Aberystwyth (Mouth of the Ystwyth, /ˌæbəˈrɪstwɪθ/,
Welsh: [abɛɾˈəstʊɨθ]) is a historic market town,
administrative centre, and holiday resort within Ceredigion, West
Wales, often colloquially known as Aber. It is located near the
confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and Rheidol.
Historically part of Cardiganshire, since the late 19th century,
Aberystwyth has also been a major Welsh educational centre, with the
establishment of a university college there in 1872. At the 2001
census, the town's population was 15,935; it was reduced to 13,040
at the 2011 Census. During nine months of the year, there is an influx
of students—to a total number of 10,400 as of September 2012.
Including the suburbs of Llanbadarn Fawr, the population is 16,420.
2 Main features of the town
3.2 Bronze and Iron Ages
3.3 Middle Ages
3.4 Early modern era
3.5 Victorian era
3.6 Modern history
4.1 Town Council
4.2 County Council
4.3 National Assembly
4.4 UK Parliament
5.1 Town Library
5.2 National Library of Wales
6 Welsh language
8 Tourism and local economy
10 Notable people
11 In fiction
12 Twinned towns
14 External links
Aberystwyth Bay from a 1748 survey by Lewis Morris (1701–1765)
The town is situated near the confluence of the rivers Ystwyth and
Rheidol, on the west coast of Wales. Although the name may seem to
suggest otherwise, only the River Rheidol passes through the town;
following the reconstruction of the harbour, the
River Ystwyth skirts
Aberystwyth has a pier and a seafront which stretches from
Constitution Hill, at the north end of the Promenade, to the mouth of
the harbour at the south, taking in two separate beach stretches
divided by the castle. Today, it essentially comprises a number of
Aberystwyth town, Llanbadarn Fawr, Waunfawr,
Penparcau (the most populous).
Aberystwyth is an isolated town, considering the population density of
the United Kingdom. The nearest substantial settlements are located at
least 1 hour 45 minutes' drive away: Swansea, to the south, is 70
miles (110 km) away; Shrewsbury, in Shropshire, England, to the
east, is 75 miles (120 km) away; and Wrexham, to the north-east,
is approximately 80 miles (130 km) away. The Welsh capital,
Cardiff, is over 100 miles (160 km) away. London is 210 miles
(340 km) distant from Aberystwyth.
Destinations from Aberystwyth
Clarach, Borth, Ynyslas, Aberdyfi, Tywyn, Dolgellau, Porthmadog,
Waunfawr, Penrhyncoch, Comins Coch, Bow Street, Talybont, Machynlleth,
Welshpool, Oswestry, Wrexham
Llanbadarn Fawr, Ponterwyd, Llangurig, Llanidloes, Newtown,
Shrewsbury, Telford, Birmingham
Trefechan, Penparcau, Llanrhystud, Aberaeron, New Quay, Cardigan,
Lampeter, Carmarthen, Swansea, Cardiff
Llanilar, Pontrhydfendigaid, Devil's Bridge, Tregaron, Rhayader,
Llandrindod Wells, Hereford
Aberystwyth experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate
classification Cfb) similar to almost all of the United Kingdom. This
is particularly pronounced due to its west coast location facing the
Irish Sea. Air undergoes little land moderation and so temperatures
closely reflect the sea temperature when winds are coming from the
predominant onshore (westerly) direction. The nearest Met Office
weather station is Gogerddan, 3 miles to the northeast, and at a
The absolute maximum temperature is 34.6 °C (94.3 °F),
set during July 2006. This is also the July record maximum for all of
Wales, suggesting that the area's low lying situation, aided by a
possible föhn effect when winds are offshore can act to achieve high
temperatures on occasion. Typically the warmest day will average
28.0 °C (82.4 °F) and 5.6 days will achieve a
maximum of 25.1 °C (77.2 °F) or above.
The absolute minimum temperature is −13.5 °C
(7.7 °F), set in January 2010. Typically 39.8 days will
register an air frost.
