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Wikisource
WIKISOURCE is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki , operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project (each instance usually representing a different language); multiple Wikisources make up the overall project of Wikisource. The project's aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts (its first text was the Déclaration universelle des Droits de l\'Homme ), it has expanded to become a general-content library. The project officially began in November 24, 2003 under the name PROJECT SOURCEBERG, a play on the famous Project Gutenberg . The name Wikisource
Wikisource
was adopted later that year and it received its own domain name seven months later
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Long S
The LONG, MEDIAL, or DESCENDING S (ſ) is a form of the minuscule (lower-case) letter s , which was formerly used where s occurred in the middle or at the beginning of a word (e.g. "ſinfulneſs" for "sinfulness" and "ſucceſsful" for "successful"). The modern letterform was called the terminal, round, or short s
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Venn Diagram
A VENN DIAGRAM (also called PRIMARY DIAGRAM, SET DIAGRAM or LOGIC DIAGRAM) is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of different sets . These diagrams depict elements as points in the plane, and sets as regions inside closed curves. A Venn diagram
Venn diagram
consists of multiple overlapping closed curves, usually circles, each representing a set. The points inside a curve labelled S represent elements of the set S, while points outside the boundary represent elements not in the set S. Thus, for example, the set of all elements that are members of both sets S and T, S ∩ T, is represented visually by the area of overlap of the regions S and T. In Venn diagrams the curves are overlapped in every possible way, showing all possible relations between the sets. They are thus a special case of Euler diagrams , which do not necessarily show all relations. Venn diagrams were conceived around 1880 by John Venn
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Digitizing
DIGITIZATION, less commonly DIGITALIZATION is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits . The result is the representation of an object, image , sound , document or signal (usually an analog signal ) by generating a series of numbers that describe a discrete set of its points or samples . The result is called digital representation or, more specifically, a digital image , for the object, and digital form, for the signal. In modern practice, the digitized data is in the form of binary numbers , which facilitate computer processing and other operations, but, strictly speaking, digitizing simply means the conversion of analog source material into a numerical format; the decimal or any other number system that can be used instead
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Digital Library
A DIGITAL LIBRARY is a special library with a collection of digital objects that can include text, visual material, audio material, video material, stored as electronic media formats (as opposed to print , or other media. ), along with means for organizing, storing, and retrieving the files and media contained in the library collection. Digital libraries can vary immensely in size and scope, and can be maintained by individuals, organizations, or affiliated with established physical library buildings or institutions, or with academic institutions. The digital content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks. An electronic library is a type of information retrieval system
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Image Processing
In imaging science , IMAGE PROCESSING is processing of images using mathematical operations by using any form of signal processing for which the input is an image, a series of images or a video, such as a photograph or video frame ; the output of image processing may be either an image or a set of characteristics or parameters related to the image. Most image-processing techniques involve isolating the individual color planes of an image and treating them as two-dimensional signal and applying standard signal-processing techniques to them. Images are also processed as three-dimensional signals with the third dimension being time or the z-axis. Image processing usually refers to digital image processing , but optical and analog image processing also are possible. This article is about general techniques that apply to all of them. The acquisition of images (producing the input image in the first place) is referred to as imaging
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Pashto Language
PASHTO (/ˈpʌʃtoʊ/ , rarely /ˈpæʃtoʊ/ , Pashto: پښتو‎ Pax̌tō ), sometimes spelled PUSHTU or PUSHTO, is the South -Central Asian language of the Pashtuns
Pashtuns
. It is known in Persian literature as AFGHāNI (افغانی) and in Urdu
Urdu
and Hindi literature as PAṭHāNī. Speakers of the language are called Pashtuns
Pashtuns
or Pukhtuns and sometimes Afghans or Pathans. It is an Eastern Iranian language , belonging to the Indo-European family . Pashto
Pashto
is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, and it is the second-largest regional language of Pakistan
Pakistan
, mainly spoken in the west and northwest of the country
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MediaWiki
MEDIAWIKI is free and open-source wiki software . Originally developed by Magnus Manske and improved by Lee Daniel Crocker
Lee Daniel Crocker
, it runs on many websites, including , Wiktionary
Wiktionary
and Wikimedia Commons . It is written in the PHP programming language and stores the contents into a database . Like WordPress , which is based on a similar licensing and architecture, it has become the dominant software in its category. The first version of the software was deployed to serve the needs of the encyclopedia in 2002. and other Wikimedia
Wikimedia
Foundation projects continue to define a large part of the requirement set for MediaWiki. The software is optimized to efficiently handle large projects, which can have terabytes of content and hundreds of thousands of hits per second
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Annotated Novel
An ANNOTATED EDITION is a literary work where marginal comments have been added to explain, interpret, or illuminate words, phrases, themes, or other elements of the text. The annotated edition is often something pursued by historical or literary scholars, as a secular parallel to exegesis annotations of the Bible
Bible
. Notably, certain publishers provide annotated editions that are well received, such as Norton Critical Editions or the Folger Shakespeare Library editions. Some annotations are brief, requiring only one or a few sentences. Others are lengthy, continuing for one or more pages. Normally, the text occupies the center of the page, and the annotations, which are keyed numerically to the words and phrases with which they are associated, run down the left side of the left page and down the right side of the right page
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Bi-directional Text
BI-DIRECTIONAL TEXT is text containing text in both text directionalities , both right-to-left (RTL or dextrosinistral) and left-to-right (LTR or sinistrodextral). It generally involves text containing different types of alphabets , but may also refer to boustrophedon , which is changing text directionality in each row. Some writing systems of the world, including the Arabic and Hebrew scripts or derived systems such as the Persian , Urdu , and Yiddish scripts, are written in a form known as right-to-left (RTL), in which writing begins at the right-hand side of a page and concludes at the left-hand side. This is different from the left-to-right (LTR) direction used by most writing systems in the world. When LTR text is mixed with RTL in the same paragraph, each type of text is written in its own direction, which is known as bi-directional text. This can get rather complex when multiple levels of quotation are used
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Optical Character Recognition
OPTICAL CHARACTER RECOGNITION (also OPTICAL CHARACTER READER, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast). It is widely used as a form of information entry from printed paper data records, whether passport documents, invoices, bank statements, computerised receipts, business cards, mail, printouts of static-data, or any suitable documentation. It is a common method of digitising printed texts so that they can be electronically edited, searched, stored more compactly, displayed on-line, and used in machine processes such as cognitive computing , machine translation , (extracted) text-to-speech , key data and text mining
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Wikimedian In Residence
AN IN RESIDENCE or WIKIMEDIAN IN RESIDENCE (WIR) is a editor, an (or Wikimedian), who accepts a placement with an institution, typically an art gallery, library, archive or museum (GLAM ), or institute of higher education (such as a university) to facilitate entries related to that institution's mission, encourage and assist it to release material under open licences, and to develop the relationship between the institution and the Wikimedia community. An in residence generally helps to coordinate-related outreach events between the GLAM and the general public
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Richard Elliott Friedman
RICHARD ELLIOTT FRIEDMAN (born May 5, 1946) is a biblical scholar and the Ann and Jay Davis Professor of Jewish Studies at the University of Georgia . Friedman was born in Rochester, New York
Rochester, New York
. He attended the University of Miami (BA, 1968), the Jewish Theological Seminary (MHL, 1971), and Harvard University (ThM in Hebrew Bible, 1974; ThD in Hebrew Bible and Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, 1978). He was the Katzin Professor of Jewish Civilization: Hebrew Bible; Near Eastern Languages and Literature at the University of California, San Diego , from 1984 until 2006, whereupon he joined the faculty of the University of Georgia Religion Department. He is a winner of numerous awards and honors, including American Council of Learned Societies Fellow
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University Of North Carolina At Chapel Hill
Coordinates : 35°54′30″N 79°3′0″W / 35.90833°N 79.05000°W / 35.90833; -79.05000 University of North Carolina FORMER NAMES North Carolina University (1789–1963) MOTTO Lux libertas ( Latin
Latin
) MOTTO IN ENGLISH Light and liberty TYPE Public Flagship
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Brion Vibber
MEDIAWIKI is a free and open-source wiki software . Originally developed by Magnus Manske and improved by Lee Daniel Crocker
Lee Daniel Crocker
, it runs on many websites, including , Wiktionary
Wiktionary
and Wikimedia Commons . It is written in the PHP
PHP
programming language and stores the contents into a database . Like WordPress
WordPress
, which is based on a similar licensing and architecture, it has become the dominant software in its category. The first version of the software was deployed to serve the needs of the encyclopedia in 2002. and other Wikimedia
Wikimedia
Foundation projects continue to define a large part of the requirement set for MediaWiki. The software is optimized to efficiently handle large projects, which can have terabytes of content and hundreds of thousands of hits per second
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Bart D. Ehrman
BART DENTON EHRMAN (/bɑːrt ˈɜːrmən/ ; born October 5, 1955) is an American professor and scholar, currently the James A. Gray Distinguished Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . He is one of North America's leading scholars in his field, having written and edited 30 books, including three college textbooks. He has also achieved acclaim at the popular level, authoring five New York Times bestsellers . Ehrman's work focuses on textual criticism of the New Testament
New Testament
, the historical Jesus
Jesus
, and the development of early Christianity . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Works * 4 Reception * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFEEhrman grew up in Lawrence, Kansas , and attended Lawrence High School , where he was on the state champion debate team in 1973
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