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Events


January

* January 6 ** The first diesel engine automobile trip is completed (Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City) by Clessie Cummins, founder of the company Cummins. ** An early literary character licensing agreement is signed by A. A. Milne, granting Stephen Slesinger U.S. and Canadian merchandising rights to the Winnie-the-Pooh works. * January 13 – The Mickey Mouse (comic strip), ''Mickey Mouse'' comic strip makes its first appearance. * January 15 – The Moon moves into its nearest point to Earth, called perigee, at the same time as its fullest phase of the Lunar Cycle. This is the closest moon distance at 356,397 km in recent history, and the next one will be on January 1, 2257 at 356,371 km. * January 26 – The Indian National Congress declares this date as Independence Day, or as the day for Poorna Swaraj (Complete Independence). * January 28 – The first patent for a field-effect transistor is granted in the United States, to Julius Edgar Lilienfeld. * January 30 – Pavel Molchanov launches a radiosonde from Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Slutsk in the Soviet Union.


February

* February 3 – The Communist Party of Vietnam is established. * February 10 – The Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng launch the Yên Bái mutiny in the hope of ending French Indochina, French colonial rule in Vietnam. * February 18 ** While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh confirms the existence of Pluto, a celestial body considered a planet until redefined as a dwarf planet in 2006. ** Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft, and also the first cow to be milked in an aeroplane. * February 27 – A case of "Jake paralysis" marks the beginning of an outbreak in the United States, resulting from adulterated Jamaica ginger sold as an alcohol substitute, during Prohibition in the United States, Prohibition.


March

* March 2 – Mahatma Gandhi informs the British viceroy of India that civil disobedience will begin the following week. * March 5 – Danish painter Einar Wegener begins sex reassignment surgery in Germany, and takes the name Lili Elbe. * March 6 ** International Unemployment Day is observed. ** The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye go on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts. * March 12 – Mahatma Gandhi sets off on a 200-mile protest march towards the sea with 78 followers, to protest the British monopoly on salt; more will join them during the Salt March, that ends on April 5. * March 28 – The government of Turkey requests the international community to adopt Istanbul and Ankara, as the official names for Constantinople and Angora. * March 29 – Heinrich Brüning is appointed Chancellor of Germany#Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (1919–1933), Chancellor of Germany. * March 31 – The Motion Picture Production Code ("Hays Code") is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films for the next 40 years.


April

* April 6 - In an act of civil disobedience, Mahatma Gandhi breaks the History of the British salt tax in India, Salt laws of British India, by making salt by the sea at the end of the Salt March. ** The Left Opposition, International Left Opposition (ILO) is founded in Paris, France. ** Hostess Twinkies are invented. * April 17 – Neoprene is invented by DuPont. * April 18 ** The Chittagong Rebellion begins in India, with the Chittagong armoury raid. ** BBC Radio from London uniquely reports "Good evening. Today is Good Friday. There is no news." * April 19 – Warner Bros. in the United States release their first cartoon series, called ''Looney Tunes'', which runs until 1969. * April 21 ** A fire in the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio, Columbus kills 320 people. ** The Turkestan–Siberia Railway is completed. * April 22 – The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty, to regulate submarine warfare and limit naval shipbuilding. * April 28 – The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.


May

* May 5 – Mahatma Gandhi is re-arrested. * May 6 – The 7.1 1930 Salmas earthquake, Salmas earthquake shakes northwestern Iran and southeastern Turkey, with a maximum Mercalli intensity scale, Mercalli intensity of IX (''Violent''); up to 3,000 people are killed. * May 10 – The National Pan-Hellenic Council is founded in Washington, D.C.. * May 15 – Nurse Ellen Church becomes the world's first flight attendant, working on a Boeing Air Transport trimotor. * May 16 – Rafael Leónidas Trujillo is elected president of the Dominican Republic. * May 17 – French Prime Minister André Tardieu decides to withdraw the remaining French troops from the Rhineland (they depart by June 30). * May 24 – Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin, Australia, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight). * May 30 ** Sergei Eisenstein arrives in California, to work for Paramount Pictures; they part ways by October. ** Canadians, Canadian adventurer William "Red" Hill, Sr. makes a five-hour journey, down the Niagara Gorge rapids.


June

* June 7 – Carl Gustaf Ekman becomes Prime Minister of Sweden, Prime Minister of Sweden, for the second and final time. * June 9 – ''Chicago Tribune'' journalist Jake Lingle is shot in Chicago, Illinois. Newspapers promise $55,000 reward for information. Lingle is later found to have had contacts with organized crime. * June 14 – The Bureau of Narcotics is established under the United States Department of the Treasury, replacing the Narcotics Division of the Prohibition Unit. * June 17 – President of the United States Herbert Hoover signs the Smoot–Hawley Tariff Act into law. * June 21 – Conscription in France, One-year conscription for men comes into force in France.


July

* July 4 – The dedication of George Washington's sculpted head is held at Mount Rushmore, South Dakota. * July 5 – The Lambeth Conferences#Seventh Conference (1930), Seventh Lambeth Conference of Anglican bishops opens. This conference approves the use of birth control in limited circumstances, a move away from the Christian views on contraception expressed by the Sixth Conference a decade earlier. * July 7 ** The Lapua Movement marches in Helsinki, Finland. ** Building of the Boulder Dam (later known as the Hoover Dam) is started on the Colorado River, in the United States. * July 11 – Australian cricketer Donald Bradman scores a world record 309 runs in one day, on his way to the List of Test cricket records#Innings or series, highest individual Test innings of 334, during a Test cricket, Test match against England cricket team, England. * July 13 – The first 1930 FIFA World Cup, FIFA World Cup starts: Lucien Laurent scores the first goal, for France national football team, France against Mexico national football team, Mexico. * July 19 – Georges Simenon's detective character Inspector Jules Maigret makes his first appearance in print under Simenon's own name, when the novel ''Pietr-le-Letton'' (known in English as ''The Strange Case of Peter the Lett'') begins serialization in a French weekly magazine. Simenon will eventually write 75 novels (as well as 28 short stories) featuring the pipe-smoking Paris detective. * July 21 – The United States Department of Veterans Affairs is established. * July 25 – Laurence Olivier marries actress Jill Esmond. * July 26 – Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles using only a reverse gear; the 11,555 km trip lasts 42 days. * July 28 ** R. B. Bennett defeats William Lyon Mackenzie King in federal elections, and becomes the Prime Minister of Canada. ** Greater Sudbury is incorporated as a city in northern Ontario. * July 29 – British airship ''R100'' sets out for a successful 78-hour passage to Canada. * July 30 ** Uruguay national football team, Uruguay beats Argentina national football team, Argentina 4–2, to win the first Association football 1930 FIFA World Cup, FIFA World Cup final at Estadio Centenario, in Montevideo. ** New York station W2XBS is put in charge of NBC broadcast engineering, broadcast engineers. * July 31 – The radio drama ''The Shadow'' airs for the first time in the United States. * The First Eastern Women's Congress, the first international women's conference in the Middle East, is hosted by the General Union of Syrian Women in Damascus in Syria, with participants from the Arab World and Eastern Asia.


August

* August – The volcanic island of Krakatoa#Anak Krakatau, Anak Krakatau begins to form permanently in the Sunda Strait. * August 6 – Judge Joseph Force Crater disappears in New York City. * August 7 ** R. B. Bennett takes office as the eleventh Prime Minister of Canada. ** Lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith in Marion, Indiana; James Cameron (activist), James Cameron survives. This will be the last recorded lynching of African Americans in the Northern United States. * August 9 – Cartoon character Betty Boop appears for the first time on screen, in the animated film ''Dizzy Dishes''. * August 12 – Turkey, Turkish troops move into Iran, Persia, to fight Kurds, Kurdish insurgents. * August 16 – The 1930 British Empire Games, first British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. * August 27 – A military junta takes over in Peru.


September

* September 3 – 1930 Dominican Republic hurricane, A huge hurricane in the Caribbean demolishes most of the city of Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic. * September 6 – 1930 Argentine coup d'état: José Félix Uriburu carries out a military coup, overthrowing Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina. * September 8 – Scotch Tape, invented by Richard Gurley Drew, is sold by the 3M company in the United States for the first time. * September 12 – England cricket team, England cricketer Wilfred Rhodes plays the final match in his international career, by taking 5 for 95 for H. D. G. Leveson Gower's XI, against the Australia national cricket team, Australians. At the age of 52, he also becomes the oldest man to play in a Test match. * September 14 – German federal election, 1930: Nazism, National Socialists win 107 seats in the German Parliament, the Reichstag (Weimar Republic), Reichstag (18.3% of all the votes), making them the second largest party. *September 17 – The Kurdish Ararat rebellion is suppressed by the Turks. * September 20 – The Eastern Catholic Rite Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed. * September 27 – İsmet İnönü forms a new government in Turkey (6th government).


October

* October – The Indochinese Communist Party is formed. * October 1 – Weihaiwei under British rule, British rule of Weihaiwei ends, as it is returned to China. * October 3 – The German Socialist Labour Party in Poland – Left is founded, following a split in the German Socialist Labour Party in Poland, DSAP in Łódź. * October 5 – British airship ''R101'' crashes in France en route to India, on its maiden long-range flight, resulting in the loss of 48 lives. * October 8 – The Philadelphia Athletics win their second straight World Series in baseball, defeating the St. Louis Cardinals 7–1 in Game 6. * October 20 – A Passfield white paper, British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Mandatory Palestine. * October 24 – Brazilian Revolution of 1930: Getúlio Vargas overthrows Washington Luís. * October 27 – Ratifications are exchanged in London on the first London Naval Treaty signed in April, modifying the Washington Naval Treaty of 1925. Its arms limitation provisions go into effect immediately, hence putting more limits on the expensive naval arms race between its five signatories (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Japanese Empire, France, and Italy.)


November

* November 2 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia. * November 3 – Getúlio Vargas becomes president of Brazil. * November 4 – Experimental television station W9XAP in Chicago, broadcasts the election for the United States Senate, the first time a senatorial race, with continual tallies of the votes, is televised. * November 15 – Jean Harlow has her first major film role, in Howard Hughes' epic war film ''Hell's Angels (film), Hell's Angels''. Her platinum hair and sensual persona cause an immediate sensation, turning her into one of the decade's most iconic and discussed film stars. * November 25 ** An earthquake in the Izu Peninsula of Japan kills 223 people, and destroys 650 buildings. ** Cecil George Paine, a pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary in England, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin.


December

* December – All adult Turkey, Turkish women are given the right to vote in elections. * December 2 – Great Depression: President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress to ask for a $150 million public works program, to help create jobs and to stimulate the American economy. * December 7 – The television station W1XAV in Boston broadcasts video and audio from the radio orchestra program ''The Fox Trappers''. This broadcast also includes the first television commercial in the United States, an advertisement for the I. J. Fox Furriers Company, which sponsored the telecast. * December 19 – Mount Merapi volcano in central Java, Indonesia, erupts, destroying numerous villages and killing 1,300 people. * December 24 – In London, inventor Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures on clouds. * December 29 – Sir Muhammad Iqbal's presidential address in Allahabad introduces the two-nation theory, outlining a vision for the creation of Pakistan. * December 31 – The Papal encyclical ''Casti connubii'', issued by Pope Pius XI, stresses the sanctity of marriage, prohibits Catholic Church, Roman Catholics from using any form of artificial birth control, and reaffirms the Catholic prohibition on abortion.


Date unknown

* Bernhard Schmidt invents the Schmidt camera.


Births


January

* January 1 ** Gaafar Nimeiry, 4th President of Sudan (d. 2009) ** Ty Hardin, American actor (d. 2017) ** Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer * January 3 ** Robert Loggia, American actor (d. 2015) ** Ahmed Osman (politician), Ahmed Osman, Prime Minister of Morocco * January 4 – Don Shula, American football coach (d. 2020) * January 5 – M. R. Srinivasan, Indian nuclear scientist * January 6 ** "Professor Tanaka" (Charles Kalani, Jr.), American wrestler and actor (d. 2000) ** Oscar Camilión, Argentine lawyer and diplomat (d. 2016) ** Vic Tayback, American actor (d. 1990) * January 9 – Pavel Kolchin, Soviet Olympic cross-country skier (d. 2010) * January 10 – Roy E. Disney, Disney executive (d. 2009) * January 11 – Rod Taylor, Australian actor (d. 2015) * January 12 ** Tim Horton, Canadian hockey player, co-founder of Tim Hortons fast food chain (d. 1974) ** Jennifer Johnston, Irish novelist ** Glenn Yarbrough, American singer (d. 2016) * January 15 – Hédi Baccouche, Prime Minister of Tunisia (d. 2020) * January 16 – Mary Ann McMorrow, American judge (d. 2013) * January 19 – Tippi Hedren, American actress * January 20 – Buzz Aldrin, American pilot, astronaut (''Apollo 11''), second person to set foot on the Moon * January 21 – Mainza Chona, Zambian politician and diplomat (d. 2001) * January 23 ** Derek Walcott, West Indian writer, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2017) ** Roderick Walcott, West Indian playwright (d. 2000) ** William R. Pogue, American astronaut (d. 2014) * January 24 – Terence Bayler, New Zealand actor (d. 2016) * January 25 – Ruth Kligman, American artist (d. 2010) * January 26 – Napoleon Abueva, Filipino artist (d. 2018) * January 27 – Bobby Bland, African-American R&B musician (d. 2013) * January 30 ** Gene Hackman, American actor and novelist ** Magnus Malan, South African soldier, Minister of Defence in the 1980s (d. 2011)


February

* February 1 ** Shahabuddin Ahmed, 12th President of Bangladesh ** Hussain Muhammad Ershad, 10th President of Bangladesh (d. 2019) * February 2 – Ruth M. Kirk, American politician (d. 2011) * February 3 – Mani Krishnaswami, Carnatic music vocalist from Tamil Nadu, India (d. 2002) * February 4 – Jim Loscutoff, American basketball player (d. 2015) * February 7 – Ikutaro Kakehashi, Japanese engineer and entrepreneur (d. 2017) * February 8 – Alejandro Rey, Argentine-American actor (d. 1987) * February 10 – Robert Wagner, American actor * February 13 ** Ernst Fuchs (artist), Ernst Fuchs, Austrian painter (d. 2015) ** Israel Kirzner, English-born American economist, author and academic * February 15 – Bruce Dawe, Australian poet (d. 2020) * February 17 – Ruth Rendell, British author (d. 2015) * February 19 ** John Frankenheimer, American film director (d. 2002) ** K. Viswanath, Indian actor, director and screenwriter * February 22 – Marni Nixon, American vocalist (d. 2016) * February 23 – Goro Shimura, Japanese mathematician (d. 2019) * February 27 – Joanne Woodward, American actress * February 28 – Leon Cooper, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate


March

* March 2 – Tom Wolfe, American author, journalist (d. 2018) * March 3 ** Heiner Geißler, German politician (d. 2017) ** Ion Iliescu, 2-time President of Romania ** K. S. Rajah, Singaporean Senior Counsel, Judicial Commissioner of the Supreme Court (d. 2010) * March 6 ** Allison Hayes, American actress (d. 1977) ** Lorin Maazel, French-born American orchestral conductor (d. 2014) * March 7 ** Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, English photographer, royal spouse (d. 2017) ** Daphne Osborne, English botanist (d. 2006) * March 8 – Douglas Hurd, English politician * March 9 (or 19) – Ornette Coleman, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2015) * March 13 – Liz Anderson, American country music singer and songwriter (d. 2011) * March 14 ** Irma Adelman, Romanian-born economist (d. 2017) ** Helga Feddersen, German actress (d. 1990) * March 15 ** Alba Arnova, Italian-Argentine ballerina, actress (d. 2018) ** Zhores Alferov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2019) ** Shadi Abdel Salam, Egyptian film director, screenwriter and costume and set designer (d. 1986) * March 17 – James Irwin, American astronaut (d. 1991) * March 18 – Adam Maida, Adam Cardinal Maida, American Roman Catholic prelate; Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit, Archbishop of Detroit (1990–2009) * March 19 – Gualtiero Marchesi, Italian chef and restaurateur (d. 2017) * March 20 – Thomas Williams (cardinal), Thomas Stafford Williams, New Zealand cardinal * March 22 ** Sir Lynden Pindling, 1st Prime Minister of the Bahamas (d. 2000) ** Pat Robertson, American televangelist, motivational speaker, author and television host ** Stephen Sondheim, American composer and lyricist * March 24 ** David Dacko, 1st President of the Central African Republic (d. 2003) ** Steve McQueen, American actor (d. 1980) * March 26 – Sandra Day O'Connor, American politician, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States * March 27 – Daniel Spoerri, Romanian-Swiss artist and writer * March 28 ** Robert Ashley, American composer (d. 2014) ** Jerome Isaac Friedman, American physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate * March 29 ** Anerood Jugnauth, Mauritian politician, 3-time Prime Minister of Mauritius, and 4th President of Mauritius ** John Marshall (swimmer), John Marshall, Australian swimmer (d. 1957) ** Naser Malek Motiei, Iranian actor, director (d. 2018) * March 30 ** John Astin, American actor ** Rolf Harris, Australian entertainer * March 31 ** Julián Herranz Casado, Spanish cardinal ** Susan Weil, American artist


April

* April 1 – Grace Lee Whitney, American actress (''Star Trek'') (d. 2015) * April 3 ** Lawton Chiles, American politician, U.S. Senator (Florida), 41st Governor of Florida (d. 1998) ** Helmut Kohl, Chancellor of Germany (Federal Republic), Chancellor of Germany (d. 2017) * April 5 ** Mary Costa, American opera singer and actress ** Pierre Lhomme, French cinematographer (d. 2019) * April 6 – Pampero Firpo, Argentinian/American professional wrestler (d. 2020) * April 7 ** Vilma Espín, Cuban revolutionary, feminist, and chemical engineer (d. 2007) ** Andrew Sachs, German-born British actor (d. 2016) * April 8 – Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma (d. 2010) * April 9 – F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (d. 2007) * April 10 ** Claude Bolling, French jazz pianist and composer (d. 2020) ** Dolores Huerta, American labor leader and civil rights activist ** Frank Lary, American baseball player (d. 2017) ** Spede Pasanen, Finnish television personality (d. 2001) * April 11 ** Nicholas F. Brady, American politician and businessman ** Anton LaVey, American author, musician, and occultist (d. 1997) * April 12 – John Landy, Australian athlete and politician * April 14 – Bradford Dillman, American actor and author (d. 2018) * April 15 – Vigdís Finnbogadóttir, President of Iceland * April 16 – Herbie Mann, American jazz flutist (d. 2003) * April 19 – Dick Sargent, American actor and gay activist (d. 1994) * April 21 – Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (d. 1989) * April 24 ** Richard Donner, American film director and producer ** José Sarney, 31st President of Brazil * April 25 – Paul Mazursky, American director and writer (d. 2014) * April 26 – Roger Moens, Belgian athlete and sportscaster * April 28 ** James Baker, former United States Secretary of State ** Carolyn Jones, American actress (d. 1983) * April 29 ** Jean Rochefort, French actor (d. 2017) ** Irv Weinstein, American broadcaster, television news anchor (d. 2017) ** Mahmud of Terengganu, 16th Sultan of Terengganu (d. 1998) * April 30 – Félix Guattari, French psychotherapist, philosopher, semiologist, and activist (d. 1992)


May

* May 1 ** Ethel Ayler, American actress (d. 2018) ** Probosutedjo, Indonesian businessman (d. 2018) ** Little Walter, African-American blues singer, musician, and songwriter (d. 1968) * May 3 – Juan Gelman, Argentine poet, writer (d. 2014) * May 4 – Roberta Peters, American soprano (d. 2017) * May 5 – Michael J. Adams, American aviator, aeronautical engineer, and astronaut (d. 1967) * May 8 ** Heather Harper, Northern Irish soprano (d. 2019) ** Gary Snyder, American poet, essayist and translator * May 9 – Joan Sims, English actress (d. 2001) * May 11 – Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (d. 2002) * May 13 ** Vernon Shaw, 5th President of Dominica (d. 2013) ** Mike Gravel, American politician, former Senator of Alaska and Presidential candidate * May 14 – María Irene Fornés, Cuban-American playwright (d. 2018) * May 15 ** Jasper Johns, American painter ** Grace Ogot, Kenyan author, nurse, journalist, politician and diplomat * May 17 – María Luisa Mendoza, Mexican journalist, novelist and politician (d. 2018) * May 19 – Lorraine Hansberry, African-American playwright (d. 1965) * May 20 – James McEachin, American actor * May 21 – Malcolm Fraser, 22nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 2015) * May 22 ** Kenny Ball, British jazz trumpeter, singer and bandleader (d. 2013) ** Harvey Milk, American politician and gay rights activist (d. 1978) * May 25 – Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer (d. 2016) * May 27 ** John Barth, American writer ** Muhammad Lafir, Sri Lankan snooker player (d. 1981) * May 28 – Edward Seaga, Jamaican politician, 5th Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2019) * May 31 ** Ruslan Stratonovich, Russian physicist, engineer (d. 1997) ** Clint Eastwood, American actor, director, and producer


June

* June 1 – Edward Woodward, English actor and singer (d. 2009) * June 2 – Pete Conrad, American astronaut, moonwalker and commander of ''Apollo 12'' (d. 1999) * June 3 ** Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer (d. 1999) ** George Fernandes, Indian politician (d. 2019) * June 4 ** Morgana King, American jazz singer, actress (d. 2018) ** Viktor Tikhonov (ice hockey, born 1930), Viktor Tikhonov, Soviet ice hockey player and coach (d. 2014) * June 6 – Frank Tyson, English cricketer (d. 2015) * June 8 – Robert Aumann, German-born mathematician, recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences * June 9 ** Barbara (singer), Barbara, French singer (d. 1997) ** Jordi Pujol, 126th President of the Government of Catalonia * June 10 – Grace Mirabella, American journalist, editor of ''Vogue (magazine), Vogue'' 1971-88 * June 11 ** Neale Lavis, Australian equestrian (d. 2019) ** Charles Rangel, African-American politician * June 12 ** Jim Nabors, American actor, musician and comedian (d. 2017) ** Son Sen, Cambodian politician and war criminal (d. 1997) * June 13 – Paul Veyne, French archaeologist, historian, and academic * June 14 – Charles McCarry, American spy and novelist (d. 2019) * June 15 – Ikuo Hirayama, Japanese painter (d. 2009) * June 16 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer (d. 2016) * June 19 – Gena Rowlands, American actress * June 20 ** Magdalena Abakanowicz, Polish sculptor (d. 2017) ** Juan Alberto Melgar Castro, Honduran military ruler (d. 1987) * June 21 – Gerald Kaufman, British Labour politician (d. 2017) * June 22 ** Yury Artyukhin, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1998) ** Sa'dun Hammadi, 33rd Prime Minister of Iraq (d. 2007) * June 23 ** Marie-Thérèse Houphouët-Boigny, First Lady of Ivory Coast ** John Elliott (historian), John Elliott, British historian ** Anthony Thwaite, English poet, critic, and academic * June 24 ** Claude Chabrol, French film director (d. 2010) ** Herb Klein (politician), Herb Klein, American businessman, attorney and politician * June 26 ** Wolfgang Schwanitz, German Leader of the Office for National Security, Head of the Stasi ** Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi, Pakistani economist and caretaker prime minister (d. 2016) ** Jackie Fargo, American wrestler, trainer (d. 2013) * June 27 – Ross Perot, American computer billionaire, politician (d. 2019) * June 28 ** William C. Campbell (scientist), William C. Campbell, Irish-American biologist, parasitologist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel Prize laureate ** Itamar Franco, President of Brazil (d. 2011) ** Horacio Gómez Bolaños, Mexican actor (d. 1999) * June 29 ** Robert Evans, American producer (d. 2019) ** Viola Léger, American-Canadian actress and politician * June 30 ** Ignatius Peter VIII Abdalahad, Syrian bishop (d. 2018) ** Ahmed Zaki Yamani, Saudi Arabian politician (d. 2021)


July

* July 1 – Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada, Bolivian politician and businessman * July 2 ** Sylve Bengtsson, Swedish Olympic footballer (d. 2005) ** Ahmad Jamal, American jazz pianist and composer ** Carlos Menem, President of Argentina (d. 2021) * July 3 ** Carlos Kleiber, Austrian conductor (d. 2004) ** Ferdinando Riva, Swiss football forward (d. 2014) ** N. Venkatachala, Indian judge (d. 2019) * July 4 ** George Steinbrenner, American businessman and baseball team owner (d. 2010) ** Yuriy Tyukalov, Russian rower (d. 2018) * July 6 ** George Armstrong (ice hockey), George Armstrong, Canadian professional ice hockey player ** Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (d. 2016) ** M. Balamuralikrishna, Indian Carnatic vocalist, multi-instrumentalist, playback singer, composer and actor (d. 2016) * July 7 ** Theodore McCarrick, American Roman Catholic cardinal ** Biljana Plavšić, Bosnian politician and war criminal * July 9 **Slavko Dacevski, Macedonian football player and manager ** Patricia Newcomb, American producer and publicist * July 11 ** Jack Alabaster, New Zealand cricketer ** Harold Bloom, American literary critic (d. 2019) * July 14 ** Polly Bergen, American actress (d. 2014) ** Benoît Sinzogan, Beninese military officer and politician * July 15 ** Einosuke Akiya, Japanese Buddhist leader ** Jacques Derrida, Algerian-born French literary critic (d. 2004) ** Stephen Smale, American mathematician * July 17 ** Sigvard Ericsson, Swedish speed skater (d. 2019) ** Ray Galton, English scriptwriter (d. 2018) ** Sir William Heseltine, Australian Private Secretary to Queen Elizabeth II * July 19 – David Rubadiri, Malawian diplomat, academic, poet, playwright and novelist (d. 2018) * July 20 ** Alex Sánchez (footballer, born 1930), Alex Sánchez, Costa Rican football player ** Sally Ann Howes, English actress and singer ** Oleg Anofriyev, Soviet-Russian actor, singer, songwriter, film director and poet (d. 2018) * July 21 ** Gene Littler, American professional golfer (d. 2019) ** Helen Merrill, American jazz vocalist ** Anand Bakshi, Indian poet/lyricist (d. 2002) * July 24 – Jacqueline Brookes, American actress (d. 2013) * July 25 ** Murray Chapple, New Zealand cricketer (d. 1985) ** Maureen Forrester, Canadian contralto (d. 2010) ** Mitzi Shore, American comedy club owner (d. 2018) * July 28 ** Firoza Begum (singer), Firoza Begum, Bangladeshi singer (d. 2014) ** Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)


August

* August 1 ** Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (d. 2002) ** Lawrence Eagleburger, United States Secretary of State (d. 2011) ** Károly Grósz, 51st Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 1996) ** Geoffrey Holder, Trinidadian-American dancer, choreographer and actor (d. 2014) * August 4 ** Enrico Castellani, Italian painter (d. 2017) ** Ali al-Sistani, Iranian Shia Ayatollah * August 5 – Neil Armstrong, American astronaut, Apollo 11, first human to set foot on the Moon, commander of ''Apollo 11'' (d. 2012) * August 6 – Abbey Lincoln, American singer (d. 2010) * August 9 ** Carmen Balcells, Spanish literary agent (d. 2015) ** Jacques Parizeau, French-Canadian politician (d. 2015) * August 10 – Luigi De Filippo, Italian actor (d. 2018) * August 12 – George Soros, Hungarian-born investor * August 13 – Don Ho, American singer and entertainer (d. 2007) * August 14 ** Earl Weaver, American professional baseball player and manager (baseball), manager (d. 2013) ** Liz Fraser, English actress (d. 2018) * August 15 – Tom Mboya, Kenyan trade unionist, educationist, Pan Africanist, author and independence activist (probable; d. 1969) * August 16 ** Robert Culp, American actor (d. 2010) ** Leslie Manigat, 34th President of Haiti (d. 2014) ** Flor Silvestre, Mexican singer, actress and equestrienne (d. 2020) ** Tony Trabert, American tennis player and commentator (d. 2021) * August 17 – Ted Hughes, English poet (d. 1998) * August 18 – Rafael Pineda Ponce, Honduran educator and politician (d. 2014) * August 19 – Frank McCourt, Irish-American writer (d. 2009) * August 20 – Jan Olszewski, 3rd Prime Minister of Poland (d. 2019) * August 21 ** Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (d. 2002) ** Filippo Illuminato, Italian partisan, Gold Medal of Military Valour (d. 1943) * August 22 – Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Brazilian footballer (d. 2013) * August 23 – Michel Rocard, Prime Minister of France (d. 2016) * August 24 – Sultanah Bahiyah, Sultanah of Kedah (d. 2003) * August 25 ** Sir Sean Connery, Scottish actor (''James Bond'') (d. 2020) ** Georgiy Daneliya, Russian film director and screenwriter (d. 2019) * August 27 – Gholamreza Takhti, Iranian wrestler (d. 1968) * August 28 ** Windsor Davies, Welsh actor (d. 2019) ** Ben Gazzara, American actor (d. 2012) **Irinej, Serbian Patriarch, 45th Patriarch of the Serbian Orthodox Church (d. 2020) * August 30 ** Warren Buffett, American billionaire entrepreneur ** Xernona Clayton, American civil rights activist and broadcasting executive ** Paul Poupard, French cardinal


September

* September 1 – Charles Correa, Indian architect (d. 2015) * September 3 – Cherry Wilder, New Zealand novelist (d. 2002) * September 4 – Norman Dorsen, American civil rights activist (d. 2017) * September 6 – Salvatore De Giorgi, Italian cardinal * September 7 ** King Baudouin I of Belgium (d. 1993) ** Sonny Rollins, African-American jazz saxophonist * September 8 ** Mario Adorf, German actor ** Jeannette Altwegg, English figure skater * September 9 – Frank Lucas, African-American drug trafficker (d. 2019) * September 11 – Renzo Montagnani, Italian actor (d. 1997) * September 12 – Akira Suzuki (chemist), Akira Suzuki, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate * September 13 ** Bola Ige, Nigerian politician (d. 2001) ** Jimmy McLane, American Olympic swimmer (d. 2020) * September 16 – Anne Francis, American actress (d. 2011) * September 17 ** David Huddleston, American actor (''The Big Lebowski'') (d. 2016) ** Edgar Mitchell, American astronaut (d. 2016) ** Thomas P. Stafford, American astronaut * September 20 – Kenneth Mopeli, Chief Minister of QwaQwa bantustan (d. 2014) * September 23 – Ray Charles, African-American singer, musician and actor (d. 2004) * September 24 – John Young (astronaut), John Young, American astronaut (d. 2018) * September 25 – Shel Silverstein, American author, poet and humorist (d. 1999) * September 26 ** Philip Bosco, American actor (d. 2018) ** Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor singer (d. 1966) * September 29 ** Colin Dexter, English detective fiction writer (d. 2017) ** Billy Strange, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2012) ** Richard Bonynge, Australian pianist and conductor


October

* October 1 ** Richard Harris, Irish actor, singer (d. 2002) ** Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006) * October 2 – Dave Barrett, Canadian politician (d. 2018) * October 4 – Andrej Marinc, Slovenian politician * October 5 ** Pavel Popovich, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2009) ** Reinhard Selten, German economist, Nobel Prize in Economics, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2016)O'Connor, J J, and E F Robertson
"Reinhard Selten"
''www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk'', November 2010. Retrieved 2016-09-03.
* October 6 ** Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000) ** Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer and commentator (d. 2015) * October 8 – Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996) * October 10 ** Yves Chauvin, Belgian-born chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2015) ** Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008) * October 14 ** Schafik Handal, Salvadoran politician (d. 2006) ** Mobutu Sese Seko, President of Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997) * October 17 – Robert Atkins (nutritionist), Robert Atkins, American nutritionist (d. 2003) * October 18 – Frank Carlucci, American politician (d. 2018) * October 19 ** Ron Joyce, Canadian businessman (d. 2019) ** Jody Lawrance, American actress (d. 1986) * October 20 – Leila Seth, Indian judge (d. 2017) * October 24 ** Ahmad Shah of Pahang, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia (d. 2019) ** The Big Bopper (J.P. Richardson), American singer (d. 1959) * October 27 – Francisca Aguirre, Spanish poet (d. 2019) * October 28 – Bernie Ecclestone, English motor racing tycoon * October 29 ** Omara Portuondo, Cuban singer and dancer ** Niki de Saint Phalle, French artist (d. 2002) * October 30 ** Clifford Brown, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1956) ** Timothy Findley, Canadian author (d. 2002) * October 31 – Michael Collins (astronaut), Michael Collins, American astronaut


November

File:EdwardWhite.jpeg, 100px, Ed White (astronaut), Ed White * November 5 – Hans Mommsen, German historian (d. 2015) * November 6 – Derrick Bell, American law professor (d. 2011) * November 11 ** Mildred Dresselhaus, American scientist and educator (d. 2017) ** Mabandla Dlamini, 3rd Prime Minister of Swaziland ** Alevtina Kolchina, Soviet Olympic cross-country skier * November 13 – Richard A. Falk, American academic * November 14 ** Monique Mercure, Canadian actress (d. 2020) ** Jānis Pujats, Latvian cardinal, Archbishop of Riga ** Ed White (astronaut), Ed White, American astronaut (d. 1967) * November 15 – J. G. Ballard, English writer (d. 2009) * November 16 ** Chinua Achebe, Nigerian writer (d. 2013) ** Salvatore Riina ("Toto"), Italian multiple murderer (d. 2017) *November 17 – Bob Mathias, American athlete (d. 2006) * November 18 – Jai Narain Prasad Nishad, Indian politician (d. 2018) * November 19 – Christian Schwarz-Schilling, Austrian-German politician and philanthropist * November 20 – Choe Yong-rim, North Korean politician * November 22 – Owen Garriott, American astronaut (d. 2019) * November 24 – Inge Feltrinelli, German-Italian publisher, photographer (d. 2018) * November 26 – Berthold Leibinger, German engineer, entrepreneur and philanthropist (d. 2018) * November 29 – David Goldblatt, South African photographer (d. 2018) * November 30 – G. Gordon Liddy, American organizer of the Watergate scandal, Watergate burglaries (d. 2021)


December

* December 2 – Gary Becker, American economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2014) * December 3 – Jean-Luc Godard, French film director * December 4 ** Ronnie Corbett, Scottish comedian (d. 2016) ** Jacqueline du Bief, French figure skater * December 6 – Daniel Lisulo, Prime Minister of Zambia (d. 2000) * December 7 – Christopher Nicole, Guyanese-born British writer * December 8 – Maximilian Schell, Swiss-Austrian actor (d. 2014) * December 9 ** Edoardo Sanguineti, Italian writer (d. 2010) ** Buck Henry, American actor, screenwriter, and director (d. 2020) * December 11 – Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor and director * December 12 – Silvio Santos, Brazilian TV show host, entrepreneur * December 15 ** Antonietta Meo, Italian saint (d. 1937) ** Edna O'Brien, Irish writer * December 17 – Armin Mueller-Stahl, Russian-born German actor *December 19 – Anca Giurchescu, Romanian academic and Ethnochoreology, ethnochoreologist (d. 2015) * December 21 ** Adebayo Adedeji, Nigerian UN official (d. 2018) ** Kalevi Sorsa, Prime Minister of Finland (d. 2004) * December 25 – Salah Jahin, Egyptian poet, lyricist, playwright and cartoonist (d. 1986) * December 28 – Mariam A. Aleem, Egyptian artist (d. 2010) * December 30 ** Alvin "Seeco" Patterson, Alvin Peterson, Jamaican percussionist ** Tu Youyou, Chinese pharmaceutical chemist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Nobel Prize laureate * December 31 – Odetta, American singer (d. 2008)


Deaths


January – June

* January 8 – Martha Tynæs, Norwegian social worker and politician (b. 1870) * January 9 – Edward Bok, American author (b. 1863) * January 13 – John Nathan Cobb, American author, naturalist, conservationist, fisheries researcher, and educator (b. 1868) * January 19 – Frank Ramsey (mathematician), Frank Ramsey, British philosopher, mathematician and economist (b. 1903) * January 22 – Reginald Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher, British politician and courtier (b. 1852) * January 24 – Rebecca Latimer Felton, American writer, lecturer, reformer, and politician (b. 1835) * January 27 – Dewa Shigetō, Japanese admiral (b. 1856) * January 28 – Emmy Destinn, Czech operatic soprano (b. 1878) * February 3 ** Michele Bianchi, Italian fascist leader (b. 1883) ** Poseidon (horse), Poseidon, Australian racehorse (b. 1903) * February 14 – Thomas Mackenzie, Sir Thomas MacKenzie, New Zealand politician, explorer, 18th Prime Minister of New Zealand and High Commissioner (b. 1854) * February 15 – Giulio Douhet, Italian general, air power theorist (b. 1869) * February 21 – Ahmad Shah Qajar, Pahlavi dynasty, Shah of Persia (b. 1898) * February 23 ** Mabel Normand, American actress (b. 1892) ** Horst Wessel, Nazi ideologue, composer (b. 1907) * February 26 **Mary Whiton Calkins, American philosopher and psychologist (b. 1863) **Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal and Servant of God (b. 1865) * February 28 – Perceval Maitland Laurence, Sir Perceval Maitland Laurence, British classical scholar, South African judge and a benefactor of the University of Cambridge (b. 1854) * March 2 – D. H. Lawrence, British writer (''Lady Chatterley's Lover'') (b. 1885) * March 6 – Alfred von Tirpitz, German politician, admiral (b. 1848) * March 8 – William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States, 10th Chief Justice of the United States (b. 1857) * March 11 – Silvio Gesell, German economist (b. 1862) * March 12 – William George Barker, Canadian pilot (b. 1894) * March 13 – Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman, American author (b. 1852) * March 16 – Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish military officer, Prime Minister of Spain (b. 1870) * March 19 – Arthur Balfour, British politician and statesman, 48th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1848) * March 24 – Eugeen Van Mieghem, Belgian painter (b. 1875) * March 27 – Sister Christine, German-born Hindu teacher * March 30 – Shyamji Krishna Varma, Indian lawyer, journalist and revolutionary (b. 1857) * April 1 – Cosima Wagner, wife and inspiration of Richard Wagner (b. 1837) * April 2 – Empress Zewditu of Ethiopia (b. 1876) * April 3 – Emma Albani, Dame Emma Albani, Canadian operatic soprano (b. 1847) * April 4 – Victoria of Baden, Queen consort of Sweden (b. 1862) * April 6 – Dimitrije, Serbian Patriarch (b. 1846) * April 9 – Rose Caron, French operatic soprano (b. 1857) * April 14 ** Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1893) ** John B. Sheridan, Irish-American sports journalist (b. 1870) * April 16 – Linda Richards, American nurse (b. 1841) * April 21 – Robert Bridges, British poet (b. 1844) * April 22 – Jeppe Aakjær, Danish poet, novelist (b. 1866) * May 8 – Patriarch George V of Armenia (b. 1847) * May 13 – Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1861) * May 17 – Herbert Croly, American political author (b. 1869) * May 25 ** Randall Davidson, English clergyman, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1848) ** Archduke Rainer of Austria (1895-1930), Archduke Rainer of Austria (b. 1895) * June 5 ** Sophie Holten, Danish painter (b. 1858) ** Eric Lemming, Swedish athlete (b. 1880) ** Pascin, Bulgarian painter (b. 1885) * June 10 – Adolf von Harnack, German Lutheran theologian and church historian (b. 1851) * June 13 – Sir Henry Segrave, British racer, land and water speed record holder (b. 1896) * June 16 – Anna Whitlock, Swedish suffragist (b. 1852)


July– December

* July 7 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, British fiction writer (''Sherlock Holmes'') (b. 1859) * July 8 – Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856) * July 11 – Masataka Ogawa, Japanese chemist (b. 1865) * July 15 ** Leopold Auer, Hungarian violinist (b. 1845) ** Rudolph Schildkraut, Ottoman-born Austrian actor (b. 1862) * July 16 – Juan Luis Sanfuentes, 16th President of Chile (b. 1858) * July 19 ** Sir Robert Stout, 2-time Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1844) ** Oku Yasukata, Japanese field marshal, leading figure in the early Imperial Japanese Army (b. 1847) * July 23 – Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer (b. 1878) * July 26 – Pavlos Karolidis, Greek historian (b. 1849) * July 28 – Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862) * August 4 – Siegfried Wagner, German composer and conductor, son of Richard Wagner (born 1869) * August 11 – Edward Angle, American dentist (b. 1855) * August 12 – Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien, English general (b. 1858) * August 15 – Florian Cajori, Swiss-born historian of mathematics (b. 1859) * August 21 – Sir Aston Webb, British architect (b. 1849) * August 24 – Tom Norman, British freak show, freak showman (b. 1860) * August 26 – Lon Chaney, American actor (b. 1883) * August 29 – William Archibald Spooner, British scholar, Anglican priest (b. 1844) * September 1 – Peeter Põld, Estonian pedagogical scientist, politician (b. 1878) * September 10 – Aubrey Faulkner, South African cricketer (b. 1881) * September 18 – Ruth Alexander, pioneering American pilot (b. 1905) * September 20 – Gombojab Tsybikov, Russian explorer (b. 1873) * September 28 ** Daniel Guggenheim, American mining magnate and philanthropist (b. 1856) ** Prince Leopold of Bavaria (b. 1846)a * September 30 – Albert W. Grant, American admiral (b. 1856) * October 2 – Gordon Stewart Northcott, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1906) * October 4 – Olena Pchilka, Ukrainian writer, translator and publisher (b. 1849) * October 10 – Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844) * October 15 – Herbert Dow, Canadian-born chemical industrialist (b. 1866) * October 16 – James Surtees Phillpotts, English writer and educator (b. 1839) * October 20 – Valeriano Weyler, 1st Duke of Rubí, Spanish general (b. 1838) * October 26 – Harry Payne Whitney, American horse breeder and businessman (b. 1872) * October 27 – Ellen Hayes, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1851) * October 28 – Mary Harrison McKee, ''de facto'' First Lady of the United States (b. 1858) * October 30 – Sakichi Toyoda, Japanese inventor, industrialist (b. 1867) * November – Alfred Wegener, German geophysicist, meteorologist (b. 1880) * November 3 – Nikolai Alexandrov (actor), Nikolai Alexandrov, Soviet actor and director (b. 1870) * November 4 – Akiyama Yoshifuru, Japanese general (b. 1859) * November 5 ** Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician, pathologist, and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1858) ** Luigi Facta, Italian politician, 26th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1861) * November 8 – Alexander Bedward, Jamaican preacher (b. 1848) * November 9 – Tasker H. Bliss, American general (b. 1853) * November 20 – Sir Neville Howse, Australian politician and recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1863) * November 21 – Clelia Merloni, Italian nun and founder of the Apostles of the Sacred Heart of Jesus * November 26 – Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan, Sinhalese lawyer and politician (b. 1851) * November 28 – Constantine VI of Constantinople, Constantine VI, Turkish-born bishop, briefly Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1859) * November 30 – Mary Harris Jones, Irish-born American labor leader (b. 1837) * December 8 – Florbela Espanca, Portuguese poet (b. 1894) * December 9 ** Rube Foster, Andrew "Rube" Foster, American Negro league baseball player (b. 1879) ** Laura Muntz Lyall, Canadian painter (b. 1860) * December 12 – Nikolai Pokrovsky, Russian politician, last foreign minister of the Russian Empire (b. 1865) * December 13 – Fritz Pregl, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1869) * December 17 – Peter Warlock, British composer (b. 1894) * December 22 – Vintilă Brătianu, 31st Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1867) * December 25 – Eugen Goldstein, German physicist (b. 1850)


Nobel Prizes

* Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics – Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman * Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry – Hans Fischer * Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Physiology or Medicine – Karl Landsteiner * Nobel Prize in Literature, Literature – Sinclair Lewis * Nobel Peace Prize, Peace – Nathan Söderblom


References


Sources


The 1930s Timeline: 1930
– from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia {{DEFAULTSORT:1930 1930,