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1946
1946
(MCMXLVI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium , the 46th year of the 20th century
20th century
, and the 7th year of the 1940s
1940s
decade.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January * 1.2 February * 1.3 March * 1.4 April * 1.5 May * 1.6 June * 1.7 July * 1.8 August * 1.9 September * 1.10 October * 1.11 November * 1.12 December * 1.13 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January * 2.2 February * 2.3 March * 2.4 April * 2.5 May * 2.6 June * 2.7 July * 2.8 August * 2.9 September * 2.10 October * 2.11 November * 2.12 December * 2.13 Date unknown

* 3 Deaths

* 3.1 January * 3.2 February * 3.3 March * 3.4 April * 3.5 May * 3.6 June * 3.7 July * 3.8 August * 3.9 September * 3.10 October * 3.11 November * 3.12 December

* 4 Nobel Prizes * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links

EVENTS

JANUARY

Main article: January 1946

* January 6

Deborah Horovitz e Carolina Khalifeh helped a lot.

*

* The first general election ever in Vietnam
Vietnam
is held. * A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein 's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre .

* January 7 – The Allies recognize the Austrian republic with its 1937 borders, and divide the country into four occupation zones .

January 10 : First meeting of UN . January 10 : Project Diana

* January 10

* The first meeting of the United Nations
United Nations
is held at Methodist Central Hall Westminster in London. * Project Diana bounces radar waves off the Moon, measuring the exact distance between the Earth and the Moon, and proves that communication is possible between Earth and outer space, effectively opening the Space Age .

* January 11

* Enver Hoxha declares the People\'s Republic
Republic
of Albania , with himself as prime minister . * Porfirio Barba-Jacob 's ashes go back to Colombia
Colombia
.

* January 16 Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
resigns as a head of a French provisional government .

* January 17

* The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council holds its first session at Church House, Westminster in London. * United States Senator Dennis Chávez (D-NM) calls for a vote on a Fair Employment Practice Committee bill which calls for an end to discrimination in the workplace. A filibuster prevents it from passing.

* January 19
January 19
– The Bell XS-1 is test flown for the first time (unpowered), with Bell's chief test pilot Jack Woolams at the controls. * January 20 Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
resigns as president of France .

* January 22

* Iran crisis of 1946
Iran crisis of 1946
: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad
Mahabad
. He is the new president, Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister . * The National Intelligence Authority and its operational arm the Central Intelligence Group are established in the United States; these become part of the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947
1947
.

January 28 : Bluenose
Bluenose
founders.

* January 25 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor . * January 28 – The Canadian schooner Bluenose
Bluenose
founders on a Haitian reef.

* January 31

* The last session of the Permanent Court of International Justice occurs. * Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
's new constitution , modeling the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, establishes 6 constituent republics ( Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, Croatia , Macedonia , Montenegro
Montenegro
, Serbia
Serbia
and Slovenia
Slovenia
).

FEBRUARY

Main article: February 1946

* February 1

* Trygve Lie of Norway is selected as the first United Nations Secretary-General . * The Kingdom of Hungary becomes a republic , heavily influenced by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
.

* February 14

* The Bank of England is nationalized . * ENIAC
ENIAC
(for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), an early general-purpose electronic computer , is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
. Weighed 60,000 pounds (over 27 tons) and occupied a big room.

* February 15 – Canada indicts 22 communist agents. * February 20 – An explosion kills more than 400 coal miners in West Germany. * February 24 Juan Perón is elected president of Argentina
Argentina
. * February 28 – In Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, General Electric
General Electric
strikers and police clash.

MARCH

Main article: March 1946
March 1946

* March 2

* British troops withdraw from Iran
Iran
according to treaty; the Soviets do not. * Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh
is elected President of North Vietnam
Vietnam
.

* March 4 – C. G. E. Mannerheim resigns as president of Finland . * March 5 – In his speech at Westminster College , in Fulton, Missouri , Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
talks about the Iron Curtain . * March 6
March 6
Vietnam
Vietnam
War : Ho Chi Minh
Ho Chi Minh
signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam
Vietnam
as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. * March 7 – The 18th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Best Picture goes to The Lost Weekend .

* March 9
March 9

* Juho Kusti Paasikivi becomes president of Finland . * Bolton
Bolton
Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park , Bolton
Bolton
, England, 33 killed and hundreds amongst the injured

* March 10 – British troops begin withdrawing from Lebanon
Lebanon
. * March 15 Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee
promises independence to India
India
as soon as they can agree on a constitution.

* March 19

* The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Switzerland resume diplomatic relations . * French Guiana , Guadeloupe , Martinique
Martinique
and Réunion
Réunion
become overseas départements of France.

* March 22 – The United Kingdom grants Transjordan , as it is then known, its independence; 3 years later the country changes its name to Jordan
Jordan
. * March 29 – The Gold Coast has an African majority in its parliament.

APRIL

Main article: April 1946

* April 1
April 1

* The 8.6 Mw Aleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in many deaths, mostly in Hilo . Between 165 and 173 were killed. * The Malayan Union is formed. * Singapore
Singapore
becomes a Crown colony
Crown colony
.

* April 3 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila
Manila
, the Philippines
Philippines
for leading the Bataan Death March . * April 10 – In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet . * April 14 – A member of Nakam , the "Jewish Avengers", poisons with arsenic the bread of SS prisoners of war held at Stalag XIII-D by the Americans. * April 17 Syria
Syria
's independence from France is officially recognized.

* April 18

* The inaugural session of the International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice
(ICJ) occurs. * The United States recognizes Josip Broz Tito 's government in Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
. * The League of Nations , in its last meeting, transfers its mission to the United Nations
United Nations
and disbands itself.

* April 23 – The Eastern Pennsylvania Basketball League (which is now the CBA ) is founded. * April 27
April 27
FA Cup
FA Cup
: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic in the first FA Cup
FA Cup
final since 1939. * April 28 – Pestalozzi Children\'s Village (Kinderdorf Pestalozzi) established at Trogen
Trogen
in Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II
World War II
according to Pestalozzian principles. * April 29 – Trial against war criminals begin in Tokyo; the accused include Hideki Tōjō , Shigenori Tōgō and Hiroshi Ōshima .

MAY

Main article: May 1946

* May 1
May 1
– At least 800 Indigenous Australian pastoral workers walk off the job in Northwest Western Australia, starting one of the longest industrial strikes in Australia . * May 2 – Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Prison . A riot occurs, the " Battle of Alcatraz ". * May 7
May 7
– Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony ) is founded with about 20 employees. * May 9 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Umberto II .

* May 10

* Jawaharlal Nehru is elected leader of the Congress Party in India. * The first V-2 rocket is successfully launched at the White Sands Missile Range .

* May 20 – The British House of Commons decides to nationalize mines. * May 21 – At the Los Alamos Laboratory, Dr. Louis Slotin saves his coworkers but receives a fatal dose of ionizing radiation (the incident is initially classified ). * May 22 – The Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan is founded. * May 25 – The parliament of Transjordan makes emir Abdullah their king. * May 26
May 26
Czechoslovak
Czechoslovak
parliamentary election , with Communist victory (38%), last before communists take power. * May 31 – A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy .

JUNE

Main article: June 1946

* June 1

* Ion Antonescu
Ion Antonescu
, prime minister and "Conducator" (Leader) of Romania
Romania
during World War II
World War II
is executed; he was found guilty of betraying the Romanian people for benefits of Germany and sentenced to death by the Bucharest People\'s Tribunal . * D\'Argenlieu , French High Commissioner
High Commissioner
for Indo-China recognizes an autonomous " Republic
Republic
of Cochin-China" in violation of the March 6 Ho–Sainteny agreement , opening the way for conflict between the Viet Minh and France.

