LISTED BUILDING – GRADE I
DESIGNATED 14 January 1970
REFERENCE NO. 1210759
10 DOWNING STREET, colloquially known in the
Originally three houses, Number 10 was offered to Sir Robert Walpole by King George II in 1732. Walpole accepted on the condition that the gift was to the office of First Lord of the Treasury rather than to him personally. Walpole commissioned William Kent to join the three houses and it is this larger house that is known as Number 10 Downing Street.
The arrangement was not an immediate success. Despite its size and
convenient location near to Parliament, few early Prime Ministers
lived there. Costly to maintain, neglected, and run-down, Number 10
was close to being demolished several times but the property survived
and became linked with many statesmen and events in British history.
* 1 History of the building
* 1.1 Original Number 10 * 1.2 History of the "House at the Back" before 1733 * 1.3 First politician and "head of government" in the house * 1.4 First Lord\'s house: 1733–1735 * 1.5 A "vast, awkward house": 1735–1902 * 1.6 Revival and recognition: 1902–1960 * 1.7 Rebuilding: 1960–1990
* 2 Rooms and special features
* 2.1 Front door and entrance hall * 2.2 Main staircase * 2.3 Cabinet Room
* 2.4 State Drawing Rooms
* 2.4.1 Pillared State Drawing Room * 2.4.2 Terracotta State Drawing Room * 2.4.3 White State Drawing Room
* 2.5 State Dining Room * 2.6 Great kitchen * 2.7 Smaller Dining or Breakfast Room * 2.8 Terrace and garden * 2.9 Furnishings
* 3 250th anniversary: 1985 * 4 Security after the 1991 bombing
* 5 Prime Minister\'s Office
* 5.1 Current positions within the Office of Prime Minister * 5.2 Structure of the Prime Minister\'s Office
* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References * 9 External links
HISTORY OF THE BUILDING
ORIGINAL NUMBER 10
Downing, a notorious spy for
Straightforward as the investment seemed, it proved otherwise. The Hampden family had a lease on the land that they refused to relinquish. Downing fought their claim, but failed and had to wait thirty years before he could build. When the Hampden lease expired, Downing received permission to build on land further west to take advantage of more recent property developments. The new warrant issued in 1682 reads: "Sir George Downing ... to build new and more houses ... subject to the proviso that it be not built any nearer than 14 feet of the wall of the said Park at the West end thereof". Between 1682 and 1684, Downing built a cul-de-sac of two-storey town houses with coach-houses, stables and views of St James's Park. Over the years, the addresses changed several times. In 1787 Number 5 became "Number 10".
Downing employed Sir
The upper end of the
Downing did not live in Downing Street. In 1675 he retired to Cambridge, where he died in 1684, a few months after building was completed. Downing's portrait hangs in the entrance foyer of Number 10.
HISTORY OF THE "HOUSE AT THE BACK" BEFORE 1733
The Palace of
The "House at the Back", the largest of the three houses that were
combined to make Number 10, was a mansion constructed around 1530 next
Whitehall Palace . Rebuilt, expanded, and renovated many times
since, it was originally one of several buildings that made up the
"Cockpit Lodgings", so-called because they were attached to an
octagonal structure used for cock-fighting . Early in the 17th
century, the Cockpit was converted to a concert hall and theatre;
For many years, the "House at the Back" was the home of the Keeper of
From this time, the "House at the Back" was usually occupied by
members of the royal family or the government. Princess Elizabeth
lived there from 1604 until 1613 when she married Frederick V, Elector
Palatine and moved to
George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle , the general responsible for the restoration of the monarchy, lived there from 1660 until his death in 1671. As head of the Great Treasury Commission of 1667–1672, Albemarle transformed accounting methods and allowed the Crown greater control over expenses. His secretary, Sir George Downing , who built Downing Street, is thought to have created these changes. Albemarle is the first treasury minister to live in what became the home of the First Lord of the Treasury and Prime Minister.
