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The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (Japanese: 第三十二回オリンピック競技大会, Hepburn: Dai Sanjūni-kai Orinpikku Kyōgi Taikai)[2] and commonly known as Tokyo
Tokyo
2020, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020. Tokyo was selected as the host city during the 125th IOC Session
125th IOC Session
in Buenos Aires on 7 September 2013.[3] This will be the second time the Summer Games have been held in Tokyo, the first time being the 1964 Summer Olympics, and the fourth time that Japan
Japan
has hosted the Olympics overall, following the Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
held in Sapporo
Sapporo
in 1972 and Nagano in 1998. They will be the second of three consecutive Olympic Games to be held in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics
2018 Winter Olympics
in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and preceding the 2022 Winter Olympics
2022 Winter Olympics
in Beijing, China. These Games will see the introduction of additional disciplines within several of the Summer Olympics events, including 3x3 basketball, freestyle BMX and Madison cycling, as well as further mixed events. Under new IOC
IOC
policies that allow sports to be added to the Games' programme to augment the permanent "core" Olympic events, these Games will see karate, sport climbing, surfing and skateboarding make their Olympic debuts, and the return of baseball and softball which were removed from the summer programme after the 2008 Olympic Games.

Contents

1 Bidding process

1.1 Host city election

2 Development and preparation 3 Venues and infrastructure

3.1 Heritage Zone 3.2 Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay Zone 3.3 Sites farther than 8 kilometres (5 mi) from the Olympic Village 3.4 Football venues 3.5 Non-competition venues

4 Tickets 5 The Games

5.1 Sports

5.1.1 New sports

5.2 Nations 5.3 Calendar

6 Marketing

6.1 Emblem 6.2 Mascot

7 Sponsors 8 Concerns and controversies

8.1 IAAF bribery claims 8.2 Logo plagiarism

9 Broadcasting 10 References 11 External links

Bidding process[edit] Further information: Bids for the 2020 Summer Olympics Tokyo, Istanbul, and Madrid
Madrid
were the three candidate cities. The applicant cities of Baku (Azerbaijan) and Doha (Qatar) were not promoted to candidate status. A bid from Rome
Rome
was withdrawn. Host city election[edit] The IOC
IOC
voted to select the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
on 7 September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session
125th IOC Session
at the Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Hilton in Buenos Aires, Argentina. An exhaustive ballot system was used. No city won over 50% of the votes in the first round, and Madrid
Madrid
and Istanbul were tied for second place. A run-off vote between these two cities was held to determine which would be eliminated. In the final vote, a head-to-head contest between Tokyo
Tokyo
and Istanbul, Tokyo
Tokyo
was selected by 60 votes to 36, as it got at least 49 votes needed for a majority.

2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
host city election[4][dead link]

City NOC name Round 1 Runoff Round 2

Tokyo  Japan 42 — 60

Istanbul  Turkey 26 49 36

Madrid  Spain 26 45 —

Development and preparation[edit] The Tokyo
Tokyo
metropolitan government set aside a fund of 400 billion Japanese yen
Japanese yen
(over 3.67 billion USD) to cover the cost of hosting the Games. The Japanese government is considering increasing slot capacity at both Haneda Airport
Haneda Airport
and Narita International Airport
Narita International Airport
by easing airspace restrictions. A new railway line is planned to link both airports through an expansion of Tokyo
Tokyo
Station, cutting travel time from Tokyo
Tokyo
Station to Haneda from 30 minutes to 18 minutes, and from Tokyo
Tokyo
Station to Narita from 55 minutes to 36 minutes; the line would cost 400 billion yen and would be funded primarily by private investors. But East Japan
Japan
Railway Company (East JR) is planning a new route near Tamachi
Tamachi
to Haneda Airport.[5] Funding is also planned to accelerate completion of the Central Circular Route, Tokyo
Tokyo
Gaikan Expressway and Ken-Ō Expressway, and to refurbish other major expressways in the area.[6] There are also plans to extend the Yurikamome
Yurikamome
automated transit line from its existing terminal at Toyosu Station to a new terminal at Kachidoki Station, passing the site of the Olympic Village, although the Yurikamome
Yurikamome
would still not have adequate capacity to serve major events in the Odaiba
Odaiba
area on its own.[7] The Organizing Committee is headed by former Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori.[8] Olympic and Paralympic Minister Shunichi Suzuki is overseeing the preparations on behalf of the Japanese government.[9] Japan
Japan
has traditionally used Olympic events to showcase new technology. Telecom company NTT DoCoMo
NTT DoCoMo
signed a deal with Finland's Nokia
Nokia
to provide 5G-ready baseband networks in Japan
Japan
in time for the Olympics.[10][11] Venues and infrastructure[edit]

