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Maranos
Marranos, now considered an offensive term for which the academic term "crypto-Jews" substitutes, were Jews
Jews
living in Iberia who converted or were forced to convert to Christianity yet continued to practice Judaism in secret. The term specifically refers to the accusation of Crypto-Judaism, whereas the term converso was used for the wider population of Jewish converts to Catholicism whether or not they secretly still practised Jewish rites. Converts from both Judaism or Islam were referred to by the even broader term "New Christians". The term "marrano" came into later use in 1492 with the Castilian Alhambra Decree, which outlawed the practice of Judaism in Spain and required all remaining Jews
Jews
to convert or leave. By then, the large majority of Jews
Jews
in Spain had converted to Catholicism and conversos numbered hundreds of thousands
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Passover Seder
The Passover
Passover
Seder /ˈseɪdər/ (Hebrew: סֵדֶר‬ [ˈsedeʁ] 'order, arrangement'; Yiddish: סדר‎ seyder) is a Jewish ritual feast that marks the beginning of the Jewish holiday
Jewish holiday
of Passover. It is conducted throughout the world on the evening of the 15th day of Nisan
Nisan
in the Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
(with a calendar day reckoned to start at sunset). The day falls in late March or in April of the Gregorian calendar and the Passover
Passover
lasts for 7 days in Israel
Israel
and 8 days outside Israel. Jews
Jews
generally observe one or two seders: in Israel, one seder is observed on the first night of Passover; many Diaspora communities hold a seder also on the second night
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Azores
The Azores
Azores
(/əˈzɔːrz/ ə-ZORZ or /ˈeɪzɔːrz/ AY-zorz; Portuguese: Açores, [ɐˈsoɾɨʃ]), officially the Autonomous Region of the Azores
Azores
(Região Autónoma dos Açores), is one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal. It is an archipelago composed of nine volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
about 1,360 km (850 mi) west of continental Portugal, about 1,643 km (1,021 mi) west of Lisbon, in continental Portugal, about 1,507 km (936 mi) northwest of Morocco, and about 1,925 km (1,196 mi) southeast of Newfoundland, Canada. Its main industries are agriculture, dairy farming, livestock, fishing, and tourism, which is becoming the major service activity in the region. In addition, the government of the Azores
Azores
employs a large percentage of the population directly or indirectly in the service and tertiary sectors
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Dominican Order
The Order of Preachers (Latin: Ordo Praedicatorum, postnominal abbreviation OP), also known as the Dominican Order, is a mendicant Catholic religious order
Catholic religious order
founded by the Spanish priest Dominic of Caleruega (also called Dominic de Guzmán) in France, approved by Pope Honorius III via the Papal bull
Papal bull
Religiosam vitam
Religiosam vitam
on 22 December 1216. Members of the order, who are referred to as Dominicans, generally carry the letters OP after their names, standing for Ordinis Praedicatorum, meaning of the Order of Preachers
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Aragon
Aragon
Aragon
(/ˈærəɡɒn/ or /ˈærəɡən/, Spanish and Aragonese: Aragón [aɾaˈɣon], Catalan: Aragó [əɾəˈɣo] or [aɾaˈɣo]) is an autonomous community in Spain, coextensive with the medieval Kingdom of Aragon. Located in northeastern Spain, the Aragonese autonomous community comprises three provinces (from north to south): Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Its capital is Zaragoza
Zaragoza
(also called Saragossa in English). The current Statute of Autonomy declares Aragon a historic nationality of Spain. Covering an area of 47720 km2 (18420 sq mi)[2], the region's terrain ranges diversely from permanent glaciers to verdant valleys, rich pasture lands and orchards, through to the arid steppe plains of the central lowlands
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Holland
Holland
Holland
is a region and former province on the western coast of the Netherlands. The name Holland
Holland
is also frequently used informally to refer to the whole of the country of the Netherlands. This usage is commonly accepted in other countries,[2] and sometimes employed by the Dutch themselves.[2] However, some in the Netherlands, particularly in other regions of the country, may find it undesirable[2] or misrepresentative. From the 10th to the 16th century, Holland
Holland
proper was a unified political region within the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
as a county ruled by the Counts of Holland
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Zeeland
Zeeland
Zeeland
(/ˈziːlənd/; Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzeːlɑnt] ( listen), Zeelandic: Zeêland [ˈzɪə̯lɑnt], historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands. The province, located in the south-west of the country, consists of a number of islands and peninsulas (hence its name, meaning "Sealand") and a strip bordering Belgium. Its capital is Middelburg. Its area is about 2,930 square kilometres (1,130 sq mi), of which almost 1,140 square kilometres (440 sq mi) is water, and it has a population of about 380,000. Large parts of Zeeland
Zeeland
are below sea level. The last great flooding of the area was in 1953. Tourism is an important economic activity. In the summer, its beaches make it a popular destination for tourists, especially German tourists. In some areas, the population can be two to four times higher during the high summer season
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Lisbon Massacre
The Lisbon
Lisbon
massacre, alternatively known as the Lisbon
