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Pescetarianism
PESCETARIANISM (/ˌpɛskəˈtɛəriənɪzm/ ; also spelled PESCATARIANISM) or PESCO-VEGETARIANISM is the practice of following a diet that includes fish or other seafood , but not the flesh of other animals. Most pescetarians maintain a lacto-ovo vegetarian diet with the addition of fish and shellfish
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Fasting And Abstinence In The Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church historically observes the disciplines of fasting and abstinence at various times each year. For Catholics, fasting is the reduction of one's intake of food, while abstinence refers to refraining from meat (or another type of food). The Catholic Church teaches that all people are obliged by God to perform some penance for their sins, and that these acts of penance are both personal and corporeal. The purpose of fasting is spiritual focus, self-discipline, imitation of Christ, and performing penance. Contemporary Vatican legislation, which is followed by Catholics of the Latin Rite (who comprise most Catholics) is rooted in the 1966 Apostolic Constitution of Pope Paul VI, Paenitemini , and codified in the 1983 Code of Canon Law (in Canons 1249–1253)
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Penance
PENANCE is repentance of sins as well as a name of the Roman Catholic , Eastern Orthodox , Oriental Orthodox , and Lutheran sacrament of Penance
Penance
and Reconciliation/Confession. It also plays a part in confession among Anglicans and Methodists , in which it is a rite , as well as among other Protestants. The word _penance_ derives from Old French and Latin
Latin
_paenitentia_, both of which derive from the same root meaning repentance, the desire to be forgiven (in English see contrition ). Penance
Penance
and repentance, similar in their derivation and original sense, have come to symbolize conflicting views of the essence of repentance, arising from the controversy as to the respective merits of "faith" and "good works ". Word derivations occur in many languages
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Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian Church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome , known as the Pope , the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed . Its central administration, the Holy See , is in the Vatican City , enclaved within Rome , Italy . The Catholic Church teaches that it is the one true church founded by Jesus Christ , that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles , and that the Pope is the successor to Saint Peter ; the Prince of the Apostles
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United States Of America
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust
In God We Trust
" Other traditi
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Pareve
In kashrut , the dietary laws of Judaism , PAREVE (from Yiddish פאַרעוו for "neutral", in Hebrew
Hebrew
פרווה, and also PARVE and other variant English spellings) is a classification of edible substances that contain neither dairy nor meat ingredients. Food in this category includes all items that grow from the ground (fruits, vegetables, grains, etc.), fish , eggs , and non-biological edible items (such as water and salt). Kashrut forbids consuming mixtures of milk and meat , consuming milk and meat at the same meal, consuming dairy foods within a period of time after consuming meat (the period varies by custom), and using the same dishes for both dairy and meat. Pareve foods, being neutral, can be consumed with either dairy or meat. While fish is pareve, the Talmud
Talmud
warns not to consume fish mixed with meat, and the custom is not to eat both on the same plate
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Polychlorinated Biphenyl
A POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYL (PCB) is an organic chlorine compound with the formula C 12H 10−xCl x. Polychlorinated biphenyls were once widely deployed as dielectric and coolant fluids in electrical apparatus, carbonless copy paper and in heat transfer fluids. Because of their longevity, PCBs are still widely in use, even though their manufacture has declined drastically since the 1960s, when a host of problems were identified. Because of PCBs' environmental toxicity and classification as a persistent organic pollutant , PCB production was banned by the United States Congress in 1979 and by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants in 2001. The International Agency for Research on Cancer
International Agency for Research on Cancer
(IARC), rendered PCBs as definite carcinogens in humans. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), PCBs cause cancer in animals and are probable human carcinogens
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Brahmin
BRAHMIN (/ˈbrɑːmənə/ ; ब्राह्मण) is a varna (class) in Hinduism specialising as priests, teachers (acharya ) (yogi )and protectors of sacred learning across generations. Brahmins were traditionally responsible for religious rituals in temples, as intermediaries between temple deities and devotees, as well as rite of passage rituals such as solemnising a wedding with hymns and prayers. Theoretically, the Brahmins were the highest ranking of the four social classes. In practice, Indian texts suggest that Brahmins were agriculturalists, warriors, traders and have held a variety of other occupations in India
