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The Info List - 1946


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1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

Contents

1 Events

1.1 January 1.2 February 1.3 March 1.4 April 1.5 May 1.6 June 1.7 July 1.8 August 1.9 September 1.10 October 1.11 November 1.12 December 1.13 Date unknown

2 Births

2.1 January 2.2 February 2.3 March 2.4 April 2.5 May 2.6 June 2.7 July 2.8 August 2.9 September 2.10 October 2.11 November 2.12 December 2.13 Date Unknown

3 Deaths

3.1 January 3.2 February 3.3 March 3.4 April 3.5 May 3.6 June 3.7 July 3.8 August 3.9 September 3.10 October 3.11 November 3.12 December

4 Nobel Prizes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Events[edit] January[edit] Main article: January 1946

January 6

The first general election ever in Vietnam is held. A revised and streamlined revival of Kern and Hammerstein's Show Boat opens on Broadway at the Ziegfeld Theatre.

January 7 – The Allies recognize the Austrian republic with its 1937 borders, and divide the country into four occupation zones.

January 10: First meeting of UN.

January 10: Project Diana

January 10

The first meeting of the United Nations is held at Methodist Central Hall Westminster in London. Project Diana bounces radar waves off the Moon, measuring the exact distance between the Earth and the Moon, and proves that communication is possible between Earth and outer space, effectively opening the Space Age.

January 11

Enver Hoxha declares the People's Republic of Albania, with himself as prime minister. Porfirio Barba-Jacob's ashes go back to Colombia.

January 16 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as a head of a French provisional government. January 17

The United Nations Security Council holds its first session at Church House, Westminster in London. United States Senator Dennis Chávez (D-NM) calls for a vote on a Fair Employment Practice Committee bill which calls for an end to discrimination in the workplace. A filibuster prevents it from passing.

January 19

The Bell XS-1 is test flown for the first time (unpowered), with Bell's chief test pilot Jack Woolams at the controls. General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.

January 20 – Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France. January 22

Iran crisis of 1946: Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at the Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president, Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister. The National Intelligence Authority and its operational arm the Central Intelligence Group are established in the United States; these become part of the Central Intelligence Agency in 1947.[1]

January 28: Bluenose founders.

January 25 – The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor. January 28 – The Canadian schooner Bluenose founders on a Haitian reef. January 31

The last session of the Permanent Court of International Justice occurs. Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes 6 constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).

February[edit] Main article: February 1946

February 1

Trygve Lie of Norway is selected as the first United Nations Secretary-General. The Kingdom of Hungary becomes a republic, heavily influenced by the Soviet Union.

February 14

The Bank of England is nationalized. ENIAC (for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), an early general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. Weighed 60,000 pounds (over 27 tons) and occupied a big room.

February 15 – Canada indicts 22 communist agents. February 20 – An explosion kills more than 400 coal miners in West Germany. February 24 – Juan Perón is elected president of Argentina. February 28 – In Philadelphia, General Electric strikers and police clash.

March[edit] Main article: March 1946

March 2

British troops withdraw from Iran according to treaty; the Soviets do not. Ho Chi Minh is elected President of North Vietnam.

March 4 – C. G. E. Mannerheim resigns as president of Finland. March 5 – In his speech at Westminster College, in Fulton, Missouri, Winston Churchill talks about the Iron Curtain. March 6 – Vietnam War: Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union. March 7 – The 18th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Best Picture goes to The Lost Weekend. March 9

Juho Kusti Paasikivi becomes 7th President of Finland. Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, 33 killed and hundreds amongst the injured

March 10 – British troops begin withdrawing from Lebanon. March 15 – Clement Attlee promises independence to India as soon as they can agree on a constitution. March 19

The Soviet Union and Switzerland resume diplomatic relations. French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.

March 22 – The United Kingdom grants Transjordan, as it is then known, its independence; 3 years later the country changes its name to Jordan.[2] March 29 – The Gold Coast has an African majority in its parliament.

April[edit] Main article: April 1946

April 1

The 8.6 Mw Aleutian Islands earthquake shakes the Aleutian Islands with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). A destructive tsunami reaches the Hawaiian Islands resulting in many deaths, mostly in Hilo. Between 165 and 173 were killed. The Malayan Union is formed. Singapore becomes a Crown colony.

April 3 – Japanese Lt. General Masaharu Homma is executed outside Manila, the Philippines for leading the Bataan Death March. April 10 – In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet. April 14 – A member of Nakam, the "Jewish Avengers", poisons with arsenic the bread of SS prisoners of war held at Stalag XIII-D by the Americans. April 17 – Syria's independence from France is officially recognized. April 18

The inaugural session of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) occurs. The United States recognizes Josip Broz Tito's government in Yugoslavia. The League of Nations, in its last meeting, transfers its mission to the United Nations and disbands itself.

April 23 – The Eastern Pennsylvania Basketball League (which is now the CBA) is founded. April 27 – FA Cup: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic in the first FA Cup final since 1939. April 28 – Pestalozzi Children's Village (Kinderdorf Pestalozzi) established at Trogen in Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II according to Pestalozzian principles.[3] April 29 – Trial against war criminals begin in Tokyo; the accused include Hideki Tōjō, Shigenori Tōgō and Hiroshi Ōshima.

May[edit] Main article: May 1946

May 1 – At least 800 Indigenous Australian pastoral workers walk off the job in Northwest Western Australia, starting one of the longest industrial strikes in Australia. May 2 – Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Prison. A riot occurs, the "Battle of Alcatraz". May 7 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with about 20 employees. May 9 – King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Umberto II. May 10

Jawaharlal Nehru is elected leader of the Congress Party in India. The first V-2 rocket is successfully launched at the White Sands Missile Range.

May 20 – The British House of Commons decides to nationalize mines. May 21 – At the Los Alamos Laboratory, Dr. Louis Slotin saves his coworkers but receives a fatal dose of ionizing radiation (the incident is initially classified). May 22 – The Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan is founded. May 25 – The parliament of Transjordan makes emir Abdullah their king. May 26 – Czechoslovak parliamentary election, with Communist victory (38%), last before communists take power. May 31 – A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy.

June[edit] Main article: June 1946

June 1

Ion Antonescu, prime minister and "Conducator" (Leader) of Romania during World War II is executed; he was found guilty of betraying the Romanian people for benefits of Germany and sentenced to death by the Bucharest People's Tribunal. D'Argenlieu, French High Commissioner for Indo-China recognizes an autonomous "Republic of Cochin-China" in violation of the March 6 Ho–Sainteny agreement, opening the way for conflict between the Viet Minh and France.[4]

June 2 – In a referendum, Italians decide to turn Italy from a monarchy into a republic. Women vote for the first time. June 3 – The Interpol organization re-founded, telegraphic address "Interpol" adopted. June 6 – The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City. June 8 – In Indonesia, Sukarno incites his supporters to fight Dutch colonial occupation. June 9 – In Thailand, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) accedes the throne after the mysterious death of his brother, King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII). He will reign until his death in October 2016. June 10 – Italy is declared a republic. June 13 – Umberto II of Italy leaves the country and goes into exile in Portugal; Alcide De Gasperi becomes head of state. June 14 – The Baruch Plan is proposed to the United Nations. June 17

A tornado on the Detroit River kills 17. Laurence Olivier's Henry V opens in the United States nearly 2 years after its release in England. It is the first Shakespeare film in color, and critics hail it as the finest film of a Shakespeare play ever made.

June 23

The 7.5 Mw Vancouver Island earthquake affected the island with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Two people were killed. The National Democratic Front wins a landslide victory in the municipal elections in French India.

