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Toronto
TORONTO (/təˈrɒntoʊ/ ( listen ), locally /təˈrɒnoʊ/ ( listen )) is a Canadian city and the provincial capital of Ontario
Ontario
. With a city population of 2,731,571 and a metropolitan population of 5,928,040, it is the most populous city and metropolitan area in Canada. A global city , Toronto is a centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural cities in the world. Indigenous peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, with the city itself sitting at the southern terminus of the ancient Toronto Carrying-Place Trail . Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, when the Mississaugas
Mississaugas
surrendered the area to the British Crown . The British established the town of York , and later designated it as the capital of Upper Canada
Canada
. During the War of 1812 , the town was the site of the Battle of York
Battle of York
and suffered heavy damage by U.S. troops . York was renamed and incorporated as the city of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario
Ontario
during Canadian Confederation
Canadian Confederation
in 1867
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List Of Cities In Ontario
A city is a subtype of municipalities in the Canadian province of Ontario . A city can have the municipal status of either a single-tier or lower-tier municipality. Ontario has 51 cities that had a cumulative population of 9,293,031 and an average population of 182,216 in the 2011 Census . Ontario's largest and smallest cities are Toronto and Dryden with populations of 2,615,060 and 7,617 respectively. Ontario's newest city is Markham , which changed from a town to a city on July 1, 2012. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Cities in Ontario * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYUnder the former _Municipal Act, 1990_, a city was both an urban and a local municipality. Under this former legislation, the Municipal Board could change the status of a village or town to a city, upon review of an application from the village or town, if it had a population of 15,000 or more. The Municipal Board could also incorporate a township as a city under the same conditions with the exception that the population requirements was 25,000 or more. In the event an application was received from a village, town or township located within a county, the application could have only been approved by the Municipal Board if authorized by the Minister of Municipal Affairs
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Downtown Toronto
DOWNTOWN TORONTO is the city centre and main central business district of Toronto , Ontario , Canada . Located entirely within the district of Old Toronto , it is approximately bounded by Bloor Street to the north, Lake Ontario to the south, the Don River to the east, and Bathurst Street to the west. It is also the governmental centre of the City of Toronto and the Province of Ontario . The area is made up of the city's largest concentration of skyscrapers and businesses and form its skyline, which has the third most skyscrapers in North America exceeding 200 metres (656 ft) in height, behind New York City and Chicago . CONTENTS* 1 Neighbourhoods * 1.1 Landmarks * 1.2 Neighbourhoods * 2 Architecture * 3 Education * 4 Retail * 5 Transportation * 6 See also * 7 References NEIGHBOURHOODS Aerial view of the Financial District from the CN Tower at night The Financial District , centred on the intersection of Bay Street and King Street is the centre of Canada\'s financial industry . It contains the Toronto Stock Exchange , which is the largest in Canada and seventh in the world by market capitalization . The construction of skyscrapers in Downtown Toronto had started to rapidly increase during the 1960s
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Toronto Islands
The TORONTO ISLANDS (formerly known as ISLAND OF HIAWATHA and also known as MENECING, meaning "On the Island" in the Ojibwa language ) are a chain of small islands in Lake Ontario , south of mainland Toronto , Ontario , Canada. Comprising the only group of islands in the western part of Lake Ontario , the Toronto Islands are located just offshore from the city centre, and provide shelter for Toronto Harbour . The islands are home to parkland, the Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport , several yacht clubs, Centreville Amusement Park , and Hanlan\'s Beach . The island community is considered to be the largest urban car-free community in North America, although some service vehicles are permitted. Access to the Islands is by ferry, including the City of Toronto ferries operating from Jack Layton Ferry Terminal at the foot of Bay Street, or by water taxis. The island is a popular recreation destination. Recreational bicyclists are accommodated on the ferries. There is a public bicycle sharing station operated by Bike Share Toronto at Jack Layton Ferry Terminal and bicycles and quadracycles can be rented at Centre Island. Canoes , kayaks and paddle boats can also be rented on the island. A frisbee golf course exists on the island
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Toronto City Hall
