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World War I
Allied victory (exception: Russian defeat) * Fall of the German , Russian , Ottoman , and Austro-Hungarian empires * Russian Civil War and foundation of Soviet Union * Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East * Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers * Establishment of the League of Nations . (more... ) BELLIGERENTSALLIED POWERS France British Empire Russia (until 1917) Serbia Montenegro Belgium Japan Italy (1915–18) Portugal (1916–18) Romania (1916–18) Hejaz (1916–18) United States (1917–18) Greece (1917–18) Siam (1917–18) ..._and others_ CENTRAL POWERS German Empire Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria (1915–18) ..._and co-belligerents_ COMMANDERS AND LEADERSALLIED LEADERS Georges Clemenceau Raymond Poincaré H. H
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World War One (other)
WORLD WAR ONE may refer to: * World War I * World War One (TV series) , a 1964–1965 American documentary television series * World War One (video game) , a 2008 strategy video game, published by Ascaron Entertainment This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title WORLD WAR ONE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=World_War_One_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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WW1 (album)
WW1 is the debut album by indie rock band White Whale . TRACK LISTINGAll tracks written by White Whale . WWI NO. TITLE LENGTH 1. "Nine Good Fingers" 4:11 2. "O' William, O' Sarah" 7:37 3. "The Admiral" 3:48 4. "I Love Lovely Chinese Gal" 3:30 5. "What's an Ocean For?" 3:44 6. "We're Just Temporary Ma'am" 3:59 7. "Forgive the Forgiven" 5:09 8. "Fidget and Fudge" 6:52 9. "Yummyman Farewell" 4:22 10. "King's Indian" 2:06 11. "One Prayer" 4:34PERSONNEL * Matt Suggs - Vocals, Guitar * Zach Holland - Guitar, Lap Steel, Elec Mandolin, Keyboard * Dustin Than Kinsey - Piano, Guitar, Synth * Rob Pope - Bass, Moog * John Anderson - Drums, Percussion * Ed Rose - Producer, Engineer, Mixing * Chris Cosgrove - Engineer * Maggie Fost - Design * Tabitha Morris - Paintings This 2000s indie rock album–related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=WW1_(album) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Battle Of The Somme
British Empire * Australia * Bermuda * Canada * India * Newfoundland * New Zealand * South Africa * Southern Rhodesia * United Kingdom France German Empire COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Douglas Haig Ferdinand Foch Henry Rawlinson Émile Fayolle Hubert Gough Joseph Alfred Micheler Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria Max von Gallwitz Fritz von Below STRENGTH 1ST JULY 390,000 in 13 divisions 330,000 in 11 divisions JULY–NOVEMBER 1,530,000 in 50 divisions 1,440,000 in 48 divisions 1ST JULY 315,000 in 10 1/2 divisions JULY-NOVEMBER 1,500,000 in 50 divisions CASUALTIES AND LOSSES c. 420,000 c. 200,000 c
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Mark V Tank
MALE: Two 6-pounder (57-mm) 6 cwt QF guns with 207 rounds; four .303 in (7.7-mm) Hotchkiss Mk 1 Machine Gun FEMALE: Six .303 in Hotchkiss Mk 1 Machine Gun ENGINE 19 litre six cylinder in-line Ricardo petrol engine 150 hp (110 kW) at 1200 rpm POWER/WEIGHT Male: 5.2 hp/ton TRANSMISSION 4 forward 1 reverse, Wilson epicyclic in final drive FUEL CAPACITY 93 imperial gallons (420 l) Operational range 45 mi (72 km) radius of action about 10 hours endurance SPEED 5 mph (8.0 km/h) maximum Steering system Wilson epicyclic steeringThe British MARK V TANK was an upgraded version of the Mark IV tank . It was first deployed in 1918, used in action during the closing months of World War I, and in the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War on the White Russian side, and by the Red Army, after they were captured. The tank was improved in several aspects, chiefly the new steering system and engine, but it fell short in other areas such as mechanical reliability, and its insufficient ventilation. . However, Mark V was successful, especially given its limited service history, and primitive design
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Hindenburg Line
Imperial German army * Named after Paul von Hindenburg (Chief of the German General Staff, 1916–1918) IN USE 1917–1918 MATERIALS concrete, steel, barbed wire BATTLES/WARS World War I * Battle of Arras (1917) * First Battle of Bullecourt * Battle of Lagnicourt * Second Battle of Bullecourt * Battle of Cambrai (1917) * Battle of Cambrai (1918) * Meuse-Argonne Offensive * Battle of St. Quentin Canal * v * t * e Western Front * Belgium * Halen * Liège * Dinant * Namur * Frontiers * Charleroi * Mons * Great Retreat * 1st Marne * 1st Aisne * Antwerp * Race to the Sea * Yser * 1st Ypres * Winter operations * 1st Artois * 1st Champagne * Hartmannswillerkopf * Neuve Chapelle * 2nd Ypres * 2nd Artois * 2nd Champagne * Loos * 3rd Artois * Verdun * Somme * _Alberich_ * Nivelle * Arras * 2nd Aisne * Hills * Messines * 3rd Ypres (Passchendaele) * La Malmaison * 1st Cambrai * Spring * _Michael_ * Lys * 3rd Aisne * 2nd Marne * Hundred Days * Amiens The HINDENBURG LINE (_SIEGFRIEDSTELLUNG_ or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I , built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front , from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne
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HMS Irresistible (1898)
HMS IRRESISTIBLE—the fourth British Royal Navy ship of the name—was a Formidable-class pre-dreadnought battleship . Commissioned in 1902, she initially served with the Mediterranean Fleet until April 1908, when she was transferred to the Channel Fleet . Now outclassed with the emergence of the dreadnought class of ships, she entered service with the Home Fleet in 1911 following a refit. In 1912, she was assigned to the 5th Battle Squadron . Following the outbreak of World War I , Irresistible, along with the squadron, was assigned to the Channel Fleet. After operations with the Dover Patrol , she served in the Dardanelles Campaign , taking part in the bombardment of the Turkish forts guarding the Dardanelles. On 18 March 1915, she struck a mine, which caused severe damage and killed around 150 of her crew. Without power, she began to drift into the range of Turkish guns. With attempts to tow her having failed, she was abandoned with most of her crew having been successfully evacuated, and eventually sank
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Naval Mine
A NAVAL MINE is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines . Unlike depth charges , mines are deposited and left to wait until they are triggered by the approach of, or contact with, an enemy vessel. Naval mines can be used offensively—to hamper enemy shipping movements or lock vessels into a harbour ; or defensively—to protect friendly vessels and create "safe" zones
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Naval Operations In The Dardanelles Campaign
* 1ST ANZAC COVE * 2nd Anzac Cove * 3rd Anzac Cove * No.3 Post * Baby 700 * LANDING AT SUVLA BAY * Sari Bair * The Nek * Lone Pine * Chunuk Bair * Scimitar Hill * Hill 60 The NAVAL OPERATIONS IN THE DARDANELLES CAMPAIGN (17 February 1915 – 9 January 1916) took place against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War . Ships of the Royal Navy , French _Marine nationale_ , Imperial Russian Navy (_Российский императорский флот_) and the Royal Australian Navy , attempted to force the defences of the Dardanelles Straits. The straits are a narrow waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Black Sea , via the Aegean , Sea of Marmara and the Bosphorus . The Dardanelles Campaign began as a naval operation but the success of the Ottoman defence led to the Gallipoli Campaign , an attempt to occupy the Gallipoli peninsula with land forces supported by the navies, to open the sea route to Constantinople. The Allies also tried to pass submarines through the Dardanelles to attack Ottoman shipping in the Sea of Marmara
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Vickers Machine Gun
The VICKERS MACHINE GUN or VICKERS GUN is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled .303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers
Vickers
Limited , originally for the British Army
British Army
. The machine gun typically required a six to eight-man team to operate: one fired, one fed the ammunition, the rest helped to carry the weapon, its ammunition and spare parts. It was in service from before the First World War until the 1960s, with air-cooled versions of it on many Allied World War I
World War I
fighter aircraft. The weapon had a reputation for great solidity and reliability. Ian V. Hogg , in _Weapons one of the contenders was the 7.92 mm (.312 in) Besa machine gun (a Czech design), which eventually became the British Army's standard tank-mounted machine gun. However, the Vickers remained in service with the British Army
British Army
until 30 March 1968. Its last operational use was in the Radfan during the Aden Emergency
Aden Emergency
. Its successor in UK service is the L7 GPMG . USE IN AIRCRAFT The cockpit of a Bristol Scout biplane in 1916, showing a Vickers
Vickers
machine gun synchronised to fire through the propeller by an early Vickers-Challenger interrupter gear
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Gas Mask
The GAS MASK is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases. The mask forms a sealed cover over the nose and mouth, but may also cover the eyes and other vulnerable soft tissues of the face. Some gas masks are also respirators , though the word _gas mask_ is often used to refer to military equipment (e.g. field protective mask). The user of the gas mask is not protected from gas that the skin can absorb. Most gas mask filters will last around 24 hours in a nuclear biological chemical (NBC) situation. Airborne toxic materials may be gaseous (for example sulfur mustard and chlorine gas used in World War I) or particulates (such as many biological agents developed for weapons such as bacteria, viruses and toxins ). Many gas masks include protection from both types. Gas masks are used in construction to protect against welding fumes, in demolition to protect against asbestos or other hazardous particles, and in the chemical industry when handling hazardous materials , as in making repairs to leaking equipment or cleaning up after spills; workers are usually issued gas masks as a precaution against leaks. During demonstrations and protests where tear gas or CS-gas is employed by riot police, gas masks are commonly used by police and demonstrators alike
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Albatros D.III
The ALBATROS D.III was a biplane fighter aircraft used by the Imperial German Army Air Service (_ Luftstreitkräfte _) during World War I . A modified licence model was built by Oeffag for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (_Luftfahrtruppen_ ). The D.III was flown by many top German aces, including Wilhelm Frankl , Erich Löwenhardt , Manfred von Richthofen , Karl Emil Schäfer , Ernst Udet , and Kurt Wolff , and Austro-Hungarian ones, like Godwin von Brumowski . It was the preeminent fighter during the period of German aerial dominance known as " Bloody April " 1917. CONTENTS * 1 Design and development * 2 Operational history * 3 Austro-Hungarian variants * 4 Postwar * 5 Modern reproductions * 6 Operators * 7 Specifications (D.III) * 8 See also * 9 References * 9.1 Notes * 9.2 Bibliography * 10 External links DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT Ernst Udet in front of his Albatros D.III (serial D.1941/16) Albatros D.III fighters of Jasta 11 at Douai, France. The second closest aircraft was one of several flown by Manfred von Richthofen Development of the prototype D.III started in late July or early August 1916. The date of the maiden flight is unknown, but is believed to have occurred in late August or early September
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Jagdstaffel 11
ROYAL PRUSSIAN JAGDSTAFFEL 11 ("No 11 Fighter Squadron"; commonly abbreviated to JASTA 11) was founded on 28 September 1916 from elements of 4 Armee\'s _Kampfeinsitzerkommandos_ (or KEKs) 1, 2 and 3 and mobilized on 11 October as part of the German Air Service\'s expansion program, forming permanent specialised fighter squadrons, or "_Jastas _". It became the most successful fighter squadron in the _ Luftstreitkräfte _. CONTENTS * 1 Founding * 2 Members * 3 Incorporation into JG I * 4 References * 5 Notes * 6 External links FOUNDING Jasta 11's first commander was First Lieutenant (_ Oberleutnant _) Rudolf Lang, from its mobilization at Brayelles, until 14 January 1917. _Jasta_ 11's first months of operations were very undistinguished. It was not until the appointment of 24-year-old Cavalry Captain (_ Rittmeister _) Manfred von Richthofen on 16 January 1917 as Commanding Officer that the unit commenced its path to fame and immortality. Von Richthofen, later known as the Red Baron (due to the practice of painting his aircraft red for easy identification during combat) was already an able tactical pilot and ace following several months of service in _Jasta_ 2 and became a highly effective unit commander who led his pilots by example
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Treaty Of Versailles
The TREATY OF VERSAILLES (French : _Traité de Versailles_) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I
World War I
to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers . It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles
Versailles
, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand . The other Central Powers
Central Powers
on the German side of World War I
World War I
signed separate treaties. Although the armistice , signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations
League of Nations
on 21 October 1919. Of the many provisions in the treaty, one of the most important and controversial required "Germany accept the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage" during the war (the other members of the Central Powers
Central Powers
signed treaties containing similar articles). This article, Article 231 , later became known as the War Guilt clause. The treaty forced Germany to disarm, make substantial territorial concessions, and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Entente powers
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Treaty Of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919)
The TREATY OF SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German- Austria on the other. Like the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary and the Treaty of Versailles with Germany , it contained the Covenant of the League of Nations and as a result was not ratified by the United States but was followed by the US–Austrian Peace Treaty of 1921. The treaty signing ceremony took place at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye . CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Provisions * 2.1 Territory * 2.2 Politics and military * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 External links BACKGROUNDAlready on 21 October 1918, 208 German-speaking delegates of the Austrian Imperial Council had convened in a "provisional national assembly of German-Austria" at the Lower Austrian Landtag . While the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Army culminated at the Battle of Vittorio Veneto , the Social Democrat Karl Renner was elected German-Austrian State Chancellor on 30 October. In the course of the Aster Revolution on 31 October, the newly established Democratic Republic of Hungary under Minister President Mihály Károlyi declared the real union with Austria terminated. With the Armistice of Villa Giusti on 3 November 1918, the fate of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was sealed
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