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Millennium
A MILLENNIUM (plural MILLENNIA or MILLENNIUMS) is a period equal to 1000 years , also called kiloyears. It derives from the Latin _mille_, thousand, and _annus_, year. It is often, but not always, related to a particular dating system . Sometimes, it is used specifically for periods of a thousand years that begin at the starting point (initial reference point) of the calendar in consideration (typically the year "1"), or in later years that are whole number multiples of a thousand years after it. The term can also refer to an interval of time beginning on any date. Frequently in the latter case (and sometimes also in the former) it may have religious or theological implications (see millenarianism ). Sometimes in use, such an interval called a "millennium" might be interpreted less precisely, i.e., not always being exactly 1000 years long. It could be, for example, 1050, etc
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List Of Millennia
This is a list of all's articles on millennia : CONTENTS* 1 Past * 1.1 BC * 1.2 AD * 2 Future * 3 See also PAST For earlier events, see Timelines of world history
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1000 (number)
1000
1000
or ONE THOUSAND is the natural number following 999 and preceding 1001 . In most English-speaking countries
English-speaking countries
, it is often written with a comma separating the thousands unit: 1,000. It may also be described as the SHORT THOUSAND in historical discussion of medieval contexts where it might be confused with the Germanic concept of the "long thousand " (1200)
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Year
A YEAR is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun . Due to the Earth's axial tilt , the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons , marked by changes in weather , the hours of daylight , and, consequently, vegetation and soil fertility . In temperate and subpolar regions around the globe, four seasons are generally recognized: _spring _, _summer _, _autumn _ and _winter _. In tropical and subtropical regions several geographical sectors do not present defined seasons; but in the seasonal tropics , the annual _wet _ and _dry_ seasons are recognized and tracked. A calendar year is an approximation of the number of days of the Earth's orbital period as counted in a given calendar . The Gregorian, or modern, calendar , presents its calendar year to be either a common year of 365 days or a leap year of 366 days, as do the Julian calendars ; _see_ below
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: _lingua latīna_, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages . The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet . Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium , in the Italian Peninsula . Through the power of the Roman Republic , it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages , such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian . Latin
Latin
and French have contributed many words to the English language . Latin
Latin
and Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
roots are used in theology , biology , and medicine
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Calendar
A CALENDAR is a system of organising days for social, religious, commercial or administrative purposes. This is done by giving names to periods of time , typically days , weeks , months and years . A date is the designation of a single, specific day within such a system. A calendar is also a physical record (often paper) of such a system. A calendar can also mean a list of planned events, such as a court calendar or a partly or fully chronological list of documents, such as a calendar of wills. Periods in a calendar (such as years and months) are usually, though not necessarily, synchronised with the cycle of the sun or the moon . The most common type of pre-modern calendar was the lunisolar calendar , a lunar calendar that occasionally adds one intercalary month to remain synchronised with the solar year over the long term. The three principal calendars are the Gregorian , Jewish , and Islamic calendars
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Millenarianism
MILLENARIANISM (also MILLENARISM), from Latin mīllēnārius "containing a thousand", is the belief by a religious , social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society, after which all things will be changed. Millenarianism is a concept or theme that exists in many cultures and religions. CONTENTS * 1 Millennialism * 2 Theology * 3 Movements * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links MILLENNIALISM Main articles: Millennialism , Apocalypticism , and Christian eschatology Millennialism is a specific type of Christian millenarianism, and is sometimes referred to as "chiliasm" from the New Testament use of the Greek chilia (thousand). It is part of the broader form of apocalyptic expectation
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Ordinal Number
In set theory , an ORDINAL NUMBER, or ORDINAL, is one generalization of the concept of a natural number that is used to describe a way to arrange a collection of objects in order, one after another. Any finite collection of objects can be put in order just by the process of counting: labeling the objects with distinct whole numbers. Ordinal numbers are thus the "labels" needed to arrange collections of objects in order. An ordinal number is used to describe the order type of a well ordered set (though this does not work for a well ordered proper class )
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Ad
The terms ANNO DOMINI (AD) and BEFORE CHRIST (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars . The term _anno Domini_ is Medieval Latin and means "in the year of the Lord", but is often translated as "in the year of our Lord". This calendar era is based on the traditionally reckoned year of the conception or birth of Jesus of Nazareth , with _AD_ counting years from the start of this epoch , and _BC_ denoting years before the start of the era. There is no year zero in this scheme, so the year AD 1 immediately follows the year 1 BC. This dating system was devised in 525 by Dionysius Exiguus of Scythia Minor , but was not widely used until after 800. The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar in the world today
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Regnal Year
A REGNAL YEAR is a year of the reign of a sovereign , from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule. The oldest dating systems were in regnal years, and considered the date as an ordinal , not a cardinal number . For example, a monarch could have a first year of rule, a second year of rule, a third, and so on, but not a zero year of rule, which would be nonsensical. Applying this ancient epoch system to modern calculations of time, which include zero, is what led to the debate over when the third millennium began . Regnal years are "finite era names", contrary to "infinite era names" such as Christian era , Jimmu era , Juche era , and so on
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Henry VIII Of England
HENRY VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. Henry was the second Tudor monarch , succeeding his father, Henry VII . Henry is best known for his six marriages and, in particular, his efforts to have his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon , annulled. His disagreement with the Pope on the question of such an annulment led Henry to initiate the English Reformation , separating the Church of England from papal authority and appointing himself the Supreme Head of the Church of England . Despite his resulting excommunication , Henry remained a believer in core Catholic
Catholic
theological teachings. Domestically, Henry is known for his radical changes to the English Constitution , ushering in the theory of the divine right of kings to England. Besides asserting the sovereign's supremacy over the Church of England, he greatly expanded royal power during his reign
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Gregorian Calendar
The GREGORIAN CALENDAR is internationally the most widely used civil calendar . It is named after Pope Gregory XIII , who introduced it in October 1582. The calendar was a refinement to the Julian calendar involving a 0.002% correction in the length of the year . The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox , which helps set the date for Easter . Transition to the Gregorian calendar would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Stephen Jay Gould
STEPHEN JAY GOULD (/ɡuːld/ ; September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist , evolutionary biologist , and historian of science . He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation. Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. In 1996 Gould was also appointed as the Vincent Astor Visiting Research Professor of Biology at New York University , where he divided his time teaching there and at Harvard. Gould's most significant contribution to evolutionary biology was the theory of punctuated equilibrium , which he developed with Niles Eldredge in 1972. The theory proposes that most evolution is characterized by long periods of evolutionary stability, which is infrequently punctuated by swift periods of branching evolution
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