ETOBICOKE /ɛˈtoʊbᵻkoʊ/ ( listen ) (with a silent 'ke') is an
administrative district and former city that makes up the western part
of the city of
Etobicoke's population (365,143 in 2016) is very diverse, with people
from all over the world including Europeans, South Asians, Africans,
East Asians, West Indians, and Middle Easterners.
primarily suburban in development, with a lower population density
than central Toronto, larger main streets, shopping malls, and
cul-de-sac housing developments.
Etobicoke has several expressways
within its borders, including the
Queen Elizabeth Way , Gardiner
* 1 History
* 2 Character
* 2.1 Neighbourhoods
* 3 Demographics * 4 Education * 5 Economy * 6 Sport * 7 Transportation
* 8 References
* 8.1 Notes * 8.2 Further reading * 8.3 See also
* 9 External links
Different groups of First Nations peoples used the land that is now Etobicoke at different times. As the Algonquins gradually moved west from the Atlantic to Lake Erie, it is almost certain that they would have occupied this land at some point. By the time they were mostly settled on the shores of Georgian Bay, the Huron-Wendat were the primary residents of the north shore of Lake Ontario. During the 17th century they were pushed out by the powerful Haudenosaunee ( Iroquois ) confederacy, made up of nations based to the south of the lake.
After continued harassment from the Iroquois to the south, a coalition of the Ojibway , Odawa , and Potawatomi Algonquin nations, known as the Three Fires, gradually pushed the Haudenosaunee off this land. The Algonquian-speaking Mississauga settled here by 1695, fishing and growing crops more locally in the summer and hunting farther afield in the winter.
The name "Etobicoke" was derived from the Mississauga word _wah-do-be-kang_ (_wadoopikaang_), meaning "place where the alders grow." This was the way they described the area between Etobicoke Creek and the Humber River . The first provincial land surveyor, Augustus Jones , also spelled it as "ato-be-coake." Etobicoke was finally adopted as the official name in 1795 at the direction of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe .
The British officials intended
Etobicoke to be included in the
Immigrants from the British Isles were among the new settlers, as well as Loyalists who had left the rebellious Thirteen Colonies, by then the new United States. Early settlers included many of the Queen\'s Rangers , who were given land in the area by Simcoe to help protect the new capital of Upper Canada and to develop this frontier area. In 1793-95, the Honourable Samuel Smith, a colonel in the Queen's Rangers, received land grants of 1,530 acres (6.2 km2), extending from today's Kipling Avenue to Etobicoke Creek, and north to Bloor Street . The first land patent was issued to Sergeant Patrick Mealey on March 18, 1797, for a plot on the west side of Royal York Road on Lake Ontario. This was part of the First Military Tract, or "Militia Lands", which extended from today's Royal York Road to Kipling Avenue, south from Bloor Street. The Crown was providing land to Loyalists in compensation for property they left behind in the US and to veterans of the American Revolution in payment for service. In other parts of Ontario, the Crown granted land to the Iroquoian First Nations who had served as allies during the war and were forced to cede most of their land in New York to the state. The Crown granted more land to the members of the Queen's Rangers in the First Military tract, but most Rangers did not occupy their land. Many sold their acreage to others after a short time.
The census of 1805 counted 84 people in the township of Etobicoke. In 1806, William Cooper built a grist mill and saw mill on the west bank of the Humber river, just south of Dundas Street . The 1809 census counted 137 residents. The Dundas Street bridge opened in 1816, making the township more accessible.
On May 18, 1846, the Albion Road Company was incorporated. Its purpose was to build and maintain a road to the north-west corner of Etobicoke, where a new community was planned. At the same time, John Grubb , who had already founded Thistletown , hired land surveyor John Stoughton Dennis to plan a community at the intersection of Islington Avenue and Albion Road , to be named Saint Andrew's. Plan 6 for this community was registered on October 15, 1847. The French master of Upper Canada College , Jean du Petit Pont de la Haye, contracted land surveyor James McCallum Jr to create a plan for the community planned by the Albion Road Company, and Plan 28 was registered for Claireville on October 12, 1849. Etobicoke township in 1878
The township of Etobicoke was incorporated on January 1, 1850. The first meeting of the town council was held on January 21. Present at the meeting were reeve William Gamble , vice-reeve W. B. Wadsworth and aldermen Moses Appleby, Thomas Fisher, and John Geddes. The council convened monthly meetings at a variety of places. In 1850, the population of the township was 2904. By 1881, the population of Etobicoke township was 2976.
