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1909
1909
was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1909th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 909th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1909, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

1 Events

1.1 January–February 1.2 March–April 1.3 May–June 1.4 July–August 1.5 September–October 1.6 November–December 1.7 Undated

2 Births

2.1 January 2.2 February 2.3 March 2.4 April 2.5 May 2.6 June 2.7 July 2.8 August 2.9 September 2.10 October 2.11 November 2.12 December 2.13 Date unknown

3 Deaths

3.1 January 3.2 February 3.3 March 3.4 April 3.5 May 3.6 June 3.7 July 3.8 August 3.9 September 3.10 October 3.11 November 3.12 December 3.13 Date unknown

4 Nobel Prizes 5 References 6 Primary sources and year books 7 Further reading

Events[edit] January–February[edit] Main articles: January 1909
January 1909
and February 1909

William Taft
William Taft
27th President of the United States

January 7 Colombia
Colombia
recognizes the independence of Panama. January 9 – The British Nimrod Expedition
Nimrod Expedition
to the South Pole, led by Ernest Shackleton, arrives at the farthest south reached by any prior expedition, at 88°23' S, prior to turning back, due to diminishing supplies.[1] January 16 – Shackleton's expedition claims to have found the magnetic South Pole[2] (but the location recorded may be incorrect). January 24 – The White Star Liner RMS Republic sinks, the day after a collision with SS Florida. In the first recorded use of the CQD emergency radio signal for a large passenger vessel, one person, a male passenger, is lost on the Republic.[3] January 28 – The last United States
United States
troops leave Cuba, after being there since the Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
of 1898. February 5 Leo Baekeland
Leo Baekeland
announces the creation of bakelite hard thermosetting plastic. February 12 – The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is founded in New York, New York.

March–April[edit] Main articles: March 1909
March 1909
and April 1909

March 4 William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft
is sworn in, as the 27th President of the United States. March 10 – The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909
Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909
is signed in Bangkok. March 18 – Einar Dessau uses a shortwave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster. March 21 – The remains of the Báb
Báb
are placed in the Bahá'í Shrine of the Báb
Báb
on Mount Carmel
Mount Carmel
in Haifa, at this time within the Ottoman Empire. March 31 Serbia
Serbia
accepts Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina. April 4 – The association football team Sport Club Internacional
Sport Club Internacional
is founded in Porto Alegre, Brazil. April 6 – Robert Peary, Matthew Henson, and four Inuit
Inuit
explorers, Ootah, Ooqueah, Seegloo, and Egigingwah, come within a few miles of the North Pole.[4] April 11 – The city of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
(known in its first year as Ahuzat Bayit) is founded by the Jewish community, on the outskirts of Jaffa. April 13 ( March 31 by Eastern reckoning) – A countercoup begins in the Ottoman Empire. April 14 – Adana massacre: Ottoman Turks kill 15,000–30,000 Armenian Christians, in the Adana Vilayet. April 18 Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
is beatified in Rome. April 19 – The Anglo-Persian Oil Company
Anglo-Persian Oil Company
(modern-day BP) is incorporated. April 27 – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
Abdul Hamid II
Abdul Hamid II
is overthrown and succeeded by his brother, Mehmed V. He is sent to the Ottoman port city of Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
(Selanik) the next day.

May–June[edit] Main articles: May 1909
May 1909
and June 1909

May 13–30 – The first Giro d'Italia
Giro d'Italia
bicycle race starts and finishes in Milan; Luigi Ganna
Luigi Ganna
is the winner. May 19 Russian ballet
Russian ballet
is brought to the Western world, when the Ballets Russes
Ballets Russes
opens a tour produced by Sergei Diaghilev
Sergei Diaghilev
at the Théâtre du Châtelet
Théâtre du Châtelet
in Paris, with 55 dancers, including Vaslav Nijinsky.[5] June 2 – French forces capture Abéché, capital of the Wadai Empire in central Africa. June 15 – Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's Cricket Ground, and form the Imperial Cricket Conference.

July–August[edit] Main articles: July 1909
July 1909
and August 1909

July 25: Louis Blériot
Louis Blériot
crosses the English Channel

July 16 – A revolution forces Mohammad Ali Shah
Mohammad Ali Shah
of the Qajar Dynasty to abdicate in favor of his son Ahmad Shah Qajar. He proceeds to leave Persia for Imperial Russia, reportedly seeking the assistance of Nicholas II of Russia
Nicholas II of Russia
in regaining the throne. July 25 Louis Blériot
Louis Blériot
is the first man to fly across the English Channel (thus a large open body of water) in a heavier-than-air craft. July 25– August 2 – "Tragic Week": The city of Barcelona experiences a workers' uprising. August 2 – The United States
United States
Army Signal Corp Division purchases the world's first military airplane, a Wright Military Flyer, from the Wright brothers. August 8
August 8
Max Heindel
Max Heindel
formally founds the Rosicrucian Fellowship
Rosicrucian Fellowship
in Seattle, Washington. August 12 – The Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
opens in the United States.

September–October[edit] Main articles: September 1909
September 1909
and October 1909

September 4 – Japan and China sign the Jiandao/Gando Treaty, which gives Japan a way to receive railroad concessions in Manchuria. October 8 – An earthquake in the Zagreb
Zagreb
area leads Andrija Mohorovičić to identify the Mohorovičić discontinuity. October 12
October 12
– The association football team Coritiba is founded in Curitiba, Brazil. October 13 – An agreement by Germany, Italy and Switzerland gives the Germans and Italians access to the Gotthard Rail Tunnel. October 26 – Itō Hirobumi, four time Prime Minister of Japan
Prime Minister of Japan
(the 1st, 5th, 7th and 10th) and Resident-General of Korea, is assassinated by An Jung-geun
An Jung-geun
at the Harbin Railway Station
Harbin Railway Station
in Manchuria.

November–December[edit] Main articles: November 1909
November 1909
and December 1909

November 18 – In Nicaragua, 500 revolutionaries (including 2 Americans) are executed by order of dictator José Santos Zelaya. The United States
United States
responds by sending 2 warships. December 4 – Montreal Canadiens, a well known professional ice hockey club in Canada, is founded.[citation needed] December 14 – New South Wales Premier Charles Wade signs the Seat of Government Surrender Act 1909, formally completing the transfer of State land to the Commonwealth, to create the Australian Capital Territory. December 19 – The association football team Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund
is founded in Dortmund, Germany. December 23 – King Albert I of Belgium
Albert I of Belgium
succeeds his uncle, Leopold II (died December 17), on the throne. December 28 – The first manned heavier-than-air powered flight in South Africa is made at East London, by French aviator Albert Kimmerling, in a Voisin 1907
1907
biplane.[6]

Undated[edit]

Karl Landsteiner, Constantin Levaditi
Constantin Levaditi
and Erwin Popper discover the polio virus.

Births[edit] January[edit]

Dana Andrews

Barry Goldwater

Victor Borge

Ann Sothern

U Thant

January 1

Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992) Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)

January 2 – Barry Goldwater, American politician (d. 1998) January 3 – Victor Borge, Danish entertainer (d. 2000) January 4 – J. R. Simplot, American businessman (d. 2008) January 5 – Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (d. 1994) January 8 – Willy Millowitsch, German actor (d. 1999) January 9

Anthony Mamo, 1st President of Malta
President of Malta
(d. 2008) Patrick Peyton, American priest, saint (d. 1992)

January 13 – Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist convicted of setting fire to the German Reichstag building in 1933
1933
(d. 1934) January 15

Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939) Gene Krupa, American drummer (d. 1973)

January 16 – Clement Greenberg, American art critic (d. 1994) January 19 – Hans Hotter, German bass-baritone (d. 2003) January 21 – Todor Skalovski, Macedonian composer (d. 2004) January 22

Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat, race-car driver, and polo player (d. 1956) Ann Sothern, American actress (d. 2001) U Thant, Burmese United Nations Secretary General (d. 1974)

January 24 – Martin Lings, British Islamic scholar (d. 2005) January 25 – Robert Rex, 1st Premier of Niue (d. 1992) January 28 – Colin Munro MacLeod, Canadian-American geneticist, medical researcher (d. 1972) January 30 – Saul Alinsky, American community organizer (d. 1972)

February[edit]

Dean Rusk

Miep Gies

February 1 – George Beverly Shea, American gospel singer, songwriter (d. 2013) February 3 – Simone Weil, French philosopher (d. 1943) February 6 – Aino Talvi, Estonian actress (d. 1992) February 7

Wilhelm Freddie, Danish painter (d. 1995) Amedeo Guillet, Italian army officer (d. 2010) Silvio Zavala, Mexican historian (d. 2014)

February 9

Harald Genzmer, German composer (d. 2007) Giulio Racah, Israeli mathematician, physicist (d. 1965) Carmen Miranda, Portuguese-born Brazilian actress, singer (d. 1955) Dean Rusk, American politician (d. 1994)

February 11

Max Baer, American boxer, actor (d. 1959) Joseph Mankiewicz, American filmmaker (d. 1993)

February 12 – Zoran Mušič, Slovene painter (d. 2005) February 15

Guillermo Gorostiza Paredes, Spanish footballer (d. 1966) Miep Gies, Austrian-born Dutch humanitarian (d. 2010)

February 16

Hugh Beaumont, American actor (d. 1982) Jeffrey Lynn, American actor, film producer (d. 1995)

February 18

Matti Järvinen, Finnish athlete (d. 1985) Wallace Stegner, American writer (d. 1993)

February 19 – Enrico Donati, Italian-born American painter (d. 2008) February 20 – Heinz Erhardt, German comedian, musician, entertainer, actor, and poet (d. 1979) February 21 – Hans Erni, Swiss painter, sculptor (d. 2015) February 22 – Edmund Berkeley, American scientist (d. 1988) February 24 – August Derleth, American writer (d. 1971) February 25 – Geoffrey Dummer, English electrical engineer (d. 2002) February 26 – King Talal of Jordan
Talal of Jordan
(d. 1972) February 28 – Stephen Spender, English writer (d. 1995)

March[edit]

Héctor José Cámpora

March 4 – Harry Helmsley, American real estate entrepreneur (d. 1997) March 7 – Roger Revelle, American scientist, scholar (d. 1991) March 12 – Virginia McLaurin, American community service volunteer March 19

Jean Brachet, Belgian chemist (d. 1988) Louis Hayward, South African-born actor (d. 1985)

March 22

Milt Kahl, American animator (d. 1987) Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (d. 1983)

March 24 – Clyde Barrow, American outlaw, member of Barrow Gang
Barrow Gang
(d. 1934) March 26 – Héctor José Cámpora, Argentine Peronist politician, 38th President of Argentina
President of Argentina
(d. 1980) March 27 – Golo Mann, German historian (d. 1994) March 28 – Nelson Algren, American author (d. 1981) March 29 – Moon Mullican, American country music singer (d. 1967)

April[edit]

Juliana of the Netherlands

April 6 – William M. Branham, American Christian minister (d. 1965) April 7 – Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978) April 8 – John Fante, Italian-American writer (d. 1983) April 13

Stanislaw Marcin Ulam, Polish-born mathematician (d. 1984) Eudora Welty, American author (d. 2001)

April 22

Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2012) Spyros Markezinis, Prime Minister of Greece (d. 2000) Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist (d. 2001)

April 24

Bernhard Grzimek, German zoo director, zoologist (d. 1987)

April 25 – William Pereira, American architect (d. 1985) April 26

Marianne Hoppe, German actress (d. 2002) Rodney Collin, British writer (d. 1956)

April 30

Queen Juliana of the Netherlands
Juliana of the Netherlands
(d. 2004) F. E. McWilliam, Northern Irish sculptor (d. 1992)

May[edit]

Margaret Sullavan

Adolfo López Mateos

Benny Goodman

May 1 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, activist (d. 1990) May 4 – Howard Da Silva, American actor (d. 1986) May 6 – Loyd Sigmon, American amateur radio broadcaster (d. 2004) May 7 – Edwin H. Land, American camera inventor (d. 1991) May 10 – Maybelle Carter, American musician (d. 1978) May 15

James Mason, British actor (d. 1984) Clara Solovera, Chilean folk musician (d. 1992)

May 16 – Margaret Sullavan, American actress (d. 1960) May 17 – Karl Schäfer, Austrian figure skater (d. 1976) May 18 – Fred Perry, English tennis player (d. 1995) May 19 – Nicholas Winton, British humanitarian (d. 2015) May 23 – Hugh E. Blair, American linguist (d. 1967) May 24 – Victoria Hopper, Canadian stage, film actress and singer (d. 2007) May 26

Matt Busby, Scottish football manager (d. 1994) Adolfo López Mateos, 48th President of Mexico (d. 1969) Papa Charlie McCoy, American Delta blues
Delta blues
musician, songwriter (d. 1950)

May 27

Dolores Hope, American singer, philanthropist (d. 2011) Guillermo León Valencia, President of Colombia
Colombia
(d. 1971) Donald Trumbull, American special effects artist (d. 2004)

May 30 – Benny Goodman, American musician (d. 1986)

June[edit]

Errol Flynn

June 1 – Yechezkel Kutscher, Slovakian-born Israeli philologist, Hebrew linguist (d. 1971) June 3 – Ira D. Wallach, American businessman, philanthropist (d. 2007) June 6 – Isaiah Berlin, Russian historian of ideas (d. 1997) June 7 – Jessica Tandy, English actress (d. 1994) June 10 – Mary Field, American film actress (d. 1996) June 12

Archie Bleyer, American song arranger, band leader (d. 1989) Tom Steele, Scottish-born actor, stuntman (d. 1990)

June 14 – Burl Ives, American singer (d. 1995) June 19 – Osamu Dazai, Japanese novelist (d. 1948) June 20

Errol Flynn, Australian-born actor (d. 1959) Robb White, American writer (d. 1990)

June 21 – Assunta Paesano, Italian centenarian June 22

Amanda Neveux, French centenarian Infanta Beatriz of Spain, (d. 2002) Katherine Dunham, American dancer, choreographer, and songwriter (d. 2006)

June 23

Zofia Rostkowska, Polish centenarian Renata Behrman, Latvian-English centenarian Mercedes Sierra Gomez, Spanish centenarian Li Xiannian, President of the People's Republic of China (d. 1992)

June 24 – William Penney, Baron Penney, English mathematician, physicist (d. 1991) June 26

Mavis Thorpe Clark, Australian novelist, writer (d. 1999) Colonel Tom Parker, Dutch-born celebrity manager (d. 1997) Wolfgang Reitherman, German animator, director and producer (d. 1985)

June 28 – Eric Ambler, British author (d. 1998) June 30 – Juan Bosch, 43rd President of the Dominican Republic (d. 2001)

July[edit]

Andrei Gromyko

July 1 – Antonina Pirozhkova, Russian civil engineer, writer (d. 2010) July 2 – Gil English, American professional baseball third baseman (d. 1996) July 5

Douglas MacArthur II, American diplomat (d. 1997) Douglas Dodds-Parker, British politician and administrator (d. 2006)

July 6

Eric Reece, 32nd Premier of Tasmania (d. 1999) Oscar Alende, Argentine politician (d. 1996)

July 7

Richard Turnbull, British colonial governor (d. 1998) Gottfried von Cramm, German tennis player (d. 1976)

July 8 – Ike Petersen, American football back (d. 1995) July 9 – Juan Yustrich, Argentine football goalkeeper (d. 2002) July 11

Jacques Clemens, Dutch-Belgian Catholic priest, centenarian (d. 2018) James Crombie, English centenarian (d. 2017) Irene Hervey, American actress (d. 1998) Song Renqiong, Chinese political, military leader (d. 2005)

July 12

Motoichi Kumagai, Japanese photographer, illustrator (d. 2010) Joe DeRita, American comedian (d. 1993)

July 13

Souphanouvong, 1st President of Laos (d. 1995) Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer (d. 1999) Raili Halttu, Finnish sprinter (d. 2006)

July 14

Francis Brian Shorland, New Zealand organic chemist (d. 1999) Alejandro Morera Soto, Costa Rican football player (d. 1995)

July 15

Vera Shlakman, American economist, professor (d. 2017) Hendrik Casimir, Dutch physicist (d. 2000)

July 16

Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist (d. 1996) Bernard Gadney, English rugby union footballer (d. 2000) Teddy Buckner, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1994)

July 18

Harriet Nelson, American singer, actress (d. 1994) Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978) Andrei Gromyko, Soviet Minister for Foreign Affairs (d. 1989)

July 19 – Balamani Amma, Indian poet (d. 2004) July 20

Clyde Roberts, American college football player (d. 2004) Sigfrid Heyner, Swedish swimmer (d. 1995)

July 21 – Egidio Armelloni, Italian gymnast (d. 1997) July 22 – Licia Albanese, Italian-born American operatic soprano (d. 2014) July 23 – John William Finn, American WWII hero (d. 2010) July 26 – Vivian Vance, American actress (d. 1979) July 28 – Malcolm Lowry, British novelist (d. 1957) July 30 – C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian, author (d. 1993)

August[edit]

August 8

Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham, English cricketer, politician and 9th Governor-General of New Zealand
Governor-General of New Zealand
(d. 1977) Jack Renshaw, Australian politician, Premier of New South Wales
Premier of New South Wales
(d. 1987)

August 9 – Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer, diplomat (d. 1944) August 10

Leo Fender, American guitar inventor, manufacturer (d. 1991) Richard J. Hughes, American politician, 45th Governor of New Jersey, and Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court (d. 1992) Claude Thornhill, American pianist, arranger, composer, and bandleader (d. 1965)

August 18 – Gordon Gunter, American marine biologist, fisheries scientist (d. 1998) August 25 – Michael Rennie, English actor (d. 1971) August 26 – Jim Davis, American actor (d. 1981) August 30 – Marguerite Allan, British actress (d. 1994) August 31 – Ferenc Fejtő, Hungarian-born French journalist, political scientist (d. 2008)

September[edit]

Elia Kazan

September 1 – E. Herbert Norman, Canadian diplomat (d. 1957) September 7 – Elia Kazan, Turkish-born film director (d. 2003) September 10 – Irakli Abashidze, Georgian poet, literary scholar, and politician (d. 1992) September 14

Peter Scott, British ornithologist and painter (d. 1989) Andreas Tzimas, Greek communist politician, Resistance leader (d. 1972)

September 15

Phil Arnold, American actor (d. 1968) Jean Batten, New Zealand-born aviator (d. 1982) Jan van Aartsen, Dutch politician (d. 1992)

September 19 – Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche, Austrian auto designer, businessman (d. 1998) September 21 – Kwame Nkrumah, Ghanaian politician (d. 1972) September 24 – Carl Sigman, American songwriter (d. 2000) September 26 – Bill France, Sr., American race car driver, businessman, and co-founder of NASCAR
NASCAR
(d. 1992) September 28 – Al Capp, American cartoonist (d. 1979) September 29 – Vasco Bergamaschi, Italian road racing cyclist (d. 1979)

October[edit]

Piotr Jaroszewicz

Francis Bacon

October 1 – Everett Sloane, American actor (d. 1965) October 4 – Murray Chotiner, American political consultant (d. 1974) October 8 – Piotr Jaroszewicz, Polish politician, Prime Minister of Poland (d. 1992) October 10

Robert F. Boyle, American production designer, art director (d. 2010) Max Simon Ehrlich, American writer (d. 1983)

October 13 – Herblock, American editorial cartoonist (d. 2001) October 14 – Bernd Rosemeyer, German race car driver (d. 1938) October 17 – Cozy Cole, American jazz drummer (d. 1981) October 18 – Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher of law and political sciences (d. 2004) October 20 – Carla Laemmle, American actress (d. 2014) October 24 – Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966) October 25
October 25
– Whit Bissell, American actor (d. 1996) October 27 – Henry Townsend, American musician (d. 2006) October 28 – Francis Bacon, Irish-born British painter (d. 1992)

November[edit]

November 9 – Kay Thompson, American author, actress (d. 1998) November 10 – Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian (d. 1970) November 13 – Vincent Apap, Maltese sculptor (d. 2003) November 16 – Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Indian Islamic leader (d. 1982) November 18 – Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (d. 1976) November 22 – Mikhail Mil, Russian helicopter manufacturer (d. 1970) November 23 – Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian, novelist (d. 2000) November 24 – Gerhard Gentzen, German mathematician (d. 1945) November 26 – Eugène Ionesco, Romanian-born playwright (d. 1994) November 27 – James Agee, American writer (d. 1955)

December[edit]

Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.

December 2 – Marion Dönhoff, German journalist (d. 2002) December 4 – Jimmy Jewel, English actor (d. 1995) December 5 – Bobbie Heine Miller, South African tennis player (d. 2016) December 7 – Arch Oboler, American actor, playwright, screenwriter, novelist, producer, and director (d. 1987) December 9 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor, naval officer (d. 2000) December 14 – Edward Lawrie Tatum, American geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975) December 20

Vagn Holmboe, Danish composer (d. 1996) Vakkom Majeed, Indian freedom fighter, politician (d. 2000)

December 21 – Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese writer, journalist (d. 1992) December 22

Alan Carney, American actor (d. 1973) Patricia Hayes, British character actress, comedian (d. 1998)

December 27 – Henryk Jabłoński, President of Poland (d. 2003) December 29 – Thomas Beck, American actor (d. 1995)

Date unknown[edit]

Cecil Williams (anti-apartheid activist), English-South African theatre director, anti-apartheid activist (d. 1979)

Deaths[edit] January[edit]

Arnold Janssen

Geronimo

A. C. Swinburne

Miguel Angel Juarez Celman

Afonso Pena

January 8 – Harry Seeley, British palaeontologist (b. 1839) January 10 – Charles Vernon Culver, American politician (b. 1830) January 12 – Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician (b. 1864) January 14

Arthur William à Beckett, British journalist (b. 1844) Zinovy Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral (b. 1848)

January 15 – Saint Arnold Janssen, German Catholic priest (b. 1837) January 24 – Petre S. Aurelian, 19th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1833) January 27 – Benoît-Constant Coquelin, French theatrical actor (b. 1841)

February[edit]

February 5 – Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, French occultist (b. 1842) February 8 – Catulle Mendès, French poet (b. 1841) February 17 – Geronimo, Apache leader (b. 1829) February 20 – Paul Ranson, French painter (b. 1864) February 26 – Caran d'Ache, French political cartoonist (b. 1858)

March[edit]

March 6 – Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish novelist (b. 1858) March 16 – Wilbraham Egerton, 1st Earl Egerton, chairman of the Manchester Ship Canal (b. 1832) March 24 – John Millington Synge, Irish playwright (b. 1871) March 25 – Ruperto Chapí, Spanish composer (b. 1854)

April[edit]

April 3 – Pascual Cervera y Topete, Spanish admiral (b. 1839) April 8 – Helena Modjeska, Polish actress (b. 1840) April 10 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (b. 1837) April 13 – Sir Donald Currie
Donald Currie
GCMG, British shipping magnate (b. 1825) April 14 – Miguel Ángel Juárez Celman, 10th President of Argentina (b. 1844) April 19 – Signe Rink, Greenland-born Danish writer, ethnologist (b. 1836) April 28 – Frederick Holbrook, Vermont governor (b. 1813)

May[edit]

May 2 – Manuel Amador Guerrero, 1st President of Panama
Panama
(b. 1833) May 10 – Futabatei Shimei, Japanese author, translator (b. 1864) May 12 – Hugh Henry Gough, British general, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1833) May 17 – Helge Alexander Haugan, American banking executive (b. 1847) May 18

Isaac Albéniz, Spanish composer (b. 1860) George Meredith, English novelist, poet (b. 1828)

June[edit]

June 14 – Afonso Pena, 6th President of Brazil
Brazil
(b. 1847) June 24 – Sarah Orne Jewett, American writer (b. 1849)

July[edit]

Ito Hirobumi

King Leopold II of Belgium

July 8 – Gaston Alexandre Auguste, Marquis de Galliffet, French general (b. 1830) July 9 – Kasimir Felix Graf von Badeni, 13th Minister-President of Cisleithania (b. 1846) July 11 – Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer, mathematician (b. 1835) July 18 Carlos, Duke of Madrid
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
(b. 1848) July 19 – Arai Ikunosuke, Japanese samurai (b. 1836) July 22 – Detlev von Liliencron, German poet (b. 1844)

August[edit]

August 5 – Miguel Antonio Caro, Colombian political leader (b. 1843) August 8
August 8
– Mary MacKillop, Australian saint (b. 1842) August 14 – William Stanley, British inventor, engineer (b. 1829) August 15 – Euclides da Cunha, Brazilian author (b. 1866) August 27 – Emil Christian Hansen, Danish fermentation physiologist (b. 1842)

September[edit]

September 2 – Louis Delacenserie, Belgian architect (b. 1838) September 4 – Clyde Fitch, American dramatist (b. 1865) September 5 – Louis Bouveault, French chemist (b. 1864) September 7 – Eugène Lefebvre, pioneer French aviator (b. 1878) September 22 – Captain Ferdinand Ferber, French Army officer, pioneer aviator (b. 1862) September 27 – Gyula Donáth, Hungarian sculptor (b. 1850) September 29 – Vladimir Vidrić, Croatian poet (b. 1875)

October[edit]

October 13 – Francesc Ferrer i Guàrdia, Spanish anarchist (executed) (b. 1859) October 19 – Cesare Lombroso, Italian criminologist, physician (b. 1835) October 26 – Itō Hirobumi, 1st Prime Minister of Japan (assassinated) (b. 1841)

November[edit]

November 9 – William Powell Frith, English painter (b. 1819) November 18 Renée Vivien Scottish/American poet (b. 1877)

December[edit]

December 10 – Red Cloud, Sioux warrior (b. 1822) December 14 – Agustí Querol Subirats, Spanish sculptor (b. 1860) December 15 – Francisco Tárrega, Spanish guitarist, composer (b. 1852) December 17 – King Leopold II of Belgium
Leopold II of Belgium
(b. 1835) December 16 – Lina Morgenstern, German writer, educator, feminist and pacifist (b. 1830) December 18 – Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich, Russian royal (b. 1832) December 26
December 26
– Frederic Remington, American cowboy artist, sculptor (b. 1864)

Date unknown[edit]

Gideon T. Stewart, American educator, politician (b. 1824)

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Physics – Guglielmo Marconi
Guglielmo Marconi
and Karl Ferdinand Braun Chemistry – Wilhelm Ostwald Medicine – Emil Theodor Kocher Literature – Selma Lagerlöf Peace – Auguste Marie François Beernaert
Auguste Marie François Beernaert
and Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant

References[edit]

^ Morris, Charles (1909). Finding the North Pole. W. E. Scull. pp. 448–49.  ^ "The Magnetic South Pole". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Magnetics Group, Ocean Bottom Magnetology Laboratory. Retrieved 2013-08-07.  ^ "CQD" Radio Broadcast, April, 1924, pp. 449-455. ^ "North Pole." The Explorer's Club. Accessed 5 Feb 2014. ^ Eksteins, Modris (2000). Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 25–26.  ^ South African Power Flying Association - 1910
1910
to 1920 - Early Flying in South Africa (Accessed on 26 November 2016)

Primary sources and year books[edit]

New International year book: 1909

Further reading[edit]

Gilbert, Martin. A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume 1 1900- 1933
1933
(1997); global coverage of politics, diplomacy and warfar

.