* June 2 – In a referendum , Italians decide to turn Italy
Italy
from a monarchy into a republic . Women vote for the first time. * June 3
June 3
– The Interpol
Interpol
organization re-founded, telegraphic address "Interpol" adopted. * June 6 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City. * June 8 – In Indonesia
Indonesia
, Sukarno
Sukarno
incites his supporters to fight Dutch colonial occupation. * June 9 – In Thailand
Thailand
, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) accedes the throne after the mysterious death of his brother, King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII). He will reign until his death in October 2016
2016
. * June 10 Italy
Italy
is declared a republic . * June 13
June 13
Umberto II of Italy leaves the country and goes into exile in Portugal; Alcide De Gasperi becomes head of state . * June 14 – The Baruch Plan is proposed to the United Nations.

* June 17

* A tornado on the Detroit River kills 17. * Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
's Henry V opens in the United States nearly 2 years after its release in England. It is the first Shakespeare film in color, and critics hail it as the finest film of a Shakespeare play ever made.

* June 23

* The 7.5 Mw Vancouver Island earthquake affected the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Two people were killed. * The National Democratic Front wins a landslide victory in the municipal elections in French India
India
.

* June 25
June 25
– International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) begins operations. * June 30 – The War Relocation Authority is abolished.

JULY

Main article: July 1946

* July 1
July 1
Nuclear testing : Operation Crossroads
Operation Crossroads
, a series of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in Micronesia
Micronesia
, is initiated by detonation of Able at an altitude of 520 feet (158 m). July 25 : Undersea Atomic Test Baker * July 4
July 4

* Ankara University is founded in Turkey
Turkey
. * After more than 380 years of Western dominance, the Philippines attains full independence. * The Kielce Pogrom takes place in Poland
Poland
.

* July 5 – The bikini is first modeled in Paris.

* July 7
July 7

* Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini
Frances Xavier Cabrini
becomes the first American saint to be canonized. * Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
nearly dies in a test flight of the Hughes XF-11 , which crashes in a Beverly Hills
Beverly Hills
neighborhood due to a propeller malfunction.

* July 16 Bureau of Land Management (BLM) within Department of the Interior (formed by merger of Grazing Service and General Land Office ). * July 21
July 21
– An Irgun bomb explodes in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
due to secretive talks between Jews and Britain to consolidate the state of Israel. * July 22
July 22
King David Hotel bombing : The Irgun bombs the King David Hotel (headquarters of the British civil and military administration) in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, killing 90.

* July 25

* Nuclear testing : In the first underwater test of the atomic bomb , the surplus USS Saratoga is sunk near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, when the United States detonates the Baker device during Operation Crossroads
Operation Crossroads
. * At Club 500 in Atlantic City , New Jersey
New Jersey
, Dean Martin
Dean Martin
and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team. * In the last mass lynching in the United States, a mob of white men shoot and kill two African-American
African-American
couples near Moore's Ford Bridge in Georgia .

AUGUST

Main article: August 1946
August 1946

* August 1

* The United States Atomic Energy Commission is established. * The Fulbright Program , a system of U.S. international educational exchange scholarships, is established. * The Hungarian forint is introduced in Hungary by the government, ending the world's biggest hyperinflation in the country. * The Scandinavian Airlines
Scandinavian Airlines
System is founded as a consortium of the flag carriers of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

* August 3 Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World), opens to the public at Santa Claus, Indiana . It becomes the first themed park, preceding Disneyland
Disneyland
by 9 years. * August 4 – The 1946
1946
Dominican Republic
Republic
earthquake (magnitude 8.0) hits the northern Dominican Republic, killing 100 and leaving 20,000 homeless.

* August 16

* Direct Action Day
Direct Action Day
: Violence between Muslims and Hindus in Calcutta
Calcutta
begins "The Week of the Long Knives" which leaves 3,000 dead. * The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded in Secunderabad . * The Kurdistan Democratic Party
Kurdistan Democratic Party
is founded in South Kurdistan .

* August 18 – The Vergarola explosion in Croatia
Croatia
kills 70. * August 25 – American golfer Ben Hogan wins the PGA Championship .

SEPTEMBER

Main article: September 1946

* September 1 1946 Turin Grand Prix , a first recorded officially Formula One
Formula One
Grand Prix Motor Race held in Italy
Italy
. * September 2 – The Interim Government of India takes charge, with Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President, as part of the transition from the British Raj to full independence for India
India
and Pakistan
Pakistan
. * September 4
September 4
– Street violence between Muslims and Hindus erupts in Bombay
Bombay
. * September 8 Bulgaria
Bulgaria
is declared a People\'s Republic
Republic
after a referendum ; King Simeon II leaves. * September 24 Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
by American Roy Farrell and Australian Sydney de Kantzow . * September 28 George II of Greece returns to Athens
Athens
.

OCTOBER

Main article: October 1946
October 1946

* October 1
October 1
– Mensa , an international organization for people with a high intelligence quotient (IQ), is founded by Roland Berrill , an Australian-born lawyer, and Dr Lancelot Ware , an English biochemist and lawyer, in Oxford
Oxford
. * October 2 – Communists take over in Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. * October 6 – Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson
Per Albin Hansson
dies in office of a heart attack. * October 10
October 10
– Commencement of the Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal
Bengal
at the hands of Muslim mobs. * October 11 – After a few days of vacancy, the Swedish premiership is taken over by Tage Erlander . * October 13 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic
Republic
. * October 14 – International Organization for Standardization (ISO) founded. * October 15 Nuremberg trials : Hermann Göring , founder of the Gestapo
Gestapo
and recently convicted Nazi war criminal, poisons himself two hours before his scheduled execution.

* October 16

* The remaining ten Nazi war criminals sentenced to death at the Nuremberg trials are executed by hanging in a gymnasium in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice . * The United Nations
United Nations
' first meeting in Long Island
Long Island
is held.

NOVEMBER

Main article: November 1946

* November 1 – In the first Basketball Association of America game, the New York Knicks defeat the Toronto Huskies 68–66 at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens . Flag of UNESCO
UNESCO
* November 4 UNESCO
UNESCO
established as a specialized agency of the United Nations
United Nations
. * November 5 – Senate and House elections in the United States both give majorities to the Republicans .

* November 10

* At least 1,400 people are killed in an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter magnitude scale
Richter magnitude scale
, in the Ancash Region and Quiches District in Peru
Peru
. * The Slimbridge Wetland Reserve opens in England.

* November 12
November 12

* A truce is declared between Indonesian nationalist troops and the Dutch army in Indonesia
Indonesia
. * In Chicago, a branch of the Exchange National Bank (now part of the LaSalle Bank
LaSalle Bank
) opens the first 10 drive-up teller windows .

* November 15
November 15
– The Netherlands recognizes the Republic
Republic
of Indonesia
Indonesia
. * November 17 – Eight British servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish nationalists .

* November 19

* Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, Iceland
Iceland
and Sweden
Sweden
join the United Nations
United Nations
. * Romanian general election, 1946 : The Romanian Communist Party wins 79.86% of the vote through widespread intimidation tactics and electoral fraud .

* November 22 Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union .

* November 23

* Vietnamese riot in Haiphong
Haiphong
and clash with French troops. The French cruiser Suffren opens fire, killing 6,000 Vietnamese. * The Workers\' Party of South Korea is founded.

* November 27 Cold War
Cold War
: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament , stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster." * November 29 – The All Indonesia
Indonesia
Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) is founded in Jakarta
Jakarta
.

DECEMBER

Main article: December 1946

* December 1 Miguel Alemán Valdés takes office as President of Mexico . * December 2 – The International Whaling Commission was signed in Washington, D.C. to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry". * December 7 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta
Atlanta
, United States kills 119. * December 11 UNICEF
UNICEF
(the United Nations
United Nations
Children's Emergency Fund) is founded.

* December 12

* The United Nations
United Nations
severs relations with Franco 's Spain and recommends that member countries sever diplomatic relations. * Léon Blum founds a government of socialist parties in France. * Iran crisis of 1946
Iran crisis of 1946
: Iranian troops recapture the Azerbaijan province.

