HOME
The Info List - 1st Century


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

The 1ST CENTURY was the century that lasted from AD 1
AD 1
to AD 100 according to the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
. It is often written as the 1ST CENTURY AD or 1ST CENTURY CE to distinguish it from the 1st century BC (or BCE) which preceded it. The 1st century
1st century
is considered part of the Classical era
Classical era
, epoch, or historical period .

During this period Europe, North Africa
North Africa
and the Near East fell under increasing domination by the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, which continued expanding, most notably conquering Britain under the emperor Claudius
Claudius
( AD 43 ). The reforms introduced by Augustus
Augustus
during his long reign stabilized the empire after the turmoil of the previous century's civil wars. Later in the century the Julio-Claudian dynasty , which had been founded by Augustus
Augustus
, came to an end with the suicide of Nero
Nero
in AD 68 . There followed the famous Year of Four Emperors , a brief period of civil war and instability, which was finally brought to an end by Vespasian , ninth Roman emperor, and founder of the Flavian dynasty
Flavian dynasty
. The Roman Empire
Roman Empire
generally experienced a period of prosperity and dominance in this period and the First Century
Century
is remembered as part of the Empire's golden age.

The 1st century
1st century
saw the appearance of Christianity .

China
China
continued to be dominated by the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, despite a fourteen-year interruption by the Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
under Wang Mang . Han rule was restored in AD 23 ; Wang Mang's rule represents the watershed between the Western/Former Han and the Eastern/Later Han. The capital was also moved from Chang\'an to Luoyang .

CONTENTS

* 1 Regional events and politics * 2 Events

* 3 Significant people

* 3.1 Literature * 3.2 Science and philosophy

* 4 Inventions, discoveries, introductions * 5 References

REGIONAL EVENTS AND POLITICS

* Western Europe
Western Europe
: Celtic , Germanic , Saami and Finnic tribal chiefdom and the mighty Roman Empire
Roman Empire
* Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
: Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, Dacian , Sarmatian
Sarmatian
, Venedae and Balt tribal chiefdoms * North Africa
North Africa
: Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, Garamantes , Mauri , Libyan and Gaetulian tribal chiefdoms * West Africa
West Africa
: Gur , Kwa , Soninke and Mande tribal chiefdoms * Central Africa
Central Africa
: Bantu tribes , collapsing Nok culture Nok civilization * East Africa : Kingdom of Kush , Kingdom of Blemmyes , Kingdom of Aksum * Southern Africa : Bantu tribes , Khoisan
Khoisan
. * Western Asia
Western Asia
: Roman and Parthian Empires , Sabaean and Arabian Kingdoms, smaller tribes. * Central Asia
Central Asia
: Kushan Empire , Sarmatian
Sarmatian
, Dahae and other Iranian tribal chiefdoms * South Asia
South Asia
: Kushan Empire , Western Satraps , Satavahana Empire , Dravidian Kingdoms , Kingdom of Kalinga , Indo-Parthian Kingdom
Indo-Parthian Kingdom
, Zhangzhung . * Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
: Mandala of city-states , Kingdom of Funan * East Asia
East Asia
: Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
, Yamatai , Xiongnu
Xiongnu
and Xianbei tribal chiefdoms , Three Kingdoms of Korea
Three Kingdoms of Korea
( Goguryeo
Goguryeo
, Baekje
Baekje
and Silla
Silla
). * North America
North America
: * Central America
Central America
: Mayan , Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
and Zapotec civilizations . * Caribbean
Caribbean
: * South America
South America
: Nazca , Moche civilizations , Tairona tribal chiefdoms .

EVENTS

The skeleton called the "Ring Lady" unearthed in Herculaneum, one of the victims of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius
in AD 79

* Early 1st century
1st century
Augustus
Augustus
of Primaporta , (perhaps a copy of a bronze statue of ca. 20 BC ), is made. It is now kept in Musei Vaticani , Braccio Nuovo , Rome
Rome
. * Early 1st century
1st century
Gemma Augustea
Gemma Augustea
is made. It is now kept at Kunsthistorisches Museum
Kunsthistorisches Museum
, Vienna
Vienna
. * Early 1st century
1st century
House of the Silver Wedding , Pompeii
Pompeii
, is built. Excavated in 1893
1893
, the year of the silver wedding anniversary of Italy
Italy
's King Humbert and his wife, Margherita of Savoy
Margherita of Savoy
, who have supported archaeological fieldwork at Pompeii. * Early 1st century
1st century
- Inner shrine, Ise, Mie , Mie Prefecture , is built. Yayoi period
Yayoi period
. * AD 1
AD 1
: Lions became extinct in Western Europe
Western Europe
. * AD 2 : First census of China, the census is one of the most accurate in Chinese history. * AD 6 : Census
Census
of Quirinius . * AD 7 : Prince Cunobeline of Catuvellauni
Catuvellauni
defeats the Trinovantes in England
England
and establishes his capital at Camulodunum
Camulodunum
(modern-day Colchester
Colchester
). * AD 9 : Three Roman legions were ambushed and destroyed at Teutoberg Forest by Germans under the leadership of Arminius . * AD 9 : Prince Cunobeline is crowned King of Catuvellauni, his Kingdom dominates Southern England. * AD 9 –23 : Wang Mang temporarily overthrew the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
of China
China
. * AD 9 –23 : Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
. * AD 14 : Augustus
Augustus
Caesar , first emperor of Rome, dies. His adopted son, stepson and son-in-law Tiberius
Tiberius
is his successor. * AD 25 : The Han dynasty
Han dynasty
is restored by Liu Xiu who proclaims himself Emperor Guangwu of Han
Emperor Guangwu of Han
. * AD 28 –75 : Emperor Ming of Han , Buddhism
Buddhism
reaches China
China
. * Humans arrive on Pentecost Island and establish the Bunlap tribe, among others. * c. AD 29 : Jesus
Jesus
begins his ministry (traditional date). * c. AD 33 : The Crucifixion of Jesus
Jesus
(traditional date). * c. AD 33 –36 : Conversion of Paul the Apostle
Conversion of Paul the Apostle
. * AD 40 : Succession crisis erupts at King Cunobeline's court and his exiled younger son Prince Adminius flees to the court of Caligula in Rome. * AD 40 : Emperor Caligula plans to invade Britain, but forgets to bring an army, he instead declares war upon the sea, whipping it and taking shells as prisoners. * AD 40 –43 : Revolts erupts in Vietnam by the Trung sisters . * AD 42 : King Cunobeline dies, his son Caratacus becomes King. He and his brother conquer much of South-Eastern England, expanding territory into Atrebates, driving out King Verica. King Verica travels to Rome
Rome
to the court of Claudius
Claudius
to help reclaim his throne. * AD 43 : Roman conquest of Britain
Roman conquest of Britain
begins. London is founded (although it could have existed centuries before this date). * AD 44 : Death of Herod Agrippa . * AD 41 –54 : Rachias, an ambassador sent from Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
to the court of Claudius
Claudius
. * Buddhist
Buddhist
monks in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
first write down Buddha 's teachings, creating the Pali
Pali
canon. * The regions of present-day Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Pakistan
Pakistan
and North India come under the control of the Kushans , a nomadic people forced out of northwest China
China
by the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
. * Tacitus
Tacitus
mentions the Suiones , who will one day be called the Swedes . * Kaundinya , an Indian brahmin marries Soma and establishes the pre- Angkor
Angkor
Cambodian Kingdom of Funan . * The Goths
Goths
