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Mensch
MENSCH (Yiddish: מענטש‎ mentsh, cognate with the German word Mensch meaning a "human being") means "a person of integrity and honor". The opposite of a "mensch" is an "unmensch", meaning an utterly unlikeable or unfriendly person. According to Leo Rosten , the Yiddish
Yiddish
maven and author of The Joys of Yiddish
Yiddish
, a "mensch" is "someone to admire and emulate, someone of noble character. The key to being 'a real mensch' is nothing less than character, rectitude, dignity, a sense of what is right, responsible, decorous." The term is used as a high compliment, implying the rarity and value of that individual's qualities. CONTENTS * 1 Details * 2 Mensch on the Bench * 3 See also * 4 References DETAILSIn Yiddish
Yiddish
, mentsh roughly means "a good person"
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Hasidic
HASIDISM, sometimes HASIDIC JUDAISM ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: חסידות‎, hasidut, Ashkenazi pronunciation : ; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious sect. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine
Western Ukraine
during the 18th century
18th century
and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
. Today, most affiliates reside in the United States
United States
, Israel
Israel
, and Britain . Israel
Israel
Ben Eliezer, the " Baal Shem Tov ", is regarded as its founding father, and his disciples developed and disseminated it. Present-day Hasidism is a sub-group within Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredi") Judaism
Judaism
and is noted for its religious conservatism and social seclusion
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Rabbi
In Judaism
Judaism
, a RABBI /ˈræbaɪ/ is a teacher of Torah
Torah
. This title derives from the Hebrew word רַבִּי‎ rabi , meaning "My Master" (irregular plural רבנים‎ rabanim ), which is the way a student would address a master of Torah. The word "master" רב‎ rav literally means "great one". The basic form of the rabbi developed in the Pharisaic and Talmudic era, when learned teachers assembled to codify Judaism's written and oral laws. The first sage for whom the Mishnah
Mishnah
uses the title of rabbi was Yohanan ben Zakkai , active in the early to mid first century CE
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Hanukkah
HANUKKAH (/ˈhɑːnəkə/ HAH-nə-kə ; Hebrew : חֲנֻכָּה‎ khanuká, Tiberian : khanuká, usually spelled חנוכה, pronounced in Modern Hebrew
Modern Hebrew
, or in Yiddish ; a transliteration also romanized as CHANUKAH or ḤANUKAH) is a Jewish holiday
Jewish holiday
commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple (the Second Temple ) in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire
Seleucid Empire
. Hanukkah
Hanukkah
is observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
, which may occur at any time from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar . It is also known as the FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS and the FEAST OF DEDICATION
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Hasbro
HASBRO, INC. (/ˈhæzbroʊ/ ; an abbreviation of its original name, HASSENFELD BROTHERS) is an American multinational toy and board game company. Hasbro
Hasbro
is the third largest toy maker in the world with revenues of approximately $4.45 billion. Hasbro
Hasbro
acquired the trademarks and products of Kenner , Parker Brothers
Parker Brothers
and Milton Bradley , among others. Among its toy and game products are the iconic Monopoly
Monopoly
board game, G.I. Joe
G.I. Joe
figurine, Furby
Furby
electronic stuffed animal, Transformers mechanical toys and My Little Pony
My Little Pony
. The Hasbro brand also spawned TV shows, such as Family Game Night on the Discovery Family network, to promote its products. The corporate headquarters is located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
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Judas Maccabeus
JUDAH MACCABEE (or JUDAS MACCABEUS, also spelled Machabeus, or Maccabaeus, Hebrew : יהודה המכבי, Yehudah ha-Makabi) was a Jewish
Jewish
priest (kohen ) and a son of the priest Mattathias . He led the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire
Seleucid Empire
(167–160 BCE). The Jewish
Jewish
feast of Hanukkah
Hanukkah
("Dedication") commemorates the restoration of Jewish
Jewish
worship at the temple in Jerusalem in 164 BCE, after Judah Maccabee removed the Hellenistic statuary
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Menorah (Hanukkah)
The Hanukkah
Hanukkah
MENORAH, also CHANUKIAH or HANUKKIAH (Hebrew : מנורת חנוכה‎ menorat ḥanukkah, pl. menorot; also Hebrew : חַנֻכִּיָּה‎ ḥanukkiyah, or chanukkiyah, pl. ḥanukkiyot/chanukkiyot, or Yiddish : חנוכּה לאָמפּ‎ khanike lomp, lit. : Hanukkah
Hanukkah
lamp) is a nine-branched candelabrum lit during the eight-day holiday of Hanukkah, as opposed to the seven-branched menorah used in the ancient Temple or as a symbol. On each night of Hanukkah
Hanukkah
a new branch is lit. The ninth holder, called the shamash ("helper" or "servant"), is for a candle used to light all other candles and/or to be used as an extra light. To be kosher the shamash must be offset on a higher or lower plane than the main eight candles or oil lamps, but there are differing opinions as to whether all the lights must be arranged in a straight line, or if the channukiah can be arranged in a curve
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Hanukkah Gelt
HANUKKAH GELT (Yiddish : חנוכה געלט‎ ḥanukah gelt ; Hebrew : דמי חנוכה‎ dmei ḥanukah, both meaning literally " Hanukkah
Hanukkah
money") refers to money as well as chocolate coins given to Jewish children on the festival of Hanukkah
Hanukkah
. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Money * 1.2 Chocolate
Chocolate
* 2 Customs * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYMONEY Rabbi A. P. Bloch has written that "The tradition of giving money (Chanukah gelt) to children is of long standing. The custom had its origin in the 17th-century practice of Polish Jewry to give money to their small children for distribution to their teachers. In time, as children demanded their due, money was also given to children to keep for themselves. Teenage boys soon came in for their share
