HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Mokosh
MOKOš (Old East Slavic : Мокошь) is a Slavic goddess mentioned in the Primary Chronicle , protector of women's work and women's destiny. She watches over spinning and weaving, shearing of sheep, and protects women in child birth. Mokosh
Mokosh
is the Great Mother , Mat Zemlya . Mokoš was the only female deity whose idol was erected by Vladimir the Great in his Kiev
Kiev
sanctuary along with statues of other major gods ( Perun , Hors , Dažbog , Stribog , and Simargl
Simargl
). CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and origin * 2 Myth * 3 Christianization * 4 Traces of Mokosh
Mokosh
in the toponyms * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGY AND ORIGIN Mokosh
Mokosh
probably means moisture . According to Max Vasmer
Max Vasmer
, her name is derived from the same root as Slavic words _mokry_, 'wet', and _moknut(i)_, 'get wet'. She may have originated in the northern Finno-Ugric tribes of the Vogul , who still have the divinity _Moksha_. MYTH _ Mokosh. Embroidery pattern ca 19th century. Mokoš was one of the most popular Slavic deities and the great earth Mother Goddess
Mother Goddess
of East Slavs
East Slavs
and Eastern Polans . She is a wanderer and a spinner
[...More...]

"Mokosh" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Perun
In Slavic mythology , PERUN (Cyrillic : Перун) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of thunder and lightning . His other attributes were fire , mountains , wind , the oak , iris , eagle , firmament (in Indo-European languages , this was joined with the notion of the _sky of stone_ ), horses and carts , weapons (the hammer , axe ( Axe of Perun ), and arrow ), and war . He was first associated with weapons made of stone and later with those of metal . _ Gromoviti znaci_ or thunder marks are considered by some scholars as "ancient symbols of Perun", which are often engraved upon roof beams or over entries of village houses, to protect them from lightning bolts. Their circular shape symbolises ball lightning . Identical symbols were discovered on Slavic pottery of 4th century Chernyakhov culture . Drawings of Slavic axe amulets based on archaeological findings dating between the 11th and 12th century. CONTENTS * 1 Sources * 2 Etymology * 3 Myth * 4 Weapons * 5 Characteristics * 6 Post-Christian Perun * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links SOURCESOf all historic records describing Slavic gods, those mentioning Perun are the most numerous. As early as the 6th century, he was mentioned in De Bello Gothico , a historical source written by the Eastern Roman historian Procopius
[...More...]

"Perun" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Veles (god)
VELES (Cyrillic Serbian : Велес; Polish : Weles; Ukrainian : Велес; Croatian , Czech , Slovak , Slovenian : Veles; Ruthenian and Old Church Slavonic : Велесъ; Belarusian : Вялес (Vialies)), also known as VOLOS (Russian : Волос, listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts), is a major Slavic god of earth, waters, forests and the underworld . His attributes are wet, wooly, hairy (bearded), dark and he is associated with cattle, the harvest, wealth, music, magic and trickery . Believed to be related to the Indo-European deity of Mitra
Mitra
, as well as Norse deity of Loki
Loki
. According to reconstruction by some researchers he is the opponent of the Supreme thunder -god Perun , and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology which in similar form is also encountered in the Vedas . :211–214 As such he probably has been imagined as a dragon , which in the belief of the pagan Slavs is a chimeric being, a serpent with a bear's head and drooping hairy ears. :141 :87,88 His tree is the willow, like god Perun's tree is the oak. No direct accounts survive, but reconstructions speculate that he may directly continue aspects of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon
[...More...]

"Veles (god)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Jarilo
JARYLO (Cyrillic : Ярило or Ярила; Polish : _Jaryło_; Croatian : _Jura or Juraj_; Serbian : Јарило; Slavic : _Jarovit_), JARYLA (Belarusian : Ярыла), alternatively YARYLO, IARILO, or GEROVIT, is a Slavic god of vegetation , fertility and springtime . The Slavic root _jar_ or _yar_ means _spring_ or _summer_ or _strong_. CONTENTS * 1 Sources * 2 Myth * 3 Identification with St. George
St. George
* 4 Identification with Dionysus
Dionysus
* 5 References * 6 See also SOURCESThe only historic source that mentions this deity is a 12th-century biography of the proselytizing German bishop Otto of Bamberg, who, during his expeditions to convert the pagan tribes of Wendish and Polabian Slavs, encountered festivals in honor of the war-god Gerovit in the cities of Wolgast
Wolgast
and Havelberg. Gerovit is most likely a German corruption of the original Slavic name _Jarovit_. Up until the 19th century in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
and Serbia
Serbia
, folk festivals called _Jarilo_ were celebrated in late spring or early summer. Early researchers of Slavic mythologyrecognised in them relics of pagan ceremonies in honor of an eponymous spring deity
[...More...]