In 1911, the community of
Mimico was incorporated on land taken from
Etobicoke township. New
Etobicoke Township became a part of the newly formed
regional government, the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto
("Metro"). In 1967, the township of
Etobicoke was merged with three
small lakeside municipalities — the Village of Long Branch, the Town
of New Toronto, and the Town of
Mimico — to form the Borough of
Etobicoke. The borough was reincorporated as a city in 1984. In 1998,
six local municipalities (including Etobicoke) and the Metropolitan
Etobicoke has the lowest population density of the former cities and boroughs that currently make up the city of Toronto. This is mainly due to its expanses of industrial lands along the various expressways. The residential areas consist primarily of single-family dwellings, although several large multi-storey high-rise condominium developments have been built in south Etobicoke near the Humber River over the past few years.
The central areas of Etobicoke are generally middle class . The central and northern areas of Etobicoke contain numerous high-density apartment complexes set in the middle of sizable, open fields and parks. The central/southern areas of Etobicoke, such as Markland Wood , The Kingsway , New Toronto, Mimico and Long Branch, consist of large green spaces, numerous parks, and main street shopping areas. The Kingsway neighbourhood has attracted many affluent individuals and families (as of 2001, over 50% of households have an income in excess of C$ 100,000/year).
Etobicoke has numerous public parks. Notable among them is James Gardens on the banks of the Humber River. The park includes seasonal flowers, walkways, a rock garden, streams, and waterfalls. It is a very popular site for taking wedding photographs. Also located in Etobicoke are Centennial Park , a large recreational park and Colonel Samuel Smith Park and Humber Bay Park on the lakeshore. Etobicoke has numerous golf courses including St. George\'s Golf and Country Club , which in 2007 was ranked as one of the three best golf courses in Canada.
Etobicoke is generally divided into three large areas that roughly correspond to the three political ridings. Each consists of neighbourhoods, mostly developments of 19th-century 'postal villages ' (rural neighbourhoods), that were built at important points along the early roads and railways; especially the three former 'Lakeshore Municipalities' that separated from Etobicoke in the early 20th century and Etobicoke's central Islington community:
THE LAKESHORE (
Etobicoke—Lakeshore ), along the north shore of Lake
CENTRAL ETOBICOKE ( Etobicoke Centre ); the oldest communities in Etobicoke developed along the first street, Dundas Street, in the south of this area, which crosses the width of Etobicoke on the escarpment formed by the ancient shoreline of Lake Iroquois. This area centres around the Islington community, the former administrative centre of Etobicoke and later Etobicoke's 'downtown' which is near the central 'Six Points' intersection at its western boundary. The rural Richview community developed directly to the north of Islington in the 19th century on Eglinton Ave. (formerly Richview Rd.), as did the gateway Humber Heights communities (connecting to Toronto): Westmount and Humbervale, to the east on Eglinton. Development of the until-then largely undeveloped eastern part of central Etobicoke (originally a forest reserved for the use of government mills as "The King's Mill Reserve"; 'Kingsmill'), the 'Humber Valley', was largely the work of Robert Home Smith starting about 1900 and including the communities of the Kingsway and Edenbridge . As Etobicoke developed in the post-war years, low-density residential areas filled in most of the rural areas between the old communities including Princess-Rosethorn and Eringate – Centennial – West Deane as well as the older Eatonville community to the west of Islington. Central Etobicoke includes Etobicoke's most exclusive neighbourhoods, with fine housing stock and many large treed properties. Along the East and West Mall parallel to Highway 427 exists a mix of hi-rise rentals, townhouses and post-war bungalows. Markland Wood is the farthest western community within Etobicoke/Toronto; situated along Bloor Street West, it is predominately single family housing with some mixed hi-rise rentals.
