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SWF
SWF (/ˈswɪf/ SWIF ) is an abbreviation for small web format, an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia , vector graphics and ActionScript . Originating with FutureWave Software , then transferred to Macromedia
Macromedia
, and then coming under the control of Adobe , SWF files can contain animations or applets of varying degrees of interactivity and function. They may also occur in programs, commonly browser games , using ActionScript . Programmers can generate SWF files from within several Adobe products, including Flash , Flash Builder (an IDE ), Adobe Animate (the replacement for Adobe Flash as of Feb. 2016), and After Effects , as well as through MXMLC, a command-line application compiler which forms part of the freely-available Flex SDK
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Display List
A DISPLAY LIST (or display file) is a series of graphics commands that define an output image. The image is created (rendered ) by executing the commands to combine various primitives . This activity is most often performed by specialized display or processing hardware partly or completely independent of the system's CPU for the purpose of freeing the CPU from the overhead of maintaining the display, and may provide output features or speed beyond the CPU's capability. For a display device without a frame buffer , such as the old vector graphics displays , the commands were executed every fraction of a second to maintain and animate the output. In modern systems, the commands need only be executed when they have changed or in order to refresh the output (e.g., when restoring a minimized window)
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MPEG-4 BIFS
MPEG-4 PART 11 Scene description and application engine was published as ISO /IEC 14496-11 in 2005. MPEG-4 Part 11 is also known as BIFS, XMT, MPEG-J. It defines: * the coded representation of the spatio-temporal positioning of audio-visual objects as well as their behaviour in response to interaction (scene description); * the coded representation of synthetic two-dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D) objects that can be manifested audibly or visually; * the Extensible MPEG-4 Textual (XMT) format - a textual representation of the multimedia content described in MPEG-4 using the Extensible Markup Language (XML); * and a system level description of an application engine (format, delivery, lifecycle, and behaviour of downloadable Java byte code applications). (The MPEG-J Graphics Framework eXtensions (GFX) is defined in MPEG-4 Part 21 - ISO/IEC 14496-21
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Open-source
The OPEN-SOURCE MODEL is a decentralized development model that encourages open collaboration . A main principle of open-source software development is peer production , with products such as source code, blueprints , and documentation freely available to the public. The open-source movement in software began as a response to the limitations of proprietary code. The model is used for projects such as in open-source appropriate technologies , and open-source drug discovery. Open source
Open source
promotes universal access via an open-source or free license to a product's design or blueprint, and universal redistribution of that design or blueprint. Before the phrase open source became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of other terms. Open source
Open source
gained hold with the rise of the Internet . The open-source software movement arose to clarify copyright , licensing , domain , and consumer issues
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Adobe Illustrator
ADOBE ILLUSTRATOR is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Adobe Systems
Adobe Systems
. The latest version, Illustrator CC 2017, is the twenty-first generation in the product line
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Macromedia Shockwave
ADOBE SHOCKWAVE (formerly MACROMEDIA SHOCKWAVE) is a multimedia platform for building interactive multimedia applications and video games . Developers originate content using Adobe Director
Adobe Director
and publish it on the Internet. Such content can be viewed in a web browser on any computer with the Shockwave Player plug-in installed. Macromind originated the technology; Macromedia developed it further, releasing Shockwave Player in 1995. Adobe Systems
Adobe Systems
acquired Shockwave in 2005. Shockwave supports raster graphics , basic vector graphics , 3D graphics , audio , and an embedded scripting language called Lingo . Shockwave is a common format for CD-ROM projectors, kiosk presentations, and interactive video games, and dominated in interactive multimedia during the 1990s
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Free-software
FREE SOFTWARE or LIBRE SOFTWARE is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions. Free software
Free software
is a matter of liberty , not price: users —individually or in cooperation with computer programmers — are free to do what they want with their copies of a free software (including profiting from them) regardless of how much is paid to obtain the program. Computer programs are deemed free insofar as they give users (not just the developer) ultimate control over the first, thereby allowing them to control what their computers are programmed to do. The right to study and modify a computer program entails that source code —the preferred format for making changes— be made available to users of that program
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Multimedia Fusion 2
CLICKTEAM is a software company founded in 1993 by François Lionet , Yves Lamoureux and Francis Poulain and headquartered in Paris, France . Clickteam is perhaps best known for the creation of a script -free programming tool that allows users to create video games or other interactive software using a range of GUI tools. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Products * 2.1 Software
Software
and video game development software * 2.2 Other products * 3 Reception and impact * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYBefore co-founding Clickteam, François Lionet was the programmer of STOS BASIC , a programming language released in 1988 for the Atari ST , and AMOS BASIC , a more advanced programming language released in 1990 for the Commodore Amiga
Amiga
. Both of these have since been released in open-source form on the Clickteam corporate website
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Adobe Shockwave
ADOBE SHOCKWAVE (formerly MACROMEDIA SHOCKWAVE) is a multimedia platform for building interactive multimedia applications and video games . Developers originate content using Adobe Director
Adobe Director
and publish it on the Internet. Such content can be viewed in a web browser on any computer with the Shockwave Player plug-in installed. Macromind originated the technology; Macromedia
Macromedia
developed it further, releasing Shockwave Player in 1995. Adobe Systems
Adobe Systems
acquired Shockwave in 2005. Shockwave supports raster graphics , basic vector graphics , 3D graphics , audio , and an embedded scripting language called Lingo . Shockwave is a common format for CD-ROM projectors, kiosk presentations, and interactive video games, and dominated in interactive multimedia during the 1990s
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Rob Savoye
ROB SAVOYE is the primary developer of Gnash . He is a developer for the GNU Project
GNU Project
, having worked on Debian
Debian
, Red Hat and dozens of other free /open source software projects. He was among the first employees of Cygnus Support , which was sold to Red Hat in 2001. CONTENTS * 1 Activities * 2 Awards * 3 References * 4 External links ACTIVITIESHe began programming computers in 1977 using Fortran 4. Some of the projects he has worked on include GCC , GDB , DejaGnu , Cygwin
Cygwin
, eCos and CTAS. Rob Savoye
Rob Savoye
manages an unofficial website for the Rainbow Family of Living Light . He resides outside of Nederland, Colorado and is an avid ice climber and outdoorsman
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Backronym
A BACKRONYM, or BACRONYM, is a specially constructed phrase that is supposed to be the source of a word that is, or is claimed to be, an acronym . Backronyms may be invented with serious or humorous intent or may be a type of false etymology or folk etymology . The word is a combination of backward and acronym, and has been defined as a "reverse acronym". Its earliest known citation in print is as "bacronym" in the November 1983 edition of the Washington Post monthly neologism contest. The newspaper quoted winning reader Meredith G. Williams of Potomac, Maryland
Potomac, Maryland
, defining it as the "same as an acronym, except that the words were chosen to fit the letters"
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Spline (mathematics)
In mathematics , a SPLINE is a special function defined piecewise by polynomials . In interpolating problems, spline interpolation is often preferred to polynomial interpolation because it yields similar results, even when using low degree polynomials, while avoiding Runge\'s phenomenon for higher degrees. In the computer science subfields of computer-aided design and computer graphics , the term spline more frequently refers to a piecewise polynomial parametric curve . Splines are popular curves in these subfields because of the simplicity of their construction, their ease and accuracy of evaluation, and their capacity to approximate complex shapes through curve fitting and interactive curve design. The term spline comes from the flexible spline devices used by shipbuilders and draftsmen to draw smooth shapes
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Bezier Curve
A BéZIER CURVE (pronounced ) is a parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics and related fields. Generalizations of Bézier curves to higher dimensions are called Bézier surfaces , of which the Bézier triangle is a special case. In vector graphics , Bézier curves are used to model smooth curves that can be scaled indefinitely. "Paths", as they are commonly referred to in image manipulation programs, are combinations of linked Bézier curves. Paths are not bound by the limits of rasterized images and are intuitive to modify. Bézier curves are also used in the time domain, particularly in animation , user interface design and smoothing cursor trajectory in eye gaze controlled interfaces. For example, a Bézier curve can be used to specify the velocity over time of an object such as an icon moving from A to B, rather than simply moving at a fixed number of pixels per step
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Integrated Development Environment
An INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development . An IDE normally consists of a source code editor , build automation tools and a debugger . Most modern IDEs have intelligent code completion . Some IDEs, such as NetBeans
NetBeans
and Eclipse , contain a compiler , interpreter , or both; others, such as SharpDevelop and Lazarus , do not. The boundary between an integrated development environment and other parts of the broader software development environment is not well-defined. Sometimes a version control system , or various tools to simplify the construction of a Graphical User Interface
Graphical User Interface
( GUI
GUI
), are integrated. Many modern IDEs also have a class browser , an object browser , and a class hierarchy diagram , for use in object-oriented software development
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QuickTime
QUICKTIME is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. , capable of handling various formats of digital video , picture, sound, panoramic images , and interactivity . First made in 1991, the latest Mac version, QuickTime
QuickTime
X, is currently available on Mac OS X Snow Leopard and newer. Apple ceased support for the Windows version of QuickTime
QuickTime
in 2016. As of Mac OS X Lion
Mac OS X Lion
, the underlying media framework for QuickTime, QTKit, is deprecated in favor of a newer graphics framework, AV Foundation . in iOS, the video player on the Internet was QuickTime-based, used to play videos on the internet
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Digital Container Format
A CONTAINER or WRAPPER FORMAT is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file . Among the earliest cross-platform container formats were Distinguished Encoding Rules and the 1985 Interchange File
File
Format . Containers are frequently used in multimedia applications. CONTENTS * 1 Properties * 2 Multimedia
Multimedia
container formats * 3 Single coding formats * 4 Issues * 5 See also * 5.1 Similar packaging structures * 6 References * 7 External links PROPERTIESSince the container does not describe how data or metadata is encoded, a program able to identify and open a container file might not be able to decode the contained data. This may be caused by the program lacking the required decoding algorithm . By definition, a container format