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
(AMPAS) Records Most wins per ceremony Oscar season Governors Awards Nicholl Fellowships in Screenwriting Pre-show

Awards of Merit

Best Picture Director Actor Actress Supporting Actor Supporting Actress Adapted Screenplay Original Screenplay Animated Feature Documentary Feature Foreign Language Film Animated Short Film Documentary Short Subject Live Action Short Film Cinematography Costume Design Film
Film
Editing Makeup and Hairstyling Original Score Original Song Production Design Sound Editing Sound Mixing Visual Effects

Special
Special
awards

Governors Awards

Academy Honorary Award Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
Humanitarian Award Special
Special
Achievement Academy Award

Academy Scientific and Technical Awards

Academy Award of Merit (non-competitive) Scientific and Engineering Award Technical Achievement Award John A. Bonner Medal of Commendation Gordon E. Sawyer Award

Student Awards

Student Academy Award

Former awards

Merit Awards

Assistant Director Dance Direction Story

Special
Special
Awards

Academy Juvenile Award

Ceremonies‡

(List Book)

1927/28 1928/29 1929/30 1930/31 1931/32 1932/33 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Footnote

‡ Dates and years listed for each ceremony were the eligibility period of film release in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period was done on a seasonal basis, from August to July. For the 6th ceremony, held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932 to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.

Book Cate

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