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Navigation
NAVIGATION is a field of study that focuses on the process of monitoring and controlling the movement of a craft or vehicle from one place to another. The field of navigation includes four general categories: land navigation, marine navigation, aeronautic navigation, and space navigation. It is also the term of art used for the specialized knowledge used by navigators to perform navigation tasks. All navigational techniques involve locating the navigator's position compared to known locations or patterns. Navigation, in a broader sense, can refer to any skill or study that involves the determination of position and direction. In this sense, navigation includes orienteering and pedestrian navigation. For information about different navigation strategies that people use, visit human navigation
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Asia
Metropolitan areas of Asia
Asia
List of cities in Asia List * Bangkok
Bangkok

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Maluku Islands
The MALUKU ISLANDS or the MOLUCCAS (/məˈlʌkəz/ ) are an archipelago within Indonesia
Indonesia
. Tectonically they are located on the Halmahera Plate within the Molucca Sea Collision Zone . Geographically they are located east of Sulawesi , west of New Guinea
New Guinea
, and north and east of Timor
Timor
. The islands were known as the SPICE ISLANDS due to the nutmeg , mace and cloves that were originally exclusively found there, and the presence of these sparked colonial interest from Europe in the 16th century. The Maluku Islands
Maluku Islands
formed a single province from Indonesian independence until 1999, when it was split into two provinces
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Timeline Of Magellan's Circumnavigation
The MAGELLAN–ELCANO CIRCUMNAVIGATION was the first voyage around the world in human history. It was a Spanish expedition that sailed from Seville
Seville
in 1519 under the command of Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
, a Portuguese, in search of a maritime path from Spain to East Asia through the Americas
Americas
and across the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
, and concluded by Spanish navigator Juan Sebastian Elcano in 1522. Elcano and the 18 survivors of the expedition were the first men to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition. The Magellan–Elcano voyage. Victoria , one of the original five ships, circumnavigated the globe, finishing three years after setting out
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Ferdinand Magellan
FERDINAND MAGELLAN (/məˈɡɛlən/ or /məˈdʒɛlən/ ; Portuguese : Fernão de Magalhães, IPA: ; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, IPA: ; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano . Born into a Portuguese noble family in around 1480, Magellan became a skilled sailor and naval officer and was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands"). Commanding a fleet of five vessels, he headed south through the Atlantic Ocean to Patagonia, passing through the Strait of Magellan
Strait of Magellan
into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
)
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west; China
China
, Nepal
Nepal
, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
Maldives

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Indies
The EAST INDIES or INDIES are the lands of South and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
. In a more restricted sense, the Indies can be used to refer to the islands of Southeast Asia, especially the Malay Archipelago . The name "Indies" is derived from the river Indus and is used to connote parts of Asia
Asia
that came under Indian cultural influence (except Vietnam
Vietnam
which is in the Chinese cultural sphere ). Dutch-held colonies in the area were known for about 300 years as the Dutch East Indies
Dutch East Indies
before Indonesian independence , while Spanish-held colonies were known as the Spanish East Indies before the US conquest and later Philippines' independence
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Africa
AFRICA is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent (the first being Asia
Asia
). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth\'s total surface area and 20.4% of its total land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population . The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the north, both the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
to the northeast, the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. The continent includes Madagascar
Madagascar
and various archipelagos
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Bartolomeu Dias
BARTOLOMEU DIAS (Portuguese pronunciation: ; Anglicized: BARTHOLOMEW DIAZ; c. 1451 – 29 May 1500 ), a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household , was a Portuguese explorer . He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
from the Atlantic , the first European known to have done so. CONTENTS * 1 Purposes of the Dias expedition * 2 The expedition * 3 Follow-up voyages * 4 Personal life * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links PURPOSES OF THE DIAS EXPEDITION Bartolomeu Dias
Bartolomeu Dias
was a Knight
Knight
of the royal court, superintendent of the royal warehouses, and sailing-master of the man-of-war , São Cristóvão ( Saint Christopher
Saint Christopher
)
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Indian Ocean
The INDIAN OCEAN is the third largest of the world's oceanic divisions, covering 70,560,000 km2 (27,240,000 sq mi) (approximately 20% of the water on the Earth
Earth
's surface). It is bounded by Asia
Asia
on the north, on the west by Africa
Africa
, on the east by Australia
Australia
, and on the south by the Southern Ocean or, depending on definition, by Antarctica
Antarctica
. It is named after the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
. The Indian Ocean
Ocean
is known as Ratnākara ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: रत्नाकर), "the mine of gems" in ancient Sanskrit
Sanskrit
literature, and as Hind Mahāsāgar ( Hindi
Hindi
: हिन्द महासागर), in Hindi
Hindi