* December 14 – The International Labour Organization becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations
United Nations
.

* December 15

* First French India
India
Representative Assembly election held. * Iran
Iran
crisis of 1946: Iranian troops recapture the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad
Mahabad
.

* December 16 – Siam joins the United Nations
United Nations
(changes name to Thailand
Thailand
in 1949
1949
). * December 19 Viet Minh forces begin a war against French occupying forces in Vietnam
Vietnam
, succeeding in 1954 with France's surrender at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
.

* December 20

* Frank Capra
Frank Capra
's It\'s a Wonderful Life , featuring James Stewart
James Stewart
, Donna Reed , Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
, Henry Travers , and Thomas Mitchell , is released in New York. * At least 1,362 people are killed in an earthquake and associated tsunami in Japan.

* December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana
Havana
, Cuba
Cuba
. * December 24 – France's Fourth Republic
Republic
is founded. * December 25 – The first artificial, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in Europe was initiated within the Soviet (Russian) nuclear reactor F-1 .

* December 26
December 26

* The Flamingo Hotel opens on the Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip
. * David Lean 's Great Expectations , based on the Charles Dickens novel, and featuring John Mills , Valerie Hobson , Martita Hunt , Alec Guinness , Francis L. Sullivan , Jean Simmons , and Finlay Currie , is released to great acclaim in the UK.

* December 31
December 31
– President Harry S. Truman delivers Proclamation 2714 , which officially ends hostilities in World War II.

DATE UNKNOWN

* The 20 mm M61 Vulcan
M61 Vulcan
Gatling gun
Gatling gun
contract is released. * Female suffrage is enacted in Belgium
Belgium
, Romania
Romania
, Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
, Argentina
Argentina
and the Canadian province of Quebec
Quebec
. * The first female police officers are hired in Korea and Japan. * The Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
intensifies between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
. * The first Tupperware is sold in department and hardware stores. * The British government takes emergency powers to deal with the balance-of-payments crisis. * Eva Perón tours Spain, Italy
Italy
and France on behalf of Argentina
Argentina
, a circuit called the Rainbow Tour. * The NFL team San Francisco 49ers is formed. * The Casio
Casio
company is founded by engineer Tadao Kashio. * Binghamton University
Binghamton University
is founded.

BIRTHS

JANUARY

Diane Keaton Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton
David Lynch
David Lynch
Arnoldo Alemán
Arnoldo Alemán

* January 1

* Roberto Rivelino , Brazilian football player * Alain Voss , Brazilian-French comics artist (d. 2011)

* January 3
January 3

* John Paul Jones , English rock bassist ( Led Zeppelin
Led Zeppelin
, Them Crooked Vultures ) * Cissy King , American dancer and singer

* January 5 Diane Keaton , American actress and film director * January 6 Syd Barrett , English rock guitarist and singer-songwriter (d. 2006
2006
)

* January 8

* Robby Krieger , American rock musician ( The Doors ) * Stanton Peele , American psychologist

* January 9 Mogens Lykketoft , Danish politician

* January 11

* Naomi Judd , American country singer * John Piper , American theologian * Ha Yu , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
actor

* January 12 George Duke
George Duke
, American musician (d. 2013
2013
)

* January 14

* Feró Nagy , Hungarian singer * Harold Shipman , British serial killer (d. 2004
2004
)

* January 16

* Kabir Bedi , Indian actor * Katia Ricciarelli , Italian singer

* January 18
January 18
Joseph Deiss , Swiss Federal Councillor

* January 19
January 19

* Julian Barnes , English novelist * Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton
, American singer-songwriter, actress, businesswoman and philanthropist

* January 20 David Lynch
David Lynch
, American film director * January 21 Johnny Oates , American baseball player and manager (d. 2004
2004
)

* January 22

* Malcolm McLaren , British music manager (d. 2010
2010
) * Serge Savard , Canadian hockey player and executive

* January 23 Arnoldo Alemán
Arnoldo Alemán
, President of Nicaragua * January 24 Michael Ontkean , Canadian actor

* January 25

* Géza Bereményi , Hungarian writer, screenwriter and film director * Pete Price , Merseyside
Merseyside
radio disc jockey

* January 26

* Gene Siskel , American film critic (d. 1999
1999
) * Michel Delpech , French singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2016
2016
)

* January 27 Nedra Talley , American singer ( The Ronettes ) * January 29 Bettye LaVette , American soul singer-songwriter * January 31 Terry Kath , American rock musician (d. 1978
1978
)

FEBRUARY

Isaias Afwerki Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
Anthony Daniels Alan Rickman
Alan Rickman

* February 1 Elisabeth Sladen , English actress (d. 2011
2011
)

* February 2

* Isaias Afwerki , President of Eritrea * Blake Clark , American actor and comedian

* February 5 Charlotte Rampling , British actress

* February 6

* Kate McGarrigle , Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2010
2010
) * Jim Turner , American politician

* February 7 Pete Postlethwaite , English character actor (d. 2011
2011
) * February 9 Seán Neeson , Northern Irish politician

* February 13

* Joe Estevez , American actor * Colin Matthews , British composer

* February 14

* Bernard Dowiyogo , 7-time President of Nauru (d. 2003
2003
) * Gregory Hines , American dancer and actor (d. 2003
2003
)

* February 19 Karen Silkwood , American activist (d. 1974
1974
)

* February 20

* Brenda Blethyn , British actress * J. Geils , lead guitarist of American rock group, The J. Geils Band (d. 2017
2017
)

* February 21

* Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
, American actress * Anthony Daniels , English actor * Alan Rickman
Alan Rickman
, English actor and film director (d. 2016
2016
)

* February 26 Jiří Bělohlávek , Czech orchestral conductor (d. 2017
2017
)

* February 25

* Andrew Ang , judge of the Supreme Court of Singapore
Singapore
* Franz Xaver Kroetz , German dramatist * Jean Todt
Jean Todt
, French motorsport manager

* February 26 Ahmed Zewail , Egyptian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016
2016
)

* February 28

* Robin Cook , British politician (d. 2005
2005
) * Don Francisco , American Christian musician

MARCH

David Gilmour
David Gilmour
Liza Minnelli Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
Bill Plympton
Bill Plympton

* March 1

* Jan Kodeš , Czech tennis player * Lana Wood
Lana Wood
, American actress and producer

* March 4

* Michael Ashcroft , English entrepreneur * Haile Gerima , Ethiopian filmmaker * Harvey Goldsmith , British impresario

* March 5

* Murray Head , English singer and actor * Lova Moor , French singer and dancer

* March 6
March 6
David Gilmour
David Gilmour
, English rock musician ( Pink Floyd )

* March 7

* John Heard , American actor (d. 2017
2017
) * Okko Kamu , Finnish conductor and violinist * Peter Wolf
Peter Wolf
, American rock musician (The J. Geils Band )

* March 10 Mike Hollands , Australian animator

* March 12
March 12

* Frank Welker , American voice actor and singer * Liza Minnelli , American singer and actress

* March 13 Yonatan Netanyahu , American-born Israeli Army officer, killed in Operation Entebbe
Operation Entebbe
(d. 1976
1976
) * March 15 Bobby Bonds , American baseball player and manager (d. 2003
2003
) * March 17
March 17
Georges J. F. Köhler , German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1995
1995
) * March 21 Timothy Dalton , Welsh actor * March 25
March 25
Cliff Balsom , English footballer * March 26
March 26
Johnny Crawford , American child actor and musician

* March 27

* Olaf Malolepski , German musician ( Die Flippers ) * Mike Jackson , former MLB pitcher.

