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Mokosh
MOKOš (Old East Slavic : Мокошь) is a Slavic goddess mentioned in the Primary Chronicle
Primary Chronicle
, protector of women's work and women's destiny. She watches over spinning and weaving, shearing of sheep, and protects women in child birth. Mokosh
Mokosh
is the Great Mother , Mat Zemlya . Mokoš was the only female deity whose idol was erected by Vladimir the Great in his Kiev
Kiev
sanctuary along with statues of other major gods ( Perun
Perun
, Hors
Hors
, Dažbog , Stribog , and Simargl
Simargl
). CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and origin * 2 Myth * 3 Christianization * 4 Traces of Mokosh
Mokosh
in the toponyms * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGY AND ORIGIN Mokosh
Mokosh
probably means moisture
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Perun
In Slavic mythology , PERUN (Cyrillic : Перун) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning . His other attributes were fire , mountains , wind , the oak , iris , eagle , firmament (in Indo-European languages , this was joined with the notion of the _sky of stone_ ), horses and carts , weapons (the hammer , axe ( Axe of Perun ), and arrow ), and war . He was first associated with weapons made of stone and later with those of metal . _ Gromoviti znaci_ or thunder marks are considered by some scholars as "ancient symbols of Perun", which are often engraved upon roof beams or over entries of village houses, to protect them from lightning bolts. Their circular shape symbolises ball lightning . Identical symbols were discovered on Slavic pottery of 4th century Chernyakhov culture . Drawings of Slavic axe amulets based on archaeological findings dating between the 11th and 12th century
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Veles (god)
VELES (Cyrillic Serbian : Велес; Polish : Weles; Ukrainian : Велес; Croatian , Czech , Slovak , Slovenian : Veles; Ruthenian and Old Church Slavonic : Велесъ; Belarusian : Вялес (Vialies)), also known as VOLOS (Russian : Волос, listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts), is a major Slavic god of earth, waters, forests and the underworld . His attributes are wet, wooly, hairy (bearded), dark and he is associated with cattle, the harvest, wealth, music, magic and trickery . Believed to be related to the Indo-European deity of Mitra
Mitra
, as well as Norse deity of Loki . According to reconstruction by some researchers he is the opponent of the Supreme thunder -god Perun . :211–214 As such he probably has been imagined as a dragon , which in the belief of the pagan Slavs is a chimeric being, a serpent with a bear's head and drooping hairy ears
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Jarilo
JARYLO (Cyrillic : Ярило or Ярила; Polish : Jaryło; Croatian : Jura or Juraj; Serbian : Јарило; Slavic : Jarovit), JARYLA (Belarusian : Ярыла), alternatively YARYLO, IARILO, or GEROVIT, is a Slavic god of vegetation , fertility and springtime . The Slavic root jar or yar means spring or summer or strong. CONTENTS * 1 Sources * 2 Myth * 3 Identification with St. George * 4 Identification with Dionysus * 5 References * 6 See also SOURCESThe only historic source that mentions this deity is a 12th-century biography of the proselytizing German bishop Otto of Bamberg
Otto of Bamberg
, who, during his expeditions to convert the pagan tribes of Wendish and Polabian Slavs
Polabian Slavs
, encountered festivals in honor of the war-god Gerovit in the cities of Wolgast
Wolgast
and Havelberg
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Marzanna
MARZANNA (in Polish), MORė (in Lithuanian), MORANA (in Czech, Bulgarian, Slovene, Serbian, Bosnian, and Croatian), or MORENA (in Slovak and Macedonian), MASLENITSA (in Russia) and also MARA (in Belarusian and Ukrainian ), Maržena, Moréna, Mora or Marmora is a Baltic and Slavic goddess associated with seasonal rites based on the idea of death and rebirth of nature. She is an ancient goddess associated with winter's death and rebirth and dreams. In Slavic rites the death of the Goddess Marzanna
Marzanna
at the end winter, becomes the rebirth of Spring of the Goddess Kostroma (Russian), Lada, Vesna representing the coming of Spring. Some medieval Christian sources such as the Czech 9th century Mater Verborum compare her to the Greek goddess Hecate
Hecate
, associating her with sorcery
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Paraskevi Of Rome
Saint PARASKEVI OF ROME is venerated as a Christian
Christian
martyr of the 2nd century. According to Christian
Christian
tradition , she was born in Rome about 140 AD to parents who were Christians. Her parents, Agathon and Politia, were of Greek origin, and had prayed for many years to have a child. When Politia finally bore a child, the baby girl was named Paraskevi, which means “Friday” in Greek (literally "preparation" for the Lord's Day), because she was born on that day. Paraskevi grew up to be a devout and well-read woman, and she rejected many suitors. At the age of 20, she gave away all of her possessions and became the head of a Christian
Christian
community of young virgins and widows. She also began to preach the Christian
Christian
faith, and at the age of 30, left Rome and visited many cities and villages
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Paraskevi Of Iconium
Saint PARASKEVI OF ICONIUM (also known as Paraskeva Pyatnitsa) is venerated as a Christian
Christian
virgin martyr . According to Christian tradition, she was born to a rich family of Iconium
Iconium
. Her parents were Christian, and Paraskevi was named as such (the name means “Friday” in Greek ) because she was baptized on a Friday and because Friday was the day of Christ\'s Passion . Paraskevi became a preacher, and according to tradition, converted a man named Antoninus to Christianity
Christianity
. She was subsequently martyred at Iconium
Iconium
during the persecutions of Diocletian
Diocletian
. VENERATION Scenes from the Life of St. Paraskeva. Russian icon. An account of her martyrdom was written by John of Euboea
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Virgin Mary
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. _María_; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. _Mariam_‎; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. _Miriam_‎; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. _Mariam_‎), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth , and the mother of Jesus , according to the New Testament and the Quran . The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. _parthénos_) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous birth took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony. She married Joseph and accompanied him to Bethlehem , where Jesus was born
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Old East Slavic Language
OLD EAST SLAVIC or OLD RUSSIAN was a language used in the 10th–15th centuries by East Slavs in Kievan Rus\' and states which evolved after the collapse of Kievan Rus'. Dialects of it were spoken, though not exclusively, in the area today occupied by Belarus , central and northern Ukraine , and parts of western Russia
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Slavic Goddess
CLUSTERS OF DEITIES IDENTITY AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY CRITIQUE OF MONO-IDEOLOGIES Organisation * Calendars and holidays * Volkhv
Volkhv
priesthoodRELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS : * Native Polish Church
Native Polish Church
*
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Primary Chronicle
The TALE OF PAST YEARS (Old East Slavic : Повѣсть времѧньныхъ лѣтъ, Pověstĭ Vremęnĭnyhŭ Lětŭ) or PRIMARY CHRONICLE is a history of Kievan Rus\' from about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiev
Kiev
about 1113. The work is considered to be a fundamental source in the interpretation of the history of the Eastern Slavs . CONTENTS* 1 Three editions * 1.1 First * 1.2 Second * 1.3 Third * 2 Two manuscripts * 3 Assessment * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 External links THREE EDITIONSFIRSTTradition long regarded the original compilation as the work of a monk named Nestor (c. 1056 – c. 1114); hence scholars spoke of Nestor's Chronicle or of Nestor's manuscript. His compilation has not survived
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Mother Goddess
A MOTHER GODDESS is a goddess who represents, or is a personification of nature , motherhood , fertility , creation , destruction or who embodies the bounty of the Earth
Earth
. When equated with the Earth
Earth
or the natural world, such goddesses are sometimes referred to as MOTHER EARTH or as the EARTH MOTHER. There is difference of opinion between the academic and the popular conception of the term. The popular view is mainly driven by the Goddess
Goddess
movement and reads that primitive societies initially were matriarchal , worshipping a sovereign, nurturing, motherly earth goddess . This was based upon the nineteenth-century ideas of unilineal evolution of Johann Jakob Bachofen
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Mat Zemlya
MAT ZEMLYA, also MATKA ZIEMIA, and MATI SYRA ZEMLYA (literally DAMP MOTHER EARTH), is the oldest deity in Slavic mythology
Slavic mythology
, her identity later blended into that of Mokosh . She shares characteristics with Indo-Iranian Ardvi Sura Anahita
Anahita
“Humid Mother of the Earth.” In the early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, Mati Syra Zemlya was one of the most important deities in the Slavic world. Oaths were made binding by touching the Earth and sins were confessed into a hole in the Earth before death. She was worshipped in her natural form and was not given a human personage or likeness. Since the adoption of Christianity
Christianity
in all Slavic lands, she has been identified with Mary , the mother of Jesus
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Vladimir The Great
VLADIMIR THE GREAT (also (Saint) Vladimir of Kiev; Old East Slavic : Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь, Volodiměrъ Svętoslavičь, Old Norse Valdamarr gamli; c. 958 – 15 July 1015, Berestove ) was a prince of Novgorod
Novgorod
, grand prince of Kiev
Kiev
, and ruler of Kievan Rus\' from 980 to 1015. Vladimir's father was prince Sviatoslav of the Rurik dynasty . After the death of his father in 972, Vladimir, who was then prince of Novgorod
Novgorod
, was forced to flee to Scandinavia
Scandinavia
in 976 after his brother Yaropolk had murdered his other brother Oleg and conquered Rus\' . In Sweden
Sweden
, with the help from his relative Ladejarl Håkon Sigurdsson , ruler of Norway
Norway
, he assembled a Varangian army and reconquered Novgorod
Novgorod
from Yaropolk
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Kiev
KIEV (/ˈkiːɛf, -ɛv/ ) or KYIV (Ukrainian : Київ, _Kyjiv_ (_ listen ); Old East Slavic
Old East Slavic
: Кыѥвъ, Kyjev_; Russian : Киев, _Kijev_ ) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine
Ukraine
, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River . The population in July 2015 was 2,887,974 (though higher estimated numbers have been cited in the press), making Kiev
Kiev
the 7th most populous city in Europe . Kiev
Kiev
is an important industrial, scientific , educational, and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro
Kiev Metro

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Hors
DEITIES OF SLAVIC RELIGION , arranged in cosmological and functional groups, are inherited through mythology and folklore. In modern Slavic Native Faith\'s theology and cosmology , gods are arranged as a hierarchy of powers begotten by the supreme God
God
of the universe, Rod . The general Slavic term for "god" or "deity" is бог bog, whose original meaning, as scholar Mathieu-Colas clarifies, is "wealth". Many Slavic gods have Indo-Iranian origin, and many are worshipped to this day in the countrysides despite longtime Christianisation of Slavic lands , apart from the relatively recent phenomenon of organised Slavic Native Faith (Rodnovery)
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