settle in northern Poland
Poland
, which they called Gothiscandza , and shape the Wielbark culture
Wielbark culture
. * c. AD 50 : Christian
Christian
Council of Jerusalem
Council of Jerusalem
. * Mid- 1st century
1st century
– Wall niche, from garden in Pompeii
Pompeii
, is made. It is now kept at Fitzwilliam Museum
Fitzwilliam Museum
, University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
, England. * Mid- 1st century
1st century
– Detail of a wall painting in the House of M. Lucretius Fronto , Pompeii
Pompeii
, is made. * AD 58 –88 : Rule of Ming and Zhang . * AD 60 : Queen Boudica of The Iceni in England
England
launches a rebellion against The Romans. Tens of thousands die and the Roman army is massively damaged. The Rebellion fails and Boadicea commits suicide by poisoning herself. Three major cities are obliterated. * AD 64 : Great Fire of Rome
Rome
, first Roman mass Persecution of Christians
Christians
, earliest significant recognition of Christians
Christians
in Rome
Rome
. * AD 66 –73 : First Jewish-Roman War
First Jewish-Roman War
. * AD 69 : Cartimandua
Cartimandua
, Queen of the Brigantes in Northern England, is overthrown in a civil war. Her unpopular alliance with Rome, the betrayal of Caratacus and her love for someone other than her husband are the three reasons which led to her demise. The Action enraged the Romans so much that they conquered and annexed The Kingdom. * AD 70 : destruction of Herod\'s Temple in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
by the Romans under Titus
Titus
. * AD 79 : Pompeii
Pompeii
and Herculaneum
Herculaneum
destroyed by eruption of Mount Vesuvius . * AD 80
AD 80
: The Colosseum
Colosseum
is finished. * Jewish
Jewish
Council of Jamnia . * Spread of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, reaches largest size under Trajan
Trajan
. * Late 1st century—Cityscape, detail of a Second Style wall painting from a bedroom in the House of Publius Fannius Synistor , Boscoreale , is made. It is now at The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
, New York . * The painting "Alexander the Great confronts Darius III at the Battle of Issos", detail of mosaic floor decoration from Pompeii
Pompeii
, Italy
Italy
is made. It is a Roman copy after a Greek painting of c. 310 BC , perhaps by Philoxenos or Helen of Egypt. It is now at Museo Archeologico Nazionale , Naples
Naples
, Italy
Italy
. * Late 1st century
1st century
– Bedroom, from the House of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale is made. It is reconstructed with later furnishings at The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
, New York . * Late 1st century
1st century
– Seascape, detail of a wall painting from Villa Farnesina , Rome
Rome
, is made. * Late 1st century
1st century
– Young Woman Writing, detail of a wall painting, from Pompeii
Pompeii
, is made. It is now kept at Museo Archeologico Nazionale , Naples
Naples
. * Late 1st century
1st century
– Mausoleum under Construction, relief from the tomb of the Haterius family, Via Labicana
Via Labicana
, Rome
Rome
, is made. It is now kept at Musei Vaticani
Musei Vaticani
, Museo Gregoriano Profano , ex Lateranese , Rome
Rome
. * Late 1st century
1st century
– Middle-Aged Flavian Woman, is made. It is now kept at Musei Vaticani
Musei Vaticani
, Museo Gregoriano Profano , ex Lateranese , Rome
Rome
. * c. Late 1st century-early 2nd century – Buddha and Attendants, from Katra Keshavdev , Mathura
Mathura
, Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
, India
India
, is made. Kushan period. It is now kept at Mathura
Mathura
Museum . * 1st-2nd centuries - Tomb model of a house, is made. Eastern Han dynasty . It is now kept at The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
, Kansas City , Missouri
Missouri
.

