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Winsford
WINSFORD is a town and civil parish within the unitary authority of Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester
Chester
and the ceremonial county of Cheshire
Cheshire
, England. It lies on the River Weaver south of Northwich and west of Middlewich
Middlewich
, and grew around the salt mining industry after the river was canalised in the 18th century, allowing freight to be conveyed northwards to the Port of Runcorn on the River Mersey
River Mersey
. Winsford
Winsford
is split into three neighbourhoods: Over on the western side of the River Weaver, Wharton on the eastern side, and Swanlow and Dene, as shown on the official map of Winsford
Winsford
in the Town Council Office in Wyvern House. Many Winsfordians consider the town to be "the heart of Cheshire" however other towns in Cheshire
Cheshire
also claim this title
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Winsford, Somerset
WINSFORD is a village and civil parish in Somerset
Somerset
, England, located about 5 miles (8 km) north-west of Dulverton
Dulverton
. It is within the borders of the Exmoor National Park
Exmoor National Park
and around 10 miles (16.1 km) south-west of the coastal town of Minehead
Minehead
. The village has one hotel , The Royal Oak dating to before the start of the 16th century, and one shop and post office . There is also a tea garden and a service station, which does not serve fuel for motor vehicles. The village is on the route of the Samaritans Way South West and is located within the Exmoor National Park
Exmoor National Park
, to the east of the village is the hamlet of West Howetown. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Governance * 3 Geography * 4 Church * 5 Famous inhabitants * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Winsford Hill is the location of the Wambarrows , a number of bronze age burial sites, and Road Castle an Iron Age bank and ditch approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) west from the village. The ditch is almost square in plan with rounded corners and covers an area of approximately 0.7 acres (0.28 ha)
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Cheshire
CHESHIRE (/ˈtʃɛʃər/ or /ˈtʃɛʃɪər/ ; archaically the COUNTY PALATINE OF CHESTER; abbreviated CHES.) is a county in North West England , bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Wales to the west (bordering Wrexham and Flintshire ). Cheshire's county town is Chester ; the largest town is Warrington . Other major towns include Congleton , Crewe , Ellesmere Port , Macclesfield , Northwich , Runcorn , Widnes , Wilmslow , and Winsford . The county covers 905 square miles (2,344 km2) and has a population of around 1 million. It is mostly rural, with a number of small towns and villages supporting the agricultural and other industries which produce Cheshire cheese , salt, chemicals and silk
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United Kingdom Census 2011
A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years. The 2011 CENSUS was held in all countries of the UK on 27 March 2011. It was the first UK census which could be completed online via the Internet . The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is responsible for the census in England and Wales , the General Register Office for Scotland (GROS) is responsible for the census in Scotland , and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) is responsible for the census in Northern Ireland . The Office for National Statistics is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority , a non-ministerial department formed in 2008 and which reports directly to Parliament. ONS is the UK Government's single largest statistical producer of independent statistics on the UK's economy and society, used to assist the planning and allocation of resources, policy-making and decision-making. ONS designs, manages and runs the census in England and Wales. In its capacity as the national statistics office for the United Kingdom, ONS also compiles and releases census tables for the United Kingdom when the data from England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are complete
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Ordnance Survey National Grid
The ORDNANCE SURVEY NATIONAL GRID REFERENCE SYSTEM is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude
Latitude
and Longitude
Longitude
. It is often called BRITISH NATIONAL GRID (BNG). The Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
(OS) devised the national grid reference system, and it is heavily used in their survey data, and in maps based on those surveys, whether published by the Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
or commercial map producers. Grid references are also commonly quoted in other publications and data sources, such as guide books or government planning documents. A number of different systems exist that can provide grid references for locations within the British Isles
British Isles
: this article describes the system created solely for Great Britain and its outlying islands (including the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
); the Irish grid reference system
Irish grid reference system
is a similar system created by the Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
of Ireland for the island of Ireland
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London
LONDON /ˈlʌndən/ ( listen ) is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom . Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain , London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans , who named it _ Londinium _. London's ancient core, the City of London
City of London
, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km2) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, "London" has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex , Essex , Surrey , Kent , and Hertfordshire , which today largely makes up Greater London
Greater London
, a region governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly . London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation. It is crowned as the world's largest financial centre and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world . London is a world cultural capital. It is the world's most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the world\'s largest city airport system measured by passenger traffic
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Boxing The Compass
The POINTS OF THE COMPASS, specifically on the compass rose , mark divisions of a compass ; such divisions may be referred to as "winds" or "directions". A compass point allows reference to a specific heading (or course or azimuth ) in a general or colloquial fashion, without having to compute or remember degrees. A compass is primarily divided into the four cardinal points —north , south , east , and west . These are often further subdivided by the addition of the four intercardinal (or ordinal) directions—northeast (NE) between north and east, southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW)—to indicate the eight principal winds. In meteorological usage, further intermediate points between cardinal and ordinal points, such as north-northeast (NNE) between north and northeast, are added to give the sixteen points of a wind compass . At the most complete division in European tradition, are the full thirty-two points of the mariner\'s compass , which adds points such as north by east (NbE) between north and north-northeast, and northeast by north (NEbN) between north-northeast and northeast. Although the European nautical tradition retained the term "one point" to describe  1⁄32 of a circle (in such phrases as "two points to starboard"), by the middle of the eighteenth century, the 32-point system was further extended with half- and quarter-points to allow 128 directions to be differentiated
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Civil Parishes In England
In England, a CIVIL PARISH is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties , or their combined form, the unitary authority . It is an administrative parish , in contrast to an ecclesiastical parish . A civil parish can range in size from a large town with a population of about 80,000 to a single village with fewer than a hundred inhabitants. In a limited number of cases a parish might include a whole city where city status has been granted by the Monarch . Reflecting this diverse nature, a civil parish may be known as a town, village, neighbourhood or community by resolution of its parish council . Approximately 35% of the English population live in a civil parish. As of 31 December 2015 there were 10,449 parishes in England. On 1 April 2014, Queen\'s Park became the first civil parish in Greater London . Before 2008 their creation was not permitted within a London borough
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Districts Of England
The DISTRICTS OF ENGLAND (also known as LOCAL AUTHORITY DISTRICTS or LOCAL GOVERNMENT DISTRICTS to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government . As the structure of local government in England is not uniform, there are currently four principal types of district-level subdivision. There are a total of 326 districts made up of 36 metropolitan boroughs , 32 London boroughs , 201 non-metropolitan districts , 55 unitary authorities , as well as the City of London and the Isles of Scilly which are also districts, but do not correspond to any of these categories. Some districts are styled as boroughs , cities , or royal boroughs ; these are purely honorific titles, and do not alter the status of the district. All boroughs and cities, and a few districts, are led by a mayor who in most cases is a ceremonial figure elected by the district council , but – after local government reform – is occasionally a directly elected mayor who makes most of the policy decisions instead of the council
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Cheshire West And Chester
CHESHIRE WEST AND CHESTER is a non-metropolitan county , non-metropolitan district and unitary authority with borough status in the ceremonial county of Cheshire , England. It was established on 1 April 2009 as part of the 2009 local government changes , by virtue of an order under the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007 . It superseded the boroughs of Ellesmere Port and Neston and Vale Royal and the City of Chester ; its council assumed the functions and responsibilities of the former Cheshire County Council within its area. The remainder of ceremonial Cheshire is composed of Cheshire East , Halton and Warrington . The decision to create the Cheshire West and Chester unitary authority was announced on 25 July 2007 following a consultation period, in which a proposal to create a single Cheshire unitary authority was rejected
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Ceremonial Counties Of England
The CEREMONIAL COUNTIES, also referred to as the LIEUTENANCY AREAS OF ENGLAND, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed. Legally the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as COUNTIES AND AREAS FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE LIEUTENANCIES IN GREAT BRITAIN, in contrast to the areas used for local government . They are also informally known as GEOGRAPHIC COUNTIES, as often representing more permanent features of English geography, and to distinguish them from counties of England which have a present-day administrative function. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Shrieval counties * 3 Definition * 3.1 Ceremonial counties since 1997 * 4 Lieutenancy areas in 1890 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Notes * 8 External links HISTORY Ceremonial counties before the creation of Greater London in 1965 (showing counties corporate as part of the main counties.) The distinction between a county for purposes of the Lieutenancy and a county for administrative purposes is not a new one: in some cases a county corporate that was part of a county was appointed its own Lieutenant (although the Lieutenant of the containing county would often be appointed to this position as well), and the three Ridings of Yorkshire had been treated as three counties for Lieutenancy purposes since the 17th century
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England . Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat also uses them to demarcate first level Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) regions ("NUTS 1 regions") within the European Union . The regions generally follow the boundaries of the former standard regions , established in the 1940s for statistical purposes. The London region (also known as Greater London ) has a directly elected Mayor and Assembly . Six regions have local authority leaders\' boards to assist with correlating the headline policies of local authorities. The remaining two regions no longer have any administrative functions, having abolished their regional local authority leaders' boards. In 1998, regional chambers were established in the eight regions outside of London, which produced strategic plans and recommendations to local authorities
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North West England
NORTH WEST ENGLAND, one of nine official regions of England , consists of the five counties of Cheshire , Cumbria , Greater Manchester , Lancashire and Merseyside . The North West had a population of 7,052,000 in 2011
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Countries Of The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries : England , Scotland , Wales and Northern Ireland . Within the United Kingdom, a unitary sovereign state , Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales have gained a degree of autonomy through the process of devolution . The UK Parliament and British Government deal with all _reserved matters _ for Northern Ireland and Scotland and all _non-transferred matters_ for Wales, but not in general matters that have been devolved to the Northern Ireland Assembly , Scottish Parliament and National Assembly for Wales . Additionally, devolution in Northern Ireland is conditional on co-operation between the Northern Ireland Executive and the Government of Ireland (see North/South Ministerial Council ) and the British Government consults with the Government of Ireland to reach agreement on some non-devolved matters for Northern Ireland (see British–Irish Intergovernmental Conference ). England, comprising the majority of the population and area of the United Kingdom, remains fully the responsibility of the UK Parliament centralised in London . England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales are not themselves listed in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) list of countries
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom . It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain (which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south; and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly , and the Isle of Wight . The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles , one of the Germanic tribes who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery , which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world. The English language , the Anglican Church , and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations
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List Of Sovereign States
This LIST OF SOVEREIGN STATES provides an overview of sovereign states around the world , with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty . Membership within the United Nations
United Nations
system divides the 206 listed states into three categories: 193 member states , two observer states , and 11 other states. The _sovereignty dispute_ column indicates states whose sovereignty is undisputed (190 states) and states whose sovereignty is disputed (16 states, out of which there are 6 member states, 1 observer state and 9 other states). Compiling a list such as this can be a difficult and controversial process, as there is no definition that is binding on all the members of the community