NORTH ETOBICOKE; The 19th-century Etobicoke communities are Clairville, Highfield , Rexdale , Smithfield , Thistletown which grew along two formerly private roads (now Albion Rd. and Rexdale Blvd.) constructed diagonally across farms in Northern Etobicoke as a shortcut for travellers to Peel County (especially modern Brampton). First developed as an urban area by Rex Heslop in the post-war years around the new Rexdale (the Elms) community, northern Etobicoke now has many apartment buildings as well as a large 'skyway' industrial park to the west, developed after Malton Airport (in nearby Mississauga) became Toronto's main "Pearson International" Airport, and faces many of the problems associated with such areas.
See also: People from Etobicoke
In 2011, according to the National Household Survey,
58.7% White, 13.6% South Asian, 10.5% Black, 3.0% Latin American, 3.0%
Filipino, 2.2% Chinese, 1.4% Korean, 1.3% Southeast Asian, 1.3% West
Asian, 1.2% Arab, and 3.8% Other. 46.9% of the population are
immigrants and 37.2% of North
Etobicoke is of South Asian origin, the
highest such percentage in Toronto. English is the most spoken
language in Etobicoke, followed by Italian , Punjabi , Russian ,
Ukrainian , Gujarati , Korean , Spanish , Persian , Portuguese , and
Secular Anglophone public schools in
Etobicoke are overseen by the
In addition to the secular anglophone public school system, Etobicoke
is home to several public anglophone Catholic schools , overseen by
Other schools include Humberwood Downs J.M.A.; West Humber Junior; Smithfield; Elmbank; Humbercrest; Eatonville Junior School and Mississauga private school. West Glen Junior School, located on Cowley Avenue, educates in grades JK-5 (1953); Norseman Junior Middle School opened its doors to students from Kindergarten to Grade 6 in January 1953. From 1968 to 1981, it became the middle school for the area with Grades 6, 7, and 8. Since 1981, the school has served students from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 8. The second storey houses the senior elementary school, Grades 6 to 8. Hilltop Middle School is home to students in both the English and French stream. Hollycrest located on Renforth Drive is a sports-oriented middle school.
The _ Conseil scolaire Viamonde _ operates secular francophone schools, and the _ Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud _ operates Catholic francophone schools.
The construction industry in Etobicoke has been booming, with many new condominium towers being developed along the waterfront near Humber Bay and along Bloor street. This has helped increase Etobicoke's population after a short period of decline. The area's film and television industry is also promising.
Etobicoke has a wide range of indoor and outdoor sporting leagues
including baseball, soccer, football, hockey, and ringette. Some of
the prominent clubs include the
Etobicoke Kangaroos Australian rules
football club, the
Serbian White Eagles FC club, and
A view of Mimico Harbour in south Etobicoke.
Several major expressways like 427, 401, 407, 27 and QEW are routed through the area, making it ideal for automobile-based transportation. There are numerous four- and six-lane thoroughfares in Etobicoke, laid out on a grid system. Many exceptions to Toronto's gridded street matrix are found in Etobicoke. A number of overpasses and awkward intersections, such as Bloor/Kipling/Dundas West (Six-Points ), have been created in an effort to reconcile the grid with these planning anomalies.
The Bloor-Danforth subway rapid-transit line has its western terminus at Kipling Avenue and Dundas Street. Islington Station is a transit nexus for bus routes into Mississauga to the west. There are many bus routes that service Etobicoke frequently. An LRT line is planned for the north end of Etobicoke along Finch Avenue to connect to the Yonge-University-Spadina subway line.
Etobicoke is also home to four GO stations: Etobicoke North station on the Kitchener line , Kipling station on the Milton line , as well as Long Branch and Mimico stations on the Lakeshore West line .
* ^ "Etobian sets record straight". _The
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Etobicoke Records". City of Toronto.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Robert A Given. "Our Municipal Government". Etobicoke
* ^ "