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Einsatzkommando
During World War II, the Nazi German
Nazi German
Einsatzkommandos were a sub-group of five Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
mobile killing squads (term used by Holocaust historians) – up to 3,000 men total – usually composed of 500–1,000 functionaries of the SS and Gestapo, whose mission was to exterminate Jews, Polish intellectuals, Romani, homosexuals, communists and the NKVD
NKVD
collaborators in the captured territories often far behind the advancing German front.[1][2] After the outbreak of war with the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
with Operation Barbarossa, the Red Army began to retreat so rapidly that the large Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
had to be split into dozens of smaller commandos (Einsatzkommandos), responsible for systematically killing Jews and, among others, alleged Soviet partisans behind the Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
lines
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Operation Barbarossa
Frontline strength (initial)3.8 million personnel[1][2] 3,350–3,795 tanks[3][1][4][5] 3,030–3,072 other AFVs[6][7] 2,770–5,369 aircraft[3][8] 7,200–23,435 artillery pieces[1][3][5] 17,081 mortars[5]Frontline strength (initial)2.6–2.9 million personnel[9][10][11] 11,000 tanks[12][13] 7,133–9,100 military aircraft[14][15][16]Casualties and lossesTotal military casualties: 1,000,000+BreakdownCasualties of 1941:According to German Army medical reports (including Army Norway):[17]186,452 killed 40,157 missing 655,179 wounded in action[a] 8,000 evacuated sick2,827 aircraft destroyed[18] 2,735 tanks destroyed[4][19] 104 assault guns destroyed[4][19]Other involved country losses 114,000+ casualties (at least 39,000 dead or missing)[b] 8,700 casualties[c] 5,000+ casualties[d]Total military casualties: 4,973,820BreakdownCasualties of 1941:Based on Soviet archives:[21]
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Waffen-SS
The Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
(German pronunciation: [ˈvafən.ɛs.ɛs], Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation
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Billet
A billet is a living quarters to which a soldier is assigned to sleep. Historically, a billet was a private dwelling that was required to accept the soldier. Soldiers are generally billeted in barracks or garrisons when not on combat duty, although in some armies soldiers with families are permitted to maintain a home off-post. Used for a building, the term is more commonly used in British English; United States
United States
standard terms are quarters, barracks, "Single (Soldier) Housing" or "Family Housing".Contents1 British history 2 United States
United States
usage 3 Amateur sports 4 Other usage 5 References 6 SourcesBritish history[edit] Originally, a "billet" (from the French) was a note, commonly used in the 18th and early 19th centuries as a "billet of invitation." A particular use of the word in this sense is to denote an order issued to a soldier entitling him to quarters with a certain person
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Army Group North
Army Group North (German: Heeresgruppe Nord) was a German strategic echelon formation, commanding a grouping of field armies during World War II. The army group was subordinated to the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), the German army high command, and coordinated the operations of attached separate army corps, reserve formations, rear services and logistics, including the Army Group North Rear Area.Contents1 Operational history1.1 Invasion of Poland 1.2 Invasion of the Soviet Union1.2.1 The Baltic offensive operation 1.2.2 Northern Russia
Northern Russia
offensive operation1.3 Northern Russia
Northern Russia
defensive campaign 1.4 Baltic defensive campaign 1.5 Campaign in East Prussia 1.6 Campaign in West Prussia2 See also 3 Notes and references 4 BibliographyOperational history[edit] The Army Group North was created on the 2 September 1939 by reorganization of the 2nd Army Headquarters
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Army Group Center
Army Group Centre (German: Heeresgruppe Mitte) was the name of two distinct German strategic army groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. The first Army Group Centre was created on 22 June 1941, as one of three German Army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa). On 25 January 1945, after it was encircled in the Königsberg
Königsberg
pocket, Army Group Centre was renamed Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord), and Army Group A (Heeresgruppe A) became Army Group Centre
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Army Group South
World War IIInvasion of Poland Operation Barbarossa Operation BlueCommandersNotable commandersGerd von Rundstedt Erich von Manstein Fedor von Bock Army Group South