* March 28 Alejandro Toledo
Alejandro Toledo
, former President of Peru
Peru

* March 29

* Segun Bucknor , Nigerian musician and journalist (d. 2017
2017
) * Billy Thorpe , English-born Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2007 )

* March 30

* Bill Plympton
Bill Plympton
, American cartoonist * Carolyn Simpson , judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales
Supreme Court of New South Wales

* March 31 Gonzalo Márquez , Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1984
1984
)

APRIL

Hanna Suchocka János Bródy Ed O\'Neill Ricardo Maduro Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Sweden

* April 3 Hanna Suchocka , Prime Minister of Poland
Poland
* April 4 Dave Hill
Dave Hill
, English guitarist ( Slade
Slade
)

* April 5

* Jane Asher , English actress * János Bródy , Hungarian singer, guitarist, composer and songwriter * Björn Granath , Swedish actor (d. 2017
2017
)

* April 7
April 7

* Colette Besson , French track and field athlete (d. 2005
2005
) * Léon Krier , Luxembourgian architect

* April 8 Catfish Hunter
Catfish Hunter
, American baseball player (d. 1999
1999
) * April 11
April 11
Chris Burden , American artist (d. 2015
2015
) * April 12 – Ed O\'Neill , American actor * April 15 - Marsha Hunt , American actress, singer and novelist * April 16
April 16
Margot Adler , American journalist * April 18 Hayley Mills , English actress * April 19 Tim Curry , British actor, singer and composer

* April 20
April 20

* Julien Poulin , Canadian actor * Ricardo Maduro , President of Honduras
President of Honduras

* April 22

* John Waters , American film director * Paul Davies , English physicist

* April 25
April 25

* John Fox , British statistician * Talia Shire , American actress * Strobe Talbott , American journalist * Vladimir Zhirinovsky , Russian politician

* April 28 Larissa Grunig , American public relations theorist and feminist * April 30 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Sweden

MAY

Udo Lindenberg Cher
Cher

* May 1
May 1
Joanna Lumley , English actress and author

* May 2

* Lesley Gore , American rock singer (d. 2015
2015
) * Ralf Gothóni , Finnish pianist, conductor and composer

* May 4 – John Watson , Northern Irish racecar driver * May 5
May 5
– Jim Kelly , American actor, martial artist and tennis player (d. 2013
2013
)

* May 7
May 7

* Thelma Houston , American singer * Michael Rosen
Michael Rosen
, British novelist and poet

* May 9

* Candice Bergen
Candice Bergen
, American actress * Drafi Deutscher , German Schlager singer (d. 2006
2006
)

* May 10

* Graham Gouldman , English songwriter and musician ( 10cc , Wax ) * Donovan
Donovan
Leitch , Scottish rock musician * Dave Mason , English rock musician (Traffic ) * Birutė Galdikas , Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author

* May 11
May 11
Robert Jarvik , American physicist and artificial heart inventor * May 12
May 12
Richard Bruce Silverman , John Evans Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University
Northwestern University
* May 13 Tim Pigott-Smith , English actor and author (d. 2017
2017
) * May 15 Klaus-Peter Siegloch , German journalist * May 16 Robert Fripp
Robert Fripp
, British musician * May 17
May 17
Udo Lindenberg , German musician

* May 18

* Bruce Alexander , English actor * Reggie Jackson
Reggie Jackson
, American baseball player

* May 19

* André the Giant , French professional wrestler (d. 1993
1993
) * Claude Lelièvre , Belgian Commissioner for Children Rights * Roger Sloman , English actor

* May 20 Cher
Cher
, American actress and rock singer

* May 22

* George Best
George Best
, Northern Irish footballer (d. 2005
2005
) * Howard Kendall
Howard Kendall
, English footballer (d. 2015
2015
)

* May 23 Frederik de Groot , Dutch actor * May 26
May 26
Mick Ronson , English guitarist (d. 1993
1993
) * May 28
May 28
K. Satchidanandan , Malayalam poet * May 29 Fernando Buesa , Basque politician (d. 2000
2000
) * May 30
May 30
Candy Lightner , American founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving * May 31 Adriana Bittel , Romanian writer

JUNE

Donald Trump
Donald Trump
Noddy Holder Xanana Gusmão Ted Shackelford

* June 1 – Brian Cox , Scottish actor

* June 2

* Peter Sutcliffe , English serial killer * Tomomichi Nishimura , Japanese voice actor

* June 4 Suzanne Ciani , American pianist and electronic composer * June 5 Stefania Sandrelli , Italian actress

* June 7
June 7

* Jenny Jones , Palestinian-Canadian comedian and talk show hostess * Robert Tilton , American televangelist and author

* June 8 Pearlette Louisy , Governor-General of St. Lucia * June 10 Fernando Balzaretti , Mexican actor (d. 1998
1998
) * June 13
June 13
Paul L. Modrich
Paul L. Modrich
, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* June 14 Donald Trump
Donald Trump
, American television personality and real estate magnate, 45th President of the United States
President of the United States

* June 15

* Noddy Holder , English rock singer ( Slade
Slade
) * Janet Lennon , American singer ( The Lennon Sisters ) * Demis Roussos , Greek singer (d. 2015
2015
)

* June 17 Marcy Kaptur , U.S. Representative for the Ninth Congressional District of Ohio

* June 18
June 18

* Russell Ash , British author (d. 2010
2010
) * Fabio Capello
Fabio Capello
, Italian football player and manager

* June 20 Xanana Gusmão , 1st President of East Timor

* June 22
June 22

* Kay Redfield Jamison , American psychiatrist * Józef Oleksy , 7th Prime Minister of Poland
Poland
(d. 2015
2015
)

* June 23 Ted Shackelford , American actor

* June 24

* Ellison Onizuka , American astronaut (d. 1986
1986
) * Robert Reich , 22nd United States Secretary of Labor

* June 25
June 25
– Pete Vanderwaal , Dutch engineer * June 26 Maria von Welser , German TV journalist and President of UNICEF
UNICEF
Germany * June 28 Gilda Radner , American comedian and actress (d. 1989 )

* June 29

* Egon von Fürstenberg , Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004
2004
) * Gitte Hænning , Danish singer * Ernesto Pérez Balladares , President of Panama

JULY

Mireya Moscoso Leszek Miller George W. Bush Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
Cheech Marin
Cheech Marin
Hassanal Bolkiah
Hassanal Bolkiah
Danny Glover

* July 1
July 1

* Alceu Valença , Brazilian composer, writer, performer, actor, and poet * Stefan Aust , German journalist and editor-in-chief of the weekly news magazine Der Spiegel from 1994
1994
to 2008 * Mireya Moscoso , President of Panama

* July 2 Richard Axel , American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine * July 3 Leszek Miller , Prime Minister of Poland
Poland

* July 4
July 4

* Sam Hunt , New Zealand poet * Michael Milken , American financier * Ed O\'Ross , American actor * Roy Cimatu , Filipino general

* July 6

* George W. Bush , 43rd President of the United States
President of the United States
* Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
, American actor, screenwriter and film director * Tiemen Groen , Dutch cyclist

* July 7
July 7
Tadeusz Nowicki , Polish tennis player

* July 8
July 8

* Massimo Vanni , Italian actor * Daniela Beneck , Italian freestyle swimmer

* July 9

* Mitch Mitchell
Mitch Mitchell
, English drummer ( The Jimi Hendrix Experience ) (d. 2008
2008
) * Bon Scott , Australian rock singer ( AC/DC
AC/DC
) (d. 1980
1980
)

* July 10

* Oliver Martin , American cyclist * Sue Lyon , American actress

* July 11

* Jean-Pierre Coopman , Belgian boxer * Jack Wrangler , American porn star (d. 2009
2009
)

* July 12 Ernesto Mahieux , Italian actor

* July 13

* João Bosco , Brazilian singer-songwriter * Cheech Marin
Cheech Marin
, American actor and comedian

* July 14
July 14
– John Wood , Australian actor

* July 15

* Hassanal Bolkiah
Hassanal Bolkiah
, Sultan of Brunei
Sultan of Brunei
* Linda Ronstadt , American singer and songwriter

