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Millenarianism
MILLENARIANISM (also MILLENARISM), from Latin mīllēnārius "containing a thousand", is the belief by a religious , social, or political group or movement in a coming major transformation of society, after which all things will be changed. Millenarianism is a concept or theme that exists in many cultures and religions. CONTENTS * 1 Millennialism
Millennialism
* 2 Theology * 3 Movements * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links MILLENNIALISM Main articles: Millennialism
Millennialism
, Apocalypticism , and Christian eschatology Millennialism
Millennialism
is a specific type of Christian millenarianism, and is sometimes referred to as "chiliasm" from the New Testament use of the Greek chilia (thousand). It is part of the broader form of apocalyptic expectation
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Catechism Of The Catholic Church
The CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH (Latin : Catechismus Catholicae Ecclesiae; commonly called the CATECHISM or the CCC) is a catechism promulgated for the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
by Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
in 1992. It sums up, in book form, the beliefs of the Catholic faithful
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British Israelites
BRITISH ISRAELISM (also called ANGLO-ISRAELISM) is a movement which holds the view that the people of England
England
(or more broadly, the people of Great Britain
Great Britain
) are "genetically, racially, and linguistically the direct descendants" of the Ten Lost Tribes
Ten Lost Tribes
of ancient Israel . With roots in the 16th century, British Israelism
British Israelism
was inspired by several 19th-century English writings, notably John Wilson's 1840 Our Israelitish Origin. The movement never had a head organisation or a centralized structure. Various British Israelite organisations were set up throughout the British Empire
British Empire
as well as in America from the 1870s; a number of these organisations are still active today. In America, its ideas gave rise to the Christian Identity movement
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Canudos War
First Brazilian Republic * Brazilian Army * Police Corps Canudos inhabitants * Jagunços * Civil militia COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Arthur Oscar de Andrade Guimarães Antônio Moreira César † Febrônio de Brito Virgílio Pereira de Almeida Pires Ferreira Antonio Conselheiro
Antonio Conselheiro
† João Abade † STRENGTH 12,000 military personnel 25,000 CASUALTIES AND LOSSES less than 5,000 dead almost 25,000 dead; only some 150 survivorsThe WAR OF CANUDOS (Guerra de Canudos, Portuguese pronunciation: , 1895–1898) was a conflict between the state of Brazil
Brazil
and a group of some 30,000 settlers who had founded their own community in the Northeastern state of Bahia , named Canudos
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Pacific Islanders
PACIFIC ISLANDERS are the peoples of the Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
. CONTENTS* 1 Pacific Islander
Pacific Islander
regions * 1.1 Polynesia * 1.2 Melanesia * 1.3 Micronesia
Micronesia
* 2 Ethnolinguistics * 3 Usage of phrase by country * 3.1 Australia * 3.2 New Zealand
New Zealand
* 3.3 United States * 4 List of Pacific peoples * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links * 9 External links PACIFIC ISLANDER REGIONS See also: Pacific Islands
Pacific Islands
According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the Pacific islands consist of three regions: POLYNESIAThe islands scattered across a triangle covering the east-central region of the Pacific Ocean
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Millerism
The MILLERITES were the followers of the teachings of William Miller , who in 1833 first shared publicly his belief that the Second Advent of Jesus
Jesus
Christ would occur in roughly the year 1843–1844. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 A national movement * 3 Great Disappointment
Great Disappointment
* 4 Post \'Great Disappointment\' Millerism
Millerism
* 5 Doctrine * 6 Influences * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 External links ORIGINSMiller was a prosperous farmer, a Baptist
Baptist
lay preacher, and student of the Bible
Bible
, living in northeastern New York . Miller spent years of intensive study of symbolic meaning of the prophecies of Daniel , especially Daniel 8:14 (Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed), the 2300 day prophecy
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Aum Shinrikyo
AUM SHINRIKYO (Japanese オウム真理教) is a Japanese doomsday cult founded by Shoko Asahara in 1984. It carried out the deadly Tokyo subway sarin attack in 1995 and was found to have been responsible for another smaller sarin attack the previous year. The group never confessed. Those who carried out attacks did so secretly, without being known to ordinary believers. Asahara broadcast his singing, insisting on his innocence through a radio broadcast on a signal they purchased in Russia
Russia
and directed toward Japan
Japan
. Aum Shinrikyo, which split into Aleph
Aleph
and Hikari no Wa in 2007, has been formally designated a terrorist organization by several countries, including Russia
Russia
, Canada
Canada
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, and the United States
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Terrorism
TERRORISM, in its broadest sense, describes the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror or fear , in order to achieve a political, religious or ideological aim. It is used in this regard primarily to refer to violence against peacetime targets or in war against non-combatants . The terms "terrorist" and "terrorism" have been used since the late 18th century, have gained popularity during the U.S. Presidency of Ronald Reagan (1981–89) after the 1983 Beirut barracks bombings and again after the attacks on New York City
New York City
and Washington, D.C. in September 2001 and on Bali in October 2002 . Nevertheless, there is no commonly accepted definition of 'terrorism'. Having the moral charge in our vocabulary of 'something morally wrong', the term 'terrorism' is often being used, both by governments and non-state-groups, to abuse or denounce opposite groups
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Catholic Apostolic Church
The CATHOLIC APOSTOLIC CHURCH was a religious movement which originated in England around 1831 and later spread to Germany and the United States. While often referred to as IRVINGISM, it was neither actually founded nor anticipated by Edward Irving