Rainfall averages 1,112 mm (44 in) a year, with over 1mm
recorded on 161 days. All averages refer to the 1971–2000
Climate data for Gogerddan, elevation 31m, 1971–2000, extremes
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Main features of the town
Aberystwyth is a university town and tourist destination, and forms a
cultural link between North
Wales and South Wales. Constitution Hill,
scaled by the
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway, gives access to panoramic
views and to other attractions at the summit, including a camera
obscura. Scenic Mid
Wales landscape within easy reach of the town
includes the wilderness of the Cambrian Mountains, whose valleys
contain forests and meadows which have changed little in centuries. A
convenient way to access the interior is by the preserved narrow-gauge
Vale of Rheidol Railway.
Although the town is relatively modern, there are a number of historic
buildings, including the remains of the castle and the Old College of
Aberystwyth University nearby. The Old College was originally built
and opened in 1865 as a hotel, but after the owner's bankruptcy the
shell of the building was sold to the university in 1867.
The new university campus overlooks
Aberystwyth from Penglais Hill to
the east of the town centre. The station, a terminus of the main
railway, was built in 1924 in the typical style of the period, mainly
in a mix of Gothic, Classical Revival, and Victorian architecture.
The town is the unofficial capital of Mid Wales, and several
institutions have regional or national offices there. Public bodies
located in the town include the National Library of Wales, which
incorporates the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales, one of
six British regional film archives. The Royal Commission on the
Ancient and Historical Monuments of
Wales maintains and curates the
National Monuments Record of
Wales (NMRW), providing the public with
information about the built heritage of Wales.
Aberystwyth is also the
home to the national offices of
UCAC and Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg
(Welsh Language Society), and the site of the Institute of Grassland
and Environmental Research. The
Welsh Books Council
Welsh Books Council and the offices of
the standard historical dictionary of Welsh, Geiriadur Prifysgol
Cymru, are also located in the town.
There is evidence that during the
Mesolithic Age the area of
Tan-y-Bwlch at the foot of
Pen Dinas (Penparcau) was used as a flint
knapping floor for hunter-gatherers making weapons from flint that was
deposited as the ice retreated.
Bronze and Iron Ages
The remains of a Celtic fortress on
Pen Dinas (or more correctly
'Dinas Maelor'), a hill in
Penparcau overlooking Aberystwyth,
indicates that the site was inhabited before 700 BC. On a hill
south of the present town, across the River Ystwyth, are the remains
of a medieval ringfort believed to be the castle from which Princess
Nest was abducted. This rare survival is now on private land and can
only be accessed by arrangement.
The recorded history of
Aberystwyth may be said to date from the
building of a fortress in 1109 by
Gilbert Fitz Richard (grandfather of
Richard de Clare, known as Strongbow, the
Cambro-Norman lord notable
for his leading role in the Norman invasion of Ireland). Gilbert Fitz
Richard was granted lands and the lordship of Cardigan by Henry I,
including Cardigan Castle. The fortress built in
located about a mile and a half south of today's town, on a hill over
the south bank of the Ystwyth River. Edward I replaced Strongbow's
castle in 1277, after its destruction by the Welsh. His castle
was, however, built in a different location, at the current Castle
Hill, the high point of the town. Between the years 1404 and 1408
Aberystwyth Castle was in the hands of
Owain Glyndŵr but finally
surrendered to Prince Harry (the future King Henry V of England).
Shortly after this, the town was incorporated under the title of Ville
de Lampadarn (the ancient name of the place being Llanbadarn Gaerog or
the fortified Llanbadarn, to distinguish it from Llanbadarn Fawr, the
village one mile (1.6 km) inland. It is thus styled in a Royal
charter granted by Henry VIII but, by Elizabeth I's time, the town was
Aberystwyth in all documents.
