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The 2020 SUMMER OLYMPICS, officially known as the GAMES OF THE XXXII OLYMPIAD and commonly known as TOKYO 2020, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

The games are planned to be held from 24 July to 9 August 2020 in Tokyo
Tokyo
. The city was announced as the host at the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
on 7 September 2013. It will also become the largest city ever to host the Summer Olympics, a distinction currently held by Seoul
Seoul
, which hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics
1988 Summer Olympics
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Bidding process * 2 Development and preparation

* 3 Venues and infrastructure

* 3.1 Heritage Zone * 3.2 Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay Zone * 3.3 Sites farther than 8 kilometres (5 mi) from the Olympic Village * 3.4 Football venues * 3.5 Non-competition venues

* 4 Tickets

* 5 The Games

* 5.1 Sports

* 5.1.1 New sports

* 5.2 Calendar

* 6 Marketing

* 6.1 Mascot * 6.2 Emblem

* 7 Media

* 7.1 Sponsors

* 8 Concerns and controversies

* 8.1 IAAF bribery claims * 8.2 Logo plagiarism

* 9 Broadcasting * 10 References * 11 External links

BIDDING PROCESS

Further information: Bids for the 2020 Summer Olympics

Tokyo
Tokyo
, Istanbul
Istanbul
, and Madrid
Madrid
were the three candidate cities. The applicant cities of Baku (Azerbaijan) and Doha (Qatar) were not promoted to candidate status. A bid from Rome
Rome
was withdrawn. The then-mayor of Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
(and now President of Argentina ) Mauricio Macri speaking at the 125th IOC Session .

The IOC
IOC
voted to select the host city of the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
on 7 September 2013 at the 125th IOC Session at the Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
Hilton in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, Argentina
Argentina
. An exhaustive ballot system was used. No city won over 50% of the votes in the first round, and Madrid
Madrid
and Istanbul
Istanbul
were tied for second place. A run-off vote between these two cities was held to determine which would be eliminated. In the final vote, a head-to-head contest between Tokyo
Tokyo
and Istanbul, Tokyo
Tokyo
was selected by 60 votes to 36.

2020 SUMMER OLYMPICS HOST CITY ELECTION

CITY NOC NAME ROUND 1 RUNOFF ROUND 2

Tokyo
Tokyo
Japan
Japan
42 — 60

Istanbul
Istanbul
Turkey
Turkey
26 49 36

Madrid
Madrid
Spain
Spain
26 45 —

DEVELOPMENT AND PREPARATION

The Tokyo
Tokyo
metropolitan government set aside a fund of 400 billion Japanese yen
Japanese yen
(over 3 billion USD ) to cover the cost of hosting the Games. The Japanese government is considering increasing slot capacity at both Haneda Airport and Narita International Airport by easing airspace restrictions. A new railway line is planned to link both airports through an expansion of Tokyo
Tokyo
Station , cutting travel time from Tokyo
Tokyo
Station to Haneda from 30 minutes to 18 minutes, and from Tokyo
Tokyo
Station to Narita from 55 minutes to 36 minutes; the line would cost 400 billion yen and would be funded primarily by private investors. But East Japan
Japan
Railway Company (East JR) is planning a new route near Tamachi
Tamachi
to Haneda Airport. Funding is also planned to accelerate completion of the Central Circular Route , Tokyo
Tokyo
Gaikan Expressway and Ken-Ō Expressway , and to refurbish other major expressways in the area. There are also plans to extend the Yurikamome automated transit line from its existing terminal at Toyosu Station to a new terminal at Kachidoki Station , passing the site of the Olympic Village, although the Yurikamome would still not have adequate capacity to serve major events in the Odaiba
Odaiba
area on its own.

The Organizing Committee is headed by former Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori . Olympic and Paralympic Minister Shunichi Suzuki is overseeing the preparations on behalf of the Japanese government .