Lisbon
pogrom or the 1506 Easter Slaughter was an incident in April, 1506, in Lisbon, Portugal
Portugal
in which a crowd of Catholics, as well as foreign sailors who were anchored in the Tagus, persecuted, tortured, killed, and burnt at the stake hundreds of people who were accused of being Jews
Jews
and, thus, guilty of deicide and heresy
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Manuel I Of Portugal
Dom Manuel I[a] (European Portuguese: [mɐnuˈɛɫ]; 31 May 1469 – 13 December 1521), the Fortunate (Port. o Afortunado), King of Portugal and the Algarves, was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, by his wife, the Infanta Beatrice of Portugal. His name is associated with a period of Portuguese civilization that was distinguished by significant achievements both in political affairs and the arts
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Foral
The word foral (European Portuguese: [fuˈɾaɫ], plural: forais) is a noun derived from the Portuguese word foro, ultimately from Latin forum, equivalent to Spanish fuero, Galician foro, Catalan fur and Basque foru. The Carta de Foral, or simply Foral, was a royal document in Portugal and its former empire, whose purpose was to establish a concelho (Council) and regulate its administration, borders and privileges. A newly founded town would also need the king's approval through a Foral, in order to be considered one. In this case, the town's administration and privileges would be defined in that document. Forais were granted between the 12th and the 16th centuries. The Foral was the basis for municipal foundation, thus the most important event of a city or town's history
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Alentejo
Alentejo
Alentejo
(IPA: [ɐlɐ̃j̃ˈtɛʒu]) is a geographical, historical and cultural region of south-central and southern Portugal. In Portuguese, it literally means "beyond" (além) Tagus river
Tagus river
(Tejo). Alentejo
Alentejo
includes the regions of Alto Alentejo
Alentejo
and Baixo Alentejo. It corresponds to the districts of Beja, Évora, Portalegre and the Alentejo
Alentejo
Litoral
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Olivenza
Olivenza
Olivenza
(Spanish: [oliˈβenθa]) or Olivença (Portuguese: [oliˈvẽsɐ]) is a town situated on a disputed section of the Portugal– Spain
Spain
border. It is administered de facto by Spain, as part of the autonomous community of Extremadura. Portugal holds a claim on the town and its surrounding territory.[1] As Olivença, the town was under Portuguese sovereignty between 1297 (Treaty of Alcañices) and 1801 when it was invaded by the Spanish during the War of the Oranges
War of the Oranges
and then ceded to Spain
Spain
under the Treaty of Badajoz
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Santarém, Portugal
Santarém (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃tɐˈɾɐ̃j]) is a city and municipality located in the district of Santarém in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 61,752,[1][2] in an area of 552.54 km².[2][3] The population of the city proper was 29,929 in 2012. The Mayor is Ricardo Gonçalves (PSD). The municipal holiday is March 19, day of Saint Joseph (São José). The city is on the Portuguese Way variant of the Way of Saint James.Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Parishes 2.2 Climate 2.3 Sister cities3 Architecture 4 Notable citizens 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]Main portal of Igreja da GraçaThe Tagus River
Tagus River
as seen from Portas do SolSince prehistory, the region of Santarém has been inhabited, first by the Lusitani
Lusitani
people and then by the Greeks, Romans, Visigoths, Moors and later Portuguese Christians
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Madeira
Madeira
Madeira
(/məˈdɪərə, -ˈdɛərə/ mə-DEER-ə, -DAIR-ə; Portuguese: [mɐˈðejɾɐ, -ˈðɐj-]) is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal. Its total population was estimated in 2011 at 267,785. The capital of Madeira
Madeira
is Funchal, located on the main island's south coast. The archipelago is just under 400 kilometres (250 mi) north of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Since 1976, the archipelago has been one of the two autonomous regions of Portugal
Portugal
(the other being the Azores, located to the northwest). It includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands
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Ron Ben-Yishai
Ron Ben-Yishai
Ron Ben-Yishai
(Hebrew: רון בן-ישי‬, born October 26, 1943) is an award winning Israeli journalist. A veteran war correspondent, Ben-Yishai has covered many military conflicts in several different regions. In 2018, he won the Israel Prize, the Israel's most prestigious civic honor.Contents1 Biography 2 Journalism career 3 Awards and recognition 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit] Ben-Yishai was born in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
in 1943. He graduated from the military boarding school near the Hebrew Reali School
Hebrew Reali School
in Haifa
Haifa
in 1961. He joined the Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
(IDF) and served in the Paratroopers Brigade
Paratroopers Brigade
and the Golani Brigade. He finished an infantry officers course and platoon commanders course, in addition to several command courses
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Portuguese Inquisition
The Portuguese Inquisition
Inquisition
(Portuguese: Inquisição Portuguesa) was formally established in Portugal
Portugal
in 1536 at the request of its king, John III. Manuel I had asked for the installation of the Inquisition in 1515 to fulfill the commitment of marriage with Maria of Aragon, but it was only after his death that Pope Paul III
Pope Paul III
acquiesced
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