June 25 – International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) begins operations. June 30 – The War Relocation Authority is abolished.

July[edit] Main article: July 1946

July 1 – Nuclear testing: Operation Crossroads, a series of nuclear weapon tests conducted by the United States at Bikini Atoll in Micronesia, is initiated by detonation of Able at an altitude of 520 feet (158 m).

July 25: Undersea Atomic Test Baker

July 4

Ankara University is founded in Turkey. After more than 48 years of American dominance, the Philippines attains full independence as 3rd Republic, Manuel A. Roxas is 5th President of the Philippines. The Kielce Pogrom takes place in Poland.

July 5 – The bikini is first modeled in Paris. July 7

Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American saint to be canonized. Howard Hughes nearly dies in a test flight of the Hughes XF-11, which crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood due to a propeller malfunction.

July 16 – Bureau of Land Management (BLM) within Department of the Interior (formed by merger of Grazing Service and General Land Office). July 21 – An Irgun bomb explodes in Jerusalem due to secretive talks between Jews and Britain to consolidate the state of Israel. July 22 – King David Hotel bombing: The Irgun bombs the King David Hotel (headquarters of the British civil and military administration) in Jerusalem, killing 90. July 25

Nuclear testing: In the first underwater test of the atomic bomb, the surplus USS Saratoga is sunk near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, when the United States detonates the Baker device during Operation Crossroads. At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team. In the last mass lynching in the United States, a mob of white men shoot and kill two African-American couples near Moore's Ford Bridge in Georgia.

August[edit] Main article: August 1946

August 1

The United States Atomic Energy Commission is established. The Fulbright Program, a system of U.S. international educational exchange scholarships, is established. The Hungarian forint is introduced in Hungary by the government, ending the world's biggest hyperinflation in the country. The Scandinavian Airlines System is founded as a consortium of the flag carriers of Sweden, Denmark and Norway.

August 3 – Santa Claus Land (now Holiday World), opens to the public at Santa Claus, Indiana. It becomes the first themed park, preceding Disneyland by 9 years. August 4 – The 1946 Dominican Republic earthquake (magnitude 8.0) hits the northern Dominican Republic, killing 100 and leaving 20,000 homeless. August 16

Direct Action Day: Violence between Muslims and Hindus in Calcutta begins "The Week of the Long Knives" which leaves 3,000 dead. The All Hyderabad Trade Union Congress is founded in Secunderabad. The Kurdistan Democratic Party is founded in South Kurdistan.

August 18 – The Vergarola explosion in Croatia kills 70. August 25 – American golfer Ben Hogan wins the PGA Championship.

September[edit] Main article: September 1946

September 1 – 1946 Turin Grand Prix, a first recorded officially Formula One Grand Prix Motor Race held in Italy.[5] September 2 – The Interim Government of India takes charge, with Jawaharlal Nehru as Vice President, as part of the transition from the British Raj to full independence for India and Pakistan. September 4 – Street violence between Muslims and Hindus erupts in Bombay. September 8 – Bulgaria is declared a People's Republic after a referendum; King Simeon II leaves. September 19 – The Council of Europe is founded following a speech by Winston Churchill at the University of Zurich. September 24 – Cathay Pacific Airways is founded in Hong Kong by American Roy Farrell and Australian Sydney de Kantzow. September 28

Australian federal election, 1946: Ben Chifley's Labor Government is re-elected with an reduced majority, defeating the Liberal/Country Coalition led by former Prime Minister Robert Menzies. This is the first occasion where a Labor government successfully won two elections in a row on a federal level, albeit with a swing against them; among the casualties include former Prime Minister Frank Forde. This is also the first election contested by the newly formed Liberal Party, which replaced the United Australia Party as the main centre-right political party in Australia. George II of Greece returns to Athens.

October[edit] Main article: October 1946

October 1 – Mensa, an international organization for people with a high intelligence quotient (IQ), is founded by Roland Berrill, an Australian-born lawyer, and Dr Lancelot Ware, an English biochemist and lawyer, in Oxford. October 2 – Communists take over in Bulgaria. October 6 – Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson dies in office of a heart attack. October 10 – Commencement of the Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal at the hands of Muslim mobs. October 11 – After a few days of vacancy, the Swedish premiership is taken over by Tage Erlander. October 13 – France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic. October 14 – International Organization for Standardization (ISO) founded. October 15 – Nuremberg trials: Hermann Göring, founder of the Gestapo and recently convicted Nazi war criminal, poisons himself two hours before his scheduled execution. October 16

The remaining ten Nazi war criminals sentenced to death at the Nuremberg trials are executed by hanging in a gymnasium in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice. The United Nations' first meeting in Long Island is held.

October 23 – The United Nations General Assembly convenes for the first time, at an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, New York City.

November[edit] Main article: November 1946

November 1 – In the first Basketball Association of America game, the New York Knicks defeat the Toronto Huskies 68–66 at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens.

Flag of UNESCO

November 4 – UNESCO established as a specialized agency of the United Nations. November 5 – Senate and House elections in the United States both give majorities to the Republicans. November 10

At least 1,400 people are killed in an earthquake measuring 7.4 on the Richter magnitude scale, in the Ancash Region and Quiches District in Peru. The Slimbridge Wetland Reserve opens in England.

November 12

A truce is declared between Indonesian nationalist troops and the Dutch army in Indonesia. In Chicago, a branch of the Exchange National Bank (now part of the LaSalle Bank) opens the first 10 drive-up teller windows.

November 15 – The Netherlands recognizes the Republic of Indonesia. November 17 – Eight British servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish nationalists. November 19

Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations. Romanian general election, 1946: The Romanian Communist Party wins 79.86% of the vote through widespread intimidation tactics and electoral fraud.

November 22 – Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union. November 23

Vietnamese riot in Haiphong and clash with French troops. The French cruiser Suffren opens fire, killing 6,000 Vietnamese. The Workers' Party of South Korea is founded.

November 27 – Cold War: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru appeals to the United States and the Soviet Union to end nuclear testing and to start nuclear disarmament, stating that such an action would "save humanity from the ultimate disaster." November 29 – The All Indonesia Centre of Labour Organizations (SOBSI) is founded in Jakarta.

December[edit] Main article: December 1946

December 1 – Miguel Alemán Valdés takes office as President of Mexico. December 2 – The International Whaling Commission was signed in Washington, D.C. to "provide for the proper conservation of whale stocks and thus make possible the orderly development of the whaling industry". December 7 – A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, United States kills 119. December 11 – UNICEF (the United Nations Children's Emergency Fund) is founded. December 12

The United Nations severs relations with Franco's Spain and recommends that member countries sever diplomatic relations. Léon Blum founds a government of socialist parties in France. Iran crisis of 1946: Iranian troops recapture the Azerbaijan province.

December 14 – The International Labour Organization becomes a specialized agency of the United Nations. December 15

First French India Representative Assembly election held. Iran crisis of 1946: Iranian troops recapture the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad.

December 16 – Siam joins the United Nations (changes name to Thailand in 1949). December 19 – Viet Minh forces begin a war against French occupying forces in Vietnam, succeeding in 1954 with France's surrender at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. December 20

Frank Capra's It's a Wonderful Life, featuring James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, Henry Travers, and Thomas Mitchell, is released in New York. At least 1,362 people are killed in an earthquake and associated tsunami in Japan.

