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Lieutenant General
LIEUTENANT GENERAL, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL and similar (abbrev LT. GEN, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general . In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general ; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral , and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal . A lieutenant general commands an army corps , made up of typically three army divisions , and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.)
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Sub-lieutenant
SUB-LIEUTENANT is a junior military officer rank. In many navies, a sub-lieutenant is a naval commissioned or subordinate officer , ranking below a lieutenant. In the Royal Navy (RN) the rank of sub-lieutenant is equivalent to the rank of lieutenant in the British Army and of flying officer in the Royal Air Force (RAF). In some armies, sub-lieutenant is the lowest officer rank. However, in Brazil, it is the highest non-commissioned rank, and in Spain, it is the second highest non-commissioned rank. The NATO rank code for the British Royal Navy
Royal Navy
rank is OF-1 (senior)
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Flight Lieutenant
FLIGHT LIEUTENANT (FLT LT in the RAF and IAF ; FLTLT in the RAAF and RNZAF
RNZAF
—formerly sometimes F/L in all services) is a junior commissioned air force rank that originated in the Royal Naval Air Service and is still used in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
and many other countries, especially in the Commonwealth . It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in non-English-speaking countries, especially those with an air force-specific rank structure. Flight lieutenant
Flight lieutenant
ranks above flying officer and below squadron leader . The name of the rank is the complete phrase; it is never shortened to "lieutenant". It has a NATO
NATO
ranking code of OF-2, and is equivalent to a lieutenant in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
and a captain in the British Army and the Royal Marines
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Lieutenant
A LIEUTENANT (abbreviated LT, LT, LIEUT and similar) is a junior commissioned officer in the armed forces , fire services and police forces of many nations. The meaning of lieutenant differs in different military formations (see comparative military ranks ), but is often subdivided into senior (first lieutenant ) and junior (second lieutenant ) ranks. In navies it is often equivalent to the army rank of captain; it may also indicate a particular post rather than a rank. The rank is also used in fire services , emergency medical services , security services and police forces. Lieutenant
Lieutenant
may also appear as part of a title used in various other organisations with a codified command structure. It often designates someone who is "second-in-command ," and as such, may precede the name of the rank directly above it. For example, a "lieutenant master" is likely to be second-in-command to the "master" in an organisation using both ranks
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First Lieutenant
FIRST LIEUTENANT is a commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces and, in some forces, an appointment. The rank of lieutenant has different meanings in different military formations (see comparative military ranks ), but the majority of cases it is common for it to be sub-divided into a senior (first lieutenant) and junior (second lieutenant) rank. In navies it may relate to a particular post rather than a rank. CONTENTS* 1 United Kingdom * 1.1 British Army * 1.2 Royal Navy
Royal Navy
* 2 United States * 2.1 U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Air Force * 2.2 U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard * 2.3 U.S
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Flying Officer
FLYING OFFICER (FG OFF in the RAF and IAF; FLGOFF in the RAAF; FGOFF in the RNZAF; formerly F/O in all services and still frequently in the RAF) is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence. It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. In these cases a Flying Officer usually ranks above pilot officer and immediately below flight lieutenant . It has a NATO
NATO
ranking code of OF-1 and is equivalent to a lieutenant in the British Army or the Royal Marines . However, it is superior to the nearest equivalent rank of sub-lieutenant in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
. The equivalent rank in the Women\'s Auxiliary Air Force was "section officer"
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Captain (armed Forces)
The army rank of CAPTAIN (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers. The rank is also used by some air forces and marine forces . Today, a captain is typically either the commander or second-in-command of a company or artillery battery (or United States Army cavalry troop or Commonwealth squadron ). In the Chinese People\'s Liberation Army , a captain may also command a company , or be the second-in-command of a battalion . In NATO
NATO
countries, the rank of captain is described by the code OF-2 and is one rank above an OF-1 (lieutenant or first lieutenant ) and one below an OF-3 (major or commandant ). The rank of captain is generally considered to be the highest rank a soldier can achieve while remaining in the field
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Lieutenant (navy)
LIEUTENANT (abbreviated LT, LT, LT(N), LT(N), LIEUT and LEUT, depending on nation) is a commissioned officer rank in many nations' navies . It is typically the most senior of junior officer ranks. The rank's insignia usually consists of two medium gold braid stripes and often the uppermost stripe features an executive curl. The now immediately senior rank of lieutenant commander was formerly a senior naval lieutenant rank. Many navies also use a subordinate rank of sub-lieutenant . The appointment of "first lieutenant" in many navies is held by a senior lieutenant. A navy lieutenant ranks higher than an army lieutenant ; the navy rank of lieutenant is a NATO OF-2 (US grade O-3) and ranks with an army captain . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Rank insignia * 3 "First lieutenant" in naval usage * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References HISTORYFrom at least 1580, the lieutenant on a ship had been the officer immediately subordinate to the captain
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Lieutenant Commander
LIEUTENANT COMMANDER (also hyphenated LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER and abbreviated LT CDR, LTCDR. or LCDR ) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies . The rank is superior to a lieutenant and subordinate to a commander . The corresponding rank in most armies (armed services) and air forces is major , and in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
and other Commonwealth air forces is squadron leader . The NATO
NATO
rank code is mostly OF-3. A lieutenant commander is a senior department officer or the executive officer (second-in-command ) on many warships and smaller shore installation, or the commanding officer of a smaller ship/installation. They are also senior department officers in naval aviation squadrons
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Major
MAJOR is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing in many military forces throughout the world. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Links to major ranks by country * 2.1 Insignia of air force majors * 2.2 Insignia of army majors * 2.3 Insignia of naval infantry majors * 3 Ranks equivalent to major by country * 4 See also * 5 References BACKGROUNDWhen used unhyphenated, in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank senior to that of an army captain , and one rank subordinate or below the rank of lieutenant colonel . It is considered the most junior of the field officer ranks. Majors are typically assigned as specialised executive or operations officers for battalion -sized units of 300 to 1,200 soldiers. In some militaries, notably France and Ireland, the rank of major is referred to as commandant , while in others it is known as captain-major
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Commandant (rank)
COMMANDANT (/ˌkɒmənˈdɑːnt/ or /ˌkɒmənˈdænt/ ) is a military or police rank. In the French, Spanish, Irish and Monegasque armed forces it is a rank equivalent to major . In South Africa for most of the second half of the 20th century, commandant was a rank equivalent to lieutenant-colonel . CONTENTS * 1 Canada * 2 Ireland * 3 France * 4 Spain * 5 Latin America
Latin America
* 6 South Africa * 7 United Kingdom * 8 References * 9 See also CANADAIn the Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
, "commandant" is the French-language title for a major of a unit. However, in English, "commandant" is used exclusively to identify those commanding officers responsible for units that provide a service or oversight to some lodger population (such as a military school with trainees, a military college with students, a detention facility with prisoners, or a long-term care facility with patients)
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Squadron Leader
SQUADRON LEADER (SQN LDR in the RAF and PAF ; SQNLDR in the RAAF and RNZAF ; formerly sometimes S/L in all services) is a commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
and the air forces of many countries which have historical British influence. It is also sometimes used as the English translation of an equivalent rank in countries which have a non-English air force-specific rank structure. An air force squadron leader ranks above flight lieutenant and immediately below wing commander and it is the most junior of the senior officer ranks. The air force rank of squadron leader has a NATO ranking code of OF-3 , equivalent to a lieutenant-commander in the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
or a major in the British Army or the Royal Marines
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Ensign (rank)
ENSIGN (/ˈɛnsən/ , Late Middle English , from Old French
Old French
enseigne (12c.) "mark, symbol, signal; flag, standard, pennant", from Latin insignia (plural)) is a junior rank of a commissioned officer in the armed forces of some countries, normally in the infantry or navy. As the junior officer in an infantry regiment was traditionally the carrier of the ensign flag , the rank acquired the name. This rank has generally been replaced in army ranks by second lieutenant . Ensigns were generally the lowest ranking commissioned officer, except where the rank of subaltern existed. In contrast, the Arab rank of ensign, لواء, liwa\' , derives from the command of units with an ensign, not the carrier of such a unit's ensign, and is today the equivalent of a major general
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Second Lieutenant
SECOND LIEUTENANT (called LIEUTENANT in some countries) is a junior commissioned officer military rank in many armed forces , comparable to NATO OF-1b rank. CONTENTS * 1 Australia * 2 Canada * 3 France * 4 Greece * 5 Indonesia
Indonesia
* 6 Israel * 7 Norway * 8 Pakistan * 9 United Kingdom and Commonwealth * 10 United States
United States
* 11 Insignia * 12 See also * 13 References AUSTRALIALike the United Kingdom, the rank of second lieutenant replaced the rank of ensign and cornet in 1871. The rank of second lieutenant was phased out in the Australian Regular Army in 1986. CANADAThe Canadian Forces adopted the rank with insignia of a single gold ring around the service dress uniform cuff for both army and air personnel upon unification in 1968 until the late 2000s
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Sergeant Major
SERGEANT MAJOR is a senior non-commissioned rank or appointment in many militaries around the world. In Commonwealth countries, the various degrees of sergeant major are appointments held by warrant officers. In the United States, there are also various grades of sergeant major (command sergeant major , Sergeant
Sergeant
Major
Major
of the Army , Sergeant
Sergeant
Major
Major
of the Marine Corps ), but they are all of the same pay grade of E–9
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Chief Petty Officer
A CHIEF PETTY OFFICER is a senior non-commissioned officer in many navies and coast guards. CONTENTS * 1 Canada * 2 Australia * 3 Pakistan * 4 United Kingdom * 5 United States * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links CANADA Royal Canadian Navy chief petty officer 2nd class insignia "Chief petty officer" refers to two ranks in the Royal Canadian Navy . A chief petty officer 2nd class (CPO2) (premier maître de deuxième classe or pm2 in French ) is equivalent to a master warrant officer in the Army and Air Force, and chief petty officer 1st class (CPO1) (premier maître de première classe or pm1) is equivalent to a chief warrant officer in the Army and Air Force. In spoken references, chief petty officers may be addressed as "chief" but are never addressed as "sir". AUSTRALIA"Chief Petty Officer" is the second highest non-commissioned rank in the Royal Australian Navy
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