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Ferdinand And Isabella
The CATHOLIC MONARCHS is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
and King Ferdinand II of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon
. They were both from the House of Trastámara and were second cousins, being both descended from John I of Castile ; on marriage they were given a papal dispensation to deal with consanguinity by Sixtus IV . They married on October 19, 1469, in the city of Valladolid
Valladolid
; Isabella was eighteen years old and Ferdinand a year younger. It is generally accepted by most scholars (John Elliott being an English-speaking example) that the unification of Spain
Spain
can essentially be traced back to the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
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Juan Sebastián Elcano
JUAN SEBASTIáN ELCANO (sometimes misspelled del Cano; 1476 – 4 August 1526) was a Spanish explorer of Basque origin who completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth. After Magellan 's death in the Philippines
Philippines
, Elcano took command of nau Victoria from the Moluccas to Sanlúcar de Barrameda
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
in Spain. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Military life * 3 Merchant shipping * 4 Voyage of circumnavigation * 4.1 Honours * 5 Loaísa expedition * 6 Family life * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links EARLY LIFEElcano was born in 1476 to Domingo Sebastián Elcano and Catalina del Puerto. He had three brothers: Domingo Elcano, a Catholic priest , Martín Pérez Elcano, and Antón Martín Elcano
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Philippines
Coordinates : 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 Republic
Republic
of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: " Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa " "For God, People, Nature, and Country" ANTHEM: Lupang Hinirang
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Andrés De Urdaneta
Friar
Friar
ANDRéS DE URDANETA, OSA , (November 30, 1498 – June 3, 1568) was a Spanish Basque circumnavigator , explorer and Augustinian friar. As a navigator he achieved in 1536 the "second" world circumnavigation (after the first one led by Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
and Juan Sebastián Elcano and their crew in 1522). Urdaneta discovered and plotted a path across the Pacific from the Philippines
Philippines
to Acapulco
Acapulco
in the Viceroyalty of New Spain
New Spain
(present day Mexico
Mexico
) used by the Manila galleons
Manila galleons
, which came to be known as "Urdaneta's route." He was considered as "protector of the Indians" for his treatment of the Filipino natives; also Cebu and the Philippines\' first prelate
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Kuroshio Current
The KUROSHIO (黒潮, , "くろしお", "Black Tide", "Japan Current") is a north-flowing ocean current on the west side of the North Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. It is similar to the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic and is part of the North Pacific ocean gyre . Like the Gulf stream, it is a strong western boundary current . CONTENTS * 1 Physical properties * 2 Biological properties * 2.1 Distribution * 3 Production * 3.1 Impact of eddies * 3.2 Fish * 3.3 Squid
Squid
* 4 References PHYSICAL PROPERTIESIt begins off the east coast of Luzon
Luzon
, Philippines
Philippines
, Taiwan
Taiwan
and flows northeastward past Japan
Japan
, where it merges with the easterly drift of the North Pacific Current
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Acapulco
ACAPULCO DE JUáREZ (Spanish: ), commonly called ACAPULCO, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico
Mexico
, 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of Mexico
Mexico
City . Acapulco
Acapulco
is located on a deep, semicircular bay and has been a port since the early colonial period of Mexico's history. It is a port of call for shipping and cruise lines running between Panama
Panama
and San Francisco, California , United States. The city of Acapulco
Acapulco
is the largest in the state, far larger than the state capital Chilpancingo
Chilpancingo
. Acapulco
Acapulco
is also Mexico's largest beach and balneario resort city
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