December 22 – The Havana Conference begins between U.S. organized crime bosses in Havana, Cuba. December 24 – France's Fourth Republic is founded. December 25 – The first artificial, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction in Europe was initiated within the Soviet (Russian) nuclear reactor F-1. December 26

The Flamingo Hotel opens on the Las Vegas Strip. David Lean's Great Expectations, based on the Charles Dickens novel, and featuring John Mills, Valerie Hobson, Martita Hunt, Alec Guinness, Francis L. Sullivan, Jean Simmons, and Finlay Currie, is released to great acclaim in the UK.

December 31 – President Harry S. Truman delivers Proclamation 2714, which officially ends hostilities in World War II.

Date unknown[edit]

The 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun contract is released. Female suffrage is enacted in Belgium, Romania, Yugoslavia, Argentina and the Canadian province of Quebec. The first female police officers are hired in Korea and Japan. The Chinese Civil War intensifies between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China. The first Tupperware is sold in department and hardware stores. The British government takes emergency powers to deal with the balance-of-payments crisis. Eva Perón tours Spain, Italy and France on behalf of Argentina, a circuit called the Rainbow Tour. The NFL team San Francisco 49ers is formed. The Casio company is founded by engineer Tadao Kashio. Binghamton University is founded.

Births[edit] January[edit]

Diane Keaton

Dolly Parton

David Lynch

Arnoldo Alemán

Gene Siskel

January 1

Roberto Rivelino, Brazilian football player Alain Voss, Brazilian-French comics artist (d. 2011)

January 3

John Paul Jones, English rock bassist (Led Zeppelin, Them Crooked Vultures) Cissy King, American dancer and singer

January 5 – Diane Keaton, American actress and film director January 6 – Syd Barrett, English rock guitarist and singer-songwriter Pink Floyd (d. 2006) January 8

Robby Krieger, American rock musician (The Doors) Stanton Peele, American psychologist

January 9

Levon Ter-Petrosyan, President of Armenia Mogens Lykketoft, Danish politician

January 11

Naomi Judd, American country singer John Piper, American theologian Ha Yu, Hong Kong actor

January 12 – George Duke, American musician (d. 2013) January 14

Feró Nagy, Hungarian singer Harold Shipman, British serial killer (d. 2004)

January 16

Kabir Bedi, Indian actor Katia Ricciarelli, Italian singer

January 18 – Joseph Deiss, Swiss Federal Councillor January 19

Julian Barnes, English novelist Dolly Parton, American singer-songwriter, actress, businesswoman and philanthropist

January 20 – David Lynch, American film director January 21 – Johnny Oates, American baseball player and manager (d. 2004) January 22

Malcolm McLaren, British music manager (d. 2010) Serge Savard, Canadian hockey player and executive

January 23 – Arnoldo Alemán, President of Nicaragua January 24 – Michael Ontkean, Canadian actor January 25

Géza Bereményi, Hungarian writer, screenwriter and film director Pete Price, Merseyside radio disc jockey

January 26

Gene Siskel, American film critic (d. 1999) Michel Delpech, French singer-songwriter and actor (d. 2016)

January 27 – Nedra Talley, American singer (The Ronettes) January 29 – Bettye LaVette, American soul singer-songwriter January 31 – Terry Kath, American rock musician (d. 1978)

February[edit]

Isaias Afwerki

Charlotte Rampling

Tyne Daly

Anthony Daniels

Alan Rickman

February 1 – Elisabeth Sladen, English actress (d. 2011) February 2

Isaias Afwerki, President of Eritrea Blake Clark, American actor and comedian

February 5 – Charlotte Rampling, British actress February 6

Kate McGarrigle, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2010) Jim Turner, American politician

February 7 – Pete Postlethwaite, English character actor (d. 2011) February 9 – Seán Neeson, Northern Irish politician February 13

Joe Estevez, American actor Colin Matthews, British composer

February 14

Bernard Dowiyogo, 7-time President of Nauru (d. 2003) Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor (d. 2003)

February 19 – Karen Silkwood, American activist (d. 1974) February 20

Brenda Blethyn, British actress J. Geils, lead guitarist of American rock group, The J. Geils Band (d. 2017)

February 21

Tyne Daly, American actress Anthony Daniels, English actor Alan Rickman, English actor and film director (d. 2016)

February 26 – Jiří Bělohlávek, Czech orchestral conductor (d. 2017) February 25

Andrew Ang, judge of the Supreme Court of Singapore Franz Xaver Kroetz, German dramatist Jean Todt, French motorsport manager

February 26 – Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016) February 28

Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005) Don Francisco, American Christian musician

March[edit]

David Gilmour

Frank Welker

Liza Minnelli

Timothy Dalton

Alejandro Toledo

Bill Plympton

March 1

Jan Kodeš, Czech tennis player Lana Wood, American actress and producer

March 4

Michael Ashcroft, English entrepreneur Haile Gerima, Ethiopian filmmaker Harvey Goldsmith, British impresario

March 5

Murray Head, English singer and actor Lova Moor, French singer and dancer

March 6

Larry Huber, American television producer and animator David Gilmour, English rock musician (Pink Floyd)

March 7

John Heard, American actor (d. 2017) Okko Kamu, Finnish conductor and violinist Peter Wolf, American rock musician (The J. Geils Band)

March 10 – Mike Hollands, Australian animator March 12

Frank Welker, American voice actor and singer Liza Minnelli, American singer and actress

March 13 – Yonatan Netanyahu, American-born Israeli Army officer, killed in Operation Entebbe (d. 1976) March 15 – Bobby Bonds, American baseball player and manager (d. 2003) March 17 – Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1995) March 21 – Timothy Dalton, Welsh actor March 25 – Cliff Balsom, English footballer March 26 – Johnny Crawford, American child actor and musician March 27

Olaf Malolepski, German musician (Die Flippers) Mike Jackson, former MLB pitcher.

March 28 – Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru March 29

Segun Bucknor, Nigerian musician and journalist (d. 2017) Billy Thorpe, English-born Australian singer-songwriter (d. 2007)

March 30

Bill Plympton, American cartoonist Carolyn Simpson, judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales

March 31 – Gonzalo Márquez, Venezuelan Major League Baseball player (d. 1984)

April[edit]

Hanna Suchocka

János Bródy

Ed O'Neill

Tim Curry

Ricardo Maduro

Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

April 3 – Hanna Suchocka, Prime Minister of Poland April 4 – Dave Hill, English guitarist (Slade) April 5

Jane Asher, English actress János Bródy, Hungarian singer, guitarist, composer and songwriter Björn Granath, Swedish actor (d. 2017)

April 7

Colette Besson, French track and field athlete (d. 2005) Léon Krier, Luxembourgian architect

April 8

Catfish Hunter, American baseball player (d. 1999) Tim Thomerson, American actor and comedian

April 10 – David Angell, American television producer (d. 2001) April 11 – Chris Burden, American artist (d. 2015) April 12 – Ed O'Neill, American actor April 15 – Marsha Hunt, American actress, singer and novelist April 16 – Margot Adler, American journalist April 18 – Hayley Mills, English actress April 19 – Tim Curry, British actor, singer and composer April 20

Julien Poulin, Canadian actor Ricardo Maduro, President of Honduras

April 22

John Waters, American film director Paul Davies, English physicist

April 25

John Fox, British statistician Talia Shire, American actress Strobe Talbott, American journalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian politician

April 28 – Larissa Grunig, American public relations theorist and feminist April 29 – Franc Roddam, English film director, businessman, screenwriter, television producer and publisher April 30 – King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden

May[edit]

Joanna Lumley

Candice Bergen

Donovan

Udo Lindenberg

André the Giant

Cher

George Best

May 1 – Joanna Lumley, English actress and author May 2

Lesley Gore, American rock singer (d. 2015) Ralf Gothóni, Finnish pianist, conductor and composer