VENUES AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Olympic Banner 2020 The Tokyo
Tokyo
Big Sight Conference Tower would be used as the International Broadcast Center "> View of the Rainbow Bridge from Odaiba
Odaiba
Marine Park The Wakasu , where Golf will be held

It was confirmed in February 2012 that the National Olympic Stadium in Tokyo
Tokyo
would receive a $1 billion upgrade and full–scale reconstruction for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as well as the 2020 Olympics. As a result, a design competition for the new stadium was launched. In November 2012, the Japan
Japan
Sport Council announced that out of 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the design for the new stadium. Plans included dismantling the original stadium, and expanding the capacity from 50,000 to a modern Olympic capacity of about 80,000. However, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Shinzo Abe
announced in July 2015 that plans to build the Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
would be scrapped and rebid on amid public discontent over the stadium's building costs. In Autumn 2015 a new design by Kengo Kuma was approved as winning project of new stadium design competition which decreased the capacity to between 60,000–80,000 depending by event

28 of the 33 competition venues in Tokyo
Tokyo
are within 8 kilometres (4.97 miles) of the Olympic Village. 11 new venues are to be constructed.

It was reported in September 2016 that a review panel said that the cost of hosting the Olympics and Paralympics could quadruple from the original estimate, and therefore proposed a major overhaul to the current plan to reduce costs, including moving venues outside Tokyo.

HERITAGE ZONE

Seven venues will be located within the central business area of Tokyo, northwest of the Olympic Village. Several of these venues were also used for the 1964 Summer Olympics
1964 Summer Olympics
. Yokohama Stadium Baseball
Baseball

* Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
– Opening and Closing Ceremonies, Athletics, Football (Final); 60,000 * Yoyogi National Gymnasium – Handball; 12,000 * Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolitan Gymnasium – Table tennis; 10,000 * Nippon Budokan
Nippon Budokan
– Judo, Karate; 12,000 * Tokyo
Tokyo
International Forum – Weightlifting; 5,000 * Imperial Palace Garden – Cycling (Road); 5,000 * Kokugikan Arena – Boxing; 10,000

TOKYO BAY ZONE

20 venues will be located in the vicinity of Tokyo
Tokyo
Bay , southeast of the Olympic Village, predominantly on Ariake , Odaiba
Odaiba
and the surrounding artificial islands .

* Kasai Rinkai Park – Canoe/Kayak (slalom); 8,000 * Oi Seaside Park – Hockey; 10,000 * Olympic Aquatics Centre – Aquatics (swimming, diving and synchronised swimming); 18,000 * Tokyo
Tokyo
Tatsumi International Swimming Center – Water polo * Yumenoshima Stadium – Archery; 6,000 * Ariake Arena – Volleyball; 12,000 * Olympic BMX Course – Cycling (BMX); 6,000 * Olympic Gymnastic Centre – Gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline); 12,000 * Ariake Coliseum – Tennis; 20,000 (10,000 centre court; 5,000 court 1; 3,000 court; 8x250 match courts) * Odaiba
Odaiba
Marine Park – Triathlon and Aquatics (marathon swimming); 5,000 * Shiokaze Park – Beach Volleyball; 12,000 * Central Breakwater – Equestrian (eventing); 20,000 * Central Breakwater – Rowing and Canoe/Kayak (sprint); 20,000 * Wakasu Golf Links – Golf; 30,000 * Aomi Urban Sports Venue - Skateboarding, Sport Climbing;

SITES FARTHER THAN 8 KILOMETRES (5 MI) FROM THE OLYMPIC VILLAGE

* Camp Asaka – Shooting * Musashino Forest Sport Centre – Modern pentathlon (fencing), badminton; 6,000 * Ajinomoto Stadium – Football, modern pentathlon (swimming, riding, running, shooting) and rugby sevens; 50,000 * Saitama Super Arena – Basketball; 22,000 * Enoshima
Enoshima
– Sailing, Surfing; 10,000 * Makuhari Messe
Makuhari Messe
– Fencing, Taekwondo; 6,000 8,000 * Baji Koen – Equestrian (jumping and dressage) * Izu Velodrome – Cycling (track); 5,000 * Japan
Japan
Cycle Sports Center – Cycling (mountain bike) * Yokohama Stadium – Baseball, Softball; 30,000 * Fukushima Azuma Baseball Stadium - Baseball
Baseball
and Softball
Softball
events