Early modern era
Aberystwyth at around 1840. Crane, W., fl. ca. 1835-1850,
In 1649, Parliamentarian troops razed the castle, so that its
remains are now inconsiderable, though portions of three towers still
exist. In 1988, an excavation within the castle area revealed a
complete male skeleton, deliberately buried. Though skeletons rarely
survive in Wales' acidic soil, this skeleton was probably preserved by
the addition of lime from the collapsed building. Affectionately known
as "Charlie" and now housed in the
Ceredigion Museum in the town, he
probably dates from the
English Civil War
English Civil War period, and is likely to
have died during the Parliamentarian siege. His image is featured in
one of nine mosaics created to adorn the castle's walls.
Hafod Uchtryd was a mansion built by
Thomas Johnes from 1783, part of
it being designed by John Nash. The landscaped gardens were formed by
blasting away parts of hills to create vistas. Roadways and bridges
were built and hundreds of thousands of trees were planted. The result
was a landscape that became famous and attracted many visitors
including Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and it is believed to have inspired
a passage in his poem Kubla Khan. The house was demolished in 1955,
but the landscape remains today.
Rural industries and craftsmen were an important part of life in a
country town. The local trade directory for 1830 shows that there were
in Aberystwyth: Twenty boot makers, eight bakers, two corn
millers, eleven carpenters and joiners, one cooper, seven tailors, two
dressmakers, two straw hat makers, two hat makers, three curriers,
four saddlers, two tinsmiths, six maltsters, two skinners, four
tanners, eight stonemasons, one brewer, four lime burners, three
shipwrights, three wheelwrights, five cabinet makers, one nail maker,
one rope maker and one sail maker.
The Queen's Hotel, Aberystwith
Cambrian Railways line from
1864, closely followed by rail links to Carmarthen, which resulted in
the construction of the town's impressive station. The Cambrian line
Good Friday 1869, the same day that the new 292 metres
(958 ft) Royal
Pier (designed by Eugenius Birch) opened,
attracting 7,000 visitors.
The railway's arrival gave rise to something of a Victorian tourist
boom; the town was once even billed as the "Biarritz of Wales".
During this time, a number of hotels and fine townhouses were built
including the Queens Hotel, later renamed
Swyddfa'r Sir (County
Office) when used as offices by the town council, and most recently
used as the external scenes of the police station in the television
show Hinterland. One of the largest of these hotels, "The Castle
Hotel", was never completed as a hotel but, following bankruptcy, was
sold cheaply to the Welsh National University Committee, a group of
people dedicated to the creation of a Welsh University. The University
Wales (later to become
Aberystwyth University) was founded
in 1872 in this building.
Aberystwyth was a contributory parliamentary borough until the Third
Reform Act, which merged its representation into that of the county in
In 1895, various businessmen who had been behind the
Harbour Company formed the
Aberystwyth Improvement Company (AIC) to
take over the works of the defunct Bourne Engineering &
Electrical. In 1896, the AIC completed three projects: the new
landside pavilion for the Royal Pier; built the Cambria Hotel
(later the United Theological College) and formed Constitution Hill
Ltd, to develop a Victorian theme park. Chief engineer George Croydon
Marks designed all the AIC developments, including the United
Kingdom's longest funicular railway, which takes passengers up a
50% gradient to a park and camera obscura.
Aberystwyth hosted the
National Eisteddfod in 1865, 1916, 1952 and
On the night of Friday, 14 January 1938, a storm with estimated wind
speeds of up to 90 mph (140 km/h) struck the town. Most of
the promenade was destroyed, along with 200 feet (60 m) of the
pier. Many properties on the seafront were damaged, with every
property from the King's Hall north affected; those on Victoria
Terrace suffered the greatest damage. Work commenced on a protective
coffer dam which continued into 1940, with total costs of construction
coming to £70,000 (equivalent to £2.5 million today).
Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg
Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg (
Welsh language Society) held their
historic first protest on Trefechan Bridge in Aberystwyth, on 2
February 1963. The first independent Welsh Evangelical Church was
Aberystwyth (see Evangelical Movement of Wales).
On 1 March 2005,
Aberystwyth was granted
Fairtrade Town status.