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

Augustus
Augustus
Antonia Minor
Antonia Minor
Caligula Claudius Vespasian Seneca the Younger Plutarch
Plutarch

* Antonia Minor
Antonia Minor
, Roman noblewoman, mother of Germanicus
Germanicus
and Claudius
Claudius
* Arminius , Germanic military leader * Augustus
Augustus
Caesar (Gaius Octavius), first emperor of Rome * Ban Chao , Chinese general * Boudica , Celtic Briton leader * Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus
Augustus
Germanicus) (Caligula), emperor of Rome * Gnaeus Julius Agricola , Roman general * Livilla (Claudia Livia Julia), Roman noblewoman * Claudia Octavia
Claudia Octavia
, empress of Rome * Claudius
Claudius
( Tiberius
Tiberius
Claudius
Claudius
Nero), emperor of Rome * Clement I of Rome
Rome
, pope of Rome * Decebalus
Decebalus
, king of Dacia * Domitian
Domitian
( Titus
Titus
Flavius Domitianus), emperor of Rome * Galba
Galba
(Servius Sulpicius Galba), emperor of Rome * Gan Ying , Chinese ambassador to Rome * Germanicus
Germanicus
( Nero
Nero
Claudius
Claudius
Drusus), Roman general * Guangwu of Han , emperor of China * Heraios , Kushan chieftain * Hillel the Elder , Jewish
Jewish
religious leader * Ignatius of Antioch
Ignatius of Antioch
, bishop of Antioch * James the Just
James the Just
, Christian
Christian
apostle * Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth * John the Baptist
John the Baptist
, religious prophet of Christianity and Islam * Julia Agrippina , empress of Rome, mother of Nero
Nero
* Kujula Kadphises , Kushan ruler * Livia Drusilla
Livia Drusilla
, first empress of Rome * Ma Yuan , Chinese general * Ming of Han , Chinese emperor * Nero
Nero
Claudius
Claudius
Caesar (Nero), emperor of Rome * Marcus Cocceius Nerva
Nerva
, emperor of Rome * Marcus Salvius Otho
Marcus Salvius Otho
, emperor of Rome * Paul of Tarsus
Paul of Tarsus
, Christian
Christian
apostle * Publius Quinctilius Varus
Publius Quinctilius Varus
, Roman general * Saint Peter
Saint Peter
, Christian
Christian
apostle, first pope of Rome * Polycarp , bishop of Smyrna * Pontius Pilate
Pontius Pilate
, Roman procurator of Judea * Lucius Aelius Seianus , Roman statesman * Thomas the Apostle , Christian
Christian
apostle * Tiberius
Tiberius
( Tiberius
Tiberius
Claudius
Claudius
Nero
Nero
Caesar), emperor of Rome * Titus
Titus
( Titus
Titus
Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus), emperor of Rome * Trajan
Trajan
(Marcus Ulpius Traianus), emperor of Rome * Trung Sisters , Vietnamese rebel leaders * Vespasian ( Titus
Titus
Flavius Vespasianus), emperor of Rome * Aulus Vitellius , emperor of Rome * Valeria Messalina , empress of Rome * Vipsania Agrippina Major , Roman noblewoman, mother of Caligula * Wang Mang , Chinese official, founding emperor of the short-lived Xin dynasty
Xin dynasty
* Yuan An , Chinese statesman * Zhang of Han , emperor of China

LITERATURE

* Martial
Martial
(Marcus Valerius Martialis), Roman poet * Ovid
Ovid
(Publius Ovidius Naso), Roman poet * Petronius (Gaius Petronius Arbiter), Roman poet * Phaedrus , Roman fabulist of Macedonian origin * Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
(Gaius Plinius Secundus), Roman writer, commentator and naturalist * Pliny the Younger
Pliny the Younger
(Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus), Roman writer and lawyer * Lucius Annaeus Seneca , Roman writer, philosopher and statesman * Silius Italicus ( Tiberius
Tiberius
Catius Asconius Silius Italicus), Roman poet * Statius
Statius
(Publius Papinius Statius), Roman poet * Valerius Maximus , Roman writer

SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY

* Aulus Cornelius Celsus
Aulus Cornelius Celsus
, Roman encyclopaedist * Apollonius of Tyana
Apollonius of Tyana
, Greek philosopher * Ban Biao , Chinese historian * Ban Gu , Chinese historian * Ban Zhao , Chinese historian * Columella
Columella
(Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella), Roman writer on agriculture * Hero of Alexandria , Greek mathematician and engineer * Josephus
Josephus
( Titus
Titus
Flavius Josephus), Jewish-Roman scholar and historian * Livy
Livy
( Titus
Titus
Livius Patavinus), Roman historian * Philo of Alexandria , Jewish
Jewish
Hellenistic philosopher * Plutarch
Plutarch
, Greek historian and biographer * Rabbi Akiva
Rabbi Akiva
, Jewish
Jewish
tannaim theologian * Strabo
Strabo
, Greek geographer, philosopher and historian * Tacitus
Tacitus
(Gaius Cornelius Tacitus), Roman historian * Quintilian
Quintilian
(Marcus Fabius Quintilianus), Roman rhetorician * Quintus Asconius Pedianus , Roman historian * Quintus Curtius Rufus , Roman historian * Yochanan ben Zakkai , Jewish
Jewish
tannaim theologian * Wang Chong , Chinese philosopher

