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Shipwreck
A SHIPWRECK is the remains of a ship that has wrecked, which are found either beached on land or sunken to the bottom of a body of water. Shipwrecking may be deliberate or accidental. UNESCO estimates that worldwide over 3 million shipwrecks, some thousands of years old, lie on seabeds
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Shipwrecking
SHIPWRECKING is the event that caused the wreck , such as the striking of something that causes the ship to sink, the stranding of the ship on rocks, land or shoal, poor maintenance, or the destruction of the ship at sea by violent weather
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Shipwreck (other)
A SHIPWRECK is the term for a sunken or derelict ship. SHIPWRECK may also refer to: ARTS and ENTERTAINMENT: * Shipwreck
Shipwreck
(G.I. Joe) , a fictional character in the G.I
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SS America (1939)
SS AMERICA was an ocean liner launched in 1939 by Eleanor Roosevelt and completed in 1940 for the United States
United States
Lines , she was designed by the noted American naval architect William Francis Gibbs and was built by Newport News Shipbuilding
Newport News Shipbuilding
as the largest liner yet built in the United States
United States
. She carried many names in the 54 years between her construction and her 1994 wrecking, as she served as the SS America (carrying this name three different times during her career), the USS West Point, the SS Australis, the SS Italis, the SS Noga, the SS Alferdoss, and the SS American Star. She served most notably in passenger service as the SS America, and as the Greek-flagged SS Australis, She was finally wrecked as the SS American Star at Playa de Garcey on Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands in 1994
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Fuerteventura
FUERTEVENTURA (pronounced ; literally meaning "strong fortune" but translated by some as "Strong Winds" or a corruption of the French term for "Great Adventure") is one of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, in the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
off the coast of Africa, politically part of Spain
Spain
. At 1,660 square kilometres (641 square miles), it is the second largest of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife
Tenerife
. It was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO
UNESCO
in May 2009. Its capital is Puerto del Rosario
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Sonar
SONAR (originally an acronym for SOund Navigation
Navigation
And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation ) to navigate , communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels. Two types of technology share the name "sonar": _passive_ sonar is essentially listening for the sound made by vessels; _active_ sonar is emitting pulses of sounds and listening for echoes. Sonar
Sonar
may be used as a means of acoustic location and of measurement of the echo characteristics of "targets" in the water. Acoustic location in air was used before the introduction of radar . Sonar
Sonar
may also be used in air for robot navigation, and SODAR (an upward looking in-air sonar) is used for atmospheric investigations. The term _sonar_ is also used for the equipment used to generate and receive the sound
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Soviet Navy
The SOVIET NAVY (Russian : Военно-морской флот СССР (ВМФ); _Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR_ (_VMF_), literally "Military Maritime Fleet of the USSR") was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces . Often referred to as the RED FLEET, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union 's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with the United States , the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) , or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact . The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War , as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces. The Soviet Navy was divided into four major fleets: the Northern , Pacific , Black Sea , and Baltic Fleets; under separate command was the Leningrad Naval Base . The Caspian Flotilla was a smaller force operating in the land-locked Caspian Sea
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Estonia
ESTONIA (/ɛˈstoʊniə/ (_ listen ); Estonian : Eesti_ ), officially the REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA (Estonian: _Eesti Vabariik_), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe . It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland , to the west by the Baltic Sea , to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands and islets in the Baltic Sea, covering 45,339 km2 (17,505 sq mi) of land and water, and is influenced by a humid continental climate . The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 6500 BC, with Finno-Ugric speakers – the linguistic ancestors of modern Estonians – arriving no later than around 1800 BC
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Johan Christian Dahl
JOHAN CHRISTIAN CLAUSSEN DAHL (24 February 1788 – 14 October 1857), often known as J. C. DAHL or I. C. DAHL, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the greatest European artists of all time. He is often described as "the father of Norwegian landscape painting" and is regarded as the first Norwegian Painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, "J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century
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Ship
A SHIP is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep waterways , carrying passengers or goods, or in support of specialized missions, such as defense, research and fishing. Historically, a "ship" was a sailing vessel with at least three square-rigged masts and a full bowsprit . Ships are generally distinguished from boats , based on size, shape, load capacity, and tradition. Ships have been important contributors to human migration and commerce. They have supported the spread of colonization and the slave trade , but have also served scientific, cultural, and humanitarian needs. After the 15th century, new crops that had come from and to the Americas via the European seafarers significantly contributed to the world population growth . Ship transport is responsible for the largest portion of world commerce. As of 2016, there were more than 49,000 merchant ships , totaling almost 1.8 billion dead weight tons
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UNESCO
United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (in French) ABBREVIATION UNESCO FORMATION 16 November 1945 TYPE Specialized agency LEGAL STATUS Active HEADQUARTERS Place de Fontenoy , Paris, France MEMBERSHIP 195 member states HEAD Irina Bokova Director-General of UNESCO
UNESCO
WEBSITE www.unesco.orgThe UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO) (French : _Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture_) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris
Paris

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Seabed
The SEABED (also known as the SEAFLOOR, SEA FLOOR, or OCEAN FLOOR) is the bottom of the ocean . CONTENTS* 1 Seabed structure * 1.1 Technical terms * 2 Benthos * 3 Seabed features * 4 History of exploration * 5 Resources * 6 In art and culture * 7 Further reading * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links SEABED STRUCTURE See also: Seafloor spreading _ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (March 2015)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_ The major oceanic divisions Most of the oceans have a common structure, created by common physical phenomena, mainly from tectonic movement, and sediment from various sources
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Pilgrim Hall Museum
The PILGRIM HALL MUSEUM at 75 Court Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts is the oldest public museum in the United States
United States
in continuous operation, having opened in 1824. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Collections * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 5.1 Sparrow Hawk * 6 External links and references * 7 Gallery HISTORYThe Pilgrim Society, established in 1820, runs the museum. The museum tells the story of the Pilgrims and Plymouth Colony
Plymouth Colony
. Architect Alexander Parris
Alexander Parris
designed the museum building, which is built of Quincy granite and opened in 1824. Russell Warren constructed a wooden portico in 1834, which had Doric columns supporting a triangular pediment. The museum was extensively upgraded in the 1880s, and a library wing added in 1904
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Plymouth, Massachusetts
PLYMOUTH /ˈplɪməθ/ (historically known as PLIMOUTH and PLIMOTH) is a town in Plymouth
Plymouth
County , Massachusetts
Massachusetts
, United States. Plymouth holds a place of great prominence in American history, folklore, and culture, and is known as "America's Hometown." Plymouth
Plymouth
was the site of the colony founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims , passengers of the famous ship the Mayflower
Mayflower
. Plymouth
Plymouth
is where New England
England
was first established. It is the oldest municipality in New England
England
and one of the oldest in the United States. The town has served as the location of several prominent events, one of the more notable being the First Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
feast
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Massachusetts
MASSACHUSETTS /ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsᵻts/ (_ listen ) mass-ə-CHOO-sits_ or /ˌmæsəˈtʃuːzᵻts/ _mass-ə-CHOO-zits_ ; officially the COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States . It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the states of Connecticut and Rhode Island to the south, New Hampshire and Vermont to the north, and New York to the west. The state is named for the Massachusett tribe, which once inhabited the area. The capital of Massachusetts and the most populous city in New England is Boston . Over 80% of Massachusetts' population lives in the Greater Boston metropolitan area, a region influential upon American history , academia , and industry
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Maritime Archaeology
MARITIME ARCHAEOLOGY (also known as MARINE ARCHAEOLOGY) is a discipline within archaeology as a whole that specifically studies human interaction with the sea , lakes and rivers through the study of associated physical remains, be they vessels, shore side facilities, port-related structures, cargoes, human remains and submerged landscapes. A specialty within maritime archaeology is nautical archaeology, which studies vessel construction and use. As with archaeology as a whole, maritime archaeology can be practised within the historical, industrial, or prehistoric periods. An associated discipline, and again one that lies within archaeology itself, is underwater archaeology , which studies the past through any submerged remains be they of maritime interest or not. An example from the prehistoric era would be the remains of submerged settlements or deposits now lying under water despite having been dry land when sea levels were lower
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