The Tokyo
Tokyo
Big Sight Conference Tower would be used as the International Broadcast Center and a GJS Party Venue.

View of the Rainbow Bridge from Odaiba
Odaiba
Marine Park

It was confirmed in February 2012 that the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
in Tokyo would be demolished and reconstructed, and receive a £1 billion upgrade for the 2019 Rugby World Cup
2019 Rugby World Cup
as well as the 2020 Olympics.[12] As a result, a design competition for the new stadium was launched. In November 2012, the Japan
Japan
Sport Council announced that out of 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects
Zaha Hadid Architects
was awarded the design for the new stadium. Plans included dismantling the original stadium, and expanding the capacity from 50,000 to a modern Olympic capacity of about 80,000.[13] However, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe announced in July 2015 that plans to build the New National Stadium would be scrapped and rebid on amid public discontent over the stadium's building costs. In Autumn 2015 a new design by Kengo Kuma was approved as winning project of new stadium design competition which decreased the capacity to between 60,000–80,000 depending by event[14] Twenty-eight of the thirty-three competition venues in Tokyo
Tokyo
are within 8 kilometres (4.97 miles) of the Olympic Village. Eleven new venues are to be constructed.[15] It was reported in September 2016 that a review panel said that the cost of hosting the Olympics and Paralympics could quadruple from the original estimate, and therefore proposed a major overhaul to the current plan to reduce costs, including moving venues outside Tokyo.[16] Heritage Zone[edit] Seven venues will be located within the central business area of Tokyo, northwest of the Olympic Village. Several of these venues were also used for the 1964 Summer Olympics.

Yokohama
Yokohama
Stadium – Baseball

Venue Events Capacity Status

Olympic Stadium Opening and Closing Ceremonies 60,102

Athletics

Football (Final)

Yoyogi National Gymnasium Handball 13,291

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolitan Gymnasium Table tennis 10,000

Nippon Budokan Judo 14,471

Karate

Tokyo
Tokyo
International Forum Weightlifting 5,012

Imperial Palace Garden Cycling (Road) 5,000

Athletics (marathon, race walk)

Kokugikan Arena Boxing 11,098

Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay Zone[edit] 20 venues will be located in the vicinity of Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay, southeast of the Olympic Village, predominantly on Ariake, Odaiba
Odaiba
and the surrounding artificial islands.

Venue Events Capacity Status

Kasai Rinkai Park Canoe/Kayak (slalom) 8,000

Oi Seaside Park Field hockey 10,000

Olympic Aquatics Centre Aquatics (swimming, diving and synchronised swimming) 18,000

Tokyo
Tokyo
Tatsumi International Swimming Center Water polo[17] 3,635

Yumenoshima
Yumenoshima
Stadium Archery 5,050

Ariake Arena Volleyball 12,000

Olympic BMX Course Cycling (BMX) 6,000

Skateboarding

Olympic Gymnastic Centre Gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline) 12,000

Ariake Coliseum Tennis 20,000 (10,000 centre court; 5,000 court 1, 3,000 court 2, 8x250 match courts)

Odaiba
Odaiba
Marine Park Triathlon 5,000

Aquatics (marathon swimming)

Shiokaze Park Beach Volleyball 12,000

Central Breakwater Equestrian (eventing) 20,000

Rowing

Canoe/Kayak (sprint)

Aomi Urban Sports Venue 3x3 Basketball

Sport Climbing

Sites farther than 8 kilometres (5 mi) from the Olympic Village[edit]

