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Woodland
Woodland
Woodland
/ˈwʊdlənd/ ( listen) is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade. Woodlands may support an understory of shrubs and herbaceous plants including grasses. Woodland
Woodland
may form a transition to shrubland under drier conditions or during early stages of primary or secondary succession. Higher density areas of trees with a largely closed canopy that provides extensive and nearly continuous shade are referred to as forests. Extensive efforts by conservationist groups have been made to preserve woodlands from urbanization and agriculture
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Zambezian And Mopane Woodlands
The Zambezian and mopane woodlands
Zambezian and mopane woodlands
is a tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands ecoregion of southeastern Africa. The ecoregion is characterized by the mopane tree (Colophospermum mopane), and extends across portions of Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, including the lower basin of the Zambezi River. It is generally at a lower elevation, and has lower rainfall, than the neighboring Central Zambezian miombo woodlands, Eastern miombo woodlands, and Southern miombo woodlands, which occupy the higher plateaus and escarpments. It is bounded to the southwest by the Drakensberg Range
Drakensberg Range
and Southern African Bushveld and Drakensberg montane grassland, woodland, and forest ecoregions
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Illinois
Illinois
Illinois
(/ˌɪlɪˈnɔɪ/ ( listen) IL-ih-NOY) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is the 6th most populous state and 25th largest state in terms of land area, and is often noted as a microcosm of the entire country.[7] With Chicago
Chicago
in the northeast, small industrial cities and great agricultural productivity in central and northern Illinois, and natural resources like coal, timber, and petroleum in the south, Illinois
Illinois
has a diverse economic base and is a major transportation hub. The Port of Chicago connects the state to other global ports from the Great Lakes, via the Saint Lawrence Seaway, to the Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Great Lakes to the Mississippi
Mississippi
River, via the Illinois Waterway
Illinois Waterway
on the Illinois
Illinois
River
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American English
American English
American English
(AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US[note 1]), sometimes called United States
United States
English or U.S. English,[5][6] is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.[7] American English
American English
is considered to be the world's most influential form of English.[8][9][10][11][12] English is the most widely spoken language in the United States
United States
and is the de facto common language used by the federal and state governments, to the extent that all laws and compulsory education presume English as the primary language
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Belianske Tatras
Belianske Tatras
Belianske Tatras
(Slovak: Belianske Tatry) is a mountain range in the Eastern Tatras in North Central Slovakia. The Eastern Tatras are part of the Tatra Mountains, which are part of the Inner Western Carpathians. The highest point is Havran at 2,151.5 metres (7,059 ft). Like most of the area, the peak is not accessible for tourists to protect the rare animals and plants. The first inhabitants were shepherds in the 14th century. The main 14 km long ridge contains mountains built of limestone and dolomite with distinctive karst topography. The only cave in the Tatras open to public – Belianska Cave
Belianska Cave
– is located here. Ecology and biology[edit] The whole area is a national nature reserve covering 54.08 km² (20.9 mi²), which is part of Tatra National Park
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Phloem
In vascular plants, phloem is the living tissue that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, in particular the sugar sucrose,[1] to parts of the plant where needed. This transport process is called translocation.[2] In trees, the phloem is the innermost layer of the bark, hence the name, derived from the Greek word φλοιός (phloios) meaning "bark"
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Cambium
A cambium (plural cambia or cambiums), in botany, is a tissue layer that provides partially undifferentiated cells for plant growth. It forms parallel rows of cells, which result in secondary tissues.[1] There are several distinct kinds of cambium found in plant stems and roots:Cork cambium, a tissue found in many vascular plants as part of the periderm. Unifacial cambium, which ultimately produces cells to the interior of its cylinder. Vascular cambium, a lateral meristem in the vascular tissue of plants.References[edit]^ http://botanydictionary.org/cambium.htmlThis botany article is a stub
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Ecoregion
An ecoregion (ecological region) is an ecologically and geographically defined area that is smaller than a bioregion, which in turn is smaller than an ecozone. All three of these are either less or greater than an ecosystem.[citation needed][clarification needed] Ecoregions cover relatively large areas of land or water, and contain characteristic, geographically distinct assemblages of natural communities and species. The biodiversity of flora, fauna and ecosystems that characterise an ecoregion tends to be distinct from that of other ecoregions. In theory, biodiversity or conservation ecoregions are relatively large areas of land or water where the probability of encountering different species and communities at any given point remains relatively constant, within an acceptable range of variation (largely undefined at this point). Three caveats are appropriate for all bio-geographic mapping approaches. Firstly, no single bio-geographic framework is optimal for all taxa
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Tanzania
Coordinates: 6°18′25″S 34°51′14″E / 6.307°S 34.854°E / -6.307; 34.854United Republic
Republic
of Tanzania Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania  (Swahili)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Uhuru na Umoja" (Swahili) "Freedom and Unity"Anthem: "Mungu ibariki Afrika" (English: "God Bless Africa")Capital Dodoma
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Tropical And Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, And Shrublands
Tropical
Tropical
and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are terrestrial biomes dominated by baboons grass and/or shrubs located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes.Contents1 Description 2 Occurrence 3 Ecoregions 4 See also 5 ReferencesDescription[edit] Grassland
Grassland
is dominated by grass and other herbaceous plants. Savanna is grassland with scattered trees. Shrubland
Shrubland
is dominated by woody or herbaceous shrubs. Rainfall in tropical and subtropical grassland, savanna, and shrubland is between 500 and 1300 millimeters (20 to 50 inches) a year,[1] and can be highly seasonal, with the entire year's rainfall sometimes occurring within a couple of weeks. Occurrence[edit] Tropical
Tropical
and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands occur on all continents but Antarctica
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Malawi
Coordinates: 13°30′S 34°00′E / 13.500°S 34.000°E / -13.500; 34.000 Republic
Republic
of Malawi Dziko la Malaŵi (Chichewa)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Unity and Freedom"Anthem: Mulungu dalitsani Malaŵi  (Chichewa) O God Bless Our Land of Malawi[1]Location of  Malawi  (dark blue) – in Africa  (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union  (light blue)Capital and largest city Lilongwe 13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.950°S 33.700°E / -13.950; 33.700Offici
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Afrotropic Ecozone
The Afrotropical realm
Afrotropical realm
is one of the Earth's eight biogeographic realms. It includes Africa
Africa
south of the Sahara Desert, the southern and eastern fringes of the Arabian Peninsula, the island of Madagascar, southern Iran
Iran
and extreme southwestern Pakistan, and the islands of the western Indian Ocean
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Angolan Miombo Woodlands
Angolan miombo woodlands
Angolan miombo woodlands
cover most of central Angola and extend into the Democratic Republic of Congo. This is part of the larger miombo ecosystem that covers much of eastern and southern Africa.[1]Contents1 Location and description 2 Flora 3 Fauna 4 Urban areas and settlements 5 Threats 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksLocation and description[edit] This area of savanna and woodland covers an area of plateau and gentle hills in central Angola, in the Cubango-Zambezi Basin which drains into the Zambezi River
Zambezi River
to the east
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Angola
Coordinates: 12°30′S 18°30′E / 12.500°S 18.500°E / -12.500; 18.500 Republic
Republic
of Angola República de Angola  (Portuguese)FlagEmblemMotto: Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin) (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")Anthem:  Angola
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Angolan Mopane Woodlands
Angolan mopane woodlands
Angolan mopane woodlands
are situated in southwestern Angola, extending into northern Namibia. This ecosystem surrounds Etosha Pan, which is considered a separate ecoregion. The mopane trees are the main type of vegetation.[1]Contents1 Location and description 2 Flora 3 Fauna 4 Threats and preservation 5 Visiting the region 6 References 7 External linksLocation and description[edit] In Angola
Angola
the region mostly comprises the southern Cunene Province
Cunene Province
and in Namibia
Namibia
in the regions of Omusati, Oshana
Oshana
and the eastern inland arm of Kunene and areas of Oshikoto surrounding the Etosha Pan. The ecoregion includes the Cunene River
Cunene River
which divides the two countries, and is one of the main sources of water in this dry region.[2] The landscape is mainly flat
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Namibia
Coordinates: 22°S 17°E / 22°S 17°E / -22; 17 Republic
Republic
of Namibia8 National language namesRepubliek van Namibië  (Afrikaans)[1] Republik Namibia  (German)[2] Namibiab Republiki dib  (Nama)[3] Republika yaNamibia  (Herero)[4] Orepublika yaNamibia  (Kwanyama)[5] Republika zaNamibia  (Kwangali)[6] Repaboleki ya Namibia  (Tswana)[7]
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