Āryāvarta (Sanskrit: आर्यावर्त, lit. "abode of the
Sanskrit pronunciation: [aːɾjaːˈʋəɾtə]) is
the term mentioned as denoting the entirety of the Indian subcontinent
in some classical
Hindu texts in
Sanskrit such as by
Patanjali and the
authors of Dharmashastras. These texts also name other parts of the
Indian subcontinent as Brahmavarta, Madhyadesha, Panchala and others,
with neither clear boundaries nor details about who lived in
1 Classical sources
2 See also
The Manusmṛti (2.22) gives the name to "the tract between the
Himalaya and the Vindhya ranges, from the Eastern Sea (Bay of Bengal)
to the Western Sea (Arabian Sea)".
The Vasistha Dharma Sutra I.8-9 and 12-13 locates the
the east of the disappearance of the
Sarasvati River in the desert, to
the west of the Kālakavana, to the north of the Pariyatra Mountains
Vindhya Range and to the south of the Himalayas.
The Baudhayana Dharmasutra (BDS) 126.96.36.199 gives similar definitions
and declares that
Āryāvarta is the land that lies west of
Kālakavana, east of Adarsana, south of the
Himalayas and north of the
Vindhyas, but in BDS 188.8.131.52
Āryāvarta is confined to the doab of
the Ganges-Yamuna, and BDS 184.108.40.206-15. Patanjali's
Mahābhāṣya defines
Āryāvarta like the Vasistha
Gurjara-Pratihara king in the tenth century was titled the
Maharajadhiraja of Aryavarta.
Names of India
Airyanem Vaejah, its Zoroastrian counterpart
^ Aryavarta, Monier Williams
Sanskrit English Dictionary (1899)
^ Madhav Deshpande (1993).
Sanskrit & Prakrit, Sociolinguistic
Issues. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 80–81.
^ Shashi Shekhar Sharma (2005). Imagined Manuvād: the Dharmaśāstras
and their interpreters. Rupa & Co. pp. 91–97.
^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India through the ages.
Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
Government of India. p. 70.
^ Michael Cook (2014), Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic
Case in Comparative Perspective, Princeton University Press, p.68:
"Aryavarta [...] is defined by Manu as extending from the
the north to the Vindhyas of Central India in the south and from the
sea in the west to the sea in the east."
^ Neelis 2010, p. 194.
^ André Wink (2002). Al-Hind: Early medieval India and the expansion
of Islam, 7th-11th centuries. BRILL. p. 284.
Kane, Pandurang Vaman (1962). History of Dharmaśāstra: (ancient and
mediaeval religious and civil law in India). Bhandarkar Oriental
Neelis, Jason (19 November 2010). Early Buddhist Transmission and
Trade Networks: Mobility and Exchange Within and Beyond the
Northwestern Borderlands of South Asia. BRILL.