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Laboratory
A LABORATORY (CommE /ləˈbɒrətri/ or /ləˈbɒrətəri/ , AmE /ˈlæbərətɔːri/ ; informally, LAB) is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which scientific or technological research, experiments , and measurement may be performed. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Techniques * 4 Equipment and supplies * 5 Specialized types * 6 Safety * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links OVERVIEWLaboratories used for scientific research take many forms because of the differing requirements of specialists in the various fields of science and engineering. A physics laboratory might contain a particle accelerator or vacuum chamber , while a metallurgy laboratory could have apparatus for casting or refining metals or for testing their strength . A chemist or biologist might use a wet laboratory , while a psychologist\'s laboratory might be a room with one-way mirrors and hidden cameras in which to observe behavior
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Lab (other)
LAB usually refers to: * Laboratory
Laboratory
, a facility to conduct scientific research * Labrador Retriever , a breed of dogsLAB or LAB, or variant may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Places * 2 People * 3 Music * 4 Transportation * 5 Science and technology * 6 Groups * 7 Other uses * 8 See also PLACES *
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Laboratory (other)
LABORATORY is a facility where scientific experiments are performed. LABORATORY may also refer to: * Laboratory, North Carolina , an unincorporated community * Laboratory, Pennsylvania , an unincorporated community This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title LABORATORY. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Laboratory_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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China Medical University (Taiwan)
CHINA MEDICAL UNIVERSITY (CMU; Chinese : 中國醫藥大學) is a private university in Taichung
Taichung
, Taiwan. The university enrolls approximately 8,000 students. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Brief Introduction * 1.2 Milestones * 1.3 International Collaboration Network * 1.4 Quick Facts * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYBRIEF INTRODUCTIONCMU was established as CHINA MEDICAL COLLEGE (Chinese : 中國醫藥學院) on June 6, 1958 and transformed itself into CHINA MEDICAL UNIVERSITY in 2003. It is the first academic institution in Taiwan where Chinese medicine and pharmacy programs are provided. The university has two major campuses, Taichung
Taichung
and Beigang. CMU includes seven colleges where various degree programs in western medicine, Chinese medicine, pharmacy (including Chinese herbs), health care (including nursing), life sciences, public health, and management are provided
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Taiwan
TAIWAN (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ ( listen )), officially the REPUBLIC OF CHINA (ROC), is a state in East Asia . Its neighbors include China (officially the People's Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations and the largest economy outside the UN. The island of Taiwan , formerly known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the 17th century, when Dutch and Spanish colonies opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning , the island was annexed by the Qing dynasty , the last dynasty of China. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan in 1895 after the Sino-Japanese War
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Adam Mickiewicz University In Poznan
ADAM MICKIEWICZ UNIVERSITY IN POZNAń (Polish : Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Polish abbreviation UAM) is one of the major Polish universities, located in the city of Poznań in western Poland. It opened on May 7, 1919, and since 1955 has carried the name of the Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz
Adam Mickiewicz
. The university has been frequently listed as a top three university in the country. CONTENTS * 1 History
History
* 2 Sites * 3 Staff and student numbers * 4 Degrees and faculties * 5 Notable alumni and honorary doctors * 6 List of rectors * 7 International cooperation * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYThe university was ceremonially opened on May 7, 1919 (the 400th anniversary of the foundation of Poznań's Lubrański Academy
Lubrański Academy
)
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Schuster Laboratory
The SCHUSTER LABORATORY (also known as the SCHUSTER BUILDING) houses the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester and named after Sir Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster. It is located on Brunswick Street , Manchester
Manchester
, within the Engineering and Physical Sciences faculty of the University. The building was designed by Fairhurst, Harry S. -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;"> * ^ A B C D E Lafferty, George (23 February 2000). "The Schuster Laboratory". Retrieved 2008-02-27. * ^ A B Moss, John (6 January 2006). " Manchester
Manchester
Buildings and the Architects who built Manchester?". Retrieved 2008-02-17. * ^ Wyke, Terry (2004). Public Sculpture of Greater Manchester. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-567-8 . * ^ A B "School of Physics and Astronomy Newsletter, December 2006, Issue 1" ( PDF
PDF
). Retrieved 2008-02-17
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University Of Manchester
Blue, gold, purple AFFILIATIONS Universities Research Association Russell Group EUA N8 Group NWUA ACU EASN WEBSITE manchester.ac.ukTHE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER is a public research university in Manchester , England, formed in 2004 by the merger of the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology and the Victoria University of Manchester . The University of Manchester is a red brick university , a product of the civic university movement of the late-19th century. The main campus is south of Manchester city centre on Oxford Road . In 2015/16, the university had 39,700 students and 10,400 staff, making it the second largest university in the UK (out of 166 including the Open University ), and the largest single-site university
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Science
SCIENCE (from Latin _scientia_, meaning "knowledge") :58 is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe . Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences , which study the material universe ; the social sciences , which study people and societies; and the formal sciences , which study logic and mathematics . The formal sciences are often excluded as they do not depend on empirical observations. Disciplines which use science, like engineering and medicine , may also be considered to be applied sciences . From classical antiquity through the 19th century, science as a type of knowledge was more closely linked to philosophy than it is now, and in the Western world the term "natural philosophy " once encompassed fields of study that are today associated with science, such as astronomy , medicine, and physics
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Experiment
An EXPERIMENT is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis . Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated. Experiments vary greatly in goal and scale, but always rely on repeatable procedure and logical analysis of the results. There also exists natural experimental studies . A child may carry out basic experiments to understand gravity, while teams of scientists may take years of systematic investigation to advance their understanding of a phenomenon. Experiments and other types of hands-on activities are very important to student learning in the science classroom. Experiments can raise test scores and help a student become more engaged and interested in the material they are learning, especially when used over time. Experiments can vary from personal and informal natural comparisons (e.g. tasting a range of chocolates to find a favorite), to highly controlled (e.g
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Measurement
MEASUREMENT is the assignment of a number to a characteristic of an object or event, which can be compared with other objects or events. The scope and application of a measurement is dependent on the context and discipline. In the natural sciences and engineering , measurements do not apply to nominal properties of objects or events, which is consistent with the guidelines of the _International vocabulary of metrology_ published by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures . However, in other fields such as statistics as well as the social and behavioral sciences , measurements can have multiple levels , which would include nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio scales. Measurement
Measurement
is a cornerstone of trade , science , technology , and quantitative research in many disciplines. Historically, many measurement systems existed for the varied fields of human existence to facilitate comparisons in these fields
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Physics
PHYSICS (from Ancient Greek : φυσική (ἐπιστήμη) _phusikḗ (epistḗmē)_ "knowledge of nature", from φύσις _phúsis_ "nature" ) is the natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion and behavior through space and time , along with related concepts such as energy and force . One of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, the main goal of physics is to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines , perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy . Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy along with chemistry , biology , and certain branches of mathematics , but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research programs in their own right
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Particle Accelerator
A PARTICLE ACCELERATOR is a machine that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to nearly light speed and to contain them in well-defined beams . Large accelerators are used in particle physics as colliders (e.g. the LHC at CERN , KEKB at KEK in Japan, RHIC at Brookhaven National Laboratory , and Tevatron at Fermilab ), or as synchrotron light sources for the study of condensed matter physics . Smaller particle accelerators are used in a wide variety of applications, including particle therapy for oncological purposes, radioisotope production for medical diagnostics, ion implanters for manufacture of semiconductors, and accelerator mass spectrometers for measurements of rare isotopes such as radiocarbon . There are currently more than 30,000 accelerators in operation around the world. There are two basic classes of accelerators: electrostatic and electrodynamic (or electromagnetic) accelerators
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Vacuum Chamber
A VACUUM CHAMBER is a rigid enclosure from which air and other gases are removed by a vacuum pump . This results in a low-pressure environment within the chamber, commonly referred to as a vacuum . A vacuum environment allows researchers to conduct physical experiments or to test mechanical devices which must operate in outer space (for example) or for processes such as vacuum drying or vacuum coating. Chambers are typically made of metals which may or may not shield applied external magnetic fields depending on wall thickness, frequency , resistivity , and permeability of the material used. Only some materials are suitable for vacuum use. Chambers often have multiple ports, covered with vacuum flanges , to allow instruments or windows to be installed in the walls of the chamber. In low to medium-vacuum applications, these are sealed with elastomer o-rings
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Metallurgy
METALLURGY is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements , their inter-metallic compounds , and their mixtures, which are called alloys . Metallurgy is also the technology of metals: the way in which science is applied to the production of metals, and the engineering of metal components for usage in products for consumers and manufacturers. The production of metals involves the processing of ores to extract the metal they contain, and the mixture of metals, sometimes with other elements, to produce alloys. Metallurgy is distinguished from the craft of metalworking , although metalworking relies on metallurgy, as medicine relies on medical science, for technical advancement. Metallurgy is subdivided into ferrous metallurgy (also known as _black metallurgy_) and non-ferrous metallurgy (also known as _colored metallurgy_)
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Casting (metalworking)
In metalworking , CASTING means a process, in which liquid metal is poured into a mold , that contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and is then allowed to cool and solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process. Casting
Casting
is most often used for making complex shapes that would be difficult or uneconomical to make by other methods. Casting
Casting
processes have been known for thousands of years, and widely used for sculpture , especially in bronze , jewellery in precious metals , and weapons and tools. Traditional techniques include lost-wax casting , plaster mold casting and sand casting . The modern casting process is subdivided into two main categories: expendable and non-expendable casting. It is further broken down by the mold material, such as sand or metal, and pouring method, such as gravity, vacuum, or low pressure
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