The TORONTO CITY HALL, or NEW CITY HALL, is the seat of the municipal government of Toronto , Ontario , Canada, and one of the city's most distinctive landmarks. Designed by Finnish architect Viljo Revell (with Heikki Castrén, Bengt Lundsten, and Seppo Valjus) and landscape architect Richard Strong , and engineered by Hannskarl Bandel , the building opened in 1965. It was built to replace Old City Hall , which was built in 1899. The current city hall, located at Nathan Phillips Square , is actually Toronto's fourth and was built in order to replace the former city hall due to a shortage of space. The area of Toronto City Hall and the civic square was formerly the location of Toronto\'s Old Chinatown , which was expropriated and bulldozed during the mid-1950s in preparation for a new civic building. In 1958, an international architectural competition was launched by Mayor Nathan Phillips in order to find a design for the new city hall. Revell's winning proposal came first among submissions from 42 countries. It consists of near-twin towers surrounding a white disk-like council chamber, which is mounted on a raised platform with entrances located below. There is also a ramp from connecting the square to the podium roof, from which there is access to the council chamber. The two towers are of unequal height, the east tower being taller than the west
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Ontario Legislative Building
The ONTARIO LEGISLATIVE BUILDING (French : _L'édifice de l'Assemblée législative de l'Ontario_) is a structure in central Toronto , Ontario that houses the Legislative Assembly of Ontario , as well as the viceregal suite of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario and offices for members of the provincial parliament (MPPs). The building is surrounded by Queen\'s Park , sitting on that part south of Wellesley Street, which is the former site of King's College (later the University of Toronto ), and which is leased from the university by the provincial Crown for a "peppercorn " payment of CAD$ 1 per annum on a 999-year term. The building and the provincial government are both often referred to by the metonym "Queen's Park". CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 Viceregal apartment * 3 History * 3.1 Early structures * 3.2 Present building * 4 Security * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links CHARACTERISTICSDesigned by Richard A. Waite , the Ontario Legislative Building is an asymmetrical , five storey structure built in the Richardsonian Romanesque style, with a load-bearing iron frame
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Casa Loma
CASA LOMA (Spanish for _Hill House_) is a Gothic Revival style house and gardens in midtown Toronto , Ontario , Canada, that is now a museum and landmark. It was built as a residence for financier Sir Henry Mill Pellatt . Casa Loma was constructed from 1911 to 1914. The architect was E. J. Lennox , who designed several other city landmarks. Casa Loma sits at an elevation of 140 metres (460 ft) above sea level. Due to its unique architectural character in Toronto, Casa Loma has been a popular filming location for movies and television. It is a popular venue for wedding ceremonies. The historic place can be rented in the afternoons after the museum closes to the public. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Layout * 2.1 Main floor * 2.2 Second floor * 2.3 Third floor * 2.4 Basement * 2.5 Stables * 2.6 Exterior * 3 Appointments * 3.1 Oak Room * 3.2 Other rooms * 4 Location * 5 Film location * 6 Girl Guiding * 7 Vintage car exhibition * 8 Further reading * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links HISTORY Construction of Casa Loma, c. 1912 Garden party at Casa Loma, 1914 In 1903, financier Henry Pellatt purchased 25 lots from developers Kertland and Rolf. Pellatt commissioned architect E. J
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Prince Edward Viaduct
The PRINCE EDWARD VIADUCT SYSTEM, commonly referred to as the BLOOR VIADUCT, is the name of a truss arch bridge system in Toronto , Ontario , Canada, that connects Bloor Street East, on the west side of the system, with Danforth Avenue on the east. The system includes the Rosedale Valley phase (a smaller structure, referred to as the Rosedale Valley Bridge, carrying Bloor Street over the Rosedale Ravine) and the Sherbourne Phase, an embankment built to extend Bloor Street East to the Rosedale Ravine from Sherbourne Street . The Don Valley phase of the system, the most recognizable, spans the Don River Valley , crossing over (from west to east) the Bayview Avenue Extension, the Don River, and the Don Valley Parkway . The roadway has five lanes (three eastbound and two westbound) with a bicycle lane in each direction. The subway level connects Broadview Station in the east with Castle Frank and Sherbourne Stations to the west. CONTENTS * 1 Design * 2 History * 3 Luminous Veil * 4 Appearance in popular culture * 4.1 In film * 4.2 In literature, plays, and publications * 4.3 In music * 4.4 In television * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links DESIGN Original plans, as published in December 1912 Designed by Edmund W
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Scarborough Bluffs
The SCARBOROUGH BLUFFS, also known as THE BLUFFS, is an escarpment in the Scarborough district of Toronto , Ontario , Canada. There are NINE PARKS along the bluffs, with Bluffers Park being the only one with beach access. Forming much of the eastern portion of Toronto\'s waterfront , Scarborough Bluffs stands above the shoreline of Lake Ontario . At its highest point, the escarpment rises 90 metres (300 ft) above the coastline and spans a length of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). It was first named in 1793. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geology * 3 Issues * 4 Parks * 5 References HISTORYThe French gave the name "Les grands Ecores", or tall points on the shore, to the cliffs. In the 1788 Plan of Toronto by Alexander Aitken, the bluffs were simply known as the High Lands. They became known as the Scarborough Highlands in 1793 after Scarborough, North Yorkshire , England by Elizabeth Simcoe , the wife of John Graves Simcoe , the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada . The escarpment along Lake Ontario reminded her of the limestone cliffs in her hometown. In her diary, she wrote, "The shore is extremely bold, and has the appearance of chalk cliffs, but I believe they are only white sand. They appeared so well that we talked of building a summer residence there and calling it Scarborough." The name was later given to the entire township in 1796