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Nigiri Sushi
SUSHI (すし, 寿司, 鮨) is the Japanese preparation and serving of specially prepared vinegared rice (鮨飯, sushi-meshi) combined with varied ingredients (ネタ, neta) such as chiefly seafood (often uncooked), vegetables, and occasionally tropical fruits . Styles of sushi and its presentation vary widely, but the key ingredient is sushi rice, also referred to as shari (しゃり), or sumeshi (酢飯). Sushi
Sushi
can be prepared with either brown or white rice . It is often prepared with raw seafood, but some varieties of sushi use cooked ingredients, and many others are vegetarian . Sushi
Sushi
is often served with pickled ginger , wasabi , and soy sauce . Daikon
Daikon
radish is popular as a garnish. Sushi
Sushi
is often confused with sashimi , a related Japanese dish consisting of thinly sliced raw fish or occasionally meat, and an optional serving of rice
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Toxins
A TOXIN (from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: τοξικόν toxikon ) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded. The term was first used by organic chemist Ludwig Brieger (1849–1919). Toxins can be small molecules , peptides , or proteins that are capable of causing disease on contact with or absorption by body tissues interacting with biological macromolecules such as enzymes or cellular receptors . Toxins vary greatly in their toxicity , ranging from usually minor (such as a bee sting ) to almost immediately deadly (such as botulinum toxin )
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Mercury (element)
MERCURY is a chemical element with symbol HG and atomic number 80. It is commonly known as QUICKSILVER and was formerly named HYDRARGYRUM (/haɪˈdrɑːrdʒərəm/ ). A heavy , silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure ; the only other element that is liquid under these conditions is bromine , though metals such as caesium , gallium , and rubidium melt just above room temperature . Mercury occurs in deposits throughout the world mostly as cinnabar (mercuric sulfide ). The red pigment vermilion is obtained by grinding natural cinnabar or synthetic mercuric sulfide
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United States Conference Of Catholic Bishops
The UNITED STATES CONFERENCE OF CATHOLIC BISHOPS (USCCB) is the episcopal conference of the Catholic Church in the United States . Founded in 1966 as the joint National Conference of Catholic Bishops (NCCB) and United States Catholic Conference (USCC), it is composed of all active and retired members of the Catholic hierarchy (i.e., diocesan , coadjutor , and auxiliary bishops and the ordinary of the Personal Ordinariate of the Chair of Saint Peter ) in the United States and the Territory of the U.S. Virgin Islands
U.S. Virgin Islands
. In the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the bishops in the six dioceses form their own episcopal conference, the Puerto Rican Episcopal Conference . The bishops in U.S. insular areas in the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
– the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Territory of American Samoa, and the Territory of Guam – are members of the Episcopal Conference of the Pacific
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Ash Wednesday
ASH WEDNESDAY, a day of fasting , is the first day of Lent
Lent
in Western Christianity . It occurs 46 days (40 fasting days, if the six Sundays, which are not days of fast, are excluded) before Easter
Easter
and can fall as early as February 4 or as late as March 10. Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
is observed by many Western Christians, including Anglicans , Lutherans , Methodists , Presbyterians , and Roman Catholics . According to the canonical gospels of Matthew , Mark and Luke , Jesus Christ spent 40 days fasting in the desert, where he endured temptation by Satan
Satan
. Lent
Lent
originated as a mirroring of this, fasting 40 days as preparation for Easter. Every Sunday was seen as a commemoration of the Sunday of Christ's resurrection and so as a feast day on which fasting was inappropriate
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Typikon
TYPIKON (or typicon, pl. typica; Greek : Τυπικόν , "that of the prescribed form"; Slavonic : Тvпико́нъ Typikonə or Оуставъ, ustavə ) is a liturgical book which contains instructions about the order of the Byzantine Rite office and variable hymns of the Divine Liturgy . CONTENTS* 1 Historical development * 1.1 Cathedral Typicon * 1.2 Monastic Typicon * 1.3 Synthesis * 2 Modern Typica * 3 Notes * 4 Citations * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTCATHEDRAL TYPICONThe ancient and medieval cathedral rite of Constantinople, called the "asmatikē akolouthia" ("sung services"), is not well preserved and the earliest surviving manuscript dates from the middle of the eighth century
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Byzantine Rite
The BYZANTINE RITE, also known as the GREEK RITE or CONSTANTINOPOLITAN RITE, is the liturgical rite used by the Eastern Orthodox Church and certain Eastern Catholic Churches . It has also been employed, although less frequently, in the Anglican Communion and Lutheran
Lutheran
denominations. (e.g., it is utilized by the Society of Eastern Rite Anglicanism, and the Ukrainian Lutheran
Lutheran
Church). Its development