Army Group South
(German: Heeresgruppe Süd) was the name of two German Army Groups during World War II. It was first used in the 1939 September Campaign, along with Army Group North to invade Poland. In the invasion of Poland
Poland
Army Group South
Army Group South
was led by Gerd von Rundstedt and his chief of staff Erich von Manstein. Two years later, Army Group South became one of three army groups into which Germany organised their forces for Operation Barbarossa
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Kriminalpolizei
 Kriminalpolizei (help·info) (English: Criminal Police) is the standard term for the criminal investigation agency within the police forces of Germany, Austria
Austria
and the German-speaking cantons of Switzerland. In Nazi Germany, the Kripo was the criminal police department for the entire Reich. Today, in the Federal Republic of Germany, the state police (Landespolizei) perform the majority of investigations
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German Army (Wehrmacht)
6,550,000 (peak in 1943)Active: 4,250,000 Reserve: 2,300,00014,800,000 (total who served)[1]Part of Oberkommando des HeeresMotto(s) "Gott mit uns"Engagements Spanish Civil War World War IICommandersCommander-in-chief of the Army Adolf HitlerChief of the Armed Forces Wilhelm KeitelOther Commanders of the Army Ferdinand Schörner (30 April 1945 to 8 May 1945) Walther von Brauchitsch (4 February 1938 to 19 December 1941) Werner von Fritsch (Inception to 4 February 1938)InsigniaRanks and insignia Ranks and insignia of the Army Infantry
Infantry
unit flagThe
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Invasion Of Poland
German and Soviet victoryBeginning of World War IITerritorial changes Polish territory divided among Germany, the Soviet Union, Lithuania and Slovakia
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Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
/ˈbɪdɡɒʃtʃ/ (Polish pronunciation: [ˈbɨdɡɔʂt͡ʂ] ( listen), German: Bromberg [ˈbʁɔmbɛɐ̯k], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers. With a city population of 358,614 (June 2014), and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz
is the eighth-largest city in Poland. It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County
Bydgoszcz County
and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
since 1999
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Kripo
 Kriminalpolizei (help·info) (English: Criminal Police) is the standard term for the criminal investigation agency within the police forces of Germany, Austria and the German-speaking cantons of Switzerland. In Nazi Germany, the Kripo was the criminal police department for the entire Reich. Today, in the Federal Republic of Germany, the state police (Landespolizei) perform the majority of investigations. Its Criminal Investigation Department is known as the Kriminalpolizei or more colloquially, the Kripo. The equivalent division of the Norwegian Police is known as Kripos, derived from a similar acronym in Norwegian.Contents1 Foundation 2 Nazi Germany 3 Post World War II 4 Present day 5 Switzerland 6 See also 7 References7.1 Citations 7.2 BibliographyFoundation[edit] In 1799, six police officers were assigned to the Prussian Kammergericht (superior court of justice) in Berlin to investigate more prominent crimes
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German AB-Aktion In Poland
The AB-Aktion (German: Außerordentliche Befriedungsaktion, English: Extraordinary Operation of Pacification), was a second stage of the Nazi German campaign of violence during World War II aimed to eliminate the intellectuals and the upper classes of Polish society across the territories slated for eventual annexation
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Poland
Coordinates: 52°N 20°E / 52°N 20°E / 52; 20 Republic
Republic
of Poland Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska  (Polish)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Mazurek Dąbro
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Second Polish Republic
The Second Polish Republic, commonly known as interwar Poland, refers to the country of Poland
Poland
between the First and Second World Wars (1918–1939). Officially known as the Republic
Republic
of Poland
Poland
(Polish: Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
Polska), the Polish state was recreated in 1918, in the aftermath of World War I. When, after several regional conflicts, the borders of the state were fixed in 1922, Poland's neighbours were Czechoslovakia, Germany, the Free City of Danzig, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and the Soviet Union. It had access to the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
via a short strip of coastline either side of the city of Gdynia. Between March and August 1939, Poland
Poland
also shared a border with the then-Hungarian governorate of Subcarpathia
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