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Linen
LINEN /ˈlɪnᵻn/ is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant. Linen
Linen
is laborious to manufacture, but the fiber is very absorbent and garments made of linen are valued for their exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather. Many products are made of linen: aprons, bags, towels (swimming, bath, beach, body and wash towels), napkins, bed linens, tablecloths, runners, chair covers, and men's and women's wear. The word linen is of West Germanic origin and cognate to the Latin name for the flax plant, linum, and the earlier Greek λινόν (linón). This word history has given rise to a number of other terms in English, most notably line , from the use of a linen (flax) thread to determine a straight line
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Mesopotamia
MESOPOTAMIA (/ˌmɛsəpəˈteɪmiə/ , Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Μεσοποταμία " between rivers"; Arabic
Arabic
: بلاد الرافدين‎‎ bilād ar-rāfidayn; Kurdish : میزۆپۆتامیا‎; Persian : میان‌رودان‎‎ miyān rudān; Syriac : ܒܝܬ ܢܗܪܝܢ‎ Beth Nahrain "land of rivers") was a historical region situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system
Tigris–Euphrates river system
, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq
Iraq
plus Kuwait
Kuwait
, the eastern parts of Syria
Syria
, Southeastern Turkey
Turkey
, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran– Iraq
Iraq
borders . The Sumerians and Akkadians (including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
from the beginning of written history (c
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Inanna
INANNA (/ɪˈnɑːnə/ ; Sumerian : 𒀭𒈹 D inanna) was the Sumerian goddess of love, beauty, sex, desire, fertility, war, combat, and political power, equivalent to the Akkadian
Akkadian
and Babylonian goddess Ishtar
Ishtar
. She was also the patron goddess of the Eanna
Eanna
temple at the city of Uruk
Uruk
, which was her main cult center. She was associated with the planet Venus
Venus
and her most prominent symbols included the lion and the eight-pointed star. Inanna's origins have posed a problem to many scholars due to her diverse range of characteristics; some have proposed that she may have originated as a syncretism of various other Sumerian deities or as a Semitic deity who entered into the Sumerian pantheon after it was already well-established
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Tammuz (deity)
TAMMUZ (Syriac : ܬܡܘܙ‎; Hebrew
Hebrew
: תַּמּוּז‎, Transliterated
Transliterated
Hebrew
Hebrew
: Tammuz, Tiberian Hebrew
Hebrew
: Tammûz; Arabic : تمّوز‎‎ Tammūz; Akkadian : Duʾzu, Dūzu; Sumerian : Dumuzid (DUMU.ZI(D), "faithful or true son") is a Sumerian god of food and vegetation , also worshiped in the later Mesopotamian
Mesopotamian
states of Akkad , Assyria
Assyria
and Babylonia
Babylonia

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Linoleum
LINOLEUM, also called LINO, is a floor covering made from renewable materials such as solidified linseed oil (linoxyn), pine rosin , ground cork dust, wood flour , and mineral fillers such as calcium carbonate , most commonly on a burlap or canvas backing; pigments are often added to the materials. The finest linoleum floors, known as "inlaid", are extremely durable; they were made by joining and inlaying solid pieces of linoleum. Cheaper patterned linoleum came in different grades or gauges, and were printed with thinner layers which were more prone to wear and tear. High quality linoleum is flexible and thus can be used in buildings where a more rigid material (such as ceramic tile ) would crack. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Loss of trademark protection * 2 Use * 3 Present day * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORY Early linoleum at Tyntesfield
Tyntesfield