FOOTBALL VENUES

The Sapporo
Sapporo
Dome in Sapporo
Sapporo

* International Stadium Yokohama , Yokohama
Yokohama
; 70,000 * Saiama Stadium , Saitama ; 62,000 * Miyagi Stadium , Sendai
Sendai
; 48,000 * Ajinomoto Stadium , Tokyo
Tokyo
; 49,000 * Kashima Soccer Stadium , Ibaraki ; 42,000 * Sapporo
Sapporo
Dome , Sapporo
Sapporo
; 42,000 * Olympic Stadium
Olympic Stadium
, Tokyo
Tokyo
; 60,000

NON-COMPETITION VENUES

* Imperial Hotel, Tokyo
Tokyo
– IOC * Harumi Futo – Olympic Village * Tokyo
Tokyo
Big Sight – Media Press Center, International Broadcast Center

TICKETS

The opening ceremony category tickets will range from 25,000 to 150,000 yen. 30,000 yen will be the maximum price for the final of popular games, such as athletics and swimming. The average price of all the Olympic tickets is 7,700 yen. 60% of the tickets will be sold for 4,400 yen or less. Tickets will be sold through 40,000 shops in Japan
Japan
and on the internet.

THE GAMES

SPORTS

The official programme for the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
was approved by the IOC
IOC
executive board on 9 June 2017. The games will feature 324 events in 32 sports; alongside the 5 new sports that will be introduced in Tokyo, there will be 15 new events within existing sports, including 3-on-3 basketball, freestyle BMX and Madison cycling, and new mixed events in several sports. Thomas Bach stated that the goal for Tokyo
Tokyo
were the Games to be "more youthful, more urban and include more women".

* Aquatics

* Diving (8) * Swimming (37) * Synchronized swimming (2) * Water polo (2)

* Archery (5) * Athletics (48) * Badminton (5)

* Baseball
Baseball
/ Softball
Softball

* Baseball
Baseball
(1) * Softball
Softball
(1)

* Basketball

* Basketball (2) * 3x3 Basketball (2)

* Boxing (13)

* Canoeing

* Slalom (4) * Sprint (12)

* Cycling

* BMX Freestyle (2) * BMX Racing (2) * Mountain Bike (2) * Road (4) * Track (12)

* Equestrian

* Dressage (2) * Eventing (2) * Jumping (2)

* Fencing (12) * Field hockey (2) * Football (2) * Golf (2)

* Gymnastics

* Artistic (14) * Rhythmic (2) * Trampoline (2)

* Handball (2) * Judo (15)

* Karate

* Kata (2) * Kumite (6)

* Modern pentathlon (2) * Rowing (14) * Rugby sevens (2) * Sailing (10) * Shooting (15) * Skateboarding (4) * Sport climbing
Sport climbing
(2) * Surfing
Surfing
(2) * Table tennis (5) * Taekwondo (8) * Tennis (5) * Triathlon (3)

* Volleyball

* Volleyball (2) * Beach volleyball (2)

* Weightlifting (14)

* Wrestling
Wrestling

* Freestyle (12) * Greco-Roman (6)

New Sports

Following the 2012 Games, the IOC
IOC
assessed the 26 sports held in London, with the remit of selecting 25 'core' sports to join new entrants golf and rugby sevens at the 2020 Games. In effect, this would involve the dropping of one sport from the 2016 Games program. This would leave a single vacancy in the 2020 Games program, which the IOC
IOC
would seek to fill from a shortlist containing seven unrepresented sports and the removed sport. On 12 February 2013, IOC
IOC
leaders voted to drop wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removed one of the oldest Olympic sports
Olympic sports
from the 2020 Games. Wrestling, which combines freestyle and Greco-Roman events, goes back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896, and even further to the Ancient Olympic Games
Olympic Games
. The decision to drop wrestling was opposed in many countries and by their NOCs. Wrestling
Wrestling
therefore joined other sports in a short list applying for inclusion in the 2020 Games.

