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Jerusalem
JERUSALEM (/dʒəˈruːsələm/ ; Hebrew : יְרוּשָׁלַיִם‎ _ Yerushalayim _ ; Arabic : القُدس‎‎ _ al-Quds _ ) is a city in the Middle East , located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea . Israelis and Palestinians both claim Jerusalem as their capital, as the State of Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there while the State of Palestine ultimately foresees the city as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally. One of the oldest cities in the world , Jerusalem was named as _"Urusalima"_ on ancient Mesopotamian cuneiform tablets, probably meaning "City of Shalem " after a Canaanite deity, during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BCE)
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Al-Quds (other)
AL-QUDS (Arabic : القدس‎‎) is the Arabic name for the city of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, literally meaning "the holy one" (quds = holy)
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Bayt Al-Maqdis (other)
BAIT AL-MAQDIS or BAYT AL-MAQDIS\' (Arabic : بيت المقدس‎) is an Arabic name and a common designation for Jerusalem in Islamic sources. It may also refer to: ORGANIZATIONS * Ansar Bait al-Maqdis , the jihadist militant group based in Egypt. * Aknaf Bait al-Maqdis , the Palestinian rebel group active during the Syrian Civil War.SEE ALSO * Al-Quds (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title BAYT AL-MAQDIS. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bayt_al-Maqdis_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Arabic Language
THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS ARABIC TEXT . Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols .ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, _al-ʻarabiyyah_ (_ listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabī_ (_ listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language complex that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca _ of the Arab world . It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Mar Elias Monastery
MAR ELIAS MONASTERY is a Greek Orthodox monastery in south East Jerusalem, on a hill overlooking Bethlehem
Bethlehem
and Herodium . The monastery was founded in the 6th century, damaged in an earthquake, and restored in 1160 with funds donated by Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor . According to Christian tradition, Elijah
Elijah
rested here after fleeing the vengeance of Jezebel
Jezebel
. It is also said to be the burial place of the Greek Bishop Elias of Bethlehem
Bethlehem
who died in 1345, and St. Elias , an Egyptian monk who became Patriarch of Jerusalem in 494. In the battle for Ramat Rachel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, Mar Elias was the base of the Arab Legion
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Souq
A SOUQ or SOUK (Arabic : سوق‎‎, Hebrew : שוק‎ _suq_, also spelled SHUK, SHOOQ, SOQ, ESOUK, SUCC, SUK, SOOQ, SUQ, SOEK) is a marketplace or commercial quarter in Western Asian and North African cities. _Suq _, and sometimes monti , is also used for a marketplace in Malta . The equivalent Persian term is "bazaar ". CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Types * 3.1 Seasonal * 3.2 Permanent * 4 Organisation * 5 See also * 6 References ETYMOLOGYThe Arabic word is a loan from Aramaic "šūqā" (“street, market”‎), itself a loanword from the Akkadian "sūqu" (“street”‎, from "sāqu", meaning “narrow”). The spelling SOUK entered European languages probably through French during the French occupation of the Arab countries Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia in the 19th and 20th centuries. Thus, the word "souk" most likely refers to Arabic/North African traditional markets
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Old City (Jerusalem)
The OLD CITY (Hebrew : העיר העתיקה‎‎, Ha'Ir Ha'Atiqah, Arabic : البلدة القديمة‎‎, al-Balda al-Qadimah) is a 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 sq mi) walled area within the modern city of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. Until 1860, when the Jewish neighborhood Mishkenot Sha\'ananim was established, this area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. The Old City is home to several sites of key religious importance: the Temple Mount
Temple Mount
and Western Wall
Western Wall
for Jews , the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians and the Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock
and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims . It was added to the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site List in 1981. Traditionally, the Old City has been divided into four uneven quarters, although the current designations were introduced only in the 19th century