Venue Events Capacity Status

Camp Asaka Shooting

Musashino Forest Sport Centre Modern pentathlon (fencing) 6,000

Badminton[18]

Ajinomoto Stadium Football 49,970[19]

Modern pentathlon (swimming, riding, running, shooting)

Rugby sevens

Saitama Super Arena Basketball 22,000[20]

Enoshima Sailing 10,000[21]

Surfing

Makuhari Messe Fencing 6,000

Taekwondo

Wrestling 8,000[22]

Baji Koen Equestrian (jumping and dressage)[23]

Kasumigaseki Country Club Golf 30,000[24][25]

Izu Velodrome Cycling (track) 5,000[26]

Japan
Japan
Cycle Sports Center Cycling (mountain bike)[27]

Yokohama
Yokohama
Stadium Baseball 30,000[28]

Softball

Fukushima Azuma Baseball
Baseball
Stadium Baseball 30,000

Softball[29]

Football venues[edit]

The Sapporo Dome
Sapporo Dome
in Sapporo

International Stadium Yokohama, Yokohama; 70,000 Saitama Stadium, Saitama; 62,000 Miyagi Stadium, Sendai; 48,000 Ajinomoto Stadium, Tokyo; 49,000 Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki; 42,000 Sapporo
Sapporo
Dome, Sapporo; 42,000 National Stadium, Tokyo; 60,000 (men's final only)

[30] Non-competition venues[edit]

Venue Events Capacity Status

Imperial Hotel, Tokyo IOC

Harumi Futo Olympic Village

Tokyo
Tokyo
Big Sight Media Press Center

International Broadcast Center

Tickets[edit] The opening ceremony category tickets will range from 25,000 to 150,000 yen. 30,000 yen will be the maximum price for the final of popular games, such as athletics and swimming. The average price of all the Olympic tickets is 7,700 yen. 60% of the tickets will be sold for 4,400 yen or less. Tickets will be sold through 40,000 shops in Japan
Japan
and on the internet.[31] The Games[edit] Sports[edit] Main article: Olympic sports The official programme for the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
was approved by the IOC
IOC
executive board on 9 June 2017. The games will feature 339 events in 33 sports; alongside the 5 new sports that will be introduced in Tokyo, there will be 15 new events within existing sports, including 3-on-3 basketball, freestyle BMX and Madison cycling, and new mixed events in several sports. Thomas Bach stated that the goal for Tokyo
Tokyo
was for the Games to be "more youthful, more urban and include more women".[32][33]

Aquatics

Diving (8) Swimming (37) Synchronized swimming (2) Water polo (2)

Archery (5) Athletics (48) Badminton (5) Baseball
Baseball
/ Softball

Baseball
Baseball
(1) Softball
Softball
(1)

Basketball

Basketball (2) 3x3 Basketball (2)

Boxing (13) Canoeing

Slalom (4) Sprint (12)

Cycling

BMX Freestyle (2) BMX Racing (2) Mountain Bike (2) Road (4) Track (12)

Equestrian

Dressage (2) Eventing (2) Jumping (2)

Fencing (12) Field hockey (2) Football (2) Golf (2) Gymnastics

Artistic (14) Rhythmic (2) Trampoline (2)

Handball (2) Judo (15) Karate

Kata (2) Kumite (6)

Modern pentathlon (2) Rowing (14) Rugby sevens (2) Sailing (10) Shooting (15) Skateboarding
Skateboarding
(4) Sport climbing
Sport climbing
(2) Surfing
Surfing
(2) Table tennis (5) Taekwondo (8) Tennis (5) Triathlon (3) Volleyball

Volleyball (2) Beach volleyball (2)

Weightlifting (14) Wrestling

Freestyle (12) Greco-Roman (6)

New sports[edit] Following the 2012 Games, the IOC
IOC
assessed the 26 sports held in London, with the remit of selecting 25 'core' sports to join new entrants golf and rugby sevens at the 2020 Games. In effect, this would involve the dropping of one sport from the 2016 Games program. This would leave a single vacancy in the 2020 Games program, which the IOC
IOC
would seek to fill from a shortlist containing seven unrepresented sports and the removed sport. On 12 February 2013, IOC
IOC
leaders voted to drop wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removed one of the oldest Olympic sports
Olympic sports
from the 2020 Games. Wrestling, which combines freestyle and Greco-Roman events, goes back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896,[34] and even further to the Ancient Olympic Games. The decision to drop wrestling was opposed in many countries and by their NOCs.[35][36][37][38] Wrestling
Wrestling
therefore joined other sports in a short list applying for inclusion in the 2020 Games. On 29 May 2013, it was announced that three sports made the final shortlist; squash, baseball/softball, and wrestling.[39] Five other sports (karate, roller sports, sport climbing, wakeboarding, and wushu) were excluded from consideration at this point.[40] On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC
IOC
Session, the IOC
IOC
selected wrestling to be included in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024. Wrestling secured 49 votes, while baseball/softball secured 24 votes and squash got 22 votes.[41] Under new IOC
IOC
policies that shift the Games to an "event-based" programme rather than sport-based, the host organizing committee can now also propose the addition of sports to the programme. This rule is designed so that sports popular in the host country can be added to the programme to improve local interest.[42] As a result of these changes, a new shortlist of eight sports was unveiled on 22 June 2015, consisting of baseball/softball, bowling, karate, roller sports, sport climbing, squash, surfing, and wushu.[43] On 28 September 2015, organisers submitted their shortlist of five proposed sports to the IOC: baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding.[44] The five proposed sports were approved on 3 August 2016 by the IOC
IOC
during the 129th IOC Session
IOC Session
in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and will be included in the sports programme for 2020 only, bringing the total number of sports at the 2020 Olympics to 33.[45][46] Nations[edit]

  Japan
Japan
(Host)  North Korea

Calendar[edit] All times are in JST (UTC+9) This is a calendar adapt from the 2016 Summer Olympic calendar,[47] and does not necessarily reflect the final 2020 schedule.

All dates are Japan
Japan
Standard Time (UTC+09:00)

OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions 1 Gold medal events EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony

July/August 22 Wed 23 Thu 24 Fri 25 Sat 26 Sun 27 Mon 28 Tue 29 Wed 30 Thu 31 Fri 1 Sat 2 Sun 3 Mon 4 Tue 5 Wed 6 Thu 7 Fri 8 Sat 9 Sun Events

Ceremonies

OC

CC N/A

Archery

● 1 1 ● ● ● 1 1

5

Athletics

3 5 4 5 5 4 6 7 7 1 48

Badminton

● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 2 1

5

Baseball

1

Basketball Basketball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 4

3x3 Basketball

Boxing

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 4 13

Canoeing Slalom

● ● 1 1 2

16

Sprint

● 4 ● 4 ● 4

Cycling Road cycling

1 1

2

22

Track cycling

1 2 2 1 1 3

BMX

● ● 2

Mountain biking

1 1

Diving

1 1 1 1

● ● 1 ● 1 ● 1 ● 1

8

Equestrian

● ● ● 2 ● ● 1

● 1 ● 1

1

6

Fencing

1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1

12

Field hockey

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

2

Football ● ●

● ●

● ●

● ●

● ●

1 1

2

Golf

● ● ● 1

● ● ● 1

2

Gymnastics Artistic

● ● 1 1 1 1

4 3 3 EG

18

Rhythmic

● 1 1

Trampolining

1 1

Handball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 2

Judo

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

15

Karate Kata

8

Kumite

Modern pentathlon

● 1 1

2

Rowing

● ● ● ● 2 4 4 4

14

Rugby sevens

● ● 1 ● ● 1

2

Sailing

● ● ● ● ● ● 2 2 2 2 2

10

Shooting

2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 1

15

Skateboarding

4

Softball

1

Sport climbing

2

Surfing

2

Swimming

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

1 1

37

Synchronized swimming

● ● 1

● 1

2

Table tennis

● ● ● ● 1 1 ● ● ● ● 1 1

5

Taekwondo

2 2 2 2

8

Tennis

● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 3

5

Triathlon

1

1

3

Volleyball Beach volleyball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

4

Volleyball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

Water polo

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

2

Weightlifting

1 2 2 2 2

2 1 1 1 1

14

Wrestling

2 2 2 3 3 2 2 2 18

Daily medal events

339

Cumulative total

339

July/August 22 Wed 23 Thu 24 Fri 25 Sat 26 Sun 27 Mon 28 Tue 29 Wed 30 Thu 31 Fri 1 Sat 2 Sun 3 Mon 4 Tue 5 Wed 6 Thu 7 Fri 8 Sat 9 Sun Total events