May 4 – John Watson, Northern Irish racecar driver May 5

Jim Kelly, American actor, martial artist and tennis player (d. 2013) Kebby Musokotwane, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 1996)

May 7

Thelma Houston, American singer Michael Rosen, British novelist and poet

May 9

Candice Bergen, American actress Drafi Deutscher, German Schlager singer (d. 2006)

May 10

Graham Gouldman, English songwriter and musician (10cc, Wax) Donovan, Scottish rock musician Dave Mason, English rock musician (Traffic) Birutė Galdikas, Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author

May 11 – Robert Jarvik, American physicist and artificial heart inventor May 12 – Richard Bruce Silverman, John Evans Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University May 13 – Tim Pigott-Smith, English actor and author (d. 2017) May 15 – Klaus-Peter Siegloch, German journalist May 16 – Robert Fripp, British musician May 17 – Udo Lindenberg, German musician May 18 – Reggie Jackson, American baseball player May 19

André the Giant, French professional wrestler (d. 1993) Claude Lelièvre, Belgian Commissioner for Children Rights Roger Sloman, English actor

May 20 – Cher, American actress and rock singer May 22

George Best, Northern Irish footballer (d. 2005) Howard Kendall, English footballer (d. 2015)

May 23 – Frederik de Groot, Dutch actor May 24 – Nicolau dos Reis Lobato, President of East Timor May 26 – Mick Ronson, English guitarist (d. 1993) May 28

Bruce Alexander, English actor K. Satchidanandan, Malayalam poet

May 29 – Fernando Buesa, Basque politician (d. 2000) May 30 – Candy Lightner, American founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving May 31 – Adriana Bittel, Romanian writer

June[edit]

Donald Trump

Noddy Holder

Xanana Gusmão

Ted Shackelford

June 1 – Brian Cox, Scottish actor June 2

Peter Sutcliffe, English serial killer Tomomichi Nishimura, Japanese voice actor

June 4 – Suzanne Ciani, American pianist and electronic composer June 5 – Stefania Sandrelli, Italian actress June 7

Jenny Jones, Palestinian-Canadian comedian and talk show hostess Robert Tilton, American televangelist and author

June 8 – Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of St. Lucia June 10 – Fernando Balzaretti, Mexican actor (d. 1998) June 13 – Paul L. Modrich, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry June 14 – Donald Trump, 45th President of the United States, American television personality and real estate magnate June 15

Noddy Holder, English rock singer (Slade) Janet Lennon, American singer (The Lennon Sisters) Demis Roussos, Greek singer (d. 2015)

June 17 – Marcy Kaptur, U.S. Representative for the Ninth Congressional District of Ohio June 18

Russell Ash, British author (d. 2010) Fabio Capello, Italian football player and manager

June 20 – Xanana Gusmão, 1st President of East Timor June 21

Vincenzo Camporini, Chief of the Defence General Staff Kiril Ivkov, Bulgarian football defender

June 22

Kay Redfield Jamison, American psychiatrist Fabio Enzo, Italian football player Józef Oleksy, 7th Prime Minister of Poland (d. 2015)

June 23 – Ted Shackelford, American actor June 24

Nguyễn Đức Soát, Vietnamese general Ellison Onizuka, American astronaut (d. 1986) Robert Reich, 22nd United States Secretary of Labor

June 25

Pete Vanderwaal, Dutch engineer Henk van Kessel, Dutch road racer

June 26

Maria von Welser, German TV journalist and President of UNICEF Germany Anthony John Valentine Obinna, Nigerian priest Leo Rossi, American actor

June 27 – Russ Critchfield, American basketball player June 28

David Duckham, English rugby union player Gilda Radner, American comedian and actress (d. 1989)

June 29

Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (d. 2004) Gitte Hænning, Danish singer Ernesto Pérez Balladares, President of Panama

June 30 – Allan Hunter, Irish footballer and manager

July[edit]

Mireya Moscoso

Leszek Miller

George W. Bush

Sylvester Stallone

Bon Scott

Cheech Marin

Hassanal Bolkiah

Danny Glover

July 1

Alceu Valença, Brazilian composer, writer, performer, actor, and poet Stefan Aust, German journalist and editor-in-chief of the weekly news magazine Der Spiegel from 1994 to 2008 Mireya Moscoso, President of Panama

July 2 – Richard Axel, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine July 3 – Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland July 4

Sam Hunt, New Zealand poet Michael Milken, American financier Ed O'Ross, American actor Roy Cimatu, Filipino general

July 6

George W. Bush, 43rd President of the United States Sylvester Stallone, American actor, screenwriter and film director Tiemen Groen, Dutch cyclist

July 7 – Tadeusz Nowicki, Polish tennis player July 8

Massimo Vanni, Italian actor Daniela Beneck, Italian freestyle swimmer

July 9

Mitch Mitchell, English drummer (The Jimi Hendrix Experience) (d. 2008) Bon Scott, Australian rock singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)

July 10

Oliver Martin, American cyclist Sue Lyon, American actress

July 11

Jean-Pierre Coopman, Belgian boxer Jack Wrangler, American porn star (d. 2009)

July 12 – Ernesto Mahieux, Italian actor July 13

João Bosco, Brazilian singer-songwriter Cheech Marin, American actor and comedian

July 14

Vincent Pastore, American actor John Wood, Australian actor

July 15

Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei Linda Ronstadt, American singer and songwriter

July 16

Toshio Furukawa, Japanese voice actor Dave Goelz, American puppeteer Monica Aspelund, Finnish singer Ron Yary, American football player

July 17

Claudia Islas, Mexican actress Alun Armstrong, English actor

July 18 – Kanat Saudabayev, Kazakhstani politician July 19 – Ilie Năstase, Romanian tennis player July 20 – Htin Kyaw, 9th President of Myanmar July 21 – Domingo Cavallo, Argentine economist and politician July 22

Danny Glover, American actor and film director Mireille Mathieu, French singer Petre Roman, 53rd Prime Minister of Romania Johnson Toribiong, 8th President of Palau

July 23 – Sally Flynn, American singer July 25 – Rita Marley, Jamaican singer July 27

Gwynne Gilford, American actress Jacques Sylla, 12th Prime Minister of Madagascar (d. 2009)

July 28 – Jonathan Edwards, American singer-songwriter and guitarist July 29 – Ximena Armas, Chilean painter July 30 – Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)

August[edit]

Ralph Gonsalves

Lesley Ann Warren

Bill Clinton

Keith Moon

August 1

Mike Emrick, American sportscaster Sandi Griffiths, American singer

August 3 – Jack Straw, English politician August 5

Ron Silliman, American poet Loni Anderson, American actress Shirley Ann Jackson, President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board

August 8 – Ralph Gonsalves, 4th Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines August 9 – Jim Kiick, American football player August 12 – Terry Nutkins, English naturalist (d. 2012) August 13 – Janet Yellen, American Chair of the Federal Reserve August 16 – Lesley Ann Warren, American actress and singer August 17 – Drake Levin, né Levinshefski, American rock guitarist (Paul Revere & the Raiders) August 19

Charles Bolden, American astronaut Bill Clinton, 42nd President of the United States Beat Raaflaub, Swiss conductor

August 20

Connie Chung, American reporter Ralf Hütter, German techno singer and musician (Kraftwerk) N. R. Narayana Murthy, Indian businessman

August 23 – Keith Moon, English rock drummer (The Who) (d. 1978) August 24 – John Grahl, British economist August 25

Rollie Fingers, American baseball player Charles Ghigna, American poet and children's author