On 29 May 2013, it was announced that three sports made the final shortlist; squash , baseball /softball , and wrestling . Five other sports (karate , roller sports , sport climbing , wakeboarding , and wushu ) were excluded from consideration at this point. On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session , the IOC
IOC
selected wrestling to be included in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024 . Wrestling secured 49 votes, while baseball/softball secured 24 votes and squash got 22 votes.

Under new IOC
IOC
policies that shift the Games to an "event-based" programme rather than sport-based, the host organizing committee can now also propose the addition of sports to the programme. This rule is designed so that sports popular in the host country can be added to the programme to improve local interest. As a result of these changes, a new shortlist of eight sports was unveiled on 22 June 2015, consisting of baseball /softball , bowling , karate , roller sports , sport climbing , squash , surfing , and wushu . On 28 September 2015, organisers submitted their shortlist of five proposed sports to the IOC: baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding . The five proposed sports were approved on 3 August 2016 by the IOC
IOC
during the 129th IOC Session in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
, Brazil
Brazil
, and will be included in the sports programme for 2020 only, bringing the total number of sports at the 2020 Olympics to 33.

CALENDAR

All dates are in Tokyo
Tokyo
Time (UTC+9 ). This calendar is adapted from the candidature file and does not include sports added in 2016.

OC Opening ceremony ● Event competitions 1 Gold medals CC Closing ceremony

JULY / AUGUST 22 Wed 23 Thu 24 Fri 25 Sat 26 Sun 27 Mon 28 Tue 29 Wed 30 Thu 31 Fri 1 Sat 2 Sun 3 Mon 4 Tue 5 Wed 6 Thu 7 Fri 8 Sat 9 Sun GOLD MEDALS

Ceremonies

OC

CC

Archery

● 1 1 ● ● ● 1 1

4

Athletics

2 2 4 6 6 5 6 7 8 1 47

Badminton

● ● ● ● ● ● 1 2 2

5

Basketball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 2

Boxing

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 3 ● 5 5 13

Canoeing

● ● 1 1 2

● ● 4 4 ● 4

16

Cycling

1 1

2 2 2 1 1 1 3 ● ● 2 1 1 18

Diving

1 1 1 1

● ● 1 ● 1 ● 1 ● 1

8

Equestrian

● ● ● 2

● ● ● ● 1 1 1 1

6

Fencing

1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1

10

Field hockey

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1

2

Football ● ●

● ●

● ●

● ●

● ●

1 ● 1

2

Golf

● ● ● 1

● ● ● 1

2

Gymnastics

● ● 1 1

1 1

5 5

18

Handball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 2

Judo

2 2 2 2 2 2 2

14

Modern pentathlon

1 1

2

Rowing

● ● ● ● 3 3 4 4

14

Rugby sevens

● 2

2

Sailing

● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2 2 2 1 1 1 1

10

Shooting

2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1

15

Swimming

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

1 1

34

Synchronized swimming

● ● 1

● 1

2

Table tennis

● ● ● ● 1 1 ● ● ● 1 1

4

Taekwondo

2 2 2 2

8

Tennis

● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2 3

5

Triathlon

1 1

2

Volleyball

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 1 ● 1 1 4

Water polo

● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 1 ●

1 2

Weightlifting

1 2 2 2 2

2 1 1 1 1

15

Wrestling
Wrestling

2 2 3

2 2

2 2 3

18

TOTAL GOLD MEDALS 0 0 0 11 16 16 21 19 19 23 21 25 20 19 15 23 17 30 11 306

CUMULATIVE TOTAL 0 0 0 11 27 43 64 83 102 125 146 171 191 210 225 248 265 295 306

JULY / AUGUST 22 Wed 23 Thu 24 Fri 25 Sat 26 Sun 27 Mon 28 Tue 29 Wed 30 Thu 31 Fri 1 Sat 2 Sun 3 Mon 4 Tue 5 Wed 6 Thu 7 Fri 8 Sat 9 Sun GOLD MEDALS

MARKETING

MASCOT

EMBLEM

The official emblems for the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 25 April 2016; designed by Asao Tokoro, who won a nationwide design contest, it takes the form of a ring in an indigo-coloured checkerboard pattern. The design is meant to "express a refined elegance and sophistication that exemplifies Japan". The designs replaced a previous emblem which had been scrapped due to allegations that it plagiarized the logo of a Belgian theatre.