In March 2009 mayor Sue Jones-Davies, who had played the role of
Judith Iscariot in the film
Monty Python's Life of Brian
Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979),
organised a charity screening of the film. Principal actors Terry
Michael Palin also attended. There is a popular, but
incorrect, urban myth that the town had banned the film (as some
authorities did) when it was first released.
During the aftermath storms from
Cyclone Dirk on Friday 3 January
2014, the town was one of the worst hit in Wales, with enormous swells
uprooting boulders from the sea walls, leaving roads and pavements
along the promenade buried under a mass of paving stones, bricks,
shale and twisted metal. Properties on the adjoining promenade
were then evacuated for the next five days, including 250 students
from the University.
Ceredigion Council appealed to the Welsh
Assembly Government for funds, whilst Natural Resources Wales
undertook surveys and emergency preventative measures.
Aberystwyth's local government administration has a two-tier structure
consisting of two separate councils. As local government is a devolved
matter in Wales, the legislation for both Councils is a responsibility
of the National Assembly for Wales.
Aberystwyth Town Council
Aberystwyth Town Council is the first tier of local government, which
is the closest to the general public; there are 19 elected town
councillors from five wards. The last elections were held on the 4 May
2017. The council is responsible for cycle paths, public footpaths,
CCTV, public Wi-Fi, bus shelters, parks, gardens (including the castle
grounds and the skateboard park) and allotments. The Council is a
statutory body which is consulted regarding planning decisions in the
town area and makes recommendations to the planning authority,
Ceredigion County Council. The Town Council is also involved in
leisure, tourism, business (through providing more than half of
Menter Aberystwyth's funding in grants), licence applications,
wellbeing  and environmental health, recycling and refuse
Ceredigion County Council is another statutory body incorporated by
Act of Parliament. It is the second tier of local government in the
area and is a unitary authority with a wide range of powers and
responsibility. The Council deals with roads (except trunk roads),
street lighting, some highways, social services, children and family
care, schools and public libraries.
Aberystwyth elects six of the 42
councillors in five separate wards (Bronglais, Central, North and
Rheidol wards elect one councillor each while
Penparcau ward elects
Aberystwyth has five
Welsh Assembly members, one of whom (Elin Jones)
was elected as a constituency AM for Ceredigion, and four who are
elected on the regional list for Mid and West Wales.
The town is in the
Ceredigion constituency for elections to the House
of Commons. Since June 2017, Aberystwyth's MP has been
Ben Lake for
the Plaid Cymru.
The first ever public library in
Aberystwyth was opened in Compton
Pier Street on 13 October 1874. In 1882 the library was moved
to the Assembly Rooms which were leased to the council for 21 years.
The lease expired in 1903 and the library returned to
this time to the Old Banking Library at the corner with Eastgate
Street, although this was short lived.
Carnegie library was built in
Aberystwyth in 1905, with a grant of
£3,000. Located in Corporation Street, it was designed by the
Walter Payton of Birmingham, who was one of 48 who entered
the competition to design the building. It was formally opened on 20
April 1906 by Mrs Vaughan Davies, wife of the local MP.
The Town Library moved to the old Town Hall, now known as Canolfan
Alun R. Edwards, Queen's Square, in 2012, following the buildings
refurbishment. The County Council vacated the Town Hall in a move to
their purpose built offices on Boulevard de
Saint-Brieuc in 2009.
National Library of Wales
National Library of Wales.
Main article: National Library of Wales
The National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, is the national legal
deposit library of Wales. Established in 1907, it is a Welsh
Government sponsored body. According to Cyril Evans, the library's
centenary events co-ordinator, "The library is considered to be one of
the world's greatest libraries, and its international reputation is
certainly something that all Welsh men and women are intensely ...
proud of". Welsh is the main medium of communication within the
organisation; it aims to deliver all public services in Welsh and
The Arts Centre.
Aberystwyth Arts Centre
Aberystwyth Arts Centre
Aberystwyth Arts Centre is one of the largest and busiest arts centres
in Wales. It encompasses a 312-seat theatre, 900-seat concert
hall, 125-seat cinema, and has accompanied studio, galleries, plus
public spaces which include cafes and a bar.