August 26

Valerie Simpson, American singer Mark Snow, American composer Zhou Ji, education minister of the People's Republic of China Swede Savage, American race car driver (d. 1973)

August 29

Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, 2nd President of Burundi (d. 2016) Bob Beamon, American athlete Demetris Christofias, 6th President of Cyprus Leona Gom, Canadian novelist and poet

September[edit]

Barry Gibb

Roh Moo-hyun

Billy Preston

Freddie Mercury

Jim Hines

Tommy Lee Jones

Oliver Stone

Mart Siimann

September 1

Barry Gibb, English-born Australian singer (Bee Gees) Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea (d. 2009)

September 2

Dan White, American politician and murderer (d. 1985) Luis Ávalos, Cuban-born American character actor Billy Preston, American soul musician (d. 2006)

September 3 – Francisco Trois, Brazilian chess player September 4

Gary Duncan, American rock guitarist (Quicksilver Messenger Service) Greg Elmore, American rock drummer (Quicksilver Messenger Service)

September 5

Dennis Dugan, American actor and director Freddie Mercury, Lead singer and pianist of British rock group Queen (d. 1991) Loudon Wainwright III, American songwriter, folk singer, humorist, and actor

September 7

Willie Crawford, American baseball player (d. 2004) Francisco Varela, Chilean biologist (d. 2001)

September 8 – Aziz Sancar, Turkish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry September 9

Doug Ingle, American rock vocalist (Iron Butterfly) Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician (Buffalo Springfield) (d. 2004)

September 10

Jim Hines, American athlete Don Powell, English rock drummer (Slade)

September 13

Henri Kuprashvili, Georgian Swimmer

September 15

Tommy Lee Jones, American actor Oliver Stone, American film director and producer Emmerson Mnangagwa, Zimbabwean politician; 3nd President of Zimbabwe

September 18

Peter Alsop, American musician Akira Kamiya, Japanese voice actor

September 19 – Connie Kreski, American model (d. 1995) September 21

Mikhail Kovalchuk, Russian physicist and official Moritz Leuenberger, Swiss Federal Councilor Richard St. Clair, American musician and composer Mart Siimann, Prime Minister of Estonia

September 23 – Franz Fischler, Austrian politician September 24 – Lars Emil Johansen, Prime Minister of Greenland September 25

Morari Bapu, Hindu Kathakaar Felicity Kendal, British actress Jerry Penrod, American bass player

September 26

Topo Igawa, Japanese actor Andrea Dworkin, American feminist and writer (d. 2005) Radha Krishna Mainali, Nepalese politician Christine Todd Whitman, American politician

September 28 – Jeffrey Jones, American actor September 30

Héctor Lavoe, Puerto Rican singer (d. 1993) Claude Vorilhon, French-born 'messenger' of Raëlism

October[edit]

Susan Sarandon

Naoto Kan

Chris Tarrant

Daryl Hall

Richard Carpenter

Bob Seagren

John Hewson

October 1 – Tim O'Brien, American author October 2

Gen. Sonthi Boonyaratglin, President of the Council for National Security and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Thai Army Marie-Georges Pascal, French actress

October 3 – P. P. Arnold, American singer October 4

Susan Sarandon, American actress Rhie Won-bok, South Korean artist

October 6

Lloyd Doggett, American politician Renate Holub, German philosopher

October 7

Nader Al-Dahabi, Prime Minister of Jordan Catharine MacKinnon, American feminist Xue Jinghua, Chinese ballerina

October 8

Hanan Ashrawi, Palestinian scholar and legislator John T. Walton, son of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (d. 2005)

October 9 – Tansu Çiller, Turkish politician October 10

Anne Boyd, Australian musician Mildred Grieveson, British writer Naoto Kan, 61st Prime Minister of Japan Chris Tarrant, British radio and TV personality

October 11

Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor Daryl Hall, American rock musician (Hall & Oates) Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast

October 13

Edwina Currie, English politician Dorothy Moore, American singer Demond Wilson, American actor and minister

October 14

Craig Venter, American biotechnologist François Bozizé, President of the Central African Republic Joey de Leon, Filipino actor and host Justin Hayward, English rock singer and songwriter (The Moody Blues)

October 15

Richard Carpenter, American pop musician and composer (The Carpenters) John Getz, American actor

October 16

Suzanne Somers, American actress and singer Elizabeth Witmer, Dutch-born politician

October 17

Vicki Hodge, English actress and model Bob Seagren, American athlete and actor

October 18

James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter Howard Shore, Canadian film composer Andrea Zsadon, Hungarian soprano

October 19 – Philip Pullman, English author October 20

Marty Gervais, Canadian writer Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian writer, Nobel Prize laureate

October 21 – Lyn Allison, Australian politician October 22 – Eileen Gordon, British politician October 25 – Edith Leyrer, Austrian actress October 26 – Pat Sajak, American game-show host October 27

Leslie L. Byrne, American politician Ivan Reitman, Slovakian-born film director and producer

October 28

John Hewson, Australian politician, economist Sharon Thesen, Canadian poet

October 29 – Kathryn J. Whitmire, Texas politician; Mayor of Houston, Texas October 30

Lynne Marta, American actress Andrea Mitchell, American journalist

October 31 – Stephen Rea, Northern Irish actor

November[edit]

Laura Bush

Sally Field

Petra Burka

Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

November 1

Ric Grech, British rock bassist (d. 1990) Lynne Russell, American newsreader

November 2 – Giuseppe Sinopoli, Italian conductor and composer (d. 2001) November 4

Laura Bush, former First Lady of the United States Les Lannom, American actor and musician Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer (d. 1989)

November 5

Herman Brood, Dutch artist (d. 2001) Loleatta Holloway, American singer (d. 2011) Gram Parsons, American musician (d. 1973)

November 6 – Sally Field, American actress and singer November 7 – Diane Francis, Canadian journalist November 8

Stella Chiweshe, Zimbabwean musician John Farrar, Australian guitarist, singer and songwriter (The Shadows & Marvin, Welch & Farrar) Guus Hiddink, Dutch football player and manager

November 10 – Alaina Reed Hall, American actress (d. 2009) November 11 – Corrine Brown, American politician and fraudster November 12 – P. P. Arnold, English singer November 13 – Ohara Reiko, Japanese actress November 14 – Carola Dunn, English writer November 15

Gwyneth Powell, British actress Sandy Skoglund, American photographer

November 16

Mahasti, Iranian singer (d. 2007) Terence McKenna, American writer, philosopher, ethnobotanist and shaman (d. 2000)

November 17 – Petra Burka, Canadian figure skater November 18 – Andrea Allan, Scottish actress November 20

Greg Cook, American football player (d, 2012) Judy Woodruff, American television reporter

November 21

Emma Cohen, Spanish actress Chaviva Hošek, Czech-born feminist Ulla Jessen, Danish actress Jacky Lafon, Belgian actress Marina Warner, English writer

November 22 – Anne Wheeler, Canadian television and film director November 23 – Diana Quick, English actress November 24 – Ted Bundy, American serial killer (d. 1989) November 25 – Marika Lindström, Swedish actress November 26 – Ottilia Borbáth, Romanian-born Hungarian actress November 27

Richard Codey, American politician, 53rd Governor of New Jersey Ismaïl Omar Guelleh, 2nd President of Djibouti Nina Maslova, Russian actress

November 28 – Regina Braga, Brazilian actress November 29

Brian Cadd, Australian singer-songwriter Suzy Chaffee, American singer and actress

November 30

Marina Abramović, Yugoslavian performance artist Barbara Cubin, U.S. Congresswoman from Wyoming

December[edit]

