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Xocoatl
CHOCOLATE /ˈtʃɒklɪt, -kəlɪt, -lət, ˈtʃɔːk-/ ( listen ) is a typically sweet, usually brown food preparation of Theobroma
Theobroma
cacao seeds, roasted and ground. It is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. Cacao has been cultivated by many cultures for at least three millennia in Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Olmecs (Mexico), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating back to 1900 BCE. In fact, the majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs , who made it into a beverage known as xocolātl Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: , a Nahuatl
Nahuatl
word meaning "bitter water". The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste and must be fermented to develop the flavor. After fermentation, the beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted
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Candy Bar
A CANDY BAR is a type of sugar confectionery that is in the shape of a bar. Many varieties of candy bars exist, and many are mass-produced . A candy bar frequently, though not necessarily always, includes chocolate. A combination candy bar is one that contains chocolate plus other ingredients, such as nuts or nougat . The Goo Goo Cluster was the first mass-produced combination bar. Between World War I
World War I
and the middle of the 20th century, approximately 40,000 brands of candy bars were introduced. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Chocolate bar * 3 Non-chocolate bars * 4 Further reading * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Fry\'s produced the first candy bar in 1847, which was then mass produced as Fry\'s Chocolate Cream in 1866. The earliest recorded candy bar was made in 1847 by Joseph Fry , a Quaker from Bristol, England
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Chocolate Bar
A CHOCOLATE BAR is a chocolate confection in an oblong or rectangular form, which distinguishes it from bulk chocolate produced for commercial use or individually portioned chocolates such as pastilles , bon-bons , and truffles . In most of the English-speaking world, chocolate bar also refers to a typically snack -sized bar coated with or substantially consisting of chocolate but containing other ingredients. A chocolate bar made exclusively from chocolate contains some or all of the following components: cocoa solids , cocoa butter , sugar , and milk . The relative presence or absence of these define the subclasses of chocolate bar made of dark chocolate , milk chocolate , and white chocolate . In addition to these main ingredients a chocolate bar may contain flavorings such as vanilla and emulsifiers such as soy lecithin to alter its consistency. While vanilla is the most common flavouring, many other flavours are available, including mint, orange , and coffee
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Snack
A SNACK is a portion of food , smaller than a regular meal , generally eaten between meals. Snacks come in a variety of forms including packaged snack foods and other processed foods, as well as items made from fresh ingredients at home. Traditionally, snacks are prepared from ingredients commonly available in the home. Often cold cuts , fruits , leftovers , nuts , sandwiches, and the like are used as snacks. The Dagwood sandwich
Dagwood sandwich
was originally the humorous result of a cartoon character's desire for large snacks. With the spread of convenience stores , packaged snack foods became a significant business. Snack
Snack
foods are typically designed to be portable, quick, and satisfying. Processed snack foods, as one form of convenience food , are designed to be less perishable, more durable, and more portable than prepared foods
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Valentine's Day
VALENTINE\'S DAY, also called SAINT VALENTINE\'S DAY or the FEAST OF SAINT VALENTINE, is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14. It originated as a Western Christian
Christian
liturgical feast day honoring one or more early saints named Valentinus , and is recognized as a significant cultural and commercial celebration in many regions around the world, although it is not a public holiday in any country. Several martyrdom stories associated with the various Valentines that were connected to February 14 were added to later martyrologies , including a popular hagiographical account of Saint Valentine of Rome which indicated he was imprisoned for performing weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry and for ministering to Christians, who were persecuted under the Roman Empire
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Hanukkah Gelt
HANUKKAH GELT (Yiddish : חנוכה געלט‎ ḥanukah gelt ; Hebrew : דמי חנוכה‎ dmei ḥanukah, both meaning literally " Hanukkah
Hanukkah
money") refers to money as well as chocolate coins given to Jewish children on the festival of Hanukkah
Hanukkah
. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Money * 1.2 Chocolate
Chocolate
* 2 Customs * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYMONEY Rabbi A. P. Bloch has written that "The tradition of giving money (Chanukah gelt) to children is of long standing. The custom had its origin in the 17th-century practice of Polish Jewry to give money to their small children for distribution to their teachers. In time, as children demanded their due, money was also given to children to keep for themselves. Teenage boys soon came in for their share
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Candy
CANDY, also called SWEETS or LOLLIES, is a confection that features sugar as a principal ingredient. The category, called sugar confectionery , encompasses any sweet confection, including chocolate , chewing gum , and sugar candy . Vegetables, fruit, or nuts which have been glazed and coated with sugar are said to be candied . Physically, candy is characterized by the use of a significant amount of sugar or sugar substitutes . Unlike a cake or loaf of bread that would be shared among many people, candies are usually made in smaller pieces. However, the definition of candy also depends upon how people treat the food. Unlike sweet pastries served for a dessert course at the end of a meal, candies are normally eaten casually, often with the fingers, as a snack between meals. Each culture has its own ideas of what constitutes candy rather than dessert. The same food may be a candy in one culture and a dessert in another
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Chocolate Chip Cookie
A CHOCOLATE CHIP COOKIE is a drop cookie that originated in the United States
United States
and features chocolate chips (small morsels of sweetened chocolate) as its distinguishing ingredient. The traditional recipe combines a dough composed of butter and both brown and white sugar, semi-sweet chocolate chips and vanilla. Variations include recipes with other types of chocolate as well as additional ingredients such as nuts or oatmeal . There are also vegan versions with ingredient substitutions such as vegan chocolate chips, vegan margarine, and so forth. CONTENTS * 1 Invention * 2 Later history * 2.1 Nestlé marketing * 2.2 Present day * 3 Composition and variants * 3.1 Common variants * 4 Popular brands * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links INVENTIONThe chocolate chip cookie was invented by the American chef Ruth Graves Wakefield and chef Sue Brides in 1938
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Chocolate Cake
CHOCOLATE CAKE is a cake flavored with melted chocolate , cocoa powder , or both. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Cake types * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORY Chocolate
Chocolate
cake is made with chocolate; it can be made with other ingredients, as well. These ingredients include fudge , vanilla creme, and other sweeteners. The history of chocolate cake goes back to 1764, when Dr. James Baker discovered how to make chocolate by grinding cocoa beans between two massive circular millstones. Choco rose cake In 1828, Conrad Van Houten of the Netherlands developed a mechanical extraction method for extracting the fat from cacao liquor resulting in cacao butter and the partly defatted cacao, a compacted mass of solids that could be sold as it was "rock cacao" or ground into powder. The processes transformed chocolate from an exclusive luxury to an inexpensive daily snack
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Chocolate Pudding
CHOCOLATE PUDDINGS are a class of desserts with chocolate flavors. There are two main types: a boiled then chilled dessert, texturally a custard set with starch , commonly eaten in the U.S. , Canada
Canada
, Sweden , Poland
Poland
, and East and South East Asia ; and a steamed/baked version, texturally similar to cake , popular in the UK , Ireland
Ireland
, Australia
Australia
, and New Zealand
New Zealand
CONTENTS * 1 British Isles and Australasian version * 2 North American and Asian version * 3 Nutrition Information * 4 See also * 5 References BRITISH ISLES AND AUSTRALASIAN VERSIONIn Britain, Ireland, Australia, and New Zealand, chocolate pudding is similar in preparation to the Daily Do versions in early 20th century United States
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Chocolate Mousse
A MOUSSE (French 'foam' /ˈmuːs/ ) is a soft prepared food that incorporates air bubbles to give it a light and airy texture. It can range from light and fluffy to creamy and thick, depending on preparation techniques. A mousse may be sweet or savoury . Sweet mousses are typically made with whipped egg whites or whipped cream , and flavored with one or more of chocolate, coffee, caramel, puréed fruits, or various herbs and spices, such as mint or vanilla . In the case of some chocolate mousses, egg yolks are often stirred into melted chocolate to give the final product a richer mouthfeel. Mousses are also typically chilled before being served, which gives them a denser texture. Sweetened mousse is served as a dessert, or used as an airy cake filling. It is sometimes stabilized with gelatin. Savory mousses can be made from meat, fish, shellfish, foie gras , cheese, or vegetables. Hot mousses often get their light texture from the addition of beaten egg whites
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Chocolate Brownie
A CHOCOLATE BROWNIE (commonly referred to as simply BROWNIE) is a square, baked , chocolate dessert. Brownies come in a variety of forms and may be either fudgy or cakey, depending on their density. They may include nuts, frosting, cream cheese, chocolate chips, or other ingredients. A variation made with brown sugar rather than chocolate in the batter is called a blonde brownie or blondie . The brownie was developed in the United States
United States
at the end of the 19th century and popularized in the U.S. and Canada during the first half of the 20th century. Brownies are typically eaten by hand, often accompanied by milk, served warm with ice cream (a la mode), topped with whipped cream, or sprinkled with powdered sugar and fudge. In North America they are common lunchbox treats, and also popular in restaurants and coffeehouses
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Chocolate Milk
CHOCOLATE MILK is sweetened chocolate -flavored milk . It can be made by mixing chocolate syrup (or chocolate powder) with milk (from cows, goats, soy, rice, etc.). It can be purchased pre-mixed with milk or made at home by blending milk with cocoa powder and a sweetener (such as sugar or a sugar substitute ), melted chocolate , chocolate syrup , or a pre-made powdered chocolate milk mix. Other ingredients, such as starch , salt, carrageenan , vanilla , or artificial flavoring are sometimes added. The carrageenan is used at very low concentrations to form an imperceptible weak gel that prevents the large, dense particles of chocolate from sedimentation. Chocolate
Chocolate
milk should be refrigerated like unflavored milk, with the exception of some ultra high temperature ( UHT ) pasteurized drinks, which can be stored at room temperature
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Hot Chocolate
HOT CHOCOLATE, also known as HOT COCOA, DRINKING CHOCOLATE or just COCOA is a heated beverage consisting of shaved chocolate , melted chocolate or cocoa powder , heated milk or water, and usually a sweetener. Hot chocolate
Hot chocolate
may be topped with whipped cream. Hot chocolate made with melted chocolate is sometimes called drinking chocolate, characterized by less sweetness and a thicker consistency. The first chocolate beverage is believed to have been created by the Mayans around 2,500-3,000 years ago, and a cocoa beverage was an essential part of Aztec
Aztec
culture by 1400 AD, by which they referred to as xocōlātl. The beverage became popular in Europe after being introduced from Mexico
Mexico
in the New World
New World
and has undergone multiple changes since then
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Mokaya
MOKAYA were pre- Olmec
Olmec
cultures of the Soconusco
Soconusco
region in Mexico
Mexico
and parts of the Pacific coast of western