Arad Goch is an Arts Council funded community theatre and art gallery
based in the town. The premises holds a theatre, gallery, several art
studios and meeting rooms, and a darkroom.
Aberystwyth has a live music scene which has produced bands and
artists such as:
The Hot Puppies
Murry the Hump
The Lowland Hundred
The University Music Centre promotes a varied programme for
instrumentalists, singers and listeners from the university and the
The University chamber choir, The Elizabethan Madrigal Singers, have
been singing in the town since 1950 and continue to hold a number of
concerts throughout the year. They can also often be heard singing in
Also on a Wednesday evening a number of traditional folk music artist
congregate in the popular ale drinkers pub, The Ship and Castle.
Aberystwyth give its name to a well known hymn tune.
Victor Fleming was a violinist and eventually had his own orchestra.
He was music director at
Aberystwyth for two years.
Aberystwyth RFC is the local rugby union club. It was formed in 1947
and it plays in the Welsh Rugby Union leagues.[clarification needed]
Aberystwyth Athletic Club was formed in 1955.
Aberystwyth Town F.C.
Aberystwyth Town F.C. was formed in 1884.
Aberystwyth Cricket Club exists.[clarification needed]
There is a boxing club in Penparcau.
There is a golf course in
Aberystwyth that opened in 1911.[citation
Ceredigion, the county in which
Aberystwyth is located, is one of the
four most Welsh-speaking counties in
Wales and remained majority Welsh
speaking until the 2011 census.
However, since the town's growth as a seaside resort in the Victorian
era, it has been more anglicised than its hinterland and the rest of
the county in general. The university has also attracted many
English-speaking students from England, non-Welsh speaking parts of
Wales and elsewhere. The 1891 census recorded that, of the 6635
inhabitants who completed the language section, 3482 (52.5%) were
bilingual, 1751 (26.4%) were Welsh monoglots, and 1402 people (21.1%)
were returned as English monoglots.
Ceredigion (then named
Cardiganshire) as a whole was 95.2% Welsh-speaking and 74.5% monoglot
Welsh. Although the town remained majority Welsh-speaking for many
more decades, English had already replaced Welsh in certain domains,
such as entertainment and tourism.
By 1961, only 50.0% of the town's population could speak Welsh,
compared to 79.5% for
Cardiganshire as a whole; by 1971, these
numbers had fallen to 44.9% and 67.6% respectively.
The 2001 census reported that, in the seven wards of Aberystwyth, 39%
of the residents self-identified as able to speak or read or write
Welsh. This is lower than
Ceredigion as a whole (54%) but higher than
Wales overall (19%).
Aberystwyth has two comprehensive schools serving the town and a wide
Ysgol Gyfun Gymunedol Penweddig
Ysgol Gyfun Gymunedol Penweddig and Penglais School. Ysgol
Gyfun Gymunedol Penweddig uses Welsh as the primary language of
tuition; Ysgol Penglais is bilingual and teaches both Welsh- and
Aberystwyth is home to
Aberystwyth University whose predecessor,
University College Wales, was founded in 1872 and renamed "the
University of Wales, Aberystwyth" in the mid-1990s. Prior to the
Wales had very limited academic-degree
capability through St David's College,
Lampeter (founded in 1822 but,
since 2010, amalgamated with Trinity University College,
become "the University of Wales, Trinity Saint David", with campuses
Carmarthen and Lampeter).
Tourism and local economy
Cardigan Bay from the National Library of
As well as having two cinemas and a golf course, the town's
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway, a funicular railway
A Victorian camera obscura at the top of Constitution Hill.
The Vale of Rheidol steam railway (
Aberystwyth to Devil's Bridge)
Aberystwyth Arts Centre.
The Parc Penglais nature reserve
Ystwyth Trail cycle path
National Library of Wales
Park Avenue. Football stadium home to
Aberystwyth Town F.C.