* July 16

* Toshio Furukawa
Toshio Furukawa
, Japanese voice actor * Dave Goelz , American puppeteer * Monica Aspelund , Finnish singer * Ron Yary , American football player

* July 17
July 17
Alun Armstrong , English actor * July 19 Ilie Năstase , Romanian tennis player

* July 22
July 22

* Danny Glover , American actor and film director * Mireille Mathieu , French singer

* July 23 Sally Flynn , American singer * July 25 Rita Marley , Jamaican singer * July 29 Ximena Armas , Chilean painter * July 30 Neil Bonnett , American race car driver (d. 1994
1994
)

AUGUST

Ralph Gonsalves
Ralph Gonsalves
Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
Keith Moon

* August 1

* Mike Emrick , American sportscaster * Sandi Griffiths , American singer

* August 3 Jack Straw , English politician

* August 5

* Ron Silliman , American poet * Loni Anderson , American actress

* August 8
August 8
Ralph Gonsalves
Ralph Gonsalves
, 4th Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * August 9 Jim Kiick , American football player * August 12 Terry Nutkins , English naturalist (d. 2012) * August 13 Janet Yellen , American Chair of the Federal Reserve

* August 16 Lesley Ann Warren , American actress and singer * August 17 Drake Levin , né Levinshefski, American rock guitarist (Paul Revere "> Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
Freddie Mercury
Freddie Mercury
Jim Hines Tommy Lee Jones Mart Siimann

* September 1

* Barry Gibb
Barry Gibb
, English-born Australian singer ( Bee Gees ) * Roh Moo-hyun , President of South Korea (d. 2009
2009
)

* September 2

* Dan White , American politician and murderer (d. 1985
1985
) * Luis Ávalos , Cuban-born American character actor * Billy Preston
Billy Preston
, American soul musician (d. 2006
2006
)

* September 3 Francisco Trois , Brazilian chess player

* September 4
September 4

* Gary Duncan , American rock guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service ) * Greg Elmore , American rock drummer (Quicksilver Messenger Service )

* September 5

* Dennis Dugan , American actor and director * Freddie Mercury
Freddie Mercury
, Lead singer and pianist of British rock group Queen (d. 1991
1991
)

* September 7

* Willie Crawford , American baseball player (d. 2004
2004
) * Francisco Varela
Francisco Varela
, Chilean biologist (d. 2001
2001
)

* September 8 Aziz Sancar , Turkish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Nobel Prize in Chemistry

* September 9

* Doug Ingle , American rock vocalist ( Iron Butterfly
Iron Butterfly
) * Bruce Palmer , Canadian musician ( Buffalo Springfield ) (d. 2004
2004
)

* September 10

* Jim Hines , American athlete * Don Powell , English rock drummer ( Slade
Slade
)

* September 15

* Tommy Lee Jones , American actor * Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
, American film director and producer

* September 18

* Peter Alsop , American musician * Akira Kamiya , Japanese voice actor

* September 19 Connie Kreski , American model (d. 1995
1995
)

* September 21

* Mikhail Kovalchuk , Russian physicist and official * Moritz Leuenberger , Swiss Federal Councilor * Richard St. Clair , American musician and composer * Mart Siimann , Prime Minister of Estonia

* September 23 Franz Fischler , Austrian politician * September 24 Lars Emil Johansen , Prime Minister of Greenland

* September 25
September 25

* Morari Bapu , Hindu Kathakaar * Felicity Kendal , British actress * Jerry Penrod , American bass player

* September 26

* Andrea Dworkin , American feminist and writer (d. 2005
2005
) * Radha Krishna Mainali , Nepalese politician * Christine Todd Whitman , American politician

* September 28 Jeffrey Jones , American actor

* September 30
September 30

* Héctor Lavoe , Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993
1993
) * Claude Vorilhon , French-born 'messenger' of Raëlism

OCTOBER

Susan Sarandon Naoto Kan
Naoto Kan
Richard Carpenter Bob Seagren

* October 1
October 1
– Tim O\'Brien , American author

* October 2

* Gen. Sonthi Boonyaratglin , President of the Council for National Security and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army * Marie-Georges Pascal , French actress

* October 3 P. P. Arnold , American singer

* October 4

* Susan Sarandon , American actress * Rhie Won-bok , South Korean artist

* October 6

* Lloyd Doggett , American politician * Renate Holub , German philosopher

* October 7
October 7

* Xue Jinghua , Chinese ballerina * Catharine MacKinnon , American feminist

* October 8
October 8

* Hanan Ashrawi , Palestinian scholar and legislator * John T. Walton , son of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (d. 2005
2005
)

* October 9 Tansu Çiller , Turkish politician

* October 10
October 10

* Anne Boyd , Australian musician * Mildred Grieveson , British writer * Naoto Kan
Naoto Kan
, 61st Prime Minister of Japan * Chris Tarrant
Chris Tarrant
, British radio and TV personality

* October 11

* Amitabh Bachchan
Amitabh Bachchan
, Indian actor * Daryl Hall , American rock musician (Hall Mayor of Houston, Texas

* October 30

* Lynne Marta , American actress * Andrea Mitchell , American journalist

* October 31
October 31
Stephen Rea , Northern Irish actor

NOVEMBER

Laura Bush
Laura Bush
Sally Field
Sally Field
Petra Burka Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

* November 1

* Ric Grech , British rock bassist (d. 1990
1990
) * Lynne Russell , American newsreader

* November 2
November 2
Giuseppe Sinopoli , Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001
2001
)

* November 4

* Laura Bush
Laura Bush
, former First Lady of the United States * Les Lannom , American actor and musician * Robert Mapplethorpe , American photographer (d. 1989
1989
)

* November 5

* Herman Brood , Dutch artist (d. 2001
2001
) * Loleatta Holloway , American singer (d. 2011
2011
) * Gram Parsons
Gram Parsons
, American musician (d. 1973
1973
)

* November 6 Sally Field
Sally Field
, American actress and singer * November 7 Diane Francis , Canadian journalist

* November 8

* Stella Chiweshe , Zimbabwean musician * John Farrar , Australian guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Shadows & Marvin, Welch "> José Carreras Rhoma Irama
Rhoma Irama
Don Gummer Patty Duke Benny Andersson Steven Spielberg Carl Wilson
Carl Wilson
Jeff Sessions Mike Beebe

* December 2 Gianni Versace , Italian fashion designer (d. 1997 )

* December 3

* Marjana Lipovšek , Slovenian singer and actress * Joop Zoetemelk
Joop Zoetemelk
, Dutch cyclist

* December 4

* Sherry Alberoni , American actress and voice artist * Yō Inoue , Japanese voice actress (d. 2003
2003
)

* December 5

* José Carreras , Spanish tenor * Eva-Britt Svensson , Swedish politician

* December 6 Nancy Brinker
Nancy Brinker
, American health activist and diplomat

* December 8

* Jacques Bourboulon , French photographer * John Rubinstein
John Rubinstein
, American actor * Sharmila Tagore , Indian actress

* December 9 Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
, Indian politician

* December 10

* Chrystos , American poet * Thomas Lux , American poet

* December 11

* Rhoma Irama
Rhoma Irama
, Indonesian dangdut musician, actor and politician * Susan Kyle , American writer * Ellen Meloy , American writer (d. 2004
2004
)

* December 12

* Emerson Fittipaldi , Brazilian racing car driver * Gloria Loring , American singer * Don Gummer , American sculptor

* December 13
December 13
Nicholas Kollerstrom , British writer

* December 14

* Antony Beevor , English historian * Jane Birkin
Jane Birkin
, English actress and singer * Patty Duke , American actress (d. 2016
2016
) * Lynne Marie Stewart , American actress

* December 16

* Benny Andersson , Swedish rock singer and songwriter * Alice Aycock , American sculptor * Trevor Pinnock , English harpsichordist and conductor