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Dreidel
A DREIDEL ( Yiddish : דרײדל‎ dreydl plural: dreydlekh, Hebrew : סביבון‎‎ sevivon) is a four-sided spinning top , played with during the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah
Hanukkah
. The dreidel is a Jewish variant on the teetotum , a gambling toy found in many European cultures. Each side of the dreidel bears a letter of the Hebrew
Hebrew
alphabet: נ‎ (Nun ), ג‎ ( Gimel ), ה‎ (He ), ש‎ (Shin ), which together form the acronym for "נס גדול היה שם‎" (Nes Gadol Hayah SHam – "a great miracle happened there"). These letters were originally a mnemonic for the rules of a gambling game played with a dreidel: Nun stands for the Yiddish word nisht ("nothing"), He stands for halb ("half"), Gimel for gants ("all"), and Shin for shtel ayn ("put in")
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Humanism
HUMANISM is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings , individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism ) over acceptance of dogma or superstition . The meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have identified with it. The term was coined by theologian Friedrich Niethammer at the beginning of the 19th century . Generally, however, humanism refers to a perspective that affirms some notion of human freedom and progress. In modern times, humanist movements are typically non-religious movements aligned with secularism , and today humanism typically refers to a nontheistic life stance centred on human agency and looking to science rather than revelation from a supernatural source to understand the world
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Cicero
MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO (/ˈsɪsᵻroʊ/ ; Classical Latin: ; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman politician and lawyer, who served as consul in the year 63 BC. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order
Roman equestrian order
, and is considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists. His influence on the Latin
Latin
language was so immense that the subsequent history of prose, not only in Latin
Latin
but in European languages up to the 19th century, was said to be either a reaction against or a return to his style. According to Michael Grant , "the influence of Cicero
Cicero
upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language"
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MAVEN
A MAVEN (also MAVIN) is a trusted expert in a particular field, who seeks to pass timely and relevant knowledge on to others in the respective field. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Current usage * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe word itself is a borrowing from the Yiddish meyvn 'an expert, connoisseur', derived from the Hebrew מבֿין‎ mēvīn 'person with understanding, teacher', a participle of the verb הֵבִין‎ hēvīn 'to understand', from the West Semitic root byn 'to be separate, distinguish'
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Compassion
COMPASSION motivates people to go out of their way to help the physical, spiritual, or emotional hurts and pains of another. Compassion
Compassion
is often regarded as having sensitivity, an emotional aspect to suffering, though when based on cerebral notions such as fairness, justice, and interdependence, it may be considered rational in nature and its application understood as an activity based on sound judgment. There is also an aspect of compassion which regards a quantitative dimension, such that individual's compassion is often given a property of "depth", "vigour", or "passion ". The etymology of "compassion" is Latin, meaning "co-suffering." Compassion
Compassion
involves "feeling for another" and is a precursor to empathy , the "feeling as another" capacity for better person centered acts of active compassion, in common parlance active compassion is the desire to alleviate another's suffering
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Yiddish
YIDDISH (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, lit. "Jewish ", pronounced ; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, lit. Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews
Jews
. It originated during the 9th century in Central Europe , providing the nascent Ashkenazi community with an extensive Germanic based vernacular fused with elements taken from Hebrew and Aramaic , as well as from Slavic languages and traces of Romance languages . Yiddish
Yiddish
is written with a fully vocalized alphabet based on the Hebrew alphabet . The earliest surviving references date from the 12th century and call the language לשון־אַשכּנז (loshn-ashknaz, "language of Ashkenaz") or טײַטש (taytsh), a variant of tiutsch, the contemporary name for Middle High German . Colloquially, the language is sometimes called מאַמע־לשון (mame-loshn, lit
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Leo Rosten
LEO CALVIN ROSTEN (April 11, 1908 – February 19, 1997) was an American humorist in the fields of scriptwriting , storywriting, journalism, and Yiddish
Yiddish
lexicography . He was also a political scientist interested especially in the relationship of politics and the media. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Scriptwriter * 1.3 Stories and books * 1.4 Quotations * 1.5 Personal life * 2 Bibliography * 2.1 Hyman Kaplan * 2.2 Other * 3 Notes * 4 References BIOGRAPHYEARLY LIFERosten was born into a Yiddish
Yiddish
-speaking family in Łódź in what is now Poland, but emigrated to the United States with his family in 1911 at age three. His parents were Samuel C. Rosenberg and Ida (Freundlich) Rosenberg, both trade unionists. They opened a knitting shop in the Greater Lawndale area of Chicago, where Rosten and his younger sister grew up among other working-class Jewish families
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