José Carreras

Rhoma Irama

Don Gummer

Patty Duke

Benny Andersson

Steven Spielberg

Carl Wilson

Jeff Sessions

Mike Beebe

Patti Smith

December 2 – Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (d. 1997) December 3

Marjana Lipovšek, Slovenian singer and actress Joop Zoetemelk, Dutch cyclist

December 4

Sherry Alberoni, American actress and voice artist Yō Inoue, Japanese voice actress (d. 2003)

December 5

José Carreras, Spanish tenor Eva-Britt Svensson, Swedish politician

December 6 – Nancy Brinker, American health activist and diplomat December 8

Jacques Bourboulon, French photographer John Rubinstein, American actor Sharmila Tagore, Indian actress

December 9 – Sonia Gandhi, Indian politician December 10

Chrystos, American poet Thomas Lux, American poet

December 11

Rhoma Irama, Indonesian dangdut musician, actor and politician Susan Kyle, American writer Ellen Meloy, American writer (d. 2004)

December 12

Emerson Fittipaldi, Brazilian racing car driver Gloria Loring, American singer Don Gummer, American sculptor

December 13

Nicholas Kollerstrom, British writer Heather North, American television and voice actress (d. 2017)

December 14

Antony Beevor, English historian Jane Birkin, English actress and singer Patty Duke, American actress (d. 2016) Lynne Marie Stewart, American actress

December 16

Benny Andersson, Swedish rock singer and songwriter Alice Aycock, American sculptor Trevor Pinnock, English harpsichordist and conductor

December 17

Eugene Levy, Canadian actor, comedian and director Bel Mooney, English broadcast journalist Jayne Eastwood, Canadian actress and voice actress

December 18

Steve Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 1977) Nina Škottová, Czech politician and member of the European Parliament Steven Spielberg, American film director

December 19

Candace Pert, American neuroscientist Robert Urich, American actor (d. 2002)

December 20

Lesley Judd, English television presenter John Spencer, American actor (d. 2005) Dick Wolf, American television producer Uri Geller, Israeli illusionist

December 21

Brian Davison, Rhodesian cricketer and Tasmanian politician Carl Wilson, American musician (d. 1998)

December 23

Edita Gruberová, Slovakian soprano Susan Lucci, American actress John Sullivan, English television scriptwriter (d. 2011)

December 24

Jan Akkerman, Dutch rock guitarist (Focus) Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin, French politician and member of the European Parliament Brenda Howard, American bisexual activist (d. 2005) Jeff Sessions, American politician, United States Attorney General

December 25

Jimmy Buffett, American rock singer and songwriter Larry Csonka, American football player Gene Lamont, American baseball player and manager

December 27

Lenny Kaye, American guitarist Janet Street-Porter, English broadcast journalist

December 28

Mike Beebe, American politician and attorney Edgar Winter, American rock musician

December 29

Marianne Faithfull, English singer and actress Ruth Shady, Peruvian archaeologist

December 30

Patti Smith, American poet and singer Berti Vogts, German football player and manager

December 31 – Diane von Fürstenberg, Belgian-American fashion designer

Date Unknown[edit]

Ali Abu Al-Ragheb, Prime Minister of Jordan Tyler Burge, American philosopher Jacques Hiron, French journalist and writer Mohammed Ibrahim, businessman and philanthropist Jang Song-thaek, North Korean politician (d. 2013) Ada Mee, German artist Afsaneh Najmabadi, Iranian historian and gender theorist Raul Bragança Neto, 8th Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (d. 2014) Omar Al-Shammaa, Lebanese actor and voice actor Daouda Malam Wanké, 6th President of Niger (d. 2004)

Deaths[edit] January[edit]

Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen

László Bárdossy

January 3 – William Joyce, Irish-born American World War II Nazi propaganda broadcaster known as "Lord Haw-Haw" (executed) (b. 1906) January 4 – George Woolf, Canadian jockey (b. 1910) January 5 – Kitty Cheatham, American singer (b. 1864) January 6

Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 1892) Slim Summerville, American actor (b. 1892)

January 8 – Dion Fortune, British writer (b. 1890) January 9 – Countee Cullen, American poet (b. 1903) January 10

László Bárdossy, Hungarian diplomat and politician, 33rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1890) Harry Von Tilzer, American songwriter (b. 1872)

January 13 – Wilhelm Souchon, German admiral (b. 1864) January 15 – Karl Nabersberg, German youth leader (b. 1908) January 23 -- Matteo Bartoli, Italian linguist (b. 1873) January 25 – Orishatukeh Faduma, American missionary (b. 1855) January 29

Hideo Hatoyama, Japanese jurist (b. 1884) Harry Hopkins, American politician (b. 1890) Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch–born American astronomer (b. 1884)

January 31

Pietro Boetto, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and eminence (b. 1871) Luis Orgaz Yodi, Spanish general (b. 1881)

February[edit]

Felix Hoffmann

Maliq Bushati

Rafael Erich

Béla Imrédy

February 2 – Rondo Hatton, American actor (b. 1894) February 5 – George Arliss, British actor (b. 1868) February 6

Upendranath Brahmachari, Indian scientist (b. 1873) Oswald Kabasta, Austrian conductor (suicide) (b. 1896)

February 8

Felix Hoffmann, German chemist (b. 1868) Miles Mander, British actor (b. 1888)

February 11 – Ludovic-Oscar Frossard, French socialist and communist politician (b. 1889) February 12 – George Dumas, French doctor and psychologist (b. 1866) February 15

Cornelius Johnson, American athlete (b. 1913) Maliq Bushati, Albanian collabrator and 18th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1880)

February 17

Dorothy Gibson, American actress (b. 1889) Benjamin I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1871)

February 19 – Rafael Erich, Finnish politician, professor and diplomat, 6th Prime Minister of Finland (b. 1879) February 21 – Theodore Stark Wilkinson, American admiral (b. 1888) February 23 – Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1885) February 25 – René Le Grèves, French cyclist (b. 1910) February 28

Béla Imrédy, Hungarian economist and politician, 32nd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1891) Giuseppe Salvago Raggi, Italian diplomat (b. 1866)

March[edit]

Ferenc Szálasi

Francisco Largo Caballero

Barbu Știrbey

March 2 – George E. Stewart, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1872) March 3 -- Viktor Axmann, Yugoslav architect (b. 1883) March 4 – Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886) March 6 – Antonio Caso Andrade, Mexican philosopher (b. 1883) March 9 – Adolfo Ferrata, Italian pathologist and hematologist (b. 1880) March 12

Ferenc Szálasi, Hungarian military officer and Fascist politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (executed) (b. 1897) Leonida Tonelli, Italian mathematician (b. 1885)

March 14 – Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (b. 1878) March 16

José Júlio da Costa, Portuguese activist (b. 1893) Alladiya Khan, Indian singer (b. 1855)

March 17

James Berry, British surgeon (b. 1860) Joseph de Pesquidoux, French writer (b. 1869)

March 19 – Augusto Nicolás Martínez, Ecuadorian agronomist, economist, geologist, researcher, educator and mountaineer (b. 1860) March 23

Francisco Largo Caballero, Spanish politician and trade unionist, 66th Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1869) Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (b. 1875)

March 24

Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess player (b. 1892) Carl Schuhmann, German athlete (b. 1869) Barbu Știrbey, 30th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1872)

March 26 – Ezequiel Fernández, acting President of Panama (b. 1886) March 29 – László Endre, Hungarian politician (b. 1895) March 31 – John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British field marshal (b. 1886)

April[edit]

Patriarch Eulogius

Juan Bautista Sacasa

Robert Bartlett

April 1

Noah Beery, Sr., American actor (b. 1882) Edward Sheldon, American playwright (b. 1886)

