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Igorots
Igorot, or Cordillerans, is the collective name of several Austronesian ethnic groups in the Philippines, who inhabit the mountains of Luzon. These highland peoples inhabit all the six provinces of the Cordillera Administrative Region: Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Kalinga, Ifugao, and Mountain Province, as well as the adjacent province of Nueva Viscaya.Contents1 Etymology 2 Cordillera ethnic groups2.1 Bontoc 2.2 Ibaloi 2.3 Ifugao 2.4 Isnag 2.5 Kalinga 2.6 Kankanaey2.6.1 "Hard" and "Soft" Kankanaey3 Ethnic groups by linguistic classification 4 History 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksEtymology[edit] The word "Igorot" is an exonym, derived from the Austronesian term for "mountain people" (formed from the prefix i-, "dweller of" and golot, "mountain range")
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Kabugao, Apayao
Kabugao, officially the Municipality of Kabugao, (Ilokano: Ili ti Kabugao; Filipino: Bayan ng Kabugao), is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Apayao, Philippines
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Kankanaey People
The Kankanaey people
Kankanaey people
are an Indigenous peoples of the Northern Philippines. They are part of the collective group of indigenous people known as the Igorot
Igorot
people.Contents1 Demographics 2 Prehistory 3 Cultural3.1 Language4 ReferencesDemographics[edit] The Kankanaey live in western Mountain Province, northern Benguet
Benguet
and southeastern Ilocos Sur.[1] They speak Kankanaey and Ilocano
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Mountain Province
Mountain Province
Mountain Province
(Filipino: Lalawigang Bulubundukin), is a landlocked province of the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
in Luzon. Its capital is Bontoc. Mountain Province
Mountain Province
was formerly referred to as Mountain in some foreign references. The name is usually shortened by locals to Mt. Province. The province was named so for being in the Cordillera Central mountain range found in the upper realms of Luzon
Luzon
island. Mountain Province
Mountain Province
was also the name of the historical province that included most of the current Cordillera provinces
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Exonym
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect. It is a common name used only outside the place, group, or linguistic community in question. An endonym or autonym is an internal name for a geographical place, or a group of people, or a language or dialect
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Spanish Colonial Era (Philippines)
Neolithic
Neolithic
ageCallao and Tabon peoples Arrival of the Negritos Austronesian expansion Angono Petroglyphs Lal-lo and Gattaran Shell Middens Jade cultureIron ageSa Huyun Culture Society of the Igorot Ancient barangaysEvents/ArtifactsBalangay grave goods Manunggul Jar Prehistoric gems Sa Huyun-Kalanay Complex Maitum Anthropomorphic PotteryArchaic epoch (900–1565) Historically documented city-states/polities (by geography from North to South)Samtoy chieftaincy Caboloan Tondo Namayan Rajahnate of Maynila Ma-i Madja-as Chiefdom of Taytay Rajahnate of
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Spanish Language In The Philippines
Spanish was the official language of the Philippines
Philippines
from the beginning of Spanish rule in the late 16th century, through the conclusion of the Spanish–American War
Spanish–American War
in 1898. It remained, along with English, as co-official language until 1987. It was at first removed in 1973 by a constitutional change, but after a few months it was re-designated an official language by presidential decree and remained official until 1987, when the present Constitution removed its official status, designating it instead as an optional language.[1][2] Philippine Spanish
Philippine Spanish
(Spanish: Español filipino, Castellano filipino) is a variant of standard Spanish, spoken in the Philippines
Philippines
by a minority today, though it was quite widespread up to the early 20th century
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Endonyms
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect. It is a common name used only outside the place, group, or linguistic community in question. An endonym or autonym is an internal name for a geographical place, or a group of people, or a language or dialect
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Rice
Rice
Rice
is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa
Oryza sativa
(Asian rice) or Oryza glaberrima
Oryza glaberrima
(African rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia
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Terrace (agriculture)
In agriculture, a terrace is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming. This type of landscaping, therefore, is called terracing. Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice. The Rice
Rice
Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras have been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
because of the significance of this technique.[1] Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south, and southeast Asia, as well as the Mediterranean, Africa, and South America
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Farming
Agriculture
Agriculture
is the cultivation and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.[1] Agriculture
Agriculture
was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years; people gathered wild grains at least 105,000 years ago, and began to plant them around 11,500 years ago, before they became domesticated. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Crops originate from at least 11 regions of the world
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Ibaloi People
The Ibaloi are an indigenous ethnic group found in the northern Philippines. Ibaloi is derived from I, a prefix signifying "pertaining to" and baloy or house meaning "people who live in houses". The variants are ibaloy, inibaloy, and nabaloi. The Ibaloi are one of the indigenous peoples collectively known as Igorot, who live in northern part of Luzon, particularly in the mountains of the Cordillera and neighboring provinces.[1]Contents1 Appearance 2 Demographics 3 External links 4 ReferencesAppearance[edit] Ibalois are friendly and hardworking people. They have a fair complexion and are usually four to five feet tall. Farming is their chief occupation and rice, their staple. For meat, they raise cows, pigs, and chickens. The Ibaloi customs, traditions, and beliefs are very similar to those of the Kankanaeys, but their languages are not. Demographics[edit] Ibaloi people are originally from Benguet
Benguet
Province
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Apayao
Apayao
Apayao
(Ilokano: Probinsia ti Apayao) is a landlocked province in the Philippines
Philippines
in the Cordillera Administrative Region
Cordillera Administrative Region
in Luzon. Its capital town is Kabugao. The province borders Cagayan
Cagayan
to the north and east, Abra and Ilocos Norte to the west, and Kalinga to the south
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Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently. Groups are usually described as indigenous when they maintain traditions or other aspects of an early culture that is associated with a given region. Not all indigenous peoples share this characteristic, usually having adopted substantial elements of a colonising culture, such as dress, religion or language. Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
may be settled in a given region (sedentary) or exhibit a nomadic lifestyle across a large territory, but they are generally historically associated with a specific territory on which they depend
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Malayo-Polynesian
The Malayo- Polynesian languages
Polynesian languages
are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers. The Malayo- Polynesian languages
Polynesian languages
are spoken by the Austronesian people
Austronesian people
of the island nations of Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
and the Pacific
Pacific
Ocean, with a smaller number in continental Asia. Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam serve as the northwest geographic outlier, going well into the Malay peninsula. On the northernmost geographical outlier does not pass beyond the north of Pattani, which is located in southern Thailand. Malagasy is spoken in the island of Madagascar
Madagascar
located off the eastern coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean
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Austronesian Languages
The Austronesian
Austronesian
languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar
Madagascar
and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.[2] Austronesian
Austronesian
languages are spoken by about 386 million people (4.9%), making it the fourth-largest language family by number of speakers, behind the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
(46.3%), the Sino-Tibetan languages (20.4%), and the Niger-Congo languages
Niger-Congo languages
(6.9%). Major Austronesian
Austronesian
languages with the highest number of speakers are Malay (Indonesian and Malaysian), Javanese, and Filipino (Tagalog)
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