* December 17

* Eugene Levy , Canadian actor, comedian and director * Bel Mooney , English broadcast journalist

* December 18

* Steve Biko , South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1977
1977
) * Nina Škottová , Czech politician and member of the European Parliament * Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
, American film director

* December 19

* Candace Pert , American neuroscientist * Robert Urich
Robert Urich
, American actor (d. 2002
2002
)

* December 20

* Lesley Judd , English television presenter * John Spencer , American actor (d. 2005
2005
) * Dick Wolf , American television producer * Uri Geller
Uri Geller
, Israeli illusionist

* December 21

* Brian Davison , Rhodesian cricketer and Tasmanian politician * Carl Wilson
Carl Wilson
, American musician (d. 1998
1998
)

* December 23

* Edita Gruberová , Slovakian soprano * Susan Lucci , American actress * John Sullivan , English television scriptwriter (d. 2011
2011
)

* December 24

* Jan Akkerman , Dutch rock guitarist (Focus ) * Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin , French politician and member of the European Parliament * Brenda Howard , American bisexual activist (d. 2005
2005
) * Jeff Sessions , American politician, United States Attorney General

* December 25

* Jimmy Buffett , American rock singer and songwriter * Larry Csonka , American football player * Gene Lamont , American baseball player and manager

* December 27

* Lenny Kaye , American guitarist * Janet Street-Porter , English broadcast journalist

* December 28

* Mike Beebe , American politician and attorney * Edgar Winter , American rock musician

* December 29

* Marianne Faithfull , English singer and actress * Ruth Shady , Peruvian archaeologist

* December 30

* Patti Smith , American poet and singer * Berti Vogts , German football player and manager

* December 31
December 31
Diane von Fürstenberg , Belgian-American fashion designer

DATE UNKNOWN

* Tyler Burge , American philosopher * Jang Song-thaek , North Korean politician (d. 2013
2013
) * Jacques Hiron , French journalist and writer * Ada Mee , German artist * Kebby Musokotwane , Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 1996
1996
) * Afsaneh Najmabadi , Iranian historian and gender theorist * Omar Al-Shammaa , Lebanese actor and voice actor

DEATHS

JANUARY

László Bárdossy

* January 3
January 3
William Joyce , Irish-American World War II
World War II
Nazi propaganda broadcaster known as " Lord Haw-Haw " (executed) (b. 1906
1906
) * January 4 George Woolf , Canadian jockey (b. 1910
1910
) * January 5 Kitty Cheatham , American singer (b. 1864
1864
)

* January 6

* Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1892
1892
) * Slim Summerville , American actor (b. 1892
1892
)

* January 8 Dion Fortune , British writer (b. 1890
1890
) * January 9 Countee Cullen
Countee Cullen
, American poet (b. 1903
1903
)

* January 10

* László Bárdossy , Hungarian diplomat and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1890
1890
) * Harry Von Tilzer , American songwriter (b. 1872
1872
)

* January 13 Wilhelm Souchon , German admiral (b. 1864
1864
) * January 15 Karl Nabersberg , German youth leader (b. 1908
1908
) * January 25 Orishatukeh Faduma , American missionary (b. 1855
1855
)

* January 29

* Hideo Hatoyama , Japanese jurist (b. 1884
1884
) * Harry Hopkins
Harry Hopkins
, American politician (b. 1890
1890
) * Adriaan van Maanen , Dutch–American astronomer (b. 1884
1884
)

* January 31

* Pietro Boetto , Italian Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
cardinal and eminence (b. 1871
1871
) * Luis Orgaz Yodi , Spanish general (b. 1881
1881
)

FEBRUARY

Felix Hoffmann Maliq Bushati
Maliq Bushati
Rafael Erich

* February 2 Rondo Hatton , American actor (b. 1894
1894
) * February 5 George Arliss , British actor (b. 1868
1868
)

* February 6

* Upendranath Brahmachari , Indian scientist (b. 1873
1873
) * Oswald Kabasta , Austrian conductor (suicide) (b. 1896
1896
)

* February 8

* Felix Hoffmann , German chemist (b. 1868
1868
) * Miles Mander , British actor (b. 1888
1888
)

* February 11 Ludovic-Oscar Frossard , French socialist and communist politician (b. 1889
1889
) * February 12 – George Dumas , French doctor and psychologist (b. 1866
1866
)

* February 15

* Cornelius Johnson , American athlete (b. 1913
1913
) * Maliq Bushati
Maliq Bushati
, Albanian collabrator and 18th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1880
1880
)

* February 17

* Dorothy Gibson , American actress (b. 1889
1889
) * Benjamin I , Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1871
1871
)

* February 19 Rafael Erich , Finnish politician, professor and diplomat, 6th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879
1879
) * February 21 Theodore Stark Wilkinson , American admiral (b. 1888
1888
) * February 23 Tomoyuki Yamashita , Japanese general (executed) (b. 1885
1885
) * February 25 René Le Grèves , French cyclist (b. 1910
1910
) * February 28 Giuseppe Salvago Raggi , Italian diplomat (b. 1866 )

MARCH

Ferenc Szálasi Francisco Largo Caballero

* March 2 George E. Stewart , American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872
1872
) * March 4 Bror von Blixen-Finecke , Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886
1886
) * March 6
March 6
Antonio Caso Andrade , Mexican philosopher (b. 1883
1883
) * March 9
March 9
Adolfo Ferrata , Italian pathologist and hematologist (b. 1880
1880
)

* March 12
March 12

* Ferenc Szálasi , Hungarian military officer and Fascist politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (executed) (b. 1897
1897
) * Leonida Tonelli , Italian mathematician (b. 1885
1885
)

* March 14 Werner von Blomberg , German field marshal (b. 1878 )

* March 16

* José Júlio da Costa , Portuguese activist (b. 1893
1893
) * Alladiya Khan , Indian singer (b. 1855
1855
)

* March 17
March 17
Joseph de Pesquidoux , French writer (b. 1869
1869
) * March 19 Augusto Nicolás Martínez , Ecuadorian agronomist, economist, geologist, researcher, educator and mountaineer (b. 1860
1860
)

* March 23

* Francisco Largo Caballero , Spanish politician and trade unionist, 66th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1869
1869
) * Gilbert N. Lewis , American chemist (b. 1875
1875
)

* March 24
March 24

* Alexander Alekhine , Russian chess player (b. 1892
1892
) * Carl Schuhmann , German athlete (b. 1869
1869
)

* March 26
March 26
Ezequiel Fernández , acting President of Panama (b. 1886
1886
) * March 29 László Endre , Hungarian politician (b. 1895
1895
) * March 31 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort , British field marshal (b. 1886
1886
)

APRIL

Juan Bautista Sacasa Robert Bartlett

* April 1
April 1

* Noah Beery, Sr. , American actor (b. 1882
1882
) * Edward Sheldon , American playwright (b. 1886
1886
)

* April 2 Kate Bruce , veteran silent screen actress, made many films with D. W. Griffith (b. 1858
1858
)

* April 3

* Alf Common , English footballer (b. 1880
1880
) * Masaharu Homma , Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887
1887
)

* April 5 Vincent Youmans , American composer (b. 1898
1898
) * April 7
April 7
Padmanath Gohain Baruah , Indian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1871
1871
)

* April 8

* Bo Gu , 3rd General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (accident) (b. 1907
1907
) * Patriarch Eulogius (b. 1868
1868
)

* April 14 Otto Dowling , United States Navy
United States Navy
Captain and the 25th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1881
1881
)

* April 17

* Guido Calza , Italian archaeologist (b. 1888
1888
) * Juan Bautista Sacasa , 20th President of Nicaragua (b. 1874
1874
)

* April 20
April 20
Mae Busch , American actress (b. 1891
1891
) * April 21 John Maynard Keynes , British economist (b. 1883
1883
)

