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Irgun
The IRGUN (Hebrew : ארגון‎; full title: הארגון הצבאי הלאומי בארץ ישראל‎ _Hā-ʾIrgun Ha-Tzvaʾī Ha-Leūmī b-Ērētz Yiśrāʾel_, lit. "The National Military Organization in the Land of Israel") was a Zionist paramilitary organization that operated in Mandate Palestine between 1931 and 1948. It was an offshoot of the older and larger Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah (Hebrew: הגנה‎, Defence). When the group broke from the Haganah it became known as the _ Haganah Bet_ (Hebrew: literally "Defense 'B' " or "Second Defense", הגנה ב‎), or alternatively as ha Haganah haLeumit (ההגנה הלאומית) or Hama'amad (המעמד‎). Irgun
Irgun
members were absorbed into the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces at the start of the 1948 Arab–Israeli war
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Talk
TALK may refer to: * Conversation , interactive communication between two or more people * Speech , the production of a spoken language * Interaction , face to face conversations * Compulsive talking , beyond the bounds of what is considered to be a socially acceptable amount of talking * Communication<
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Mandatory Palestine
MANDATORY PALESTINE (Arabic : فلسطين‎‎ _Filasṭīn_; Hebrew : פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י)‎ _Pālēśtīnā (EY)_, where "EY" indicates " Eretz Yisrael ", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Southern Syria after World War I . British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948. During its existence the territory was known simply as _Palestine_, but, in later years, a variety of other names and descriptors have been used, including _Mandatory_ or MANDATE PALESTINE, the BRITISH MANDATE OF PALESTINE and BRITISH PALESTINE. During the First World War (1914–18), an Arab uprising and the British Empire 's Egyptian Expeditionary Force under General Edmund Allenby drove the Turks out of the Levant during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign
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Emirate Of Transjordan
Coordinates : 31°57′N 35°56′E / 31.950°N 35.933°E / 31.950; 35.933 Emirate
Emirate
of Transjordan إمارة شرق الأردن Imārat Sharq al-Urdun Mandate for Palestine and Transjordan memorandum 1921–1946 Flag The regions administered by the Emirate
Emirate
("Transjordan", in light pink) CAPITAL Amman
Amman
LANGUAGES Arabic GOVERNMENT Monarchy
Monarchy
EMIR • 1921–1946 Abdullah I BRITISH REPRESENTATIVE • 1921 Albert Abramson • 1921 T. E. Lawrence
T. E

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Yishuv
The YISHUV (Hebrew : ישוב‎‎, literally "settlement") or HA-YISHUV (_the Yishuv_, Hebrew : הישוב‎‎) or HA-YISHUV HA-IVRI (_the Hebrew Yishuv_, Hebrew : הישוב העברי‎‎) is the term referring to the body of Jewish residents in the land of Israel
Israel
(corresponding to Ottoman Syria until 1917, OETA South 1917–1920 and later Mandatory Palestine 1920–1948) prior to the establishment of the State of Israel
Israel
. The term came into use in the 1880s, when there were about 25,000 Jews
Jews
living across Land of Israel , then comprising the southern part of Ottoman Syria , and continued to be used until 1948, by which time there were about 700,000 Jews there. The term is used in Hebrew even nowadays to denote the Pre-State Jewish residents in the Land of Israel
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Israel
Coordinates : 31°N 35°E / 31°N 35°E / 31; 35 State of Israel * מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Hebrew ) * دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل (Arabic ) Flag Emblem ANTHEM: " Hatikvah " (Hebrew for "The Hope") Capital and largest city Jerusalem _(internationally unrecognized )_ 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * Hebrew * Arabic ETHNIC GROUPS (2016) * 74.8% Jewish * 20.8% Arab * 4.4% other RELIGION * 74.8% Jewish * 17.6% Muslim * 2% Christian * 1.6%
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Paramilitary
A PARAMILITARY is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military , but which is not included as part of a state\'s formal armed forces . Under the law of war , a state may incorporate a paramilitary organization or armed agency (such as a national police , a private volunteer militia ) into its combatant armed forces . The other parties to a conflict have to be notified thereof. The use of the term _paramilitary_ can be debated, but the general consensus being of a combatant force or organization, more military-like than civilian . Organizations that have been described as paramilitary are as diverse as the Minutemen
Minutemen
, Black Panthers , SS , youth groups (from scouting to the Pioneer movement
Pioneer movement
), and even military-themed boarding schools
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Armed Forces
A MILITARY, is a force authorized to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens. It typically consists of an Army
Army
, Navy
Navy
, Air Force
Air Force
, and in certain countries the Marines
Marines
and Coast Guard . The task of the military is usually defined as defense of the state, and its citizens, and the prosecution of war against another state. The military may also have additional sanctioned and non-sanctioned functions within a society, including, the promotion of a political agenda , protecting corporate economic interests, internal population control , construction, emergency services, social ceremonies, and guarding important areas
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Ze'ev Jabotinsky
ZE\'EV JABOTINSKY, MBE ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: זאב ז'בוטינסקי‎ Ze'ev Zhabotinski; born VLADIMIR YEVGENYEVICH ZHABOTINSKY, Russian : Влади́мир Евге́ньевич Жаботи́нский; 5 (17) October 1880 , Odessa
Odessa
– 4 August 1940, Hunter, New York ), was a Russian Jewish
Jewish
Revisionist Zionist
Revisionist Zionist
leader, author, poet, orator, soldier and founder of the Jewish
Jewish
Self-Defense Organization in Odessa . With Joseph Trumpeldor
Joseph Trumpeldor
, he co-founded the Jewish Legion of the British army in World War I
World War I
. Later he established several Jewish organizations in what was then called Palestine, including Beitar
Beitar
, HaTzohar and the Irgun
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Avraham Tehomi
AVRAHAM TEHOMI (born as ZILBERG, 1903–1990), also spelled AVRAHAM T\'HOMI, was a noted Jewish militant who served as a Haganah commander, and was one of the founders and first commander of the Irgun
Irgun
. He is best known for being the assassin of Jacob Israël de Haan . CONTENTS * 1 Migration to Palestine * 2 Murder of Jacob Israël de Haan
Jacob Israël de Haan
* 3 Haganah
Haganah
and Irgun
Irgun
commander * 4 Later years * 5 Notes * 6 External links MIGRATION TO PALESTINEZilberg was born in 1903 in Odessa
Odessa
in the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
. He emigrated to Palestine as a pioneer, adopting the name Avraham T'homi (though often spelled as "Tehomi") and started working in road construction
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Menachem Begin
MENACHEM BEGIN ( listen (help ·info ); Hebrew
Hebrew
: מְנַחֵם בֵּגִין‎ Menaḥem Begin, Polish : Mieczysław Biegun; Russian : Менахем Вольфович Бегин Menakhem Volfovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel . Before the creation of the state of Israel, he was the leader of the Zionist militant group Irgun , the Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization Haganah
Haganah
. He proclaimed a revolt , on 1 February 1944, against the British mandatory government , which was opposed by the Jewish Agency . As head of the Irgun, he targeted the British in Palestine. Later, the Irgun fought the Arabs during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Zionism
ZIONISM (Hebrew : צִיּוֹנוּת‎ _Tsiyyonut_ IPA: after _ Zion _) is the national movement of the Jewish people that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Canaan , the Holy Land , or the Roman-named region Palestine ). Modern Zionism emerged in the late 19th century in Central and Eastern Europe as a national revival movement, in reaction to anti-Semitic and exclusionary nationalist movements in Europe. Soon after this, most leaders of the movement associated t