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Housing In Japan
HOUSING IN JAPAN includes modern and traditional styles. Two patterns of residences are predominant in contemporary Japan
Japan
: the single-family detached house and the multiple-unit building, either owned by an individual or corporation and rented as apartments to tenants, or owned by occupants. Additional kinds of housing, especially for unmarried people, include boarding houses (which are popular among college students), dormitories (common in companies), and barracks (for members of the Self-Defense Forces , police and some other public employees). An unusual feature of Japanese housing is that houses are presumed to have a limited lifespan, and are generally torn down and rebuilt after a few decades, generally twenty years for wooden buildings and thirty years for concrete buildings – see regulations for details
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Sukiya-zukuri
_SUKIYA-ZUKURI_ (数寄屋造り) is one type of Japanese residential architectural style. _Suki_ means refined, well cultivated taste and delight in elegant pursuits and refers to enjoyment of the exquisitely performed tea ceremony. The word originally denoted a building in which tea ceremony was done (known as a chashitsu ) and was associated with _ikebana _ flower arranging, and other Japanese traditional arts. It has come to indicate a style of designing public facilities and private homes based on tea house aesthetics. It is characterised by a use of natural materials. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Comparison with similar styles * 3 Development * 4 Influence * 5 Footnotes * 6 References ORIGINSIn 1587 Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536–98) employed the tea master Sen no Rikyū as his advisor on aesthetic matters
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Public Housing
PUBLIC HOUSING may be a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. SOCIAL HOUSING is an umbrella term referring to rental housing which may be owned and managed by the state, by non-profit organizations, or by a combination of the two, usually with the aim of providing affordable housing . Social housing can also be seen as a potential remedy to housing inequality . Some social housing organizations construct for purchase, particularly in Spain and to an extent elsewhere. Although the common goal of public housing is to provide affordable housing, the details, terminology, definitions of poverty and other criteria for allocation vary within different contexts
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Tokyo
TOKYO (Japanese: (_ listen ), English: /ˈtoʊki.oʊ/ ), officially TOKYO METROPOLIS, is the capital of Japan and one of its 47 prefectures . The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese government . Tokyo is in the Kantō region on the southeastern side of the main island Honshu and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands . Formerly known as Edo , it has been the de facto seat of government since 1603 when Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters. It officially became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from the old capital of Kyoto in 1868; at that time Edo was renamed Tokyo
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Mount Mitake
MOUNT MITAKE (御岳山, Mitake-san) is a mountain in the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park near Tokyo , Japan . It stands 929 m (3,048 ft) tall. On the mountain is a Shinto shrine where practices such as Futomaki divination take place. It is one of the many highlights of the Chichibu Tama Kai National Park , which covers more than 1,250 km2 (483 sq mi) of forested mountains, hills, gorges and some rural towns in the prefectures of Yamanashi, Saitama, Nagano and Tokyo. The trip from Tokyo's Shinjuku Station to Mitake Station on the Ōme Line takes about 95 minutes. A shuttle bus, located 50 meters to the left of Mitake Station, travels to Takimoto village every half-hour between 07:30 to 18:00. From Takimoto village, the Mitake-Tozan Railway cable car operates every half-hour between 07:30 to 18:30 and leads to Mitakesan village at its top
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Japan
Coordinates : 35°N 136°E / 35°N 136°E / 35; 136 Japan 日本国 _Nippon-koku_ _Nihon-koku_ _ Flag Imperial Seal ANTHEM: * " Kimigayo _" * 君が代 "His Imperial Majesty's Reign" GOVERNMENT SEAL OF JAPAN * _ * Go-Shichi no Kiri_ (五七桐) Area controlled by Japan shown in green; claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green
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Single-family Detached Home
A STAND ALONE HOUSE also called a SINGLE-DETACHED DWELLING, DETACHED RESIDENCE or SEPARATE HOUSE is a free-standing residential building. Sometimes referred to as a single family home as opposed to a multi-family residential dwelling . CONTENTS* 1 Definitions * 1.1 Regional terminology * 2 History and distribution * 3 Pros and cons * 4 Separating types of homes * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links DEFINITIONS A single detached dwelling contains only one dwelling unit and is completely separated by open space on all sides from any other structure, except its own garage or shed. — Statistics Canada The definition of this type of house may vary between legal jurisdictions or statistical agencies. The definition, however, generally includes two elements: * a SINGLE-FAMILY (home, house, or dwelling) means that the building is a structure maintained and used as a single dwelling unit