* April 22

* Lionel Atwill , British actor (b. 1885
1885
) * Harlan F. Stone , Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872
1872
)

* April 28 – Robert Bartlett , American explorer and navigator (b. 1875
1875
)

MAY

Marcela de Agoncillo

* May 1
May 1

* Bill Johnston , American tennis champion (b. 1894
1894
) * Israfil Mammadov , Soviet WWII heroine (b. 1919
1919
)

* May 9 Léon Guillet , French metallurgist (b. 1873
1873
) * May 10 Emile de Cartier de Marchienne , Belgian diplomat (b. 1871
1871
) * May 11
May 11
Pedro Henríquez Ureña , Dominican essayist, philosopher, humanist and philologist (b. 1884
1884
)

* May 16

* Bruno Tesch , German chemist and Nazi war criminal (executed) (b. 1890
1890
) * Karl Weinbacher , German manager and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898
1898
)

* May 19

* Franceso Camero Medici , Italian diplomat (b. 1886
1886
) * Ángel Ossorio y Gallardo , Spanish lawyer and statesman (b. 1873 ) * Booth Tarkington
Booth Tarkington
, American novelist (b. 1869
1869
)

* May 20

* Jacob Ellehammer , Danish inventor (b. 1871
1871
) * Enrico Gasparri , Italian Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
cardinal and archbishop (b. 1871
1871
)

* May 22 Karl Hermann Frank , German Nazi official and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898
1898
) * May 23 – Billy Sullivan , American actor (b. 1891
1891
)

* May 26
May 26

* Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (b. 1865
1865
) * Joseffy , Austrian magician (b. 1873
1873
)

* May 27

* Claire Croiza , French soprano (b. 1882
1882
) * Henri Hauser , French historian, geographer, and economist (b. 1866
1866
)

* May 29 Cagnaccio di San Pietro , Italian painter (b. 1897
1897
) * May 30
May 30
Marcela Agoncillo , Filipino who sewed the first Filipino flag (b. 1860
1860
) * May 31 Picoğlu Osman , Turkish kemenche player (b. 1901
1901
)

JUNE

Ion Antonescu
Ion Antonescu
Gerhart Hauptmann
Gerhart Hauptmann
Jorge Ubico Juan Antonio Ríos

* June 1

* Ion Antonescu
Ion Antonescu
, Romanian soldier and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Romania
Romania
and Romanian dictator (executed) (b. 1882
1882
) * Mihai Antonescu , Romanian politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Romania
Romania
(b. 1904
1904
) * Leo Slezak , German tenor (b. 1873
1873
)

* June 3
June 3
Chen Gongbo , 2nd President of Republic
Republic
of China during Nanjing regime (executed) (b. 1892
1892
) * June 5 Maud Watson , British tennis player, first female Wimbledon champion (b. 1864
1864
) * June 6 Gerhart Hauptmann
Gerhart Hauptmann
, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862
1862
) * June 9 Ananda Mahidol
Ananda Mahidol
(Rama VIII) , King of Siam (assassinated) (b. 1925
1925
) * June 10 – Jack Johnson , American boxer (b. 1878
1878
) * June 12
June 12
Hisaichi Terauchi , Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1879
1879
) * June 13
June 13
– Charles Butterworth , American actor (b. 1896
1896
)

* June 14

* Jorge Ubico , Guatemalan army general, 21st President of Guatemala (b. 1878
1878
) * John Logie Baird , British television pioneer (b. 1888
1888
) * Edward Bowes , American radio personality (b. 1874
1874
) * Charles Butterworth , American actor (b. 1896
1896
)

* June 18
June 18
– Eugen Hirschfield , Australian practitioner (b. 1866 ) * June 19 Theodor Wulf , German physicist and Jesuit priest (b. 1868
1868
) * June 20 Empress Wanrong of China (b. 1906
1906
) * June 23 William S. Hart
William S. Hart
, American stage actor and silent film Western star, film director, and writer (b. 1864
1864
) * June 24 Marian Bernaciak , Polish World War II
World War II
heroine (b. 1917
1917
)

* June 27

* Juan Antonio Ríos , Chilean political figure, 24th President of Chile , leader of World War II
World War II
(b. 1888
1888
) * Wanda Gág , American artist, author, translator and illustrator (b. 1893
1893
)

* June 28 Antoinette Perry , American actress and director (b. 1888
1888
) * June 30 Jelica Belović-Bernardzikowska , Yugoslav journalist, writer and journalist (b. 1870
1870
)

JULY

Federico Laredo Bru
Federico Laredo Bru
Blessed Alexander Vvedensky Saint Alphonsa

* July – Howard Hyde Russell , American temperance advocate, founder of the Anti-Saloon League (b. 1855
1855
) * July 1
July 1
Augustyn Józef Czartoryski , Polish nobleman (b. 1907 )

* July 2

* Mary Alden , American stage and screen actress (b. 1883
1883
) * Albert Sechehaye , Swiss linguist (b. 1870
1870
)

* July 4
July 4

* Jenny-Wanda Barkmann , German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922
1922
) * Elisabeth Becker
Elisabeth Becker
, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1923
1923
) * Wanda Klaff , German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922
1922
) * Ewa Paradies
Ewa Paradies
, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1920
1920
) * Gerda Steinhoff
Gerda Steinhoff
, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922
1922
)

* July 7
July 7
Federico Laredo Brú , 8th President of Cuba
Cuba
(b. 1875 ) * July 8
July 8
Orrick Glenday Johns , American writer (b. 1887
1887
)

* July 12

* Ray Stannard Baker , American journalist and author (b. 1870
1870
) * Teresa Janina Kierocińska , Polish Discalced Carmelite nun and venerable (b. 1885
1885
)

* July 13 Alfred Stieglitz , American photographer (b. 1864
1864
) * July 15 Razor Smith , English cricketer (b. 1877
1877
) * July 16 Raffaele Conflenti , Italian engineer and aircraft designer (b. 1889
1889
)

* July 17
July 17

* Kosta Mušicki , Yugoslav general (b. 1897
1897
) * Campbell Tait , Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1886
1886
)

* July 19 George Mackenzie Brown , Canadian-born British publisher (b. 1869
1869
) * July 20
July 20
Shiro Kawase , Japanese admiral (b. 1889
1889
)

* July 21
July 21

* Shefqet Vërlaci , Albanian politician, 12th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1877
1877
) * Gualberto Villarroel , 46th President of Bolivia (assassinated) (b. 1908
1908
)

* July 22
July 22
Edward Sperling , Russian-American-Jewish writer and Zionist (assassinated) (b. 1889
1889
) * July 26 – Alexander Vvedensky , Soviet Orthodox religious leader and blessed (b. 1889
1889
) * July 25 – Harry Davis , Canadian gangster (b. 1898
1898
) * July 27 Gertrude Stein , American writer (b. 1874
1874
) * July 28 Saint Alphonsa , Indian Franciscan
Franciscan
nun and saint (b. 1910
1910
)

AUGUST

Wilhelm Marx H. G. Wells

* August 2 Karl, Prince of Leiningen (b. 1898
1898
) * August 5 Wilhelm Marx , German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863
1863
)

* August 6
August 6

* Blanche Bingley Hillyard , English tennis champion (b. 1863
1863
) * Tony Lazzeri , American baseball player ( New York Yankees
New York Yankees
) and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1903
1903
)

* August 8
August 8
Maria Barrientos , Spanish opera singer (b. 1883
1883
) * August 9 Léon Gaumont , French film pioneer (b. 1864
1864
) * August 11 Giuseppe Pietri , Italian composer (b. 1886
1886
) * August 12 Inayatullah Khan , King of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(b. 1888
1888
)

* August 13

* H. G. Wells , British science fiction writer and historian (b. 1866
1866
) * Émile Berlia , French politician (b. 1878
1878
)