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Linseed Oil
LINSEED OIL, also known as FLAXSEED OIL or FLAX OIL, is a colourless to yellowish oil obtained from the dried, ripened seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum). The oil is obtained by pressing , sometimes followed by solvent extraction . Linseed oil
Linseed oil
is a drying oil , meaning it can polymerize into a solid form. Due to its polymer-forming properties, linseed oil can be used on its own or blended with combinations of other oils, resins or solvents as an impregnator, drying oil finish or varnish in wood finishing , as a pigment binder in oil paints , as a plasticizer and hardener in putty , and in the manufacture of linoleum . Linseed oil
Linseed oil
use has declined over the past several decades with increased availability of synthetic alkyd resins—which function similarly but resist yellowing
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Before Present
BEFORE PRESENT (BP) years is a time scale used mainly in geology and other scientific disciplines to specify when events occurred in the past. Because the "present" time changes, standard practice is to use 1 January 1950 as the commencement date of the age scale, reflecting the fact that radiocarbon dating became practical in the 1950s. The abbreviation "BP", with the same meaning, has also been interpreted as "Before Physics"; that is, before nuclear weapons testing artificially altered the proportion of the carbon isotopes in the atmosphere, making dating after that time likely to be unreliable. CONTENTS * 1 Usage of "BP" * 2 Radiocarbon dating
Radiocarbon dating
* 3 Radiocarbon calibration * 4 Other dating conventions * 5 References USAGE OF "BP"The BP scale is sometimes used for dates established by means other than radiocarbon dating, such as stratigraphy
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Lining (sewing)
In sewing and tailoring , a LINING is an inner layer of fabric , fur , or other material inserted into clothing , hats , luggage , curtains , handbags and similar items. Linings provide a neat inside finish and conceal interfacing , padding, the raw edges of seams , and other construction details. A lining reduces the wearing strain on clothing, extending the useful life of the lined garment. A smooth lining allows a coat or jacket to slip on over other clothing easily, and linings add warmth to cold-weather wear. Linings are typically made of solid colors to coordinate with the garment fabric , but patterned and contrasting-colored linings are also used. Designer Madeleine Vionnet introduced the ensemble in which the coat was lined in the fabric used for the dress worn with it, and this notion remains a characteristic of the Chanel
Chanel
suit, which often features a lining and blouse of the same fabric
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Samuel Noah Kramer
SAMUEL NOAH KRAMER (September 28, 1897 – November 26, 1990) was one of the world's leading Assyriologists and a world-renowned expert in Sumerian history and Sumerian language . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 See also * 3 Selected writings * 4 References * 4.1 Notes * 4.2 Bibliography * 5 External links BIOGRAPHYKramer was born on September 28, 1897 in Zhashkiv near Uman
Uman
in the Kiev Governorate , Russian Empire
Russian Empire
, the son of Benjamin and Yetta Kramer. In 1905 as a result of the anti-Semitic pogroms under Czar Nicholas II of Russia
Russia
, his family emigrated to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
, where his father established a Hebrew school
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Diane Wolkstein
DIANE WOLKSTEIN (November 11, 1942 – January 31, 2013) was a folklorist and author of children's books. She also served as New York City 's official storyteller from 1968–1971. As New York's official storyteller, Wolkstein visited two of the city's parks each weekday, staging hundreds of one-woman storytelling events. After successfully talking her way into the position, she realized "there was no margin for error," she said in a 1992 interview. "I mean, it was a park. just go somewhere else if they didn't like it." She also had a radio show on WNYC, Stories From Many Lands, from 1968 until 1980, and she helped create the Storytelling Center of New York City. Wolkstein authored two dozen books, primarily collections of folk tales and legends she gathered during research trips. She made many visits to China
China
, Haiti
Haiti
and Africa
Africa

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International Year Of Natural Fibres
The United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
declared 2009 as the INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF NATURAL FIBRES , as well as the International Year of Astronomy . The proposal for this international year originated in FAO at a joint meeting of the Intergovernmental Group on Hard Fibres and the Intergovernmental Group on Jute
Jute
in 2004, and was endorsed by FAO Conference in 2005. It is one of many international observances declared for specific days, months and years. The IYNF was intended to cover a wide range of natural fibres, of animal and vegetable origin, and with uses ranging from luxurious apparel to traditional and non-traditional industrial uses
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Ramses II
RAMESSES II /ˈræməsiːz, ˈræmsiːz, ˈræmziːz/ (variously spelled also RAMESES or RAMSES; born c. 1303 BCE; died July or August 1213 BCE; reigned 1279–1213 BCE), also known as RAMESSES THE GREAT, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt . He often is regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire
Egyptian Empire
. His successors and later Egyptians called him the "Great Ancestor". He is known as OZYMANDIAS in the Greek sources, from a transliteration into Greek of a part of Ramesses' throne name , Usermaatre Setepenre , "The justice of is powerful—chosen of Rê". Ramesses II led several military expeditions into the Levant
Levant
, reasserting Egyptian control over Canaan
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Tutankhamun
TUTANKHAMUN (/ˌtuːtənkɑːˈmuːn/ ; alternatively spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled c. 1332–1323 BC in the conventional chronology ), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom or sometimes the New Empire Period. He has, since his discovery, been colloquially referred to as KING TUT. His original name, TUTANKHATEN, means "Living Image of Aten ", while Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun
means "Living Image of Amun
Amun
". In hieroglyphs , the name Tutankhamun
Tutankhamun
was typically written Amen-tut-ankh, because of a scribal custom that placed a divine name at the beginning of a phrase to show appropriate reverence
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Ulster
Patron Saints: Finnian of Moville Columba a. ^ The Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Statistics and Research Agency for 2011 combined with the preliminary results of Census of Ireland 2011 for Ulster
Ulster
(part of). b. ^ Ulster
Ulster
contains all of the Northern Ireland constituency (3 MEPs) as well as part of the Midlands–North-West constituency (4 MEPs); the counties of Cavan, Monaghan and Donegal contain 17.5% of the population of this constituency. ULSTER (/ˈʌlstər/ ; Irish : Ulaidh pronounced or Cúige Uladh pronounced , Ulster
Ulster
Scots : Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland
Ireland
. In ancient Ireland
Ireland
, it was one of the fifths (Irish : cúige) ruled by a rí ruirech , or "king of over-kings"
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Isis
الدولة الإسلامية في العراق والشام‎ ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī 'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām Participant in the Iraq War
Iraq War
(2003–2011), Iraqi insurgency , Syrian Civil War , Iraqi Civil War , Second Libyan Civil War , Boko Haram insurgency , War in North-West Pakistan , War in Afghanistan , Yemeni Civil War , and other conflicts ------------------------- Primary target of Operation Inherent Resolve
Operation Inherent Resolve
and of the military intervention against ISIL : in Syria
Syria
, Iraq
Iraq
, Libya , and Nigeria
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Utu
UTU ( Akkadian
Akkadian
rendition of Sumerian dUD 𒀭𒌓 " Sun
Sun
", Assyro-Babylonian Shamash "Sun") is the Sun