Marketing[edit] Emblem[edit] The official emblems for the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 25 April 2016; designed by Asao Tokolo, who won a nationwide design contest,[48] it takes the form of a ring in an indigo-coloured checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan".[49] The designs replaced a previous emblem which had been scrapped due to allegations that it plagiarized the logo of a Belgian theatre.[50] Mascot[edit] The Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Games Mascots competition accepted entries from 1 to 14 August 2017. 2,042 entries were received.[51] On 7 December 2017, the shortlists were unveiled at the Kakezuka Elementary School. Elementary school 75% of participating students voted on the winning entry, with each participating elementary school allocated one vote, in the poll to be conducted between 11 December 2017 to 22 February 2018.[52][53]On 28 February 2018, Candidate pair A created by Ryo Taniguchi was chosen with the most votes by 109,041 defeating Kana Yano's pair B with 61,423 votes and Sanae Akimoto's pair C with 35,291 votes. The Olympic mascot in the Pair A is a figure with blue checkered patterns inspired by the games' emblem that has old fashioned charm and new innovation combined with a special power of instant teleportation. The Organising Committee will give the names to both Olympic and Paralympic mascots by June 2018 in Lausanne, Switzerland. Sponsors[edit] As of 2015[update] total sponsorship for the 2020 Games reached approximately $1.3 billion, setting an Olympics record (the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
Beijing
attracted $1.2 billion).[54] Concerns and controversies[edit] IAAF bribery claims[edit] In January 2016, the second part of a World Anti-Doping Agency commission report into corruption included a footnote detailing a conversation between Khalil Diack, son of former International Athletic Association Federation (IAAF) president Lamine Diack, and Turkish officials heading up the Istanbul
Istanbul
bid team.[55] A transcript of the conversation cited in the report suggested that a "sponsorship" payment of between US$4 million and 5 million had been made by the Japanese bid team "either to the Diamond League or IAAF".[55] The footnote claimed that because Istanbul
Istanbul
did not make such a payment, the bid lost the support of Lamine Diack. The WADA declined to investigate the claims because it was, according to its independent commission, outside the agency's remit.[55] In July and October 2013 (prior to and after being awarded the Games), Tokyo
Tokyo
made two bank payments totalling SG$2.8 million to a Singapore-based company known as Black Tidings. The company is tied to Papa Massata Diack, a son of Lamine Diack
Lamine Diack
who worked as a marketing consultant for the IAAF, and is being pursued by French authorities under allegations of bribery, corruption, and money laundering.[56] Black Tidings is held by Ian Tan Tong Han, a consultant to Athletics Management and Services—which manages the IAAF's commercial rights, and has business relationships with Japanese firm Dentsu. Black Tidings has also been connected to a doping scandal involving the Russian athletics team.[56][57][58] Japanese Olympic Committee
Japanese Olympic Committee
and Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 board member Tsunekazu Takeda stated that the payments were for consulting services, but refused to discuss the matter further because it was confidential. Toshiaki Endo called on Takeda to publicly discuss the matter. Massata denied that he had received any money from Tokyo's organizing committee.[56][58] The IOC
IOC
established a team to investigate these matters, and will closely follow the French investigation.[59] Logo plagiarism[edit] The initial design for the official emblems of the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24 July 2015. The logo resembled a stylized "T"; a red circle in the top-right corner represented a beating heart, the flag of Japan, and an "inclusive world in which everyone accepts each other", and a black column in the centre represented diversity.[60] Shortly after the unveiling, Belgian graphics designer Olivier Debie accused the organizing committee of plagiarizing a logo he had designed for the Théâtre de Liège, which aside from the circle, consisted of nearly identical shapes. Tokyo's organizing committee denied that the emblem design was plagiarized, arguing that the design had gone through "long, extensive and international" intellectual property examinations before it was cleared for use.[61][62] Debie filed a lawsuit against the IOC
IOC
to prevent use of the infringing logo.[50]

Rejected official logo of the 2020 Summer Olympics

Rejected official logo of the 2020 Summer Paralympics.

