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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " ( Latin
Latin
) (de facto) "Out of many, one" * " Annuit c
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North America
NORTH AMERICA is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere . It can also be considered a northern subcontinent of the Americas . It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean , to the east by the Atlantic Ocean , to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean , and to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea . North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa , and the fourth by population after Asia, Africa, and Europe . In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 565 million people in 23 independent states , or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands (most notably the Caribbean ) are included. North America was reached by its first human populations during the last glacial period , via crossing the Bering land bridge approximately 40,000 to 17,000 years ago. The so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). The Classic stage spans roughly the 6th to 13th centuries
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South America
SOUTH AMERICA is a continent located in the western hemisphere , mostly in the southern hemisphere , with a relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere . It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas
Americas
, which is the model used in nations that speak Romance languages . The reference to South America
South America
instead of other regions (like Latin America
Latin America
or the Southern Cone) has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics (in particular, the rise of Brazil). It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
; North America
North America
and the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
lie to the northwest
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Americas
Largest metropolitan areas Largest cities List * São Paulo * Lima * Mexico City * New York City * Bogotá * Rio de Janeiro * Santiago * Los Angeles * Caracas * Buenos Aires CIA political map of the Americas in Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection The AMERICAS (also collectively called AMERICA) encompass the totality of the continents of North and South America . Together, they make up most of the land in Earth's western hemisphere and comprise the New World . Along with their associated islands , they cover 8% of Earth 's total surface area and 28.4% of its land area. The topography is dominated by the American Cordillera , a long chain of mountains that runs the length of the west coast. The flatter eastern side of the Americas is dominated by large river basins, such as the Amazon , St. Lawrence River / Great Lakes basin, Mississippi , and La Plata . Since the Americas extend 14,000 km (8,700 mi) from north to south, the climate and ecology vary widely, from the arctic tundra of Northern Canada , Greenland , and Alaska , to the tropical rain forests in Central America and South America
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America (other)
AMERICA is a short-form name for the United States of America. AMERICA or AMéRICA may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Film and television * 3 Literature * 4 Music * 4.1 Albums * 4.2 Songs * 5 Magazines * 6 Radio and television * 7 People * 8 Sports * 9 Vehicles * 9.1 Ships * 10 Other uses * 11 See also GEOGRAPHY * The Americas
Americas
, a landmass comprising the continents of North and South America * América, Buenos Aires Province , Argentina * America, Limburg , Netherlands * América, Tamaulipas , Mexico * America, Illinois , U.S. * America, Indiana , U.S. * America, Oklahoma , U.S.FILM AND TELEVISION * America
America
(1924 film) , by D. W. Griffith * America
America
(2009 film) , an American made-for-television film * America
America
(2011 film) , from Puerto Rico * America: Imagine the World Without Her , a 2014 documentary film based on a book by Dinesh D'Souza * América (telenovela) , from Brazil * America
America
(U.S
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US (other)
US or U.S. usually refers to the United States
United States
of America, a country in North America. US, U.S., US, US, or U.S
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USA (other)
USA or U.S.A. usually refers to the United States of America
United States of America
, a federal republic in North America. USA or U.S.A
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United States (other)
UNITED STATES usually refers to the United States
United States
of America – a constitutional federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Flag Of The United States
The FLAG OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, often referred to as the AMERICAN FLAG, is the national flag of the United States . It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton (referred to specifically as the "union") bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternate with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America , and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain , and became the first states in the U.S. Nicknames for the flag include THE STARS AND STRIPES, OLD GLORY, and THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER
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Great Seal Of The United States
The GREAT SEAL OF THE UNITED STATES is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the U.S. federal government . The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself (which is kept by the U.S. Secretary of State ), and more generally for the design impressed upon it. The Great Seal was first used publicly in 1782. The obverse of the great seal is used as the national COAT OF ARMS OF THE UNITED STATES. It is officially used on documents such as United States passports , military insignia , embassy placards , and various flags . As a coat of arms , the design has official colors; the physical Great Seal itself, as affixed to paper, is monochrome . Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill . The Seal of the President of the United States is directly based on the Great Seal, and its elements are used in numerous government agency and state seals
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In God We Trust
"IN GOD WE TRUST" is the official motto of the United States
United States
. It was adopted as the nation\'s motto in 1956 as an alternative or replacement to the unofficial motto of _ E pluribus unum _, which was adopted when the Great Seal of the United States
United States
was created and adopted in 1782. "In God
God
We Trust" first appeared on the Two-cent piece in 1864 and has appeared on paper currency since 1957. A law passed in a Joint Resolution by the 84th Congress (P.L. 84-140) and approved by President Dwight Eisenhower on July 30, 1956, declared "In God
God
We Trust" must appear on American currency. This phrase was first used on paper money in 1957, when it appeared on the one-dollar silver certificate. The first paper currency bearing the phrase entered circulation on October 1, 1957. The 84th Congress later passed legislation (P.L. 84-851), also signed by President Eisenhower on July 30, 1956, declaring the phrase to be the national motto. Some groups and people have expressed objections to its use, citing its religious reference that violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment . These groups believe the phrase should be removed from currency and public property. It is also the motto of the U.S. state of Florida
Florida

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E Pluribus Unum
_E PLURIBUS UNUM_ (/ˈiː ˈpluːrᵻbəs ˈuːnəm/ ; Latin: )— Latin
Latin
for "OUT OF MANY, ONE" (alternatively translated as "One out of many" or "One from many") — is a 13-letter traditional motto of the United States of America
United States of America
and of the city of Monguagá in Brazil, appearing on the Great Seal along with _ Annuit cœptis
Annuit cœptis
_ ( Latin
Latin
for "She/He/It approves the undertaking ") and _Novus ordo seclorum _ ( Latin
Latin
for "New order of the ages"), and adopted by an Act of Congress in 1782. Never codified by law, _E Pluribus Unum_ was considered a _de facto_ motto of the United States until 1956 when the United States Congress
United States Congress
passed an act (H. J. Resolution 396), adopting " In God We Trust
In God We Trust
" as the official motto . CONTENTS * 1 Meaning * 2 Origins * 3 Usage on coins * 4 Other usages * 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 External links MEANING Original 1776 design for the Great Seal by Simitiere . The shields with 13 initials of the colonies linked together with motto. The meaning of the phrase originates from the concept that out of the Thirteen colonies
Thirteen colonies
emerged a single nation
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Latin Language
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine . By the late Roman Republic (75 BC), Old Latin had been standardised into Classical Latin . Vulgar Latin was the colloquial form spoken during the same time and attested in inscriptions and the works of comic playwrights like Plautus
Plautus
and Terence
Terence

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Annuit Cœptis
_ANNUIT CœPTIS_ (/ˈænjuːɪt ˈsɛptᵻs/ ; in Classical Latin
Classical Latin
: ) is one of two mottos on the reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States . (The second motto is _ Novus ordo seclorum _; another motto appears on the obverse (front) side of the Great Seal: _E pluribus unum _.) Taken from the Latin
Latin
words _annuo_ (third-person singular present or perfect _annuit_), "to nod" or "to approve", and _coeptum_ (plural _coepta_), "commencement, undertaking", it is literally translated, " favors our undertakings" or " has favored our undertakings" (_annuit_ could be in either the present or perfect tense). CONTENTS * 1 On the Great Seal * 2 Change from _Deo Favente_ to _Annuit Cœptis_ * 3 Classical source of the motto * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links ON THE GREAT SEALIn 1782, Sam Adams created the third Congress and appointed a design artist, William Barton of Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, to bring a proposal for the national seal. For the reverse, Barton suggested a thirteen-layered pyramid underneath the Eye of Providence . The mottos which Barton chose to accompany the design were _Deo Favente_ ("with God's favor", or more literally, "with God favoring") and _Perennis_ ("Everlasting"). The pyramid and _Perennis_ motto had come from a $50 Continental currency bill designed by Francis Hopkinson
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God
In monotheism , GOD is conceived of as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith . The concept of God , as described by most theologians , includes the attributes of omniscience (infinite knowledge), omnipotence (unlimited power), omnipresence (present everywhere), divine simplicity , and as having an eternal and necessary existence. Many theologians also describe God as being omnibenevolent (perfectly good) and all loving . God is most often held to be incorporeal (immaterial), and to be without gender, yet the concept of God actively creating the universe (as opposed to passively) has caused many religions to describe God using masculine terminology, using such terms as "Him" or "Father". Furthermore, some religions (such as Judaism ) attribute only a purely grammatical "gender" to God . Incorporeity and corporeity of God are related to conceptions of transcendence (being outside nature) and immanence (being in nature, in the world) of God, with positions of synthesis such as the "immanent transcendence " of Chinese theology . God has been conceived as either personal or impersonal. In theism , God is the creator and sustainer of the universe , while in deism , God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. In pantheism , God is the universe itself
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