"Jarilo" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Marzanna
MARZANNA (in Polish), MORė (in Lithuanian), MORANA (in Czech, Bulgarian, Slovene, Serbian, Bosnian, and Croatian), or MORENA (in Slovak and Macedonian), MASLENITSA (in Russia) and also MARA (in Belarusian and Ukrainian ), Maržena, Moréna, Mora or Marmora is a Baltic and Slavic goddess associated with seasonal rites based on the idea of death and rebirth of nature. She is an ancient goddess associated with winter's death and rebirth and dreams. In Slavic rites the death of the Goddess Marzanna
Marzanna
at the end winter, becomes the rebirth of Spring of the Goddess Kostroma (Russian), Lada, Vesna representing the coming of Spring. Some medieval Christian sources such as the Czech 9th century Mater Verborum compare her to the Greek goddess Hecate , associating her with sorcery. 15th century Polish chronicler Jan Długosz likened her in his Annales to Ceres , the Roman goddess of agriculture (together with another Slavic goddess Dziewanna ). In modern times the rituals associated with Marzanna
Marzanna
have lost their sacred character and are a pastime – an occasion to have fun and celebrate the beginning of spring. The tradition is usually celebrated around the spring equinox (March 21). Usually schoolchildren and young people participate in the celebrations alongside local folklore groups and other residents
[...More...]

"Marzanna" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Paraskevi Of Rome
Saint PARASKEVI OF ROME is venerated as a Christian
Christian
martyr of the 2nd century. According to Christian
Christian
tradition , she was born in Rome about 140 AD to parents who were Christians. Her parents, Agathon and Politia, were of Greek origin, and had prayed for many years to have a child. When Politia finally bore a child, the baby girl was named Paraskevi, which means “Friday” in Greek (literally "preparation" for the Lord's Day), because she was born on that day. Paraskevi grew up to be a devout and well-read woman, and she rejected many suitors. At the age of 20, she gave away all of her possessions and became the head of a Christian
Christian
community of young virgins and widows. She also began to preach the Christian
Christian
faith, and at the age of 30, left Rome and visited many cities and villages. She was arrested by the Emperor Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Pius
, who brought her to trial. According to tradition, the emperor attempted to force the saint to denounce her faith, and even offered to marry her. Paraskevi refused, and was tortured by having a steel helmet lined with nails placed on her head. Paraskevi endured this torture and her endurance caused many to convert to Christianity . The emperor had the new converts executed. Paraskevi was imprisoned and tortured by being hung by her hair and having her limbs seared with torches
[...More...]

"Paraskevi Of Rome" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Paraskevi Of Iconium
Saint PARASKEVI OF ICONIUM (also known as Paraskeva Pyatnitsa) is venerated as a Christian
Christian
virgin martyr . According to Christian tradition, she was born to a rich family of Iconium . Her parents were Christian, and Paraskevi was named as such (the name means “Friday” in Greek ) because she was baptized on a Friday and because Friday was the day of Christ\'s Passion . Paraskevi became a preacher, and according to tradition, converted a man named Antoninus to Christianity . She was subsequently martyred at Iconium during the persecutions of Diocletian . VENERATION Scenes from the Life of St. Paraskeva. Russian icon. An account of her martyrdom was written by John of Euboea . Paraskeva’s cult and attributes became confused with that of other saints with the same name as well as pre- Christian
Christian
deities of the Slavs
[...More...]

"Paraskevi Of Iconium" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Virgin Mary
MARY (Greek : Μαρία, translit. _María_; Aramaic : ܡܪܝܡ‎, translit. _Mariam_‎; Hebrew : מִרְיָם‎, translit. _Miriam_‎; Arabic : مريم‎, translit. _Mariam_‎), also known by various titles, styles and honorifics , was a 1st-century Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth , and the mother of Jesus , according to the New Testament and the Quran . The gospels of Matthew and Luke in the New Testament and the Quran describe Mary as a virgin (Greek: παρθένος, translit. _parthénos_) and Christians believe that she conceived her son while a virgin by the Holy Spirit . The miraculous birth took place when she was already betrothed to Joseph and was awaiting the concluding rite of marriage, the formal home-taking ceremony. She married Joseph and accompanied him to Bethlehem , where Jesus was born . The Gospel of Luke begins its account of Mary's life with the Annunciation , when the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary and announced her divine selection to be the mother of Jesus. According to canonical gospel accounts, Mary was present at the crucifixion and is depicted as a member of the early Christian community in Jerusalem. According to the Catholic and Orthodox teaching, at the end of her earthly life her body was assumed directly into Heaven; this is known in the Christian West as the Assumption
[...More...]

"Virgin Mary" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Old East Slavic Language
OLD EAST SLAVIC or OLD RUSSIAN was a language used in the 10th–15th centuries by East Slavs in Kievan Rus\' and states which evolved after the collapse of Kievan Rus'. Dialects of it were spoken, though not exclusively, in the area today occupied by Belarus , central and northern Ukraine , and parts of western Russia . CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 General considerations * 3 Literary language of Kievan Rus\' * 3.1 Primary Chronicle * 3.2 Tale of Igor\'s Campaign * 4 Old East Slavic literature * 5 Study * 6 Notable texts * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links TERMINOLOGYThe most neutral, supranational terms for Old East Slavonic can be translated to English as "Old Russian " (including Belarusian : старажытнаруская мова, _staražytnaruskaja mova_; Russian : Древнерусский язык, _drevnerusskij jazyk_; and Ukrainian : давньоруська мова, _davn’orus’ka mova_. The term "Rusian" is similarly used by western scholars such as Horace Lunt
[...More...]

"Old East Slavic Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Slavic Goddess
CLUSTERS OF DEITIES IDENTITY AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY CRITIQUE OF MONO-IDEOLOGIES Organisation * Calendars and holidays * Volkhv priesthoodRELIGIOUS INSTITUTIONS : * Native Polish Church * Rodnover Confederation * Rodzima Wiara Denominations * Assianism * Native Ukrainian National Faith * Peterburgian Vedism * Ynglism NOT STRICTLY RELATED ONES: * Ivanovism * Rerikhism * Ringing Cedars\' Anastasianism Spread * Rodnovery in Russia
Russia
* Rodnovery in Ukraine
Ukraine
Sources * Proto-Indo-European religion * Proto-Indo-Iranian religion * Historical Vedic religion * Hinduism * Siberian shamanism * Tengrism * Zoroastrianism * v * t * e "Slavic religion" redirects here. For other uses, see Slavic religion (other) . SLAVIC RELIGION in its narrower sense defines the religious beliefs, godlores , and ritual practices of the Slavs before the formal Christianisation of their ruling elites under the influence of Byzantine Orthodox Christianity , beginning with the latter's official adoption in 988 CE by Vladimir of Kievan Rus\'
[...More...]

"Slavic Goddess" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Primary Chronicle
The _TALE OF PAST YEARS_ (Old East Slavic : Повѣсть времѧньныхъ лѣтъ, _Pověstĭ Vremęnĭnyhŭ Lětŭ_) or _PRIMARY CHRONICLE_ is a history of Kievan Rus\' from about 850 to 1110, originally compiled in Kiev
Kiev
about 1113. The work is considered to be a fundamental source in the interpretation of the history of the Eastern Slavs
Eastern Slavs
. CONTENTS* 1 Three editions * 1.1 First * 1.2 Second * 1.3 Third * 2 Two manuscripts * 3 Assessment * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 External links THREE EDITIONSFIRSTTradition long regarded the original compilation as the work of a monk named Nestor (c. 1056 – c. 1114); hence scholars spoke of _Nestor's Chronicle_ or of _Nestor's manuscript_. His compilation has not survived. Nestor's many sources included the earlier but now lost Slavonic chronicles; the Byzantine annals of John Malalas , a Greek chronicler, who in 563 produced an 18 book work of intertwined myth and truth; and the Byzantine annals of George Hamartolus , a monk, who tried to adhere strictly to truth, and whose works are the unique contemporary source for the period 813–842
[...More...]

"Primary Chronicle" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mother Goddess
A MOTHER GODDESS is a goddess who represents, or is a personification of nature , motherhood , fertility , creation , destruction or who embodies the bounty of the Earth
Earth
. When equated with the Earth
Earth
or the natural world, such goddesses are sometimes referred to as MOTHER EARTH or as the EARTH MOTHER. There is difference of opinion between the academic and the popular conception of the term. The popular view is mainly driven by the Goddess
Goddess
movement and reads that primitive societies initially were matriarchal , worshipping a sovereign, nurturing, motherly earth goddess . This was based upon the nineteenth-century ideas of unilineal evolution of Johann Jakob Bachofen . According to the academic view, however, both Bachofen and the modern Goddess
Goddess
theories are a projection of contemporary world views on ancient myths, rather than attempting to understand the _mentalité _ of that time. Often this is accompanied by a desire for a lost civilization from a bygone era that would have been just, peaceful and wise. However, it is highly unlikely that such a civilization ever existed. For a long time, feminist authors advocated that these peaceful, matriarchal agrarian societies were exterminated or subjugated by nomadic, patriarchal warrior tribes. An important contribution to this was that of archaeologist Marija Gimbutas
[...More...]

"Mother Goddess" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Mat Zemlya
MAT ZEMLYA, also MATKA ZIEMIA, and MATI SYRA ZEMLYA (literally DAMP MOTHER EARTH), is the oldest deity in Slavic mythology , her identity later blended into that of Mokosh . She shares characteristics with Indo-Iranian Ardvi Sura Anahita
Anahita
“Humid Mother of the Earth.” In the early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, Mati Syra Zemlya was one of the most important deities in the Slavic world. Oaths were made binding by touching the Earth and sins were confessed into a hole in the Earth before death. She was worshipped in her natural form and was not given a human personage or likeness. Since the adoption of Christianity in all Slavic lands, she has been identified with Mary , the mother of Jesus. An example of her importance is seen in this traditional invocation to Matka Ziema, made with a jar of hemp oil : East – "Mother Earth, subdue every evil and unclean being so that he may not cast a spell on us nor do us any harm." West – "Mother Earth, engulf the unclean power in thy boiling pits, and in thy burning fires." South – "Mother Earth, calm the winds coming from the South and all bad weather. Calm the moving sands and whirlwinds." North – "Mother Earth, calm the North winds and clouds, subdue the snowstorms and the cold." The jar, which held the oil, is buried after each invocation and offering is made at each Quarter
[...More...]

"Mat Zemlya" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Vladimir The Great
VLADIMIR THE GREAT (also _(Saint) Vladimir of Kiev_; Old East Slavic : Володимѣръ Свѧтославичь, _Volodiměrъ Svętoslavičь_, Old Norse _Valdamarr gamli_; c. 958 – 15 July 1015, Berestove ) was a prince of Novgorod , grand prince of Kiev , and ruler of Kievan Rus\' from 980 to 1015. Vladimir's father was prince Sviatoslav of the Rurik dynasty . After the death of his father in 972, Vladimir, who was then prince of Novgorod , was forced to flee to Scandinavia in 976 after his brother Yaropolk had murdered his other brother Oleg and conquered Rus\' . In Sweden , with the help from his relative Ladejarl Håkon Sigurdsson , ruler of Norway , he assembled a Varangian army and reconquered Novgorod from Yaropolk . By 980, Vladimir had consolidated the Kievan realm from modern-day Belarus , Russia and Ukraine to the Baltic Sea and had solidified the frontiers against incursions of Bulgarian, Baltic, and Eastern nomads. Originally a follower of Slavic paganism , Vladimir converted to Christianity in 988 and Christianized the Kievan Rus\'
[...More...]

"Vladimir The Great" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Kiev
KIEV (/ˈkiːɛf, -ɛv/ ) or KYIV (Ukrainian : Київ, _Kyjiv_ (_ listen ); Old East Slavic
Old East Slavic
: Кыѥвъ, Kyjev_; Russian : Киев, _Kijev_ ) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine
Ukraine
, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper River . The population in July 2015 was 2,887,974 (though higher estimated numbers have been cited in the press), making Kiev
Kiev
the 7th most populous city in Europe . Kiev
Kiev
is an important industrial, scientific , educational, and cultural centre of Eastern Europe. It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions and world-famous historical landmarks. The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including the Kiev Metro
Kiev Metro
. The city's name is said to derive from the name of Kyi , one of its four legendary founders (see Name , below). During its history , Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity. The city probably existed as a commercial centre as early as the 5th century
[...More...]

"Kiev" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Hors
DEITIES OF SLAVIC RELIGION ,