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Lamtuna
The Lamtuna are a nomadic Berber tribe belonging to the Sanhaja (Zenaga) confederation, who traditionally inhabited areas from Sous
Sous
to Adrar Plateau. During the Almoravid period, many Lamtunas emigrated northwards. The Sahrawi Tajakant tribe are of the most recognisable offshoots of the Lamtunas. They inhabit the area between Morocco
Morocco
and Western Sahara. During the eighth century the Lamtuna created a kingdom out of a confederation of Berber tribes, which they dominated until the early tenth century
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Berber Languages
The Berber languages, also known as Berber or the Amazigh languages[2] (Berber name: Tamaziɣt, Tamazight; Neo-Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ, Tuareg
Tuareg
Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵜ, ⵝⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵝ, pronounced [tæmæˈzɪɣt], [θæmæˈzɪɣθ]), are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family. They comprise a group of closely related dialects spoken by the Berbers, who are indigenous to North Africa.[3] The languages were traditionally written with the ancient Libyco-Berber script, which now exists in the form of Tifinagh.[4] Berber is spoken by large populations of Morocco, Algeria
Algeria
and Libya, by smaller populations of Tunisia, northern Mali, western and northern Niger, northern Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
and Mauritania
Mauritania
and in the Siwa Oasis
Siwa Oasis
of Egypt
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Jarawa (Berber Tribe)
Jarawa may refer to:Jarawas (Andaman Islands), one of the indigenous peoples of the Andaman Islands Jarawa language (Andaman Islands) Jarawa (Berber tribe), a Berber tribal confederacy that flourished in northwest Africa during the seventh century Jarawa (Nigeria), an ethnic group in Plateau State, Nigeria
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Musulamii
The Musulamii
Musulamii
were a confederation of the Berber Gaetulian tribes,[1] who inhabited the desert regions of what is today known as Chotts Regions in Tunisia
Tunisia
and Algeria, as well as the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis, which was annexed to the Roman empire in 44 AD
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Arabic
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Balearic Islands
The Balearic Islands
Balearic Islands
(/ˌbæliˈærɪk/; Catalan: Illes Balears, pronounced [ˈiʎəz bələˈas]; Spanish: Islas Baleares,[1][2][3] pronounced [ˈizlaz βaleˈaɾes])[4] are an archipelago of Spain
Spain
in the western Mediterranean
Mediterranean
Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza
Ibiza
and Formentera. There are many minor islands and islets close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera
Dragonera
and S'Espalmador. The islands have a Mediterranean
Mediterranean
climate, and the four major islands are all popular tourist destinations
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Nafusa Mountains
The Nafusa Mountains
Nafusa Mountains
(Berber: Adrar n Infusen (Nafusa Mountain), Arabic: [جبل نفوسة‎ (Western mountain)) are a mountain range in the western Tripolitania
Tripolitania
region of northwestern Libya
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Banu Ghaniya
The Banu Ghaniya were an Almoravid
Almoravid
Sanhaja Berber dynasty.[1] Their first leader, Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Yusuf, descendant of 5th almoravid emir Ali ibn Yusuf, was appointed as governor of the Balearic Islands in 1126.[2] Following the collapse of the Almoravid
Almoravid
power at the hand of the Almohads in the 1140s, the Banu Ghaniya continued to govern the Balearic Islands
Balearic Islands
as independent emirs until about 1203, with a brief interruption in the 1180s
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Algeria
Coordinates: 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2People's Democratic Republic
Republic
of Algeriaالجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية (Arabic)République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire  (French) Flag Emblem Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب("By the people and for the people")[1][2]Anthem: Kassaman(English: "We Pledge")Location of Algeria (dark green)Capitaland largest cityAlgiers36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700°N 3.21
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Iberia
The Iberian Peninsula
Peninsula
/aɪˈbɪəriən pəˈnɪnsjʊlə/,[a] also known as Iberia /aɪˈbɪəriə/,[b] is located in the southwest corner of Europe. The peninsula is principally divided between Portugal
Portugal
and Spain, comprising most of their territory. It also includes Andorra, and a small part of France
France
along the peninsula's northeastern edge, as well as Gibraltar
Gibraltar
on its south coast, a small peninsula that forms an overseas territory of the United Kingdom
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic, monotheistic, universal religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Arabic: Allah), and that
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Morocco
Coordinates: 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6Kingdom of Moroccoالمملكة المغربية (Arabic) ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)FlagCoat of armsMotto:  لله، الوطن، الملك  (Arabic) Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber)"God, Homeland, King"Anthem:  النشيد الوطني المغربي  (Arabic) ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ  (Berber) Cherifian AnthemDark green: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco. Lighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and mostly controlled by Morocco
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Sahrawi People
The Sahrawi, or Saharawi people (Arabic: صحراويون‎ ṣaḥrāwīyūn; Berber: ⵉⵙⴻⵃⵔⴰⵡⵉⵢⴻⵏ Iseḥrawiyen; Moroccan Arabic: صحراوة Ṣeḥrawa; Spanish: Saharaui), are the people living in the western part of the Sahara desert which includes Western Sahara, southern Morocco, most of Mauritania[dubious – discuss] and the extreme southwest of Algeria. As with most peoples living in the Sahara, the Sahrawi culture is mixed. It shows mainly Arab-Berber
Arab-Berber
characteristics, like the privileged position of women,[12] as well as characteristics common to ethnic groups of the Sahel
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Adrar Plateau
The Adrar (Berber: , lit. mountain) is a highland natural and historical region of the Sahara Desert
Sahara Desert
in northern Mauritania. The Adrar Region, an administrative division of Mauritania, is named after the traditional region. It is sometimes called Adrar Tamar to distinguish it from other areas called Adrar in the Sahara.[1]Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Features of the Adrar 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksGeography[edit] The Adrar is an arid plateau, known for its gorges, regs (stony deserts) and sand dunes. Structurally the Adrar is a low central massif which rises to over 700m above sea level just east of Atar near the Ebnou Pass on the track to Chinguetti, then loses elevation and becomes subsumed by dunes to the south and east
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Sous
The Sous
Sous
region (also spelt Sus, Suss, Souss or Sousse) (Berber: ⵙⵓⵙ, Sus) is a region in mid-southern Morocco
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Tajakant
The Tajakant (also Tadjakant) is a Sahrawi tribe of Berber (Sanhaja) origins.[1] They speak Hassaniya Arabic. The Tajakant mainly live in Mauritania,[2] Morocco
Morocco
(and in the disputed territory of Western Sahara), Algeria
Algeria
and Mali. They are Muslims, adhering to the Maliki
Maliki
school of Sunni
Sunni
Islam. Tajakant the tribe descended from the tribe of Lamtouna, a fraction of the powerful tribe of Sanhadja in the Mauritanian Adrar
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