The domain name EDU is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the
Domain Name System
* 1 History * 2 Eligibility * 3 Grandfathered uses * 4 Related domains * 5 References * 6 External links
See also: List of the oldest currently registered .edu domain names
The .edu domain was implemented in April 1985 as a generic top-level domains . Six universities were the initial registrants that month.
Network Solutions served as registrar for the
under an arrangement with the
U.S. Department of Commerce
.edu domain was originally intended for educational institutions
anywhere in the world. However, most of the institutions that obtained
.edu registrations were in the United States, while non-U.S.
educational institutions typically used country-level domains. In
1993, a decision attributed to
Enforcement of the restrictions in the 1990s was not entirely
effective. The webmaster for the
In 2001, the .edu domain was restricted to U.S.-accredited postsecondary educational institutions. Subsequent changes expanded its use beyond four-year institutions, allowing registrations by accredited community colleges as well as by university systems, community college districts, and similar entities.
Between 2004 and 2011, the number of registered names in domain .edu remained relatively constant, with more than 7,000 but fewer than 8,000 names registered at any given time.
Since October 29, 2001, only postsecondary institutions and organizations that are institutionally accredited by an agency on the U.S. Department of Education\'s list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies are eligible to apply for an edu domain. To be eligible, an institution must be located in the U.S., legally organized in the U.S., or recognized by a U.S. state, territorial, or federal agency. University system offices, community college district offices, and other entities within the United States that are organized to manage and govern multiple accredited postsecondary institutions may also register .edu domain names. Each eligible institution is limited to registering one .edu domain name, but institutions may also use names in other top-level domains.
Domains that were already registered in the .edu domain as of October 29, 2001, were grandfathered into the system. Holders of such domain names can retain their .edu domain names without regard to the current eligibility criteria.
In 2003, Educause undertook an initiative to purge the .edu registry of domain names that were not accurately registered by removing names whose registrants did not respond to requests that they log into the registry and review their whois entries. Through this effort, Educause expected to eliminate a number of domains that did not appear to qualify for registration in the .edu domain, such as oracle.edu, geraldine.edu, and jedi.edu. Since 2006, Educause has been authorized to implement measures to prevent .edu domain name owners from transferring their domain names to other entities. These measures, together with the imposition of registration fees, were intended to reduce the number of inactive or ineligible .edu domain names.
U.S. Department of Education
Many countries operate .edu or .ac namespaces within their country code top-level domains that serve the same purpose as the .edu top-level domain. In the United States, community colleges and technical and vocational schools also have the option of registering fourth-level domains under the .cc. .us and .tec. .us affinity namespaces, while elementary and secondary schools and school districts may register under the .k12. .us namespace.
In September 2015, the
* ^ "Delegation Record for .EDU". Root Zone Database. Internet Assigned Number Authority . Retrieved November 23, 2011. * ^ A B Rooksby, Jacob H. (2015). "Defining Domain: Higher Education\'s Battles for Cyberspace". Brooklyn Law Review . 80 (3): 857–942. Retrieved 2015-10-27. at p. 869 * ^ A B " .edu General FAQ". EduCause.edu. Retrieved April 15, 2011.
* ^ A B C D Cooper, Kenneth J. (November 28, 2000). "Community
colleges want use of dot-edu Web names".
Amarillo Globe News . The
Washington Post. Retrieved November 25, 2011.
* ^ A B "EDUCAUSE Announces Expansion of Eligibility for .edu
Internet Names to Nationally Accredited Institutions". Educause.edu.
February 11, 2003.
* ^ A B "
.edu Internet Domain to Continue Under EDUCAUSE
Management". Educause.edu. March 28, 2006. Retrieved November 25,
* ^ Cooper, A. Request for comments: 1480". Marina del Rey, CA:
Information Sciences Institute