Logo of the Théâtre de Liège

The emblem's designer, Kenjiro Sano, defended the design, stating that he had never seen the Liège logo, while TOCOG released an early sketch of the design that emphasized a stylized "T" and did not resemble the Liège logo.[50] However, Sano was found to have had a history of plagiarism, with others alleging his early design plagiarized work of Jan Tschichold, that he used a photo without permission in promotional materials for the emblem, along with other past cases. On 1 September 2015, following an emergency meeting of TOCOG, Governor of Tokyo
Tokyo
Yoichi Masuzoe
Yoichi Masuzoe
announced that they had decided to scrap Sano's two logos. The committee met on 2 September 2015 to decide how to approach another new logo design.[50] On 24 November 2015, an Emblems Selection Committee was established to organize an open call for design proposals, open to Japanese residents over the age of 18, with a deadline set for 7 December 2015. The winner would receive ¥1 million and tickets to the opening ceremonies of both the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
and Paralympics.[48][63][64] On 8 April 2016, a new shortlist of four pairs of designs for the Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled by the Emblems Selection Committee; the Committee's selection—with influence from a public poll, was presented to TOCOG on 25 April 2016 for final approval.[63] Broadcasting[edit] Main article: List of 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
broadcasters Sony and Panasonic
Panasonic
are partnering with NHK
NHK
to develop broadcasting standards for 8K resolution
8K resolution
television, with a goal to release 8K television sets in time for the 2020 Olympics.[65][66] In the United States, the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
will be broadcast by NBCUniversal properties, as part of a US$4.38 billion agreement that began at the 2014 Winter Olympics
Winter Olympics
in Sochi.[67] Unlike being tape-delayed for the West Coast, as in past Olympics, the network will air most prime time coverage in all time zones, since the 2018 Winter Olympics. In Europe, this will be the first Summer Olympics under the IOC's exclusive pan-European rights deal with Discovery Communications, which began at the 2018 Winter Olympics
2018 Winter Olympics
and run through 2024. The rights for the 2020 Games cover almost all of Europe, excluding France due to an existing rights deal that will expire following these Games, and Russia due to a pre-existing deal with a marketer through 2024.[68] Discovery will sub-license coverage to free-to-air networks in each territory. In the United Kingdom, these will be the last Games whose rights are fully owned by the BBC, although as a condition of a sub-licensing agreement that will carry into the 2022 and 2024 Games, Discovery holds exclusive pay television rights to these Games.[69][70][71] References[edit]

^ "国際スローガン "Discover Tomorrow" 並びにルックプログラムを発表|東京オリンピック・パラリンピック競技大会組織委員会". 2012-07-19. Retrieved 2016-08-13.  ^ (French: Jeux de la XXXIIème olympiade) ^ "Olympics 2020: Tokyo
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wins race to host Games". BBC
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Tokyo
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rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015.  ^ " Tokyo
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2020 candidature file – section 8 – Sports and Venues" (PDF). Tokyo
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2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ " Tokyo
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panel: Olympic cost could expand fourfold". NHK. 29 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016.  ^ Originally to be held at Water Polo Arena in Koto, Tokyo; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Rugby sevens originally to be held at National Olympic Stadium; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; proposal for venue change to Saitama Super Arena
Saitama Super Arena
in late 2014 was confirmed in March 2015 by the IOC. " IOC
IOC
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Japan
Times. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2015.  "Moving 2020 hoops to Saitama latest blow for game". The Japan
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Times. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.  ^ Originally to be held at Wakasu Olympic Marina; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ All three events originally to be held at Tokyo
Tokyo
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External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2020 Summer Olympics.

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