Tajakant (also Tadjakant) is a Sahrawi tribe of Berber (Sanhaja)
origins. They speak Hassaniya Arabic.
Tajakant mainly live in Mauritania,
Morocco (and in the
disputed territory of Western Sahara),
Algeria and Mali. They are
Muslims, adhering to the
Maliki school of
Tajakant the tribe descended from the tribe of Lamtouna, a fraction of
the powerful tribe of Sanhadja in the Mauritanian Adrar. They became
sedentary during the ninth century, at the fall of the Almoravid
empire and founded between Chinguetti and Ouadane two cities since
disappeared, Tinigui and Togba.
Tajakant were known as traders and warriors, and held a strong
position in the trans-Saharan trade between Belad Asudan (Sub-Saharan
Africa) and Morocco.
Tajakant tribesmen founded a settlement and trading post in
the oasis of Tindouf, in what is now Algeria. They were engaged in a
lengthy war against the
Kunta in the 19th c., their allies
in this war were the Senhaja. This culminated in 1895 where the
Tindouf was attacked and sacked by a raiding party of
Tindouf was destroyed, and most of the northern
Tajakant wiped out; some populations remain in Morocco, Western Sahara
and a few in Mauritania, where their members have gained importance as
Tajakant are said to be sedentary, and engaged in small-scale
trading and farming they mainly live in
Morocco and the Moroccan
administered territory of Western Sahara. They are one of the
strongest proponents of the Moroccan claims on the territory, this
might be due to their historical feud with the Rguibat. A few live in
Mauritania and Mali.
^ a b Gaudio, Attilio (1993-01-01). Les populations du Sahara
occidental: histoire, vie et culture (in French). KARTHALA Editions.
^ Coppolani, Xavier (1999-09-01). MAURITANIE SAHARIENNE (NOVEMBRE 1903
A MAI 1904): suivi de L'opposition des traitants du Sénégal à
l'action de Coppolani (par Geneviève Désiré-Vuillemin) (in French).
Editions L'Harmattan. ISBN 9782296394582.
^ a b Barth, Heinrich (1859). Travels and Discoveries in North and
Central Africa - Volume 3. Google books. p. 715.
^ (in French)Attilio Gaudio, Populations du Sahara occidental :
histoire, vie et culture, Karthala éditions, 1993
List of Sahrawi tribes
Berber tribes of Morocco
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