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Pyeongan Province
Pyeong'an Province ([pʰjʌŋ.an.do], Hangul: 평안도; Hanja: 平安道) was one of Eight Provinces of Korea
Korea
during the Joseon. Pyeong'an was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Pyeongyang (now Pyongyang, North Korea). History[edit] Pyeong'an Province was formed in 1413. Its name derived from the names of two of its principal cities, Pyeongyang (Hangul: 평양; Hanja: 平壤) and Anju (Hangul: 안주; Hanja: 安州). In 1895, the province was replaced by the Districts of Ganggye (Hangul: 강계부; Hanja: 江界府) in the northeast, Uiju County (Hangul: 의주부; Hanja: 義州府) in the northwest, and Pyeongyang (Hangul: 평양부; Hanja: 平壤府) in the south. In 1896, Kanggye and Ŭiju Districts were reorganized into North Pyongan Province, and Pyeongyang District was reorganized as South Pyongan Province
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Hangul
Hangul
Hangul
(/ˈhɑːnˌɡuːl/ HAHN-gool;[1] from Korean hangeul 한글 [ha(ː)n.ɡɯl]) is the Korean alphabet. It has been used to write the Korean language
Korean language
since its creation in the 15th century under Sejong the Great.[2][3] It is the official writing system of South Korea
South Korea
and North Korea. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County
Changbai Korean Autonomous County
in Jilin
Jilin
Province, China. It is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language
Cia-Cia language
spoken near the town of Bau-Bau, Indonesia. The alphabet consists of 19 consonants and 21 vowels. Hangul
Hangul
letters are grouped into syllabic blocks, vertically and horizontally
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North Hwanghae Province
North Hwanghae Province
Hwanghae Province
(Hwanghaebuk-to; Korean pronunciation: [hwaŋ.ɦɛ.buk̚.t͈o]) is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang
Pyongyang
and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong
Kaesong
Industrial Region to the south, and South Hwanghae
South Hwanghae
southwest. In 2003, Kaesong
Kaesong
Directly Governed City ( Kaesong
Kaesong
Chikhalsi) became part of North Hwanghae.Contents1 Administrative divisions1.1 Cities 1.2 Counties2 Transportation 3 Education 4 Culture4.1 Historic landmarks5 References 6 External linksAdministrative divisions[edit] North Hwanghae is divided into 3 cities ("si") and 19 counties ("kun")
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Administrative Divisions Of North Korea
The administrative divisions of North Korea
North Korea
are organized into three hierarchical levels. These divisions were discovered in 2002. Many of the units have equivalents in the system of South Korea. At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. The second-level divisions are cities, counties, wards, and districts. These are further subdivided into third-level entities: towns, neighborhoods, villages, and workers' districts. The three-level administrative system used in North Korea
North Korea
was first inaugurated by Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
in 1952, as part of a massive restructuring of local government. Previously, the country had used a multi-level system similar to that still used in South Korea. (The English translations are not official, but approximations
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Kwanbuk
Kwanbuk is a region in North Hamgyong
North Hamgyong
and South Hamgyong
South Hamgyong
Provinces of North Korea. The region may once have been occupied by the Okjeo people
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Kwannam
Kwannam (Korean pronunciation: [kwan.nam]) is a traditional Korean term used to refer to the southern region of Hamgyong
Hamgyong
province, including portions of modern-day North Hamgyong
Hamgyong
and South Hamgyong, North Korea
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Provinces Of North Korea
Provinces are the first-level division within North Korea. There are 9 provinces in North Korea: Chagang, North Hamgyong, South Hamgyong, North Hwanghae, South Hwanghae, Kangwon, North Pyongan, South Pyongan and Ryanggang.Contents1 History 2 List of provinces 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Main article: Provinces of Korea Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in South Korea. A province (Chosŏn'gŭl: 도; Hancha: 道) are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in North Korea. Provinces have equal status to the special cities. List of provinces[edit] The populations listed for each province are from the 2008 North Korea Census
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Chagang Province
Chagang Province
Chagang Province
(Chagangdo; Korean pronunciation: [tsa.ɡaŋ.do]) is a province in North Korea; it is bordered by China
China
to the north, Ryanggang
Ryanggang
and South Hamgyong
South Hamgyong
to the east, South Pyongan
South Pyongan
to the south, and North Pyongan
North Pyongan
to the west. Chagang was formed in 1949, after being demarcated from North Pyongan. The provincial capital is Kanggye.Contents1 Geography 2 Main cities and economic activities 3 Small and medium-size power stations 4 Administrative divisions4.1 Cities 4.2 Counties5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] Chagang Province
Chagang Province
is located in the northwestern part of Korea. It is a mountainous province; with the mountainous area amounting to 98 per cent of its total area
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North Hamgyong Province
North Hamgyong
Hamgyong
Province (Hamgyŏngbukdo Korean pronunciation: [ham.ɡjʌŋ.buk̚.t͈o]) is the northernmost province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Hamgyong
Hamgyong
Province.Contents1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions2.1 Cities 2.2 Counties3 See also 4 ReferencesGeography[edit] The province is bordered by China
China
on the north, South Hamgyong
Hamgyong
on the southwest, and Ryanggang
Ryanggang
on the west. On the east is the East Sea (Sea of Japan). The province is home to the Musudan-ri
Musudan-ri
rocket launching site, and the Hoeryong
Hoeryong
concentration camp
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South Hamgyong Province
South Hamgyong
Hamgyong
Province (Hamgyŏngnamdo; Korean pronunciation: [ham.ɡjʌŋ.nam.do]) is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Hamgyong
Hamgyong
Province, remained a province of Korea
Korea
until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Hamhung.Contents1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions2.1 Cities 2.2 Districts 2.3 Counties3 ReferencesGeography[edit] The province is bordered by Ryanggang
Ryanggang
to the north, North Hamgyong
Hamgyong
to the northeast, Kangwon to the south, and South Pyongan
South Pyongan
to the west
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South Hwanghae Province
South Hwanghae
Hwanghae
Province (Hwanghaenamdo; Korean pronunciation: [hwaŋ.ɦɛ.nam.do]) is a province in western North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Haeju.Contents1 Geography 2 Administrative divisions2.1 Cities 2.2 Counties3 See also 4 ReferencesGeography[edit] The province is part of the Haeso
Haeso
region, and is bounded on the west by the Yellow Sea, on the north and east by North Hwanghae
Hwanghae
province. There are some administrative exclaves of Nampo
Nampo
City in the north of the province. The southern border of the province is marked by the Korean Demilitarized Zone
Korean Demilitarized Zone
with South Korea
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Hanja
Hanja
Hanja
(Hangul: 한자; Hanja: 漢字; Korean pronunciation: [ha(ː)nt͈ɕa]) is the Korean name
Korean name
for Chinese characters (Chinese: 漢字; pinyin: hànzì).[1] More specifically, it refers to those Chinese characters
Chinese characters
borrowed from Chinese and incorporated into the Korean language
Korean language
with Korean pronunciation. Hanja-mal or Hanja-eo (the latter is more used) refers to words that can be written with Hanja, and hanmun (한문, 漢文) refers to Classical Chinese
Classical Chinese
writing, although "Hanja" is sometimes used loosely to encompass these other concepts. Because Hanja
Hanja
never underwent major reform, they are almost entirely identical to traditional Chinese and kyūjitai characters, though the stroke orders for some characters are slightly different
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Kangwon Province (North Korea)
Kangwon Province (Kangwŏndo; Korean pronunciation: [kaŋ.wʌn.do]) is a province of North Korea, with its capital at Wŏnsan. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Kangwŏn Province and its South Korean neighbour Gangwon Province (also spelled Kangwon Province sometimes) formed a single province that excluded Wŏnsan.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Administrative divisions3.1 Cities 3.2 Counties4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] Kangwŏn was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. The province was formed 1395, and derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung
Gangneung
(or Kangnŭng; 강릉; 江陵) and the provincial capital Wonju
Wonju
(or Wŏnju; 원주; 原州). In 1895, Kangwŏn was replaced by the Districts of Chuncheon (Chuncheon-bu; 춘천부; 春川府) in the west and Gangneung (Gangneung-bu; 강릉부; 江陵府) in the east
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Ryanggang Province
Ryanggang Province
Ryanggang Province
(Ryanggangdo; Korean: 량강도, Ryanggang-do, Korean pronunciation: [ɾjaŋ.ɡaŋ.do]) is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China
China
on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong
South Hamgyong
on the south, and Chagang
Chagang
on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng. The provincial capital is Hyesan. In South Korean usage, "Ryanggang" is spelled and pronounced as "Yanggang" (Korean: 양강도, Yanggang-do, Korean pronunciation: [jaŋ.ɡaŋ.do])Contents1 Description1.1 Ryanggang explosion 1.2 Power supply issues2 Administrative divisions 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksDescription[edit] Along the northern border with China
China
runs the Yalu River
Yalu River
and the Tumen River
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Special Cities Of North Korea
Special
Special
cities are one of the first-level administrative division within North Korea. There are two top-level cities in North Korea: Pyongyang
Pyongyang
and Rason.Contents1 Position in hierarchy and types 2 List of special cities 3 List of defunct special cities 4 See also 5 References 6 Further readingPosition in hierarchy and types[edit] Special
Special
cities are the higher-ranked administrative divisions in North Korea. There are three kinds of special cities in North Korea.Type Chosongul Hanja McCune–Reischauer City names No
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Rason
Rason
Rason
(formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong; Korean pronunciation: [ɾa.sʌn, ɾa.dʑin.sʌn.boŋ]) is a North Korean city and ice-free port[2] in the Sea of Japan
Sea of Japan
in the North Pacific Ocean
North Pacific Ocean
on the northeast tip of North Korea. It is in the Kwanbuk region and location of the Rason Special
Special
Economic Zone. In South Korean pronunciation, the initial "R" of the name is pronounced as "N", (나선, Naseon) as per standard Korean phonology. In 2000, the name was shortened from "Rajin-Sŏnbong" to "Rason". During the 1930s, the Japanese called it Rashin; at that time, it was an important port at the end of a railroad line
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