* August 16 Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu (b. 1875
1875
) * August 20 "Rags" Ragland , American comedian and actor (b. 1905
1905
) * August 22 – Eugenisz Koszutski , Polish actor (b. 1881
1881
) * August 23 – Prince Fulco Ruffo di Calabria (b. 1884
1884
) * August 26 Jeanie MacPherson , American actress (b. 1887
1887
)

* August 28
August 28

* Georgios Kafantaris , Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1873
1873
) * Florence Turner , American actress (b. 1885
1885
)

* August 29 John Steuart Curry , American painter (b. 1897
1897
)

SEPTEMBER

Blessed Francesco Bonifacio

* September 11 Francesco Bonifacio , Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (killed in action) (b. 1912
1912
)

* September 16

* Henri Gouraud , French general (b. 1867
1867
) * James Hopwood Jeans
James Hopwood Jeans
, English physicist, astronomer and mathematician (b. 1877
1877
)

* September 17 – Frank Burke , American baseball player (b. 1880 ) * September 25
September 25
Heinrich George , German actor (b. 1893
1893
) * September 29 Raimu , French actor (b. 1883) * September 30
September 30
Takashi Sakai , Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887
1887
)

OCTOBER

Ignacy Moscicki
Ignacy Moscicki
Blessed Alberto Marvelli Per Albin Hansson

* October 1
October 1
Hiroshi Kawabuchi , Japanese politician (b. 1883
1883
) * October 2 Ignacy Mościcki , Polish chemist and politician, 4th President of Poland
Poland
(b. 1867
1867
) * October 4 Barney Oldfield
Barney Oldfield
, American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1878
1878
) * October 5
October 5
Alberto Marvelli , Italian member of the Roman Catholic action and blessed (b. 1918
1918
)

* October 6

* Per Albin Hansson
Per Albin Hansson
, Swedsh politician and 23rd Prime Minister of Sweden
Sweden
(b. 1885
1885
) * Joseph Francis Sartori , American banker (b. 1858
1858
)

* October 8
October 8
Agustín Parrado y García , Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1872
1872
) * October 12
October 12
Joseph Stilwell , American World War II
World War II
general (b. 1883
1883
) * October 15 Hermann Göring , German Nazi Reichsmarschall (suicide) (b. 1893
1893
)

* October 16

* Hans Frank , German Nazi Governor General of Poland
Poland
(executed) (b. 1900
1900
) * Wilhelm Frick
Wilhelm Frick
, German Nazi Minister of the Interior (executed) (b. 1877
1877
) * Alfred Jodl
Alfred Jodl
, German general and World War II
World War II
Chief of the German armed forces (executed) (b. 1890
1890
) * Ernst Kaltenbrunner , German Nazi police general (executed) (b. 1903
1903
) * Wilhelm Keitel , German field marshal (executed) (b. 1882
1882
) * Joachim von Ribbentrop , German Nazi foreign minister (executed) (b. 1893
1893
) * Alfred Rosenberg , German Nazi ideologist (executed) (b. 1893
1893
) * Fritz Sauckel , German Nazi general plenipotentiary (executed) (b. 1892
1892
) * Arthur Seyss-Inquart , Austrian Nazi leader (executed) (b. 1892
1892
) * Julius Streicher , German Nazi propaganda publisher (executed) (b. 1885
1885
)

* October 20 Igor Demidov , Soviet politician (b. 1873
1873
) * October 23
October 23
Francesco Carandini , Italian poet (b. 1858
1858
) * October 24 Kurt Daluege , German Nazi officer and war criminal (executed) (b. 1897
1897
)

NOVEMBER

Saint Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska

* November 2
November 2
– John Barrett , British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1878
1878
) * November 5 Joseph Stella
Joseph Stella
, Italian-American painter (b. 1877
1877
) * November 6 Maria Innocentia Hummel , German Franciscan religious sister and blessed (b. 1909
1909
) * November 7 Henry Lehrman , American actor (b. 1886
1886
) * November 10 Baldassare Forestiere , Italian immigration (b. 1879
1879
) * November 11 Nikolay Burdenko , Soviet surgeon, founder of Soviet neurosurgery (b. 1876
1876
) * November 12
November 12
Camillo Caccia Dominioni , Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and eminence (b. 1877
1877
) * November 14 Manuel de Falla , Spanish composer (b. 1876
1876
) * November 18 Donald Meek , British actor (b. 1878
1878
) * November 24 László Moholy-Nagy , Hungarian painter and photographer (b. 1895
1895
) * November 25
November 25
George Gandy , American entrepreneur (b. 1851
1851
) * November 26 Sultana Racho Petrova , Bulgarian memoirist (b. 1869
1869
) * November 28 Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska , Polish Roman Catholic religious leader and saint (b. 1890
1890
)

DECEMBER

Blessed Francis Xavier Lasance W. C. Fields

* December 5 Louis Dewis , Belgian Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1872
1872
)

* December 7

* Laurette Taylor , American actress (b. 1884
1884
) * Sada Yacco , Japanese stage actress (b. 1871
1871
)

* December 10

* Walter Johnson
Walter Johnson
, American baseball player (Washington Senators ) and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1887
1887
) * Damon Runyon , American writer (b. 1880
1880
)

* December 11 Francis Xavier Lasance , American Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1860
1860
)

* December 12

* Ben Carter , American actor (b. 1910
1910
) * Renée Falconetti , French actress (b. 1892
1892
)

* December 13
December 13
Curtis Hidden Page , American politician (b. 1870 ) * December 14 Tom Dowse , Irish major league baseball player in the 1890s (b. 1866
1866
) * December 16 Salman al-Murshid , Syrian religious leader and political figure (b. 1907
1907
) * December 20 Einosuke Harada , Japanese ophthamologist (b. 1892 ) * December 22 Pierre Bénard , French journalist (b. 1898
1898
) * December 23 John A. Sampson , American gynecologist (b. 1873
1873
)

* December 25

* W. C. Fields , American actor and comedian (b. 1880
1880
) * Henri Le Fauconnier , French painter (b. 1881
1881
)

* December 26
December 26
Franjo Bučar , Yugoslav writer (b. 1866
1866
) * December 27 – Pedro Mata Dominguez , Spanish novelist, playwright and poet (b. 1875
1875
)

* December 28

* Carrie Jacobs-Bond , American singer and songwriter (b. 1862
1862
) * Francis Salabert , French publisher (b. 1884
1884
)

NOBEL PRIZES

* Physics – Percy Williams Bridgman * Chemistry – James B. Sumner , John Howard Northrop , Wendell Meredith Stanley * Physiology or Medicine – Hermann Joseph Muller * Literature – Hermann Hesse * Peace – Emily Greene Balch , John Mott
John Mott

REFERENCES

* ^ Leary, William M. , ed. (1984). The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents. University of Alabama Press. pp. 20–21. * ^ "Year by Year 1946" – History Channel International * ^ Wezel, Fritz (1948-10-01). "Pestalozzi Children Village at Trogen" (PDF). UNESCO
UNESCO
. Retrieved 2010-11-23. * ^ Logevall, Fredrik (2013). Embers of War . Random House . p. 136. ISBN 978-0375756474 .

FURTHER READING

* Goulden, Joseph C. The Best Years: 1945-1950 (1976), popular social history of USA * Hennessy, Peter. Never Again: Britain, 1945-1951 (1994)), a scholarly survey. * Kynaston, David. Austerity Britain, 1945–1951 (2008) excerpt and text search, a detaied social history. * Sebestyen, Victor. 1946: The Making of the Modern World (2015) excerpt * Weisbrode, Kenneth. The Year of Indecision, 1946: A Tour Through the Crucible of Harry Truman's America (2016) excerpt

EXTERNAL LINKS

* 1946
1946
Coin Pictures * Newsreel May 23, 1946: Rail strike paralyzes the United States * Newsreel May 29, 1946: End of U.S. coal strike

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