INVENTIONS, DISCOVERIES, INTRODUCTIONS

* Codex
Codex
, the first form of the modern book, appears in the Roman Empire * AD 78 : the beginning of the Saka Era used by South Asian calendars. * Bookbinding
Bookbinding
* Various inventions by Hero of Alexandria , including the steam turbine (aeolipile), water organ , and various other water-powered machines. * AD 31 : the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
Chinese engineer and statesman Tu Shih (d. AD 38 ) from Nanyang invented the first-known hydraulic -powered bellows to heat the blast furnace in smelting cast iron . He used a complex mechanical device that was powered by the rushing current against a waterwheel , a practice that would continue in China. * Although Philo of Byzantium described the saqiya chain pump in the early 2nd century BC, the square-pallet chain pump was innovated in China
China
during this century, mentioned first by the philosopher Wang Chong around AD 80
AD 80
. Wang Chong also accurately described the water cycle in meteorology , and argued against the mainstream 'radiating influence' theory for solar eclipses , the latter of which was accepted by many, including Zhang Heng . * The Chinese astronomer Liu Xin (d. AD 23 ) documented 1080 different stars, amongst other achievements. * End of 1st century
1st century
– codex replaces the scroll .

REFERENCES

* ^ in violation of the general rule that the abbreviation AD should precede the date in question. * ^ J. Dwight Pentecost, The Words and Works of Jesus
Jesus
Christ: A Study of the Life of Christ (Zondervan, 1981) pages 577-578. * ^ Andreas J. Köstenberger, John (Baker Academic, 2004), page 110. * ^ Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible 2000 Amsterdam University Press ISBN 90-5356-503-5 page 249 * ^ Paul L. Maier "The Date of the Nativity and Chronology of Jesus" in Jerry Vardaman and Edwin M. Yamauchi, Chronos, kairos, Christos: nativity and chronological studies (1989) ISBN 0-931464-50-1 , pp. 113-129 * ^ The Riddles of the Fourth Gospel: An Introduction to John by Paul N. Anderson 2011 ISBN 0-8006-0427-X pages 200 * ^ Herod the Great by Jerry Knoblet 2005 ISBN 0-7618-3087-1 page 183-184 * ^ Jesus
Jesus
in Johannine tradition by Robert Tomson Fortna, Tom Thatcher 2001 ISBN 978-0-664-22219-2 page 77 * ^ Jesus
Jesus
& the Rise of Early Christianity: A History of New Testament Times by Paul Barnett 2002 ISBN 0-8308-2699-8 pages 19-21 * ^ The Cradle, the Cross, and the Crown: An Introduction to the New Testament by Andreas J. Köstenberger, L. Scott Kellum 2009 ISBN 978-0-8054-4365-3 pages 77-79 * ^ Paul's early period: chronology, mission strategy, theology by Rainer Riesner 1997 ISBN 978-0-8028-4166-7 page 19-27 (page 27 has a table of various scholarly estimates) * ^ Bromiley, Geoffrey William (1979). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia: A-D (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (W.B.Eerdmans)). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 689. ISBN 0-8028-3781-6 . * ^ Barnett, Paul (2002). Jesus, the Rise of Early Christianity: A History of New Testament Times. InterVarsity Press. p. 21. ISBN 0-8308-2699-8 . * ^ L. Niswonger, Richard (1993). New Testament History. Zondervan Publishing Company. p. 200. ISBN 0-310-31201-9 .

* Millennia * Centuries * Decades * Years

* v * t * e

Decades and years

1ST CENTURY 2nd century BC  ←  1st century BC  ← ↔ → 2nd century  →  3rd century

0S BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC

0S

AD 1
AD 1
AD 2 AD 3 AD 4 AD 5 AD 6 AD 7 AD 8 AD 9

10S AD 10 AD 11 AD 12 AD 13 AD 14 AD 15 AD 16 AD 17 AD 18 AD 19

20S AD 20 AD 21 AD 22 AD 23 AD 24 AD 25 AD 26 AD 27 AD 28 AD 29

30S AD 30 AD 31 AD 32 AD 33 AD 34 AD 35 AD 36 AD 37 AD 38 AD 39

40S AD 40 AD 41 AD 42 AD 43 AD 44 AD 45 AD 46 AD 47 AD 48 AD 49

50S AD 50 AD 51 AD 52 AD 53 AD 54 AD 55 AD 56 AD 57 AD 58 AD 59

60S AD 60 AD 61 AD 62 AD 63 AD 64 AD 65 AD 66 AD 67 AD 68 AD 69

70S AD 70 AD 71 AD 72 AD 73 AD 74 AD 75 AD 76 AD 77 AD 78 AD 79

80S AD 80
AD 80
AD 81 AD 82 AD 83 AD 84 AD 85 AD 86 AD 87 AD 88 AD 89

90S