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House
A HOUSE is a building that functions as a home , ranging from simple dwellings such as rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes and the improvised shacks in shantytowns to complex, fixed structures of wood, brick, concrete or other materials containing plumbing, ventilation and electrical systems. Houses use a range of different roofing systems to keep precipitation such as rain from getting into the dwelling space. Houses may have doors or locks to secure the dwelling space and protect its inhabitants and contents from burglars or other trespassers. Most conventional modern houses in Western cultures will contain one or more bedrooms and bathrooms , a kitchen or cooking area, and a living room . A house may have a separate dining room , or the eating area may be integrated into another room. Some large houses in North America have a recreation room
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Japan Self-Defense Forces
Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) LEADERSHIP COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF Prime Minister Shinzō Abe MINISTER OF DEFENSE Tomomi Inada C
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Ministry Of Internal Affairs And Communications (Japan)
The MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS AND COMMUNICATIONS (総務省, SōMU-SHō) is a cabinet -level ministry in the Government of Japan
Japan
. Its English name was Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications (MPHPT) prior to 2004. It is housed in the 2nd Building of the Central Common Government Office at 2-1-2 Kasumigaseki
Kasumigaseki
in Chiyoda , Tokyo
Tokyo
, Japan
Japan
. The Ministry oversees the Japanese administrative system, manages local governments, elections, telecommunication, post, and governmental statistics. The MINISTER FOR INTERNAL AFFAIRS AND COMMUNICATIONS (総務大臣, Sōmu Daijin) is appointed from among the members of the cabinet
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America _ Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos _ * " E pluribus unum " (
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Danchi
DANCHI (団地, lit. "group land") is the Japanese word for a large cluster of apartment buildings of a particular style and design, typically built as public housing by government authorities. The Japan Housing Corporation (JHC), now known as the Urban Renaissance Agency (UR), was founded in 1955. During the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, the JHC built many danchi in suburban areas to offset the housing demand of the then-increasing Japanese population. Today, fewer and fewer Japanese live in the gradually aging danchi, generally preferring individual housing or condominiums, known as mansion (マンション, manshon). Many danchi are owned by large corporations, who charge low or no rent to employees to encourage them to live alongside their colleagues to foster a corporate "family" atmosphere
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Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima
AIZUWAKAMATSU (会津若松市, Aizuwakamatsu-shi) is a city in Fukushima Prefecture , in northern Honshu , Japan. As of September 2014 , the city had an estimated population of 122,715 and a population density of 321 persons per km². The total area was 383.03 km²
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Fukushima Prefecture
FUKUSHIMA PREFECTURE (福島県, _Fukushima-ken_) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region on the island of Honshu . The capital is the city of Fukushima
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Shōwa Period
The SHōWA PERIOD (昭和時代, Shōwa jidai, potentially "period of enlightened peace/harmony" or "period of radiant Japan"), or SHōWA ERA, refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of the Shōwa Emperor, Hirohito , from December 25, 1926 until his death on January 7, 1989. The Shōwa period
Shōwa period
was longer than the reign of any previous Japanese emperor . During the pre-1945 period, Japan
Japan
moved into political totalitarianism , ultranationalism and fascism culminating in Japan's invasion of China
China
in 1937. This was part of an overall global period of social upheavals and conflicts such as the Great Depression
Great Depression
and the Second World War
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Japanese Language
JAPANESE (日本語, _Nihongo_, or ( listen )) is an East Asian language spoken by about 125 million speakers, primarily in Japan , where it is the national language . It is a member of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan ) language family, whose relation to other language groups, particularly to Korean and the suggested Altaic language family, is debated. Little is known of the language's prehistory, or when it first appeared in Japan. Chinese documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Japanese words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. During the Heian period (794–1185), Chinese had considerable influence on the vocabulary and phonology of Old Japanese . Late Middle Japanese (1185–1600) included changes in features that brought it closer to the modern language, and the first appearance of European loanwords
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