MEDIA

SPONSORS

As of 2015 total sponsorship for the 2020 Games reached approximately $1.3 billion, setting an Olympics record (the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing attracted $1.2 billion).

SPONSORS OF THE 2020 SUMMER OLYMPICS

Worldwide Olympic Partners

* Atos
Atos
* Alibaba Group * Bridgestone * The Coca-Cola Company
The Coca-Cola Company
* Dow Chemical Company
Dow Chemical Company
* General Electric
General Electric
* Intel
Intel
* Omega SA * Panasonic
Panasonic
* Procter -webkit-column-count: 4; column-count: 4;">

* Asahi Breweries * ASICS
ASICS
* Canon Inc. * Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* JX Holdings
JX Holdings
* Lixil Group * Meiji Holdings * Mitsui Fudosan * Mizuho Financial Group * Nippon Life * NEC
NEC
Corporation * NTT Corporation * Nomura Holdings
Nomura Holdings
* Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group * Tokio Marine Nichido

Official Partners

* Airweave * Ajinomoto * All Nippon Airways * Asahi Shimbun
Asahi Shimbun
* ALSOK * Cisco Systems * Dai Nippon Printing
Dai Nippon Printing
* Daiwa House
Daiwa House
* EF Education First * Japan
Japan
Airlines * Japan
Japan
Post Holdings * JTB Corporation * JR East * Kikkoman * KT-CT Holdings * Mainichi Shimbun * Mitsubishi Electric * Nissin Foods * Recruit Holdings * Sankei Shimbun
Sankei Shimbun
* Secom
Secom
* The Nikkei * Tobu Top Tours * Tokyo
Tokyo
Gas * Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro * Toppan * Toto Ltd. * Yamato Holdings * Yomiuri Shimbun
Yomiuri Shimbun

CONCERNS AND CONTROVERSIES

IAAF BRIBERY CLAIMS

In January 2016, the second part of a World Anti-Doping Agency commission report into corruption included a footnote detailing a conversation between Khalil Diack, son of former International Athletic Association Federation (IAAF) president Lamine Diack , and Turkish officials heading up the Istanbul
Istanbul
bid team. A transcript of the conversation cited in the report suggested that a "sponsorship" payment of between US$ 4 million and 5 million had been made by the Japanese bid team "either to the Diamond League or IAAF". The footnote claimed that because Istanbul
Istanbul
did not make such a payment, the bid lost the support of Lamine Diack. The WADA declined to investigate the claims because it was, according to its independent commission, outside the agency's remit.

In July and October 2013 (prior to and after being awarded the Games), Tokyo
Tokyo
made two bank payments totalling SG$ 2.8 million to a Singapore-based company known as Black Tidings. The company is tied to Papa Massata Diack, a son of Lamine Diack who worked as a marketing consultant for the IAAF, and is being pursued by French authorities under allegations of bribery, corruption, and money laundering. Black Tidings is held by Ian Tan Tong Han, a consultant to Athletics Management and Services—which manages the IAAF's commercial rights, and has business relationships with Japanese firm Dentsu
Dentsu
. Black Tidings has also been connected to a doping scandal involving the Russian athletics team .

Japanese Olympic Committee and Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 board member Tsunekazu Takeda stated that the payments were for consulting services, but refused to discuss the matter further because it was confidential. Toshiaki Endo called on Takeda to publicly discuss the matter. Massata denied that he had received any money from Tokyo's organizing committee. The IOC
IOC
established a team to investigate these matters, and will closely follow the French investigation.