April 2 – Kate Bruce, veteran silent screen actress, made many films with D. W. Griffith (b. 1858) April 3

Alf Common, English footballer (b. 1880) Masaharu Homma, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887)

April 5 – Vincent Youmans, American composer (b. 1898) April 7 – Padmanath Gohain Baruah, Indian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1871) April 8

Bo Gu, 3rd General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (accident) (b. 1907) Patriarch Eulogius (b. 1868)

April 14 – Otto Dowling, United States Navy Captain and the 25th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1881) April 15 -- Infanta Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães (b. 1858) April 17

Guido Calza, Italian archaeologist (b. 1888) Juan Bautista Sacasa, 20th President of Nicaragua (b. 1874)

April 20 – Mae Busch, American actress (b. 1891) April 21 – John Maynard Keynes, British economist (b. 1883) April 22

Lionel Atwill, British actor (b. 1885) Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1872)

April 28 – Robert Bartlett, American explorer and navigator (b. 1875) April 30 -- Sava Athanasiu, Romanian geologist and paentologist (b. 1861)

May[edit]

Alexei Nikolaevich Bach

Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont

Marcela de Agoncillo

May 1

Bill Johnston, American tennis champion (b. 1894) Israfil Mammadov, Soviet WWII heroine (b. 1919)

May 9 – Léon Guillet, French metallurgist (b. 1873) May 10 – Emile de Cartier de Marchienne, Belgian diplomat (b. 1871) May 11 – Pedro Henríquez Ureña, Dominican essayist, philosopher, humanist and philologist (b. 1884) May 13 -- Alexei Nikolaevich Bach, Soviet biochemist and revolutionary leader (b. 1857) May 16

Bruno Tesch, German chemist and Nazi war criminal (executed) (b. 1890) Karl Weinbacher, German manager and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898)

May 19

Francesco Camero Medici, Italian diplomat (b. 1886) Ángel Ossorio y Gallardo, Spanish lawyer and statesman (b. 1873) Booth Tarkington, American novelist (b. 1869)

May 20

Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (b. 1871) Enrico Gasparri, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1871)

May 22 – Karl Hermann Frank, German Nazi official and war criminal (executed) (b. 1898) May 23 – Billy Sullivan, American actor (b. 1891) May 26

Friedrich, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (b. 1865) Joseffy, Austrian magician (b. 1873)

May 27

Claire Croiza, French soprano (b. 1882) Henri Hauser, French historian, geographer, and economist (b. 1866)

May 29 – Cagnaccio di San Pietro, Italian painter (b. 1897) May 30

Marcela Agoncillo, Filipino who sewed the first Filipino flag (b. 1860) Louis Slotin, Canadian physicist and chemist (b. 1910)

May 31 – Picoğlu Osman, Turkish kemenche player (b. 1901)

June[edit]

Ion Antonescu

Sándor Simonyi-Semadam

King Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII)

Gerhart Hauptmann

Jorge Ubico

Juan Antonio Ríos

June 1

Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and politician, 43rd Prime Minister of Romania and Romanian dictator (executed) (b. 1882) Leo Slezak, German tenor (b. 1873)

June 3 – Chen Gongbo, 2nd President of Republic of China during Nanjing regime (executed) (b. 1892) June 4 – Sándor Simonyi-Semadam, Hungarian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1864) June 5 – Maud Watson, British tennis player, first female Wimbledon champion (b. 1864) June 6

Isidro Ancheta, Filipino painter (d. 1882) Gerhart Hauptmann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862))

June 7 -- Fabijan Abrantovich, Soviet civic and religious leader (b. 1884) June 9 – Ananda Mahidol (Rama VIII), King of Thailand, leader of the World War II (assassinated) (b. 1925) June 10 – Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878) June 11 -- Juanita Breckenridge Bates, American minister (b. 1860) June 12 – Hisaichi Terauchi, Marshal of the Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1879) June 13 – Charles Butterworth, American actor (b. 1896) June 14

Jorge Ubico, Guatemalan army general, 21st President of Guatemala (b. 1878) John Logie Baird, British television pioneer (b. 1888) Edward Bowes, American radio personality (b. 1874)

June 15 -- João Batista Becker, German-born Brazilian Roman Catholic prelate and archbishop (b. 1870) June 18 – Eugen Hirschfield, Australian practitioner (b. 1866) June 19 – Theodor Wulf, German physicist and Jesuit priest (b. 1868) June 20 – Empress Wanrong of China (b. 1906) June 23 – William S. Hart, American stage actor and silent film Western star, film director, and writer (b. 1864) June 24 – Marian Bernaciak, Polish World War II heroine (b. 1917) June 27

Juan Antonio Ríos, Chilean political figure, 24th President of Chile, leader of World War II (b. 1888) Wanda Gág, American artist, author, translator and illustrator (b. 1893)

June 28 – Antoinette Perry, American actress and director (b. 1888) June 30 – Jelica Belović-Bernardzikowska, Yugoslav journalist, writer and journalist (b. 1870)

July[edit]

Federico Laredo Bru

Shefqet Verlaci

Gualberto Villarroel

Blessed Alexander Vvedensky

Saint Anna Muttathupadathu

July – Howard Hyde Russell, American temperance advocate, founder of the Anti-Saloon League (b. 1855) July 1 – Augustyn Józef Czartoryski, Polish nobleman (b. 1907) July 2

Mary Alden, American stage and screen actress (b. 1883) Albert Sechehaye, Swiss linguist (b. 1870)

July 3 -- Edoardo Bianchi, Italian entrepreneur and inventor (b. 1865 July 4

Jenny-Wanda Barkmann, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922) Elisabeth Becker, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1923) Wanda Klaff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922) Ewa Paradies, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1920) Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi overseer at Stutthof concentration camp (executed) (b. 1922)

July 7 – Federico Laredo Brú, 8th President of Cuba (b. 1875) July 8 – Orrick Glenday Johns, American writer (b. 1887) July 12

Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist and author (b. 1870) Teresa Janina Kierocińska, Polish Discalced Carmelite nun and venerable (b. 1885)

July 13 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864) July 15 – Razor Smith, English cricketer (b. 1877) July 16 – Raffaele Conflenti, Italian engineer and aircraft designer (b. 1889) July 17

Consolata Betrone, Italian Franciscan mystic and servant of God (b. 1903) Kosta Mušicki, Yugoslav general (b. 1897) Campbell Tait, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (b. 1886)

July 19 – George Mackenzie Brown, Canadian-born British publisher (b. 1869) July 20 – Shiro Kawase, Japanese admiral (b. 1889) July 21

Shefqet Vërlaci, Albanian politician, 12th Prime Minister of Albania (b. 1877) Gualberto Villarroel, 46th President of Bolivia (assassinated) (b. 1908)

July 22 – Edward Sperling, Russian-American-Jewish writer and Zionist (assassinated) (b. 1889) July 26 – Alexander Vvedensky, Soviet Orthodox religious leader and blessed (b. 1889) July 25 – Harry Davis, Canadian gangster (b. 1898) July 27

Franz Anton Basch, German politician (b. 1901) Gertrude Stein, American writer (b. 1874)

July 28 – Saint Anna Muttathupadathu, Indian Syro-Malabar Catholic and Eastern Catholic religious sister and saint (b. 1910) July 31 -- Solomon Dias Bandaranaike, Ceylonese politician, Governor-General of Ceylon (b. 1862)

August[edit]