In 1671, George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , took possession when he joined the Cabal Ministry . (The "B" in the acronym CABAL refers to Buckingham.) At considerable expense, Buckingham rebuilt the house. The result was a spacious mansion, lying parallel to Whitehall Palace with a view of St James Park from its garden.
After Buckingham retired in 1676, Lady Charlotte Fitzroy , Charles II's daughter, moved in when she married Edward Lee, 1st Earl of Lichfield . The Crown authorised extensive rebuilding that included adding a storey, giving it three main floors, an attic and basement. This structure can be seen today as the rear section of Number 10. (See Plan of the Premises Granted to the Earl and Countess of Lichfield in 1677) The likely reason that repair was required is that the house had settled in the swampy ground near the Thames, causing structural damage. Like Downing Street, it rested on a shallow foundation, a design error that caused problems until 1960 when the modern Number 10 was rebuilt on deep pilings.
The Lichfields followed James II into exile after the Glorious Revolution . In 1690, William III and Mary II gave the "House at the Back" to Hendrik van Nassau-Ouwerkerk , a Dutch general who had assisted in securing the Crown for the Prince of Orange. Nassau, who Anglicised his name to "Overkirk", lived there until his death in 1708.
The "House at the Back" reverted to the Crown when Lady Overkirk died
in 1720. The Treasury issued an order "for repairing and fitting it up
in the best and most substantial manner" at a cost of £2,522. The
work included: "The Back passage into Downing street to be repaired
and a new door; a New Necessary House to be made; To take down the
Useless passage formerly made for the Maids of Honour to go into
Downing Street, when the Queen lived at the Cockpit; To New Cast a
great Lead Cistern & pipes and to lay the Water into the house ">
Robert Walpole accepted George II's gift of the house at the back
When Count Bothmar died, ownership of the "House at the Back"
reverted to the Crown. George II took this opportunity to offer it to
Sir Robert Walpole, often called the first Prime Minister, as a gift
for his services to the nation: stabilising its finances, keeping it
at peace and securing the Hanoverian succession. Coincidentally, the
King had obtained the leases on two
Walpole did not accept the gift for himself. He proposed—and the King agreed—that the Crown give the properties to the Office of First Lord of the Treasury. Walpole would live there as the incumbent First Lord, but would vacate it for the next one.
To enlarge the new house, Walpole persuaded Mr Chicken, the tenant of
a cottage next door, to move to another house in Downing Street. This
small house and the mansion at the back were then incorporated into
Number 10. Walpole commissioned
William Kent to convert them into one
building. Kent joined the larger houses by building a two-storey
structure between them, consisting of one long room on the ground
floor and several above. The remaining interior space was converted
into a courtyard. He connected the
Having united the structures, Kent gutted and rebuilt the interior.
He then surmounted the third storey of the house at the back with a
pediment. To allow Walpole quicker access to Parliament, Kent closed
the north side entrance from St James's Park, and made the door in
The rebuilding took three years. On September 23, 1735, the London Daily Post announced that: "Yesterday the Right Hon. Sir Robert Walpole, with his Lady and Family, removed from their House in St James's Square, to his new House, adjoining to the Treasury in St James's Park". The cost of conversion is unknown. Originally estimated at £8,000, the final cost probably exceeded £20,000.
Walpole did not enter through the now-famous door; that would not be installed until forty years later. Kent's door was modest, belying the spacious elegance beyond. The First Lord's new, albeit temporary, home had sixty rooms, with hardwood and marble floors, crown moulding, elegant pillars and marble mantelpieces; those on the west side with beautiful views of St James's Park. One of the largest rooms was a study measuring forty feet by twenty with enormous windows overlooking St James's Park. "My Lord's Study" (as Kent labelled it in his drawings) would later become the Cabinet Room where Prime Ministers meet with the Cabinet ministers.
Shortly after moving in, Walpole ordered that a portion of the land outside his study be converted into a terrace and garden. Letters patent issued in April 1736 state that: "... a piece of garden ground situated in his Majesty's park of St James's, and belonging and adjoining to the house now inhabited by the Right Honorable the Chancellor of His Majesty's Exchequer, hath been lately made and fitted up at the Charge ... of the Crown".
The same document confirmed that Number 10
A "VAST, AWKWARD HOUSE": 1735–1902
William Pitt the Younger lived in Number 10 for twenty years, longer than any Prime Minister before or since. Pitt called it "My vast, awkward house".
Walpole lived in Number 10 until 1742. Although he had accepted it on behalf of future First Lords of the Treasury , it would be 21 years before any of his successors chose to live there; the five who followed Walpole preferred their own homes. This was the pattern until the beginning of the 20th century. Of the 31 First Lords from 1735 to 1902, only 16 (including Walpole) lived in Number 10.
One reason many First Lords chose not to live in Number 10 was that most were peers who owned homes superior in size and quality. To them, Number 10 was unimpressive. Their possession of the house, albeit temporary, was a perk they could use as a political reward. Most lent it to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, others to lesser officials, and still others to friends or relatives.
Another reason was that Number 10 was a hazardous place to live. Prone to sinking because it was built on soft soil and a shallow foundation, floors buckled, walls and chimneys cracked; it became unsafe and frequently required repairs. In 1766, for example, Charles Townshend , the Chancellor of the Exchequer, pointed out that the house was in a dilapidated condition. His architect's letter to the Treasury read: "...we have caused the House in Downing Street belonging to the Treasury to be surveyed, & find the Walls of the old part of the said House next the street to be much decayed, the Floors some suggested that it be razed and a new house constructed on the site or elsewhere. In 1782, the Board of Works, reporting on "the dangerous state of the old part of the House", stated that "no time be lost in taking down said building". In 1783, the Duke of Portland moved out because it was once again in need of repair. A committee found that the money spent so far was insufficient. This time the Board of Works declared that "the Repairs, Alterations the final bill was over £11,000. The Morning Herald fumed about the expense: "£500 pounds p.a. preceding the Great Repair, and £11,000 the Great Repair itself! So much has this extraordinary edifice cost the country – For one moiety of the sum a much better dwelling might have been purchased!" (See Plan of the Design for Number 10 c1781.)
A few enjoyed living in Number 10.
Nevertheless, for 70 years following Pitt's death in 1806, Number 10 was rarely used as the First Lord's residence. From 1834 to 1877, it was either vacant or used only for offices and meetings.
REVIVAL AND RECOGNITION: 1902–1960
Lord Salisbury retired in 1902, his nephew, Arthur James Balfour
, became Prime Minister. It was an easy transition: he was already
First Lord of the Treasury and Leader of the House of Commons, and he
was already living in Number 10. Balfour revived the custom that
Number 10 is the First Lord and Prime Minister's official residence.
It has remained the custom since. However, there have been numerous
times when prime ministers have unofficially lived elsewhere out of
necessity or preference.
For most of his premiership,
Despite these exceptions, Number 10 has been known as the Prime
Minister's official home for over one hundred years. By the turn of
the 20th century, photography and the penny press had linked Number 10
in the public mind with the premiership. The introduction of films and
television would strengthen this association. Pictures of prime
ministers with distinguished guests at the door became commonplace.
With or without the Prime Minister present, visitors had their picture
taken. Suffragettes posed in front of the door when they petitioned H.
H. Asquith for women's rights in 1913, a picture that became famous
and was circulated around the world. In 1931,
Mohandas Gandhi ,
wearing the traditional homespun dhoti , posed leaving Number 10 after
The symbol of British government, Number 10 became a gathering place
Emmeline Pankhurst and other suffragette leaders
By the middle of the 20th century, Number 10 was falling apart again.
The deterioration had been obvious for some time. The number of people
allowed in the upper floors was limited for fear the bearing walls
would collapse. The staircase had sunk several inches; some steps were
buckled and the balustrade was out of alignment.
In 1958, a committee under the chairmanship of the Earl of Crawford
and Balcarres was appointed by
Harold Macmillan to investigate the
condition of the house and make recommendations. In the committee's
report there was some discussion of tearing down the building and
constructing an entirely new residence. But because the Prime
Minister's home had become an icon of British architecture like
When builders examined the exterior façade, they discovered that the
black colour visible even in photographs from the mid-19th century was
misleading; the bricks were actually yellow. The black appearance was
the product of two centuries of pollution. To preserve the
'traditional' look of recent times, the newly cleaned yellow bricks
were painted black to resemble their well-known appearance. The thin
tuckpointing mortar between the bricks is not painted, and so
contrasts with the bricks. Prime Minister
Although the reconstruction was generally considered an architectural triumph, Erith was disappointed. He complained openly during and after the project that the government had altered his design to save money. Erith described the numbers on the front, intended to be based on historical models, as 'a mess' and 'completely wrong' to a fellow historian. "I am heart broken", he said, "by the result ... the whole project has been a frightful waste of money because it just has not been done properly. The Ministry of Works has insisted on economy after economy. I am bitterly disappointed with what has happened".
Erith's concerns proved justified. Within a few years, dry rot was discovered, especially in the main rooms due to inadequate waterproofing and a broken water pipe. Extensive reconstruction again had to be undertaken in the late 1960s to resolve these problems. Further extensive repairs and remodelling, commissioned by Margaret Thatcher, were completed in the 1980s under the direction of Erith's associate, Quinlan Terry .
The work done by Erith and Terry in the 1960s and 1980s represent the
most extensive remodelling of Number 10 in recent times. Since 1990
when the Terry reconstruction was completed, repairing, redecorating,
remodelling, and updating the house has been ongoing as needed. The
IRA mortar attack in February 1991 led to extensive work being done to
repair the damage (mostly to the garden and exterior walls) and to
improve security. In the summer of 1993 windows were rebuilt and in
1995 computer cables installed. In 1997, the building was remodelled
to provide extra space for the Prime Minister's greatly increased
staff. To accommodate their large families, both
ROOMS AND SPECIAL FEATURES
FRONT DOOR AND ENTRANCE HALL
Most of the modern exterior shape and features of Number 10 were
created by Kent when he combined the house at the back with the
Number 10's door is the product of the renovations Townsend ordered in 1766; it was probably not completed until 1772. Executed in the Georgian style by the architect Kenton Couse , it is unassuming and narrow, consisting of a single white stone step leading to a modest brick front. The small, six-panelled door, originally made of black oak, is surrounded by cream-coloured casing and adorned with a semicircular fanlight window. Painted in white, between the top and middle sets of panels, is the number "10". The zero of the number "10" is painted in a very eccentric style, in a 37° angle anticlockwise. One theory is that this is in fact a capital 'O' as found in the Roman's Trajan alphabet that was used by the Ministry of Works at the time. A black iron knocker in the shape of a lion's head is between the two middle panels; below the knocker is a brass letter box with the inscription "First Lord of the Treasury". The doorbell is inscribed with "PUSH" although is rarely used in practice. A black ironwork fence with spiked newel posts runs along the front of the house and up each side of the step to the door. The fence rises above the step into a double-swirled archway, supporting an iron gas lamp surmounted by a crown. (See The Entrance Door c1930: As seen from the outside)
After the IRA mortar attack in 1991 , the original black oak door was replaced by a blast-proof steel one. Regularly removed for refurbishment and replaced with a replica, it is so heavy that it takes eight men to lift it. The brass letterbox still bears the legend "First Lord of the Treasury". The original door was put on display in the Churchill Museum at the Cabinet War Rooms.
The door cannot be opened from the outside; there is always someone inside to unlock the door.
Beyond the door, Couse installed black and white marble tiles in the entrance hall that are still in use. A guard\'s chair designed by Chippendale sits in one corner. Once used when policemen sat on watch outside in the street, it has an unusual "hood" designed to protect them from the wind and cold and a drawer underneath where hot coals were placed to provide warmth. Scratches on the right arm were caused by their pistols rubbing up against the leather.
Couse also added a bow front to the small cottage—formerly Mr. Chicken's house—incorporated into Number 10 in Walpole's time. (See The Entrance Door c1930: As seen from inside showing the black and white marble floor and the door providing access to Number 11)
When William Kent rebuilt the interior between 1732 and 1734, his craftsmen created a stone triple staircase. The main section had no visible supports. With a wrought iron balustrade, embellished with a scroll design, and mahogany handrail, it rises from the garden floor to the third floor. Kent's staircase is the first architectural feature visitors see as they enter Number 10. Black and white engravings and photographs of all the past Prime Ministers decorate the wall. They are rearranged slightly to make room for a photograph of each new Prime Minister. There is one exception. Winston Churchill is represented in two photographs. At the bottom of the staircase are group photographs of Prime Ministers with their Cabinet ministers and representatives to imperial conferences. (See The Main Stairway c1930 General view showing portraits of the Prime Ministers and Detail of the Wrought Iron Balustrade ) (See also Simon Schama's Tour of Downing Street. Pt4: The Staircase )
Prime Minister Gladstone meeting with his Cabinet in 1868 in the Cabinet Room with its distinctive pair of double columns. Use the cursor to see who is who.
In Kent's design for the enlarged Number 10, the Cabinet Room was a
simple rectangular space with enormous windows. As part of the
renovations begun in 1783, it was extended, giving the space its
modern appearance. Probably not completed until 1796, this alteration
was achieved by removing the east wall and rebuilding it several feet
inside the adjoining secretaries' room. At the entrance, a screen of
two pairs of Corinthian columns was erected (to carry the extra span
of the ceiling) supporting a moulded entablature that wraps around the
room. Robert Taylor, the architect who executed this concept, was
knighted on its completion. The resulting small space, framed by the
pillars, serves as an anteroom to the larger area. Hendrick Danckerts
' painting "The Palace of Whitehall" (shown at the beginning of this
article) usually hangs in the ante-room. It also contains two large
bookcases that house the Prime Minister's Library; Cabinet members
traditionally donate to the collection on leaving office a tradition
that began with
Although Kent intended the First Lord to use this space as his study,
it has rarely served that purpose; it has almost always been the
Cabinet room. There have been a few exceptions.
The First Lord has no designated office space in Number 10; each has chosen one of the adjoining rooms as his or her private office.
STATE DRAWING ROOMS
Number 10 has three inter-linked State Drawing rooms: the Pillared Drawing Room, the Terracotta Drawing Room and the White Drawing Room. (See the three state drawing rooms. )
Pillared State Drawing Room
The largest is the Pillared Room thought to have been created in 1796 by Taylor. Measuring 37 feet (11 m) long by 28 feet (8.5 m) wide, it takes its name from the twin Ionic pilasters with straight pediments at one end. Today, there is a portrait of Queen Elizabeth I over the fireplace; during the Thatcher Ministry (1979–1990), a portrait of William Pitt by Romney was hung there.
A Persian carpet covers almost the entire floor. A copy of a
16th-century original now kept in the
Victoria and Albert Museum
In the restoration conducted in the late 1980s, Quinlan Terry restored the fireplace. Executed in the Kentian style, the small Ionic pilasters in the over-mantel are miniature duplicates of the large Ionic pillars in the room. The Ionic motif is also found in the door surrounds and panelling.
Sparsely furnished with a few chairs and sofas around the walls, the
Pillared Room is usually used to receive guests before they go into
the State Dining Room. However, it is sometimes used for other
purposes that require a large open space. International agreements
have been signed in this room.
Terracotta State Drawing Room
The Terracotta Room is the middle of the three drawing rooms. It was used as the dining room when Sir Robert Walpole was Prime Minister. The name changes according to the colour it is painted. When Margaret Thatcher came to power it was the Blue Room; she had it re-decorated and renamed the Green Room. It is now painted terracotta.
In the renovation of the 1980s Quinlan Terry introduced large Doric order columns to this room in the door surrounds and designed a very large Palladian overmantel for the fireplace with small double Doric columns on each side with the royal arms above. Terry also added an ornate gilded ceiling to give the rooms a more stately look. Carved into the plasterwork above the door leading to the Pillared Room is a tribute to Margaret Thatcher: a straw-carrying 'thatcher'.
White State Drawing Room
The White State Drawing room was, until the 1940s, used by Prime
Ministers and their partners for their private use. It was here that
STATE DINING ROOM
When Frederick Robinson (later Lord Goderich), became Chancellor of
the Exchequer in 1823, he decided to leave a personal legacy to the
nation. To this end, he employed
Sir John Soane , the distinguished
architect who had designed the
Bank of England
The room is usually furnished with a table surrounded by 20
Adam style chairs originally made for the British Embassy
in Rio de Janeiro. For larger gatherings, a horseshoe-shaped table is
brought in that will accommodate up to 65 guests. On these occasions,
the table is set with the Silver Trust Silver set given to Downing
Street in the 1990s. (See the State Dining room with the Silver Trust
Silver in use for a luncheon ) Above the fireplace, overlooking the
room, is a massive portrait by
The great kitchen located in the basement was another part of the renovations begun in 1783, probably also under the direction of Robert Taylor . Seldom seen by anyone other than staff, the space is two storeys high with a huge arched window and vaulted ceiling. Traditionally, it has always had a chopping block work table in the centre that is 14 feet (4.3 m) long, 3 feet (0.91 m) wide and 5 inches (130 mm) thick. (See The Kitchen c1930 View showing the table, window and ceiling )
SMALLER DINING OR BREAKFAST ROOM
Above Taylor's vaulted kitchen, between the Pillared Room and the State Dining room, Soane created a Smaller Dining Room (sometimes called the Breakfast Room) that still exists. To build it, Soane removed the chimney from the kitchen to put a door in the room. He then moved the chimney to the east side, running a Y-shaped split flue inside the walls up either side of one of the windows above. The room therefore has a unique architectural feature: over the fireplace there is a window instead of the usual chimney breast .
With its flat unadorned ceiling, simple mouldings and deep window seats, the Small Dining Room is intimate and comfortable. Usually furnished with a mahogany table seating only eight, Prime Ministers have often used this room when dining with family or when entertaining special guests on more personal state occasions. (See the Small Dining or Breakfast Room c1927. The double doors behind the table lead to the State Dining Room. )
TERRACE AND GARDEN
The terrace and garden were constructed in 1736 shortly after Walpole
moved into Number 10. The terrace, extending across the back, provides
a full view of St James's Park. The garden is dominated by an open
lawn of 0.5 acres (2,000 m2) that wraps around Numbers 10 and 11 in an
L-shape. No longer "fitted with variety Walle fruit and diverse fruit
trees" as it was in the 17th century, there is now a centrally located
flower bed around a holly tree surrounded by seats. Tubs of flowers
line the steps from the terrace; around the walls are rose beds with
flowering and evergreen shrubs. (See North elevation of Number 10
with steps leading to the garden ) The terrace and garden have
provided a casual setting for many gatherings of First Lords with
foreign dignitaries, Cabinet ministers, guests, and staff. Prime
Minister Tony Blair, for example, hosted a farewell reception in 2007
for his staff on the terrace.
Number 10 is filled with fine paintings, sculptures, busts and
furniture. Only a few are permanent features. Most are on loan. About
half belong to the Government Art Collection. The remainder are on
loan from private collectors and from public galleries such as the
National Portrait Gallery , the
About a dozen paintings are changed annually. More extensive changes
occur when a new Prime Minister takes office and redecorates. These
redecorations may reflect both individual taste as well as make a
In addition to outstanding artwork, Number 10 contains many
exceptional pieces of furniture either owned by the house or on loan.
One of the most striking and unusual is the Chippendale hooded guard's
chair already mentioned that sits in a corner of the entrance hall. To
its left is a long case clock by Benson of Whitehaven. A similar clock
by Samuel Whichcote of
250TH ANNIVERSARY: 1985
In 1985, Number 10 was 250 years old. To celebrate, Thatcher hosted a
grand dinner in the State Dining Room for her living
Harold Macmillan ,
Alec Douglas-Home ,
Harold Wilson ,
That same year, the Leisure Circle published Christopher Jones' book No. 10 Downing Street, The Story of a House. In the foreword, Thatcher described her feelings for Number 10: "How much I wish that the public ... could share with me the feeling of Britain's historic greatness which pervades every nook and cranny of this complicated and meandering old building ... All Prime Ministers are intensely aware that, as tenants and stewards of No. 10 Downing Street, they have in their charge one of the most precious jewels in the nation's heritage".
SECURITY AFTER THE 1991 BOMBING
For most of its history, Number 10 was accessible to the public. Early security consisted of two police officers. One stood guard outside the door. The other was stationed inside to open it. Since the door had no keyhole, the inside officer depended upon the lone outside officer.
During Thatcher's premiership, terrorist threats led to the implementation of a second level of security. Guarded gates were added at both ends of the street. Visitors could then be screened before approaching the door.
Despite the added measure, on 7 February 1991 the Provisional IRA
used a van they parked in
PRIME MINISTER\'S OFFICE
Main article: Prime Minister of the
The Prime Minister's Office, for which the terms
CURRENT POSITIONS WITHIN THE OFFICE OF PRIME MINISTER
LIST OF CURRENT CIVIL SERVANT AND SPECIAL ADVISER POSITIONS APPOINTED BY THE CURRENT PRIME MINISTER THERESA MAY:
POSITION CURRENT HOLDER TERM STARTED
Principal Private Secretary to the Prime Minister PETER HILL 10 May 2017
Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Prime Minister GEORGE HOLLINGBERY MP 17 July 2016
* On 10 June 2017, the joint
STRUCTURE OF THE PRIME MINISTER\'S OFFICE
* The No. 10 Private Office (governmental relations and organisation of schedule and correspondence); * The No. 10 Press Office (press relations) – The press office has grown in significance as media attention on the PM has intensified. Thatcher's press officer Bernard Ingham was one of her most important advisors. Alastair Campbell 's influence as Blair's press officer was even greater; * The No. 10 Policy Unit (advice on policy and aims); * The No. 10 Political Office (liaised with the PM's party and constituency); * The No. 10 Appointments Office.
The office was reorganised in 2001 into 3 directorates:
* POLICY AND GOVERNMENT Took over the functions of the Private office and policy unit. Prepares advice for the PM and coordinates development and implementation of policy across departments
* COMMUNICATION AND STRATEGY, contains three units:
* Press office: responsible for relations with the media * Strategic communications unit * Research and information unit: provides factual information to No. 10
* GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL RELATIONS: Handles party/public relations
Changes were intended to strengthen the PM's office. However, some commentators have suggested that Blair's reforms have created something similar to a 'Prime Ministers' department. The reorganisation brought about the fusion of the old Prime Minister's Office and other Cabinet Office teams, with a number of units (including the Prime Minister\'s Strategy Unit ) now reporting directly into the Prime Minister's Office. Since 2005, Number 10s Direct Communication Unit has not used its staff's real names on signed correspondence to MPs and members of the public; this is for security reasons.
However, the Institute for Government has written that the Cabinet Office (of which the Prime Minister's Office is a component) "is a long way from becoming a fully fledged premier's department", primarily based on the fact that the Prime Minister "largely lacks the direct policy responsibilities, either in statute or by convention under the Royal Prerogative, possessed by secretaries of state, who have substantial budgets voted to them by Parliament."
* List of residents of 10
* Bolitho, Hector (1957). No. 10 Downing Street: 1660–1900.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to 10 DOWNING STREET .
* Number 10 official website
* Prime Ministers in