LOGO PLAGIARISM

The initial design for the official emblems of the 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24 July 2015. The logo resembled a stylized "T"; a red circle in the top-right corner represented a beating heart, the flag of Japan
Japan
, and an "inclusive world in which everyone accepts each other", and a black column in the centre represented diversity.

Shortly after the unveiling, Belgian graphics designer Olivier Debie accused the organizing committee of plagiarizing a logo he had designed for the Théâtre de Liège , which aside from the circle, consisted of nearly identical shapes. Tokyo's organizing committee denied that the emblem design was plagiarized , arguing that the design had gone through "long, extensive and international" intellectual property examinations before it was cleared for use. Debie filed a lawsuit against the IOC
IOC
to prevent use of the infringing logo.

*

Rejected official logo of the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
*

Rejected official logo of the 2020 Summer Paralympics . *

Logo of the Théâtre de Liège

The emblem's designer, Kenjiro Sano, defended the design, stating that he had never seen the Liège logo, while TOCOG released an early sketch of the design that emphasized a stylized "T" and did not resemble the Liège logo. However, Sano was found to have had a history of plagiarism, with others alleging his early design plagiarized work of Jan Tschichold
Jan Tschichold
, that he used a photo without permission in promotional materials for the emblem, along with other past cases. On 1 September 2015, following an emergency meeting of TOCOG, Governor of Tokyo
Tokyo
Yoichi Masuzoe announced that they had decided to scrap Sano's two logos. The committee met on 2 September 2015 to decide how to approach another new logo design.

On 24 November 2015, an Emblems Selection Committee was established to organize an open call for design proposals, open to Japanese residents over the age of 18, with a deadline set for 7 December 2015. The winner would receive ¥1 million and tickets to the opening ceremonies of both the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
and Paralympics. On 8 April 2016, a new shortlist of four pairs of designs for the Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled by the Emblems Selection Committee; the Committee's selection—with influence from a public poll, was presented to TOCOG on 25 April 2016 for final approval.

BROADCASTING

Main article: List of 2020 Summer Olympics broadcasters

Sony and Panasonic
Panasonic
are partnering with NHK to develop broadcasting standards for 8K resolution television, with a goal to release 8K television sets in time for the 2020 Olympics.

In the United States, the 2020 Summer Olympics
2020 Summer Olympics
will be broadcast by NBCUniversal properties , as part of a US$4.38 billion agreement that began at the 2014 Winter Olympics . Unlike being tape-delayed for the West Coast, as in past Olympics, NBC will air most prime time coverage in all time zones.

In Europe, this will be the first Summer Olympics under the IOC's exclusive pan-European rights deal with Discovery Communications , which will begin at the 2018 Winter Olympics. The rights for the 2020 Games cover almost all of Europe, excluding France due to an existing rights deal that will expire following these Games, and Russia. Discovery will sub-license coverage to free-to-air networks in each territory. In the United Kingdom, these will be the last Games whose rights are fully owned by the BBC
BBC
, although as a condition of a sub-licensing agreement that will carry into the 2022 and 2024 Games, Discovery holds exclusive pay television rights to these Games.