Wilhelm Marx

King Inayatullah Khan

H. G. Wells

August 2 – Karl, Prince of Leiningen (b. 1898) August 5

Otto Franke, German sinologist (b. 1863) Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer and politician, 17th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1863)

August 6

Blanche Bingley Hillyard, English tennis champion (b. 1863) Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player (New York Yankees) and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1903)

August 8 – Maria Barrientos, Spanish opera singer (b. 1883) August 9 – Léon Gaumont, French film pioneer (b. 1864) August 11 – Giuseppe Pietri, Italian composer (b. 1886) August 12 – Inayatullah Khan, King of Afghanistan (b. 1888) August 13

H. G. Wells, British science fiction writer and historian (b. 1866) Émile Berlia, French politician (b. 1878)

August 16 – Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu (b. 1875) August 17 - Channing Pollock, playwright (b. 1880) August 20 – "Rags" Ragland, American comedian and actor (b. 1905) August 22 – Döme Sztójay, 35th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1883) August 23 – Prince Fulco Ruffo di Calabria (b. 1884) August 26 – Jeanie MacPherson, American actress (b. 1887) August 28

Georgios Kafantaris, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1873) Florence Turner, American actress (b. 1885)

August 29 – John Steuart Curry, American painter (b. 1897)

September[edit]

Blessed Francesco Bonifacio

September 3 – Paul Lincke, German composer (b. 1866) September 11 – Francesco Bonifacio, Italian Roman Catholic priest and blessed (killed in action) (b. 1912) September 13 – William Watt, Australian politician, Premier of Victoria (b. 1871) September 16

Henri Gouraud, French general (b. 1867) James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, astronomer and mathematician (b. 1877)

September 17 – Frank Burke, American baseball player (b. 1880) September 25 – Heinrich George, German actor (b. 1893) September 29 – Raimu, French actor (b. 1883) September 30 – Takashi Sakai, Japanese general (executed) (b. 1887)

October[edit]

Ignacy Moscicki

István Bethlen

Blessed Alberto Marvelli

Per Albin Hansson

October 1 – Hiroshi Kawabuchi, Japanese politician (b. 1883) October 2 – Ignacy Mościcki, Polish chemist and politician, 4th President of Poland (b. 1867) October 4 – Barney Oldfield, American race car driver and automobile pioneer (b. 1878) October 5

István Bethlen, Hungarian aristocrat and statesman, 28th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1874) Alberto Marvelli, Italian member of the Roman Catholic action and blessed (b. 1918)

October 6

Per Albin Hansson, Swedish politician and 23rd Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1885) Joseph Francis Sartori, American banker (b. 1858)

October 8 – Agustín Parrado y García, Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1872) October 12 – Joseph Stilwell, American World War II general (b. 1883) October 15 – Hermann Göring, German Nazi Reichsmarschall (suicide) (b. 1893) October 16

Hans Frank, German Nazi Governor General of Poland (executed) (b. 1900) Wilhelm Frick, German Nazi Minister of the Interior (executed) (b. 1877) Alfred Jodl, German general and World War II Chief of the German armed forces (executed) (b. 1890) Ernst Kaltenbrunner, German Nazi police general (executed) (b. 1903) Wilhelm Keitel, German field marshal (executed) (b. 1882) Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Nazi foreign minister (executed) (b. 1893) Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi ideologist (executed) (b. 1893) Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi general plenipotentiary (executed) (b. 1892) Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian Nazi leader (executed) (b. 1892) Julius Streicher, German Nazi propaganda publisher (executed) (b. 1885)

October 20 – Igor Demidov, Soviet politician (b. 1873) October 23 – Francesco Carandini, Italian poet (b. 1858) October 24 – Kurt Daluege, German Nazi officer and war criminal (executed) (b. 1897)

November[edit]

Saint Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska

November 2 – John Barrett, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1878) November 5 – Joseph Stella, Italian-American painter (b. 1877) November 6 – Maria Innocentia Hummel, German Franciscan religious sister and blessed (b. 1909) November 7 – Henry Lehrman, American actor (b. 1886) November 10 – Baldassare Forestiere, Italian immigration (b. 1879) November 11 – Nikolay Burdenko, Soviet surgeon, founder of Soviet neurosurgery (b. 1876) November 12 – Camillo Caccia Dominioni, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal and eminence (b. 1877) November 14 – Manuel de Falla, Spanish composer (b. 1876) November 18 – Donald Meek, British actor (b. 1878) November 24 – László Moholy-Nagy, Hungarian painter and photographer (b. 1895) November 25 – George Gandy, American entrepreneur (b. 1851) November 26 – Sultana Racho Petrova, Bulgarian memoirist (b. 1869) November 28 – Maria Izabela Wiłucka-Kowalska, Polish Roman Catholic religious leader and saint (b. 1890)

December[edit]

Blessed Francis Xavier Lasance

W. C. Fields

December 5 – Louis Dewis, Belgian Post-Impressionist painter (b. 1872) December 7

Laurette Taylor, American actress (b. 1884) Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (b. 1871)

December 10

Walter Johnson, American baseball player (Washington Senators) and MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1887) Damon Runyon, American writer (b. 1880)

December 11 – Francis Xavier Lasance, American Roman Catholic priest and blessed (b. 1860) December 12

Ben Carter, American actor (b. 1910) Renée Falconetti, French actress (b. 1892)

December 13 – Curtis Hidden Page, American politician (b. 1870) December 14 – Tom Dowse, Irish major league baseball player in the 1890s (b. 1866) December 16 – Salman al-Murshid, Syrian religious leader and political figure (b. 1907) December 20 – Einosuke Harada, Japanese ophthamologist (b. 1892) December 22 – Pierre Bénard, French journalist (b. 1898) December 23 – John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873) December 25

W. C. Fields, American actor and comedian (b. 1880) Henri Le Fauconnier, French painter (b. 1881)

December 26 – Franjo Bučar, Yugoslav writer (b. 1866) December 27 – Pedro Mata Dominguez, Spanish novelist, playwright and poet (b. 1875) December 28

Carrie Jacobs-Bond, American singer and songwriter (b. 1862) Francis Salabert, French publisher (b. 1884)

December 29 -- John Babington Macaulay Baxter, Canadian politician, 19th Premier of New Brunswick (b. 1858)

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Physics – Percy Williams Bridgman Chemistry – James B. Sumner, John Howard Northrop, Wendell Meredith Stanley Physiology or Medicine – Hermann Joseph Muller Literature – Hermann Hesse Peace – Emily Greene Balch, John Mott

References[edit]

^ Leary, William M., ed. (1984). The Central Intelligence Agency: History and Documents. University of Alabama Press. pp. 20–21.  ^ "Year by Year 1946" – History Channel International ^ Wezel, Fritz (1948-10-01). "Pestalozzi Children Village at Trogen" (PDF). UNESCO. Retrieved 2010-11-23.  ^ Logevall, Fredrik (2013). Embers of War. Random House. p. 136. ISBN 978-0375756474.  ^ "1946 Grands Prix". 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2018-01-30. 

Further reading[edit]

Goulden, Joseph C. The Best Years: 1945–1950 (1976), popular social history of USA Hennessy, Peter. Never Again: Britain, 1945–1951 (1994)), a scholarly survey. Kynaston, David. Austerity Britain, 1945–1951 (2008) excerpt and text search, a detaied social history. Sebestyen, Victor. 1946: The Making of the Modern World (2015) excerpt Weisbrode, Kenneth. The Year of Indecision, 1946: A Tour Through the Crucible of Harry Truman's America (2016) excerpt

External links[edit]

1946 Coin Pictures Newsreel May 23, 1946: Rail strike paralyzes the United States Newsreel May 29, 1946: End o

.