1501 (MDI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will
display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
1.3 Date unknown
January 17 –
Cesare Borgia returns triumphantly to Rome, from
March 25 – Portuguese navigator
João da Nova
João da Nova probably discovers
Ascension Island. It is definitely sighted and named on May 20,
1503 (Feast of the Ascension) by Afonso de Albuquerque.
April: The Rebellion of the Alpujarras ends with the surrender of the
last Muslim insurgents in the
Alpujarra Mountains, who are given the
choice of expulsion or conversion to Christianity.
May 15 – Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, the first printed collection
of polyphonic music, is published by
Ottaviano Petrucci in Venice.
Ismail I is enthroned as Shah of Azerbaijan, choosing Tabriz
as his capital, founding the Safavid Dynasty in northern Iran. He
Shi'ism the official and compulsory religion, under penalty
July 21 – Portuguese explorer
Pedro Cabral returns to Lisbon, from
his expedition to Calicut (
Nicolau Coelho having arrived on June 23).
July 27 – Copernicus is formally installed, as canon of Frauenberg
John, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden is deposed from the Swedish
Florentine political theorist, statesman, and writer Niccolò
Machiavelli marries Marietta Corsini, who will bear him six children.
August 27 – Battle of the Siritsa River: The Livonian Order,
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Second
Muscovite–Lithuanian War, and commanded by Wolter von Plettenberg,
defeats an army of the
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Grand Duchy of Moscow and Pskov Republic.
October 13 – Treaty of Trente: Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII
France sign the treaty, with Austria recognizing all French
conquests in the northern territories of Italy.
October 30 – The
Banquet of Chestnuts is purportedly held by Cesare
Borgia, in the Papal Palace of
Rome (this account is not historical
fact, and could be attributed to enemies of Alexander VI).
November 1 (All Saints) –
Amerigo Vespucci discovers and names Baía
de Todos os Santos, in Brazil.
Battle of Mstislavl (Second Muscovite–Lithuanian War): Grand Prince
Ivan's Southern Muscovite army defeats the forces of the Grand Duchy
Joanna of Castile
Joanna of Castile leave for Spain.
November 12 –
Sten Sture the Elder
Sten Sture the Elder is elected Regent of Sweden for
the second time.
November 14 – Arthur, Prince of Wales, marries the Spanish princess
Catherine of Aragon.
November 24 – A large army of the
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Grand Duchy of Moscow overruns
Livonia during the Second Muscovite–Lithuanian War.
December 12 –
Alexander Jagiellon becomes King of Poland.
The Swiss cantons of Basel and Schaffhausen join the Old Swiss
Gaspar Corte-Real, Portuguese navigator, makes the first documented
European landing in
North America since c.
Rodrigo de Bastidas, sailing westward from
Venezuela in search of
gold, becomes the first European to explore the Isthmus of Panama.
Amerigo Vespucci maps the two stars
Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri,
as well as the stars of the constellation Crux, which are below the
horizon in Europe.
Michelangelo returns to his native Florence, to begin work on the
Italic type (cut by Francesco Griffo) is first used by Aldus Manutius
Aldine Press in Venice, in an edition of Virgil.
Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt.
Isabella of Burgundy
January 16 – Anthony Denny, confidant of
Henry VIII of England
Henry VIII of England (d.
January 17 – Leonhart Fuchs, German physician and botanist (d. 1566)
January 24 – Jacob Milich, German astronomer and mathematician (d.
February 24 – Sixt Birck, German humanist (d. 1554)
March 21 – Anne Brooke, Baroness Cobham, English noble (d. 1558)
March 12 – Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Italian scientist (d. 1577)
May 6 –
Pope Marcellus II
Pope Marcellus II (d. 1555)
May 17 – Stanisław of Masovia, Polish duke (d. 1524)
July 10 – Cho Shik, Korean Confucian scholar and politician (d.
July 18 – Isabella of Burgundy, queen of
Christian II of Denmark
Christian II of Denmark (d.
August 17 –
Philipp II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg
Philipp II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1529)
September 18 – Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford, English baron (d.
September 24 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, physician,
astrologer and gambler (d. 1576)
September 26 – Gian Gabriele I of Saluzzo, Italian abbot, Marquess
of Saluzzo (d. 1548)
November 14 – Anna of Oldenburg, Regent of East Frisia from
1561 (d. 1575)
December 2 – Queen Munjeong, Korean queen (d. 1565)
Yi Hwang, Korean Confucian scholar (d. 1570)
Girolamo da Carpi, Italian painter (d. 1556)
Dawit II of Ethiopia
Dawit II of Ethiopia (d. 1540)
Bauck Poppema, Dutch noble and heroine
Anne Boleyn, second queen of
Henry VIII of England
Henry VIII of England (b. this year or
1507; d. 1536)
Murakami Yoshikiyo, Japanese nobleman (d. 1573)
Nicholas Heath, archbishop of York and
Lord Chancellor (d. 1578)
Garcia de Orta, Portuguese physician (d. 1568)
Hilaire Penet, French composer
Columba of Rieti
John I Albert
January 3 – Ali-Shir Nava'i, Central Asian poet, politician and
writer (b. 1441)
January 5 – John Dynham, 1st Baron Dynham, English baron and Lord
High Treasurer (b. 1433)
January 25 – Margaret of Bavaria, Electress Palatine, Princess of
Bavaria-Landshut (b. 1456)
February 1 – Sigismund, Duke of Bavaria, German noble (b. 1439)
March 4 –
Thihathura II of Ava (b. 1474)
April – John Doget, English diplomat
April 7 – Minkhaung II, king of Ava (b. 1446)
April 23 – Domenico della Rovere, Italian Catholic cardinal (b.
May 3 – John Devereux, 8th Baron Ferrers of Chartley, English baron
May 7 – Giovanni Battista Zeno, Italian Catholic cardinal
May 20 – Columba of Rieti, Italian Dominican tertiary Religious
Sister (b. 1467)
June 8 – George Gordon, 2nd Earl of Huntly, Earl of Huntly and Lord
Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1440)
June 17 –
John I Albert
John I Albert of Poland (b. 1459)
August 15 – Constantine Lascaris, Greek scholar and grammarian
Agostino Barbarigo, Doge of Venice
Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, stepson of Edward IV of England
September 26 – Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright (b.
September 29 – Andrew Stewart, Scottish bishop (b. 1442)
November 19 – Amalia of Saxony, Duchess of Bavaria-Landshut (b.
probable – Gaspar Corte-Real, Portuguese explorer (b. 1450)
^ Albuquerque, Afonso de (2001). The commentaries of the great Afonso
Dalboquerque, second viceroy of India, Adamant Media Corporation,
p.xx. Issue 55. ISBN 1-4021-9511-7.
^ "Ascension History". Mysterra Magazine. Retrieved December 9,
^ Lea, Henry Charles (1901). The Moriscos of Spain: Their Conversion
and Expulsion. Lea Brothers & Company. p. 40.
^ a b "Ivan III Vasil'yevich (1440–1505)". Russia – Rulers.
Xenophon Group International. Retrieved Ju