REFERENCES

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Tokyo
wins climbing". * ^ "2020 Olympics Vote Total Box". Associated Press. Miami Herald. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. * ^ JR東日本、東京五輪を前に都心部と羽田空港結ぶ新路線整備を on YouTube
YouTube
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Tokyo
2020 organizing committee". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 4 February 2014. * ^ " Toshiaki Endo appointed Olympics minister". The Japan
Japan
Times. * ^ "Super Bowl Ads; Japan
Japan
National Stadium Upgrade; Contador Banned". * ^ "Notice". Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. * ^ Himmer, Alastair (17 July 2015). " Japan
Japan
rips up 2020 Olympic stadium plans to start anew". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 17 July 2015. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 candidature file – section 8 – Sports and Venues" (PDF). Tokyo
Tokyo
2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
panel: Olympic cost could expand fourfold". NHK . 29 September 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2016. * ^ Originally to be held at Water Polo Arena in Koto, Tokyo
Tokyo
; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. * ^ Badminton originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. * ^ Rugby sevens originally to be held at National Olympic Stadium; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. * ^ Originally to be held at Youth Plaza Arena; proposal for venue change to Saitama Super Arena in late 2014 was confirmed in March 2015 by the IOC. " IOC
IOC
supports Tokyo’s plans to relocate Olympic venues". The Japan
Japan
Times. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2015. "Moving 2020 hoops to Saitama latest blow for game". The Japan
Japan
Times. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015. * ^ Originally to be held at Wakasu Olympic Marina; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. * ^ All three events originally to be held at Tokyo
Tokyo
Big Sight ; venue moved in June 2015. "東京五輪、26競技の会場決定 自転車・サッカー除き". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015. * ^ "Change to Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 equestrian venue approved". inside.fei.org. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2016. * ^ Wilson, Stephen (10 December 2015). " IOC
IOC
approves switch of cycling venues for Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics". japantoday.com. Retrieved 10 December 2015. * ^ " IOC
IOC
approves switch of cycling venues for Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics". japantimes.co.jp. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2016. * ^ "横浜スタジアム会場案…東京五輪に野球など追加". * ^ "Fukushima Prefecture to Host Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Baseball
Baseball
& Softball Matches, Showcasing the Power of Sport to Support Recovery|The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games". The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Retrieved 2017-03-30. * ^ "Olympic sport football". tokyo2020.jp. 21 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016. * ^ "Tickets for Olympic Games
Olympic Games
/ Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympic Japan
Japan
2020". * ^ "3-on-3 basketball officially added to Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics". CBC Sports. Retrieved 9 June 2017. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020: Mixed-gender events added to Olympic Games". BBC Sport. Retrieved 9 June 2017. * ^ Wilson, Stephen. " IOC
IOC
Drops Wrestling
Wrestling
From 2020 Olympics". ABC News (U.S.). Associated Press. Retrieved 2 December 2013. * ^ Supron odesłał medal IO na znak protestu – Sporty walki – www.orange.pl * ^ Staff (14 February 2013). " IOC
IOC
drops wrestling from 2020 Olympics". ESPN. Retrieved 7 March 2013. * ^ Gallagher, Jack (6 March 2013). "Wrestlers promote Tokyo\'s 2020 Olympic bid". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved 7 March 2013. * ^ Staff (3 March 2013). "Bulgaria\'s wrestling coach starts hunger strike". USA Today. Retrieved 7 March 2013. * ^ IOC: Baseball/softball, squash and wrestling make cut for IOC Session vote in Buenos Aires * ^ "Wrestling, baseball/softball and squash shortlisted by IOC
IOC
for 2020 as five fail to make cut". * ^ " Wrestling
Wrestling
added to Olympic programme for 2020 and 2024 Games". IOC
IOC
. 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. * ^ "Olympic Agenda 2020 Recommendations" (PDF). IOC. Retrieved 23 June 2015. * ^ "Baseball, softball among 8 sports proposed for 2020 Games". ESPN.com. * ^ "Olympics: Skateboarding & surfing among possible Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 sports". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved 29 March 2016. * ^ " IOC
IOC
approves five new sports for Olympic Games
Olympic Games
Tokyo
Tokyo
2020". Olympic.org. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03. * ^ "You\'re in! Baseball/softball, 4 other sports make Tokyo
Tokyo
cut". USA Today. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-18. * ^ "Candidature file for the Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Summer Olympics" (PDF). pp. 8–9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-05. Retrieved 9 September 2013. * ^ A B " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Emblems Committee relax competition rules ahead of search for new logo". InsideTheGames.biz. Retrieved 26 October 2015. * ^ "Checkered pattern by artist Tokolo chosen as logo for 2020 Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics". Japan
Japan
Times. Retrieved 25 April 2016. * ^ A B C D " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Olympics logo scrapped after allegations of plagiarism". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Fukase, Atsuko (15 April 2015). "2020 Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics Attract Record Sponsorship". The Wall Street Journal Japan
Japan
Real Time. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Appoints Asahi Breweries as a Gold Partner of the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " ASICS
ASICS
Becomes Tokyo
Tokyo
2020\'s Tenth Gold Partner". The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "Canon announced as Tokyo
Tokyo
2020\'s latest Gold Partner, official "Still Cameras and Desktop Reprographic Hardware" provider". The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Fujitsu
Fujitsu
becomes Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner in the "Data Centre Hardware" category". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "JX日鉱日石エネルギー株式会社との東京2020スポンサーシップ契約について". 東京オリンピック・パラリンピック競技大会組織委員会.

* ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes LIXIL as its Fifteenth Gold Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "Meiji Becomes Tokyo
Tokyo
2020\'s Fourteenth Gold Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Mitsui Fudosan Becomes Tokyo
Tokyo
2020\'s Thirteenth Gold Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B "Mizuho and SMFG join Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner Programme". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Nippon Life Insurance becomes Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " NEC
NEC
selected as Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner in the categories of "Specialist Public Safety Equipment ">"". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Appoints NTT as the First Gold Partner of the 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "Nomura selected as Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner in the category "Securities"". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "Tokio Marine & Nichido Announced as a Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Gold Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes airweave inc. as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Ajinomoto Co., Inc. as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B "ANA and JAL Become Tokyo
Tokyo
2020\'s First Official Partners". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B C D E F "Four Leading National Newspapers Become Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Official Partners". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Cisco Systems G.K. as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Dai Nippon Printing
Dai Nippon Printing
Co., Ltd. And Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. as Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Official Partners". The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Daiwa House
Daiwa House
Industry Co., Ltd. as a Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Official Partner". * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Announces Japan
Japan
Post Holdings as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B C " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Three Travel Companies as Official Partners". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Two Railway Companies as Official Partners". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Kikkoman Corporation as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Mitsubishi Electric as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes Kikkoman Corporation as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes SECOM and ALSOK as Official Partners". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Announces Tokyo
Tokyo
Gas as an Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Welcomes TOTO as an Official Partner". The Tokyo Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ "Yamato Holdings Becomes a Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Official Partner". The Tokyo
Tokyo
Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. * ^ A B C " Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics 2020: French prosecutors probe \'$2m payment\'". BBC
BBC
News . 12 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016. * ^ A B C " Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics: Japan
Japan
to \'fully cooperate\' with suspicious payments inquiry". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016. * ^ "Life bans for three athletics figures over alleged doping cover-up". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved 7 June 2016. * ^ A B " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Olympic bid leader refuses to reveal Black Tidings details". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2016. * ^ " IOC
IOC
concerned at suspect payments made by Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 bid team". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 unveils official emblem with five years to go". Olympic.org. Retrieved 27 July 2015. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympic Games
Olympic Games
logo embroiled in plagiarism row". The Guardian. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
Olympics emblem said to look similar to Belgian theater logo". The Japan
Japan
Times . 30 July 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015. * ^ A B " Japan
Japan
unveils final four candidates for Tokyo
Tokyo
2020 Olympics logo". Japan
Japan
Times. 8 April 2016. Retrieved 11 April 2016. * ^ " Tokyo
Tokyo
Games organizers decide to scrap Sano emblem". NHK World. 1 September 2015. Retrieved 1 September 2015. * ^ Vincent, James (2016-08-26). "Sony and Panasonic
Panasonic
target 8K TVs for 2020 Olympics". The Verge. Retrieved 2017-07-21. * ^ "Exclusive: Lost market share prompts Sony- Panasonic
Panasonic
TV tech alliance". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2017-07-21. * ^ McCarthy, Michael (7 June 2011). "NBC wins U.S. TV rights to four Olympic Games
Olympic Games
through 2020". USA Today. * ^ "Olympics coverage to remain on BBC
BBC
after Discovery deal". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2016. * ^ " IOC
IOC
awards European broadcast rights to SPORTFIVE". ESPN. 18 February 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2013. * ^ "Discovery Lands European Olympic Rights Through ’24". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 1 July 2015. * ^ " BBC
BBC
dealt another blow after losing control of TV rights for Olympics". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2015.

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