The all organic dairy unit of
Rachel's Organic is based in Glan yr
Afon, and is the largest private sector employer in
Many comment that due to its isolation,
Aberystwyth has developed its
own micro-economy: while Rachel's employs 130, new Welsh Assembly
offices will employ 1000; the local low-pay sector is dominated by
students from the university.[clarification needed]
Cambrian News newspaper came to
Aberystwyth from Bala in 1870,
after it was purchased by Sir John Gibson. Printed in Oswestry, in May
1880 the paper integrated operations in a former
Malthouse in Mill
Street. Owned by the Read family from 1926, in 1993 printing was
contracted out, enabling the move of editorial staff to the current
open-plan offices on Llanbadarn Fawr Science Park. On the death of
Henry Read, the paper was purchased in 1999 by Sir Ray Tindle, whose
company owns more than 200 weekly newspapers in Britain. Now printed
in tabloid format,
Cambrian News is the second-largest weekly-print
circulation newspaper in Wales, with 24,000 copies in six regional
editorial versions, read by 60,000 weekly readers. The circulation
area of mid, west and north
Wales covers 3,000 square miles
Since Hinterland has been filmed in and around Aberystwyth, the area
is being promoted as an opportunity for tourists to visit filming
locations; many are well publicised.
The Vale of Rheidol runs through the spectacular Rheidol Valley
Aberystwyth is served by
Aberystwyth railway station, in the town
centre. The station is the terminus of a two-hourly service provided
by Arriva Trains
Wales (most trains leave at half-past the
odd-numbered hours) over the scenic
Cambrian Line to
Machynlleth and Mid Wales. Connecting services from
Machynlleth also provide a link to Gwynedd's west coast as far as
Pwllheli. There is no longer a southbound link to
Lampeter: this line fell victim to the
Beeching Axe in 1965.
Aberystwyth station is also the terminus of the Vale of Rheidol
Railway, a steam-operated narrow gauge heritage railway. Constructed
between 1901 and 1902, it was intended to ship mineral cargo,
primarily lead, from Devil's Bridge down to
trans-shipment. By the time it was finished, lead mining was in a deep
downturn and, thanks to the
Aberystwyth Improvement Company, the
railway came to rely largely on the tourist industry, opening for
passengers in December 1902. It still remains open for the summer
season, offering a journey of 12 miles (19 km).
In 1896, the
Aberystwyth Improvement Company formed Constitution Hill
Ltd which, under the direction of chief engineer George Croydon Marks,
developed the United Kingdom's then longest funicular railway, the
Aberystwyth Cliff Railway, which takes passengers up a 50%
The X40 service in Aberystwyth
Two of Wales's important trunk roads, the A487 and A44, meet in the
town, with much traffic between north and south-west
B4574 mountain road linking the town to
described by the AA as one of the ten most scenic drives in the
Aberystwyth is also a hub for Wales's
TrawsCambria) bus network, which provides regular direct links to
Carmarthen (service T1, with occasional journeys through to
service T1c), to Bangor via
Machynlleth (service T2) and to
Cardigan and duty-dependent
Pembrokeshire destinations (service
T5). There is a daily National Express coach to London and
Birmingham, along with local bus services within the town and into the
The port of Aberystwyth, although it is small and relatively
inconsequential today, used to be an important Atlantic Ocean
entryway. It was used to ship locally, to Ireland and as a
transatlantic departure point. Commercially, the once important
Cardiganshire lead mines exported from this location.
The importance of maritime trade in the 19th century is reflected in
the fact that a lifeboat has been based at
Aberystwyth since 1843,
when a 27 ft boat powered by six oars was funded by public
subscription and placed under the control of the harbourmaster. The
RNLI took over the service in 1861 and established Aberystwyth
Lifeboat Station which celebrated 150 years in 2011. The station uses
the Atlantic 85-class inshore lifeboat Spirit of Friendship.
See Category:People from Aberystwyth
The town is the setting for Koudelka, a PlayStation RPG. The fictional
Aberystwyth monastery in the game is revisited in Koudelka's
PlayStation 2 sequels,
Shadow Hearts and Shadow Hearts: Covenant.
In the setting for Classic Battletech, a star system in the Timbuktu
Theatre of Alarion Province of the Lyran Commonwealth / Lyran Alliance
is named Aberystwyth.
Aberystwyth (albeit an alternative universe version) is the setting
for the cult
Louie Knight series by Malcolm Pryce, which transfers
Chandleresque "noir" stories and dialogue to this small seaside
town. This alternative reality features many landmarks of
Aberystwyth, such as the University and the National Library of Wales,
but the social situation is radically altered to more closely resemble
the pulp/noir stereotypical "Dirty Town" that the narrative plays off.
Most of the humour in the books is derived from the almost seamless
juxtaposition of the real
Aberystwyth and the fictional, noir
Aberystwyth. Various aspects of Welsh culture are reflections of what
you might expect to see in reality, but with a pulp twist – for
example, prostitutes wear Welsh stovepipe hats.
Stripping Penguins Bare, the book 2 of Michael Carson's Benson Trilogy
of comic novels, is set in the town and university in the 1960s.
The local writer
Niall Griffiths has set many of his novels here and
reflects local slang, settings, and even individuals. Grits and
Sheepshagger are set wholly in Aberystwyth, which also features
prominently in his other novels such as Kelly and Victor and Stump. He
portrays a more gritty side of Aberystwyth.
Nancy Bond's A String in the Harp is set in the small coastal town of
Borth, near Aberystwyth. The main characters' father is on sabbatical
leave from Amherst University and working at the University of Wales,
According to Douglas Adams' humorous dictionary of toponymic
The Meaning of Liff
The Meaning of Liff (1983), an
Aberystwyth is "A nostalgic
yearning which is in itself more pleasant than the thing being yearned
The relatively obscure children's novel,
Mr. Bass's Planetoid
Mr. Bass's Planetoid (1958),
by Eleanor Cameron, has a character who claims to be from Aberystwyth,
although that is never ascertained to be true.
Y Gwyll (2014–), a Welsh television programme, known as Hinterland
in English, broadcast on S4C, BBC One Wales, BBC Four and
North America, is set in Aberystwyth. It is filmed in and around the
town, often in rural locations.
Aberystwyth is twinned with:
Kronberg im Taunus
Kronberg im Taunus in Hesse, Germany
Saint-Brieuc in Brittany, France
Esquel in Patagonia, Argentina
Arklow in Wicklow, Ireland
^ Robert Young. "
Wales – Current". Civic Heraldry of England and
Wales. Archived from the original on 11 September 2010. Retrieved 24
^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 10 May 2015.
^ Usual resident population Archived 23 July 2004 at the UK Government
Web Archive Downloadable Excel spreadsheet
^ "2006 Maximum". Retrieved 28 February 2011.
^ "1971-00 Average annual warmest day". Retrieved 23 February
^ "Max >25c days". Retrieved 28 February 2011.
^ "2010 minimum". Retrieved 28 February 2011.
^ "1971-00 Rainfall". Retrieved 28 February 2011.
^ "1971-00 Wetdays". Retrieved 28 February 2011.
^ "Climate Normals 1971–2000". KNMI. Retrieved 28 February
^ Lewis, W. J. (1980). Born on a Perilous Rock:
Aberystwyth Past and
Cambrian News (Aberystwyth) Ltd. pp. 171–173.
^ Houlder, C. H., "The Stone Age!, in J. L. Davies and D. P. Kirkby,
Cardiganshire County History, I, (1994), pp. 107–123
^ Briggs, C. S., "The Bronze Age", in J. L. Davies and D. P. Kirkby,
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Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aberystwyth.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Aberystwyth.
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
Aberystwyth: historical and genealogical information at GENUKI.
Llandre (Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn)
Troed y Rhiw
Wales Trinity Saint David
Ynys Aberteifi (Cardigan Island)
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings