The Info List - Évian-les-Bains

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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

or Évian (French pronunciation: ​[evjɑ̃ le bɛ̃]) is a commune in the northern part of the Haute-Savoie department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
region in south-eastern France. A high-market holiday resort and spa town on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Lac Léman), it has been visited, over two centuries, by royalty such as Kings Edward VII
Edward VII
and George V
George V
of the United Kingdom and King Farouk of Egypt, and celebrities such as countess Anna de Noailles and Marcel Proust.


1 History

1.1 Birth of an elite spa town 1.2 The Golden Age of the Belle epoque and the Roaring Twenties 1.3 Contemporary

2 Economy 3 Transport 4 Sport 5 Demographics 6 Notable people 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Birth of an elite spa town[edit]

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Postcard of Évian, 1907

The springs of Evian
were still rather unknown at the time of the French Revolution. But the First Empire's interest for spa towns inspired a scientist to analyse the Evian
springs in 1807 and 1808. A lakeside port and a new road (RN5) connecting the town to Milan
and Paris
were constructed in 1809. In 1823, Genevan entrepreneur M. Fauconnet launched the Évian mineral water company (Société des Eaux Minérales d'Évian) and purchased the cities' two main springs (the better-known being the Cachat spring named after the family that sold it) in March 1827. M. Fauconnet's company eventually went bankrupt, and the springs were bought by the Hôtel des Bains. In the following years, many hotels (Hôtel des quatre saisons, Hôtel de France, Hôtel des Alpes) were built, helping the town's popularity as a holiday resort. The Golden Age of the Belle epoque and the Roaring Twenties[edit]

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The Cachat spring

Entrance of the Lumières brothers' villa

The Cachat mineral waters SA (Société Anonyme des Eaux Minérales de Cachat) was created as an anonymous company in December 1859 by Parisian investors, selling Évian water, and in 1865 the small town changed its name to Évian-les-bains to promote its rise as a spa town. Three other springs joined the Cachat (Guillot, Bonnevie, Corporau). Improvement in transportation (a railroad station) helped make the town a more famous spa. In the late 19th century, the city contained more than 20 hotels. The hills and the lakeshore were covered with noble houses and luxurious villas and a theatre and a casino were built on the lakeside. In 1902, the baths were constructed and in 1909, the architect Hébrard built one of the most luxurious hotels: the Royal Hotel. Evian
considers itself one of the top European spas, claiming popularity with high society figures such as Countess Anna de Noailles, Frédéric Mistral, the Lumiere Brothers
Lumiere Brothers
and Marcel Proust. After World War I, the city maintained its status as a high-class spa town, hosting socialites and royalty such as Aga Khan III, the Maharaja of Kapurthala, Albert Lebrun
Albert Lebrun
(President of the République), King George V
George V
of United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and King Fuad I of Egypt. The Évian Conference
Évian Conference
was convened in Évian in July 1938 to discuss the problem of Jewish refugees. During World War II, German forces occupied Évian and the town's statue of General Dupas was removed. Contemporary[edit]

Lakeside view of Évian

The Évian Accords, which ended the Algerian War and recognized an independent Algeria, were signed there on 18 March 1962. The G8 began its 29th summit meeting in Évian on 1 June 2003. From 26 to 30 August 2015 the 6th Annual Summit of the G-20Y Association was held there. Évian still derives funding as a holiday resort and spa town. Economy[edit] The town is home to Évian mineral water, which adds significantly to the economy, together with the Casino
d'Evian, the largest themed casino in Europe, and the Evian
Royal Resort, the reported favorite holiday destination of former French President François Mitterrand and King Farouk of Egypt. Many of the inhabitants of Évian work in Lausanne
and other Swiss cities nearby. The two largest hotels in Évian are the Hotel
Royal (where the G8 summit was held) and the Hilton. Transport[edit]

CGN paddle steamer Montreux leaving Évian-les-Bains
in July 2002.

Évian is served by a bus network, as well as a train station with regular trains to Geneva, Annemasse, and Bellegarde, as well as less frequent services to Paris
and Lyon. There is also a very busy ferry service running between the town and Lausanne, as well as a more tourist-centered service that runs to Yvoire. Sport[edit] The town has some golf courses, and hosts The Evian
Championship women's professional golf tournament, founded in 1994, every summer. The Evian
Thonon Gaillard
F.C. football club was located here before relocating to Thonon-les-Bains. The Club de l'Aviron d'Évian is the local rowing club. Demographics[edit]

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The town has an average-sized Arab presence for the region (6%) as well as a sizable Swiss presence (11%) due to its proximity to Switzerland. It also supports a small Jewish community, who maintain a synagogue in the town. Notable people[edit]

The French ski mountaineer Patrick Blanc was born in Évian in 1972. The Napoleonic General Dupas was also born in Évian. In Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus, by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein spends the first night of his honeymoon in Évian, but cannot prevent his monster from strangling his young wife Elizabeth. Mary Shelley
Mary Shelley
travelled through Évian with her partner, the famous English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, in the early 1810s, and in a published book about their travels he wrote of the town in this manner: "The appearance of the inhabitants is more wretched, diseased and poor, than I ever recollect to have seen."

See also[edit]

Communes of the Haute-Savoie
department List of G8 summit resorts


Evian's entry at INSEE Evian
on Flags of the World

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Évian-les-Bains.

Tourism G8 meeting in Évian

v t e

Communes of the Haute-Savoie

Abondance Alby-sur-Chéran Alex Allèves Allinges Allonzier-la-Caille Amancy Ambilly Andilly Annecy Annemasse Anthy-sur-Léman Arâches-la-Frasse Arbusigny Archamps Arenthon Argonay Armoy Arthaz-Pont-Notre-Dame Ayse Ballaison La Balme-de-Sillingy La Balme-de-Thuy Bassy La Baume Beaumont Bellevaux Bernex Le Biot Bloye Bluffy Boëge Bogève Bonne Bonnevaux Bonneville Bons-en-Chablais Bossey Le Bouchet-Mont-Charvin Boussy Brenthonne Brizon Burdignin Cercier Cernex Cervens Chainaz-les-Frasses Challonges Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Champanges La Chapelle-d'Abondance La Chapelle-Rambaud La Chapelle-Saint-Maurice Chapeiry Charvonnex Châtel Châtillon-sur-Cluses Chaumont Chavannaz Chavanod Chêne-en-Semine Chênex Chens-sur-Léman Chessenaz Chevaline Chevenoz Chevrier Chilly Choisy Clarafond-Arcine Les Clefs Clermont La Clusaz Cluses Collonges-sous-Salève Combloux Contamine-Sarzin Les Contamines-Montjoie Contamine-sur-Arve Copponex Cordon Cornier La Côte-d'Arbroz Cranves-Sales Crempigny-Bonneguête Cruseilles Cusy Cuvat Demi-Quartier Desingy Dingy-en-Vuache Dingy-Saint-Clair Domancy Doussard Douvaine Draillant Droisy Duingt Éloise Entremont Entrevernes Épagny-Metz-Tessy Essert-Romand Etaux Étercy Étrembières Évian-les-Bains Excenevex Faucigny Faverges-Seythenex Feigères Fessy Féternes Fillière Fillinges La Forclaz Franclens Frangy Gaillard Les Gets Giez Le Grand-Bornand Groisy Gruffy Habère-Lullin Habère-Poche Hauteville-sur-Fier Héry-sur-Alby Les Houches Jonzier-Épagny Juvigny Larringes Lathuile Leschaux Loisin Lornay Lovagny Lucinges Lugrin Lullin Lully Lyaud Machilly Magland Manigod Marcellaz Marcellaz-Albanais Margencel Marignier Marigny-Saint-Marcel Marin Marlioz Marnaz Massingy Massongy Maxilly-sur-Léman Megève Mégevette Meillerie Menthonnex-en-Bornes Menthonnex-sous-Clermont Menthon-Saint-Bernard Mésigny Messery Mieussy Minzier Monnetier-Mornex Montagny-les-Lanches Montriond Mont-Saxonnex Morillon Morzine Moye La Muraz Mûres Musièges Nancy-sur-Cluses Nangy Nâves-Parmelan Nernier Neuvecelle Neydens Nonglard Novel Onnion Orcier Passy Peillonnex Perrignier Pers-Jussy Le Petit-Bornand-les-Glières Poisy Praz-sur-Arly Présilly Publier Quintal Reignier-Esery Le Reposoir Reyvroz La Rivière-Enverse La Roche-sur-Foron Rumilly Saint-André-de-Boëge Saint-Blaise Saint-Cergues Saint-Eusèbe Saint-Eustache Saint-Félix Saint-Ferréol Saint-Germain-sur-Rhône Saint-Gervais-les-Bains Saint-Gingolph Saint-Jean-d'Aulps Saint-Jean-de-Sixt Saint-Jean-de-Tholome Saint-Jeoire Saint-Jorioz Saint-Julien-en-Genevois Saint-Laurent Saint-Paul-en-Chablais Saint-Pierre-en-Faucigny Saint-Sigismond Saint-Sixt Saint-Sylvestre Sales Sallanches Sallenôves Samoëns Le Sappey Savigny Saxel Scientrier Sciez Scionzier Serraval Servoz Sevrier Seyssel Seytroux Sillingy Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval Talloires-Montmin Taninges Thollon-les-Mémises Thônes Thonon-les-Bains Thusy Thyez La Tour Usinens Vacheresse Vailly Val-de-Chaise Val-de-Fier Valleiry Vallières Vallorcine Vanzy Vaulx Veigy-Foncenex Verchaix La Vernaz Vers Versonnex Vétraz-Monthoux Veyrier-du-Lac Villard Les Villards-sur-Thônes Villaz Ville-en-Sallaz Ville-la-Grand Villy-le-Bouveret Villy-le-Pelloux Vinzier Viry Viuz-en-Sallaz Viuz-la-Chiésaz Vougy Vovray-en-Bor