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Fiqh
Fiqh
Fiqh
(/fɪk/; Arabic: فقه‎ [fɪqh]) is Islamic jurisprudence.[1] While sharia is believed by Muslims to represent divine law as revealed in the Quran
Quran
and the Sunnah
Sunnah
(the teachings and practices of the Islamic prophet
Islamic prophet
Muhammad), fiqh is the human understanding of the sharia[2]—sharia expanded and developed by interpretation (ijtihad) of the Quran
Quran
and Sunnah
Sunnah
by Islamic jurists (ulama)[2] and implemented by the rulings (fatwa) of jurists on questions presented to them. Thus conceptually, whereas sharia is considered immutable and infallible, fiqh is considered fallible and changeable. Fiqh
Fiqh
deals with the observance of rituals, morals and social legislation in Islam
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Arabic
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Umrah
The ʿ Umrah
Umrah
(Arabic: عُمرَة‎) is an Islamic pilgrimage
Islamic pilgrimage
to Mecca, Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year, in contrast to the Ḥajj
Ḥajj
(Arabic: حَـجّ‎) which has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar. In Arabic, ‘ Umrah
Umrah
means "to visit a populated place." In the Sharia, Umrah
Umrah
means to perform Tawaf
Tawaf
round the Ka‘bah
Ka‘bah
(Arabic: كَـعْـبَـة‎, 'Cube'), and Sa'i
Sa'i
between Safa and Marwah, both after assuming Ihram
Ihram
(a sacred state)
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Romanization Of Arabic
The romanization of Arabic
Arabic
writes written and spoken Arabic
Arabic
in the Latin script
Latin script
in one of various systematic ways. Romanized Arabic
Arabic
is used for a number of different purposes, among them transcription of names and titles, cataloging Arabic language
Arabic language
works, language education when used in lieu of or alongside the Arabic
Arabic
script, and representation of the language in scientific publications by linguists
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Imamate
Imamate
Imamate
(Arabic: إمامة‎ imāmah) is a word derived from imam and meaning "leadership". Its use in theology is confined to Shia. An imam is the head or leader of an imamate and is similar to a caliph or khalifah with one major difference: While a caliph is more of a political head of a state, the imam (in imamate) is a religious as well as a political head of a group of people
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Guardianship Of The Islamic Jurists
A legal guardian is a person who has the legal authority (and the corresponding duty) to care for the personal and property interests of another person, called a ward.[1] Guardians are typically used in three situations: guardianship for an incapacitated senior (due to old age or infirmity), guardianship for a minor, and guardianship for developmentally disabled adults.Contents1 Guardianship for incapacitated seniors 2 Guardianship for minors2.1 Natural guardian 2.2 Legal guardian3 Guardianship for developmentally disabled adults 4 Rules applicable to all guardians 5 Guardian ad litem5.1 United States 5.2 Family law and dependency courts 5.3 Mental health and probate courts6 Estates and financial decision making 7 Settlement guardians ad litem 8 Situation in other countries8.1 England and Wales 8.2 Ger
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Shahada
Sunni
Sunni
theological traditionsIlm al-KalamAsh'ari1 Maturidi Sunni
Sunni
Murji'ah Traditionalist2Shi'a Twelver3PrinciplesTawhid Adalah Prophecy Imamah QiyamahPracticesSalah Sawm Zakat Hajj Khums Jihad Commanding what is just Forbidding what is evil Tawalla Tabarra


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Political Aspects Of Islam
PoliticalHizb ut-Tahrir Iranian Revolution Jamaat-e-Islami Millî Görüş Muslim
Muslim
Brotherhood List of Islamic political partiesMilitantMilitant Islamism
Islamism
based inMENA region South Asia Southeast Asia Sub-Saharan AfricaKey texts<
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Witr
Witr
Witr
(Arabic: وتر‎) is an Islamic prayer (salat) that is performed at night after isha'a (night-time prayer) or before fajr (dawn prayer). According to the Hanafi
Hanafi
Fiqh
Fiqh
witr prayer is wajib.[citation needed] The status of wajib is very close to that of fard. There are a few distinguishing factors of the witr prayer that sets it apart from the fard (mandatory) and sunnah (recommended) prayers. Witr
Witr
has an odd number of rakat prayed in pairs, with the final raka'ah prayed separately.[citation needed] Therefore, as little as one rakat can be prayed, and eleven at most
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Hajj
The Hajj
Hajj
(/hædʒ/;[1] Arabic: حَجّ‎ Ḥaǧǧ "pilgrimage") is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca,[2] the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.[3][4][5] It is one of the five pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat, Zakat
Zakat
and Sawm. The Hajj
Hajj
is the second largest annual gathering of Muslims in the world.[6] The state of being physically and financially capable of performing the Hajj
Hajj
is called istita'ah, and a Muslim
Muslim
who fulfills this condition is called a mustati
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Salah
Sunni
Sunni
theological traditionsIlm al-KalamAsh'ari1 Maturidi Sunni
Sunni
Murji'ah Traditionalist2Shi'a Twelver3PrinciplesTawhid Adalah Prophecy Imamah QiyamahPracticesSalah Sawm Zakat Hajj Khums Jihad Commanding what is just Forbidding what is evil Tawalla Tabarra


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Caliphate
A caliphate (Arabic: خِلافة‎ khilāfah) is a state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (/ˈkælɪf, ˈkeɪ-/, Arabic: خَليفة‎ khalīfah,  pronunciation (help·info)), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
and a leader of the entire Muslim
Muslim
community.[1] Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam
Islam
which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires.[2] During the medieval period, three major caliphates succeeded each other: the Rashidun Caliphate
Rashidun Caliphate
(632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate
Umayyad Caliphate
(661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
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Nikah Mut‘ah
Nikah mut'ah[1][2] (Arabic: نکاح المتعة‎, translit. nikāḥ al-mutʿah, literally "pleasure marriage";[3](p1045)or Sigheh[4] (Persian: صیغه‎) is a private and verbal temporary marriage contract that is practiced in Twelver Shia
Shia
Islam[dubious – discuss] in which the duration of the marriage and the mahr must be specified and agreed upon in advance.[1][5][6](p242)[7](p47–53) It is a private contract made in a verbal or written format
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Nikah Halala
Halala (Urdu: حلالہ) is an Islamic marriage practiced primarily by certain sects of Sunni Muslims, which involves a female divorcee marrying someone else, consummating the marriage and then getting separated in form of divorce or by becoming widow, in order to make it allowable to remarry her previous husband. Halala is a sort of punishment given to Muslim
Muslim
men who divorce their wives without thinking twice. Forcing a woman to remarry with intention to get divorced again is crime in Islam. This practice is rejected by prominent Sunni scholars[1]Contents1 Overview 2 India 3 UK 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksOverview[edit] According to the Qur'an
Qur'an
(2:229, 2:230):"Divorce is twice. Then, either keep [her] in an acceptable manner or release [her] with good treatment
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Nikah Misyar
A misyar marriage' (Arabic: نكاح المسيار‎, translit. nikah al-misyar or more often زواج المسيار zawaj al-misyar "traveller's marriage") is a type of Sunni
Sunni
marriage contract (some aspects are similar to mutah marriage in Shia Islam). The husband and wife thus joined renounce several marital rights such as living together, the wife's rights to housing and maintenance money (nafaqa), and the husband's right to homekeeping and access.[1]Contents1 Background and causes 2 In practice 3 Legality 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 Notes and references 7 External links7.1 English 7.2 ArabicBackground and causes[e
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Polygyny In Islam
Under Sunni and Shia Islamic marital jurisprudence, Muslim men are allowed to practice polygyny, that is, they can have more than one wife at the same time, up to a total of four. Polyandry, the practice of a woman having more than one husband, by contrast, is not permitted. Polygamy
Polygamy
for Muslims, in practice and in law, differs greatly throughout the Islamic world
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