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Mamilla Mall
MAMILLA MALL, also known as ALROV MAMILLA AVENUE, is an upscale shopping street and the only open-air mall in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel. Located northwest of Jaffa Gate , the mall consists of a 2,000-foot (610 m) pedestrian promenade called Alrov Mamilla Avenue lined by 140 stores, restaurants, and cafes, and office space on upper floors. The mall sits atop a multi-story parking garage for 1,600 cars and buses, and a bus terminal. Designed by Moshe Safdie and developed by Alrov Properties and Lodgings Ltd. of Tel Aviv , the mall incorporates the facades of 19th-century buildings from the original Mamilla Street, as well as the original structures of the Convent of St. Vincent de Paul, the Stern House , and the Clark House
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Knesset
GOVERNMENT (66) * Likud (30) * Kulanu (10) * The Jewish Home (8) * Shas (7) * UTJ (6) * Yisrael Beiteinu (5)OPPOSITION (54) * Zionist Union (24) * _ Labor (19)_* _ Hatnuah (5)_ * _ Green Movement (1)_* Joint List (13) * _ Hadash (5)_ * _ Balad (3)_ * _ Ra\'am (3)_ * _ Ta\'al (2)_ * Yesh Atid (11) * Meretz (5) * Independent (1 ) ELECTIONS VOTING SYSTEM Party-list proportional representation D\'Hondt method LAST ELECTION 17 March 2015 NEXT ELECTION 2019 or earlier MEETING PLACE Knesset, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, Israel
Israel
WEBSITE www.knesset.gov.ilThe KNESSET (Hebrew : הַכְּנֶסֶת‎ (_ listen ); lit
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Dome Of The Rock
The DOME OF THE ROCK (Arabic: قبة الصخرة‎‎ _Qubbat al-Sakhrah_, Hebrew: כיפת הסלע‎‎ _Kippat ha-Sela_) is an Islamic shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. It was initially completed in 691 CE at the order of Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik during the Second Fitna , built on the site of the Roman temple of _Jupiter Capitolinus_, which had in turn been built on the site of the Second Jewish Temple , destroyed during the Roman Siege of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
in 70 CE. The original dome collapsed in 1015 and was rebuilt in 1022–23. The Dome
Dome
of the Rock is in its core one of the oldest extant works of Islamic architecture
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Tower Of David
The TOWER OF DAVID (Hebrew : מגדל דוד‎‎, Migdal David, Arabic : برج داود‎‎, Burj Daud), also known as the JERUSALEM CITADEL, is an ancient citadel located near the Jaffa
Jaffa
Gate entrance to western edge of the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. The citadel that stands today dates to the Mamluk and Ottoman periods. It was built on the site of an earlier ancient fortification of the Hasmonean , Herodian-era , Byzantine and Early Muslim
Muslim
periods, after being destroyed repeatedly during the last decades of Crusader presence in the Holy Land by Ayyubid and Mamluk rulers. It contains important archaeological finds dating back over 2,000 years including a quarry dated to the First Temple period, and is a popular venue for benefit events, craft shows, concerts, and sound-and-light performances
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Walls Of Jerusalem
The WALLS OF JERUSALEM (Arabic : أسوار القدس‎‎; Hebrew : חומות ירושלים‎‎) surround the Old City of Jerusalem (approx. 1 km²). In 1535, when Jerusalem
Jerusalem
was part of the Ottoman Empire , Sultan
Sultan
Suleiman I ordered the ruined city walls to be rebuilt. The work took some four years, between 1537 and 1541. The length of the walls is 4,018 meters (2.4966 mi), their average height is 12 meters (39.37 feet) and the average thickness is 2.5 meters (8.2 feet). The walls contain 34 watchtowers and seven main gates open for traffic, with two minor gates reopened by archaeologists. In 1981, the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
walls were added, along with the Old City of Jerusalem, to the UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site List. Today the walls of Jerusalem, which were originally built to protect the city against intrusions, mainly serve as an attraction for tourists
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Western Wall
The WESTERN WALL, WAILING WALL or KOTEL (Hebrew : _ הַכֹּתֶל הַמַּעֲרָבִי‎ (help ·info ), translit. : HaKotel HaMa'aravi_; Ashkenazic pronunciation: _HaKosel HaMa'arovi_; Arabic : حائط البراق‎‎, translit. : _Ḥā'iṭ al-Burāq_, translat. : the Buraq Wall, or Arabic : المبكى‎‎ _al-Mabkā_: the Place of Weeping) is an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. It is a relatively small segment of a far longer ancient retaining wall, known also in its entirety as the "Western Wall". The wall was originally erected as pa