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Flag Of Toronto
The FLAG OF TORONTO, Ontario, Canada, was designed by Renato De Santis, a 21-year-old George Brown College student. It won in a 1974 competition held by the Old City of Toronto Flag Design Committee. After the city amalgamated in 1997, the new Toronto City Council looked for different designs from the public, but could not approve of any. De Santis suggested minor modifications to the original flag, which was adopted in October 1999, to create the current flag. The flag displays the twin towers of the Toronto City Hall on a blue background, with the red maple leaf of the flag of Canada at its base, representing the Council Chamber at the base of the towers. The shape of the space above and between the towers suggests the letter 'T', the city's initial. A variation of this flag is used by Toronto Fire Services fireboat William Lyon Mackenzie . The marine ensign consists of the main city flag in the upper canton with a life preserver on two tone blue background. NOTES * ^ Brucemark, contributed by Phil Nelson (2006-12-23). "Council committee picks Toronto\'s 25-year-old design". _ Toronto Star City Hall Bureau_. Retrieved 2007-03-25. * ^ _A_ _B_ "City of Toronto flag"
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Coat Of Arms Of Toronto
The COAT OF ARMS OF TORONTO , Ontario , Canada , was designed by Robert Watt , the Chief Herald of Canada at the time, for the city after its amalgamation in 1998. The arms were granted by the Canadian Heraldic Authority on January 11, 1999. The coat of arms can be described as follows: _Or, a pale and a chief Azure. The crest: on a wreath of the colours, issuant from a mural coronet Or, masoned Sable charged with a human heart Gules between two roses Argent, buttoned Or, slipped proper, on a grassy mount Vert, a golden eagle statant, wings elevated and expanded proper
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Name Of Toronto
The NAME OF TORONTO has a history distinct from that of the city itself . Originally, the term "Taronto" referred to a channel of water between Lake Simcoe
Lake Simcoe
and Lake Couchiching , but in time the name passed southward, and was eventually applied to a new fort at the mouth of the Humber River. Fort Toronto
Toronto
was the first settlement in the area, and lent its name to what became the city of Toronto. John Graves Simcoe identified the area as a strategic location to base a new capital for Upper Canada
Upper Canada
, believing Newark to be susceptible to American invasion. A garrison was established at Garrison Creek , on the western entrance to the docks of Toronto Harbour , in 1793; this later became Fort York
Fort York
. The settlement it defended was renamed York
York
on August 26, 1793, as Simcoe favoured English names over those of First Nations languages, in honour of Prince Frederick, Duke of York
York
. Residents petitioned to change the name back to Toronto, and in 1834 the city was incorporated with its original name
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Census Metropolitan Area
The CENSUS GEOGRAPHIC UNITS OF CANADA are the administrative divisions defined and used by Canada's federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada
Canada
to conduct the country\'s five-yearly census . They exist on four levels: the top-level (first-level) divisions are Canada's provinces and territories ; these are divided into second-level CENSUS DIVISIONS, which in turn are divided into third-level CENSUS SUBDIVISIONS (roughly corresponding to municipalities ) and fourth-level DISSEMINATION AREAS. In some provinces, a census division also corresponds to a county or another similar unit of political organization, while in other provinces the boundaries are chosen arbitrarily as no such level of government exists. Two of Canada's three territories are also divided into census divisions
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Ontario
ONTARIO (/ɒnˈtɛərioʊ/ ( listen ); French pronunciation: ​ ), one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada
Canada
, is located in east-central Canada
Canada
. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for nearly 40 percent of the country's population, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario
Ontario
is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
and Nunavut
Nunavut
are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa , and the nation's most populous city, Toronto
Toronto
. Ontario
Ontario
is bordered by the province of Manitoba
Manitoba
to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay
James Bay
to the north, and Quebec
Quebec
to the east and northeast, and to the south by the U.S. states of (from west to east) Minnesota
Minnesota
, Michigan
Michigan
, Ohio
Ohio
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and New York
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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