Edward Irving
. The Catholic Apostolic Church was organised in 1835 under the lead of apostles. Within the movement itself, the name Catholic
Catholic
Apostolic Church referred to the entire community of Christians who follow the Nicene Creed
Creed
. Those outside the movement, however, used the name to refer to the results of the ecumenical prayer movement in the early 19th century, accompanied by what were regarded by the said movement as outpourings of spiritual gifts in Great Britain (and elsewhere, though swiftly repressed by the local church authorities in other countries). The last apostle is unidentified
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Cheondoism
CHEONDOISM (spelled CHONDOISM in North Korean sources ) (Korean : Cheondogyo; hanja 天道教; hangul 천도교; literally " Religion
Religion
of the Heavenly Way") is a 20th-century Korean religious movement, based on the 19th-century Donghak neo- Confucian
Confucian
movement founded by Choe Je-u and codified under Son Byeong-hui . Cheondoism
Cheondoism
has its origins in the peasant rebellions which arose starting in 1812 during the Joseon
Joseon
dynasty . Cheondoism
Cheondoism
is essentially Confucian
Confucian
in origin, but incorporates elements of Korean shamanism
Korean shamanism
. It places emphasis on personal cultivation, social welfare in the present world, and rejects any notion of an afterlife. A splinter movement is Suwunism
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Dulcinian
The DULCINIANS were a religious sect of the Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
, originating within the Apostolic Brethren . The Dulcinians, or Dulcinites, and Apostolics were inspired by Franciscan
Franciscan
ideals and influenced by the Joachimites , but were considered heretical by the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
. Their name derives from the movement's leader, Fra Dolcino of Novara
Novara
(ca. 1250–1307), who was burned as a heretic on the orders of Pope Clement V
Pope Clement V

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Earth Changes
The phrase "EARTH CHANGES" was coined by the American psychic Edgar Cayce (1877-1945) to refer to the belief that the world would soon enter on a series of cataclysmic events causing major alterations in human life on the planet. This includes "natural events" (such as major earthquakes , the melting of the polar ice caps , a pole shift of the planetary axis, major weather events , solar flares and so on ) as well as huge changes of the local and global social, economical and political systems. CONTENTS * 1 Cayce * 2 New Age * 3 I Am America * 4 Reception and interpretation * 5 See also * 6 References CAYCECayce himself also made many prophecies of cataclysmic events involving the whole planet. He claimed the polar axis would shift and that many areas that are now land would again become ocean floor, and that Atlantis
Atlantis
would rise from the sea
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L'Encobert
THE HIDDEN (Catalan : L\'ENCOBERT, Spanish : EL ENCUBIERTO, "The Hidden/Shrouded ") (d. 1522) was a mysterious and charismatic leader of the remnants of the rebels in the last stages of the Revolt of the Brotherhoods in Aragon . Also called "The Hidden King" (Catalan : El Rei Encobert, Spanish : El Rey Encubierto), he claimed to be a prince hidden for his own safety now showing himself by divine command to save Spain from ruin. The Hidden unified the rebels for a short period, inspiring messianic fervor among his followers. He led them on hit-and-run raids against the royal government, uncooperative nobles, and Muslim peasants (mudéjars ). The Hidden was killed in Burjassot on May 18, 1522, and the rebellion soon collapsed afterward. His true name and lineage are unknown
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Diggers
The DIGGERS were a group of Protestant
Protestant
radicals, sometimes seen as forerunners of modern anarchism , and also associated with agrarian socialism and Georgism . Gerrard Winstanley 's followers were known as True Levellers in 1649 and later became known as Diggers, because of their attempts to farm on common land. Their original name came from their belief in economic equality based upon a specific passage in the Book of Acts
Book of Acts
. The Diggers
Diggers
tried (by "leveling" land ) to reform the existing social order with an agrarian lifestyle based on their ideas for the creation of small egalitarian rural communities. They were one of a number of nonconformist dissenting groups that emerged around this time
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Cult Of The Holy Spirit
The CULT OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (Portuguese : Culto do Divino Espírito Santo), also known as the CULT OF THE EMPIRE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (Culto do Império do Divino Espírito Santo), is a religious sub-culture, inspired by Christian millenarian mystics , associated with Azorean Catholic identity , consisting of iconography, architecture, and religious practices that have continued in many communities of the archipelago as well as the broader Portuguese diaspora . Beyond the Azores, the Cult of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
is alive in parts of Brazil
Brazil
(where it was established three centuries ago) and pockets of Portuguese settlers in North America. The cult of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
involves traditional rituals and religious celebrations of these faith communities
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Christian Israelite Church
The CHRISTIAN ISRAELITE CHURCH was founded in 1822 by the prophet John Wroe . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Beliefs * 3 References * 3.1 Bibliography * 4 External links HISTORYFrom 1822 to 1831, the church had its headquarters in the town of Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
, Lancashire
Lancashire
, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, which the church wanted to turn into a "new Jerusalem". Wroe's followers intended to build a wall around the town with four gateways. The wall was never constructed, but the four gatehouses were, as was a printing press. Popular opinion in Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
turned against Wroe when he was accused of indecent behaviour in 1831, but the charges were dismissed. The Church spread to Australia
Australia
and the United States of America, where it is still active
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