Millenarianism (also millenarism), from Latin mīllēnārius "containing a thousand", is the belief by a religious, social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society, after which all things will be changed. Millenarianism exists in many cultures and religions.
1 Terminology 2 Theology 3 Movements 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links
Terminology The terms "millenarianism" and "millennialism" are sometimes used interchangeably, but this usage is incorrect. As Stephen Jay Gould notes:
Millennium is from the Latin mille, "one thousand," and annus, "year"—hence the two n's. Millenarian is from the Latin millenarius, "containing a thousand (of anything)," hence no annus, and no two n's.
The application of an apocalyptic timetable to the establishment or
changing of the world has happened in many cultures and religions, and
continues to this day, and is not relegated to the sects of major
world religions. Increasingly in the study of apocalyptic new
religious movements, millenarianism is used to refer to a more
cataclysmic and destructive arrival of a utopian period as compared to
millennialism which is often used to denote a more peaceful arrival
and is more closely associated with a one thousand year utopia.
The Antichrist's deception already begins to take shape in the world every time the claim is made to realize within history that messianic hope which can only be realized beyond history through the eschatological judgement. The Church has rejected even modified forms of this falsification of the kingdom to come under the name of millenarianism, especially the 'intrinsically perverse' political form of a secular messianism.
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There have been examples of millenarian groups, movements, and writings over the years. While each is different, and not all of these adhere to a strict millennial pattern, they do ascribe to patterns of wide-scale change as described above:
Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University
Catholic Apostolic Church
Christian Israelite Church
Church of World Messianity
Cult of the Holy Spirit
Convulsionnaires of Saint-Médard
Fifth Monarchy Men
Helter Skelter (Manson scenario)
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Jewish movements started by claimants to be the Messiah
The Living Church of God
Lord Our Righteousness Church
The Lord's Resistance Army
The Mahdist Movement
New Apostolic Church
Center for Millennial Studies Fifteen Signs before Doomsday Millenarianism in colonial societies Postmillennialism Premillennialism Taki Ongoy William Liu Zhongjing Faith in Buddhism#Millenarianism
^ Gould, Stephen Jay. 1997. Questioning the millennium: a rationalist's guide to a precisely arbitrary countdown. New York: Harmony Books, p. 112 (note) ^ Gould, Stephen Jay. 1997 ^ Landes, Richard A. Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of the Millennial Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print. ^ Mayer, Jean-François (June 2016). "Millennialism: New Religious Movements and the Quest for a New Age". The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements. II. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190466176.013.30. ^ Kark, Ruth "Millenarism and agricultural settlement in the Holy Land in the nineteenth century," in Journal of Historical Geography, 9, 1 (1983), pp. 47-62 ^ Worsley, Peter. 1957. The trumpet shall sound ; a study of "cargo" cults in Melanesia. London: MacGibbon & Kee. ^ Desroche, Henri (1969). Dieux d’hommes. Dictionnaire des messianismes et millénarismes de l’ère chrétienne. Paris: Berg International. pp. 31–32. ^ Wessinger, Catherine. Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence: Historical Cases. Syracuse, N.Y: Syracuse University Press, 2000. Print. ^ paragraph 676
Burrage, Champlin. "The Fifth Monarchy Insurrections," The English Historical Review, Vol. XXV, 1910. Burridge, Kenelm. "New Heaven, New Earth: A Study of Millenarian Activities" (Basil Blackwell. Original printing 1969, three reprints 1972, 1980, 1986) ISBN 0-631-11950-7 pb. ISBN 0-8052-3175-7 hb. Cohn, Norman. The Pursuit of the Millennium: Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages, revised and expanded (New York: Oxford University Press,  1970). (revised and expanded 1990) ISBN 0-19-500456-6 Gray, John. Black Mass: Apocalyptic Religion and the Death of Utopia (London: Penguin Books,  2008) ISBN 978-0-14-102598-8 Hotson, Howard. Paradise Postponed: Johann Heinrich Alsted and the Birth of Calvinist Millenarianism, (Springer, 2000). Jue, Jeffrey K. Heaven Upon Earth: Joseph Mede and the Legacy of Mllenarianism, (Springer, 2006). Kaplan, Jeffrey. Radical Religion in America: Millenarian Movements from the Far Right to the Children of Noah (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1997). ISBN 0-8156-2687-8 ISBN 0-8156-0396-7 Katz, David S. and Popkin, Richard H. Messianic Revolution: Radical Religious Politics to the End of the Second Millennium. (New York: Hill and Wang, 1999) ISBN 0-8090-6885-0.Review on H-Net Landes, Richard. Heaven on Earth: The Varieties of Millennial Experiences, (Oxford University Press, 2011). Lerner, Robert E. The Feast of Saint Abraham: Medieval Millenarians and the Jews, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000). Millenarianism and Messianism in Early Modern Culture (4 voll.), Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Vol. 1: Goldish, Matt and Popkin, Richard H. (eds.). Jewish Messianism in the Early Modern World, 2001 Vol. 2: Kottmnan, Karl (eds.). Catholic Milleniarism: From Savonarola to the Abbè Grégoire, 2001 Vol. 3: Force, James E. and Popkin, Richard H. (eds.). The Millenarian Turn: Millenarian Contexts of Science, Politics and Everyday Anglo-American Life in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, 2001 Vol. 4: Laursen, John Christian and Popkin, Richard H. (eds.). Continental Millenarians: Protestants, Catholics, Heretics, 2001
Schwartz, Hillel. The French Prophets: The History of a Millenarian Group in Eighteenth-Century England. Berkeley: University of California, 1980. Voegelin, Eric. The New Science of Politics. University of Chicago Press (October 12, 2012). Catherine Wessinger (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism, New York: Oxford University Prees 2011. Wright, Ben and Dresser, Zachary W. (eds.) Apocalypse and the Millennium in the American Civil War Era. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2013.
Millennial Sites, Center for Millennial Studies at Boston University. List of links sorted by group type. Millennium and Millenarianism, Catholic Encyclopedia. Catechism of Catholic Church, paragraph 676