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Dermatology
DERMATOLOGY (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin , nails , hair and its diseases . It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails
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Neonate
An INFANT (from the Latin word infans, meaning "unable to speak" or "speechless") is the more formal or specialised synonym for "BABY", the very young offspring of a human. The term may also be used to refer to juveniles of other organisms. A NEWBORN is, in colloquial use, an infant who is only hours, days, or up to one month old. In medical contexts, newborn or NEONATE (from Latin, neonatus, newborn) refers to an infant in the first 28 days after birth; the term applies to premature , full term , and postmature infants; before birth, the term "fetus " is used. The term "infant" is typically applied to young children between one month and one year of age; however, definitions may vary and may include children up to two years of age. When a human child learns to walk, the term "toddler " may be used instead. In British English
British English
, an infant school is for children aged between four and seven
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CCPDMA
CCPDMA is the acronym for "complete circumferential peripheral and deep margin assessment". It is the preferred method for the removal of certain cancers , especially skin cancers . There are two forms of CCPDMA surgery: Mohs surgery
Mohs surgery
and surgical excision coupled with margin assessment. Mohs surgery
Mohs surgery
often requires surgical reconstruction by a plastic surgeon afterward. Surgical excision has the advantage of immediate surgical closure of the wound. Other examples of CCPDMA are found in classical pathology textbooks as techniques of cutting surgical specimens to allow the examination of the inferior and lateral margins of typically elliptical surgical specimens. COMPARISON TO ALTERNATIVES False negative in standard bread loafing histology: If the pathologist looks only at the margin of the three narrow slices, the many cancerous cells on the discarded margins will be missed
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SM City North EDSA
SM CITY NORTH EDSA is a shopping mall located in Quezon City
Quezon City
, Philippines
Philippines
. It is the first SM Supermall
SM Supermall
in the country and is the largest shopping mall in the Philippines
Philippines
, as well as the fourth-largest shopping mall in the world . The mall is operated by SM Prime Holdings , opened on November 8, 1985. The SM City North EDSA
SM City North EDSA
was constructed at a challenging period in the Philippines' political history with a gross floor area of 120,000 square meters in 1985. The mall's redevelopment began with the opening of The Block in July 2006. Among the developments were a new Annex building which opened in December 2008, and Sky Garden which opened in May 2009. The Car Park Plaza transformed into a lifestyle center in 2009
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Face Lift
A FACELIFT, technically known as a RHYTIDECTOMY (from Ancient Greek ῥυτίς (rhytis) "wrinkle" + ἐκτομή (ektome) "excision", surgical removal of wrinkles), is a type of cosmetic surgery procedure used to give a more youthful facial appearance. There are multiple surgical techniques and exercise routines. Surgery
Surgery
usually involves the removal of excess facial skin, with or without the tightening of underlying tissues, and the redraping of the skin on the patient 's face and neck . Exercise routines tone underlying facial muscles without surgery. Surgical facelifts are effectively combined with eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty ) and other facial procedures and are typically performed under general anesthesia or deep twilight sleep
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Ancient Greek
The ANCIENT GREEK language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece
Greece
and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
( Koine Greek
Koine Greek
, 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD). It is antedated in the second millennium BC by Mycenaean Greek and succeeded by medieval Greek . The language of the Hellenistic phase is known as Koine (common). Koine is regarded as a separate historical stage of its own, although in its earliest form it closely resembled Attic Greek and in its latest form it approaches Medieval Greek
Medieval Greek
. Prior to the Koine period, Greek of the classic and earlier periods included several regional dialects
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Laser
A LASER is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation . The term "laser" originated as an acronym for "LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION". The first laser was built in 1960 by Theodore H. Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratories , based on theoretical work by Charles Hard Townes
Charles Hard Townes
and Arthur Leonard Schawlow . A laser differs from other sources of light in that it emits light coherently . Spatial coherence allows a laser to be focused to a tight spot, enabling applications such as laser cutting and lithography . Spatial coherence also allows a laser beam to stay narrow over great distances (collimation ), enabling applications such as laser pointers
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Blepharoplasty
BLEPHAROPLASTY (Greek : BLEPHARON, "eyelid" + PLASSEIN "to form") is the plastic surgery operation for correcting defects, deformities, and disfigurations of the eyelids ; and for aesthetically modifying the eye region of the face. With the excision and the removal, or the repositioning (or both) of excess tissues, such as skin and adipocyte fat , and the reinforcement of the corresponding muscle and tendon tissues, the blepharoplasty procedure resolves functional and cosmetic problems of the periorbita , which is the area from the eyebrow to the upper portion of the cheek. The procedure is more common among women, who accounted for approximately 85% of blepharoplasty procedures in 2014 in the USA and 88% of such procedures in the UK
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Knowledge Exchange
KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER refers to sharing or disseminating of knowledge and providing inputs to problem solving . In organizational theory , knowledge transfer is the practical problem of transferring knowledge from one part of the organization to another. Like knowledge management , knowledge transfer seeks to organize, create, capture or distribute knowledge and ensure its availability for future users. It is considered to be more than just a communication problem. If it were merely that, then a memorandum , an e-mail or a meeting would accomplish the knowledge transfer. Knowledge
Knowledge
transfer is more complex because: * knowledge resides in organizational members, tools, tasks, and their subnetworks and * much knowledge in organizations is tacit or hard to articulate. The subject has been taken up under the title of knowledge management since the 1990s
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Skin Infection
INFECTION OF THE SKIN is distinguished from dermatitis , which is inflammation of the skin, but a skin infection can result in skin inflammation. Skin
Skin
inflammation due to skin infection is called infective dermatitis. Bacterial skin infections affected about 155 million people and cellulitis occurred in about 600 million people in 2013. CONTENTS* 1 Cause * 1.1 Bacterial * 1.2 Fungal * 1.3 Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites * 1.4 Viral * 2 Research * 3 References CAUSEBACTERIAL Further information: List of cutaneous conditions § Bacterium-related Example of cellulitis showing 3+ edema of left leg Bacterial skin infections include: * Folliculitis
Folliculitis
is an infection of the hair follicle that can resemble pimples. * Impetigo
Impetigo
is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection most common among pre-school children
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Genodermatosis
GENODERMATOSES are inherited genetic skin conditions often grouped into three categories: chromosomal, single gene, and polygenetic. :547 A FEW GENODERMATOSES * Epidermolysis Bullosa * Ichthyosis * Palmoplantar keratoderma * Neurofibromatosis
Neurofibromatosis
* Xeroderma pigmentosum
Xeroderma pigmentosum
* Incontinentia pigmenti * Restrictive dermopathy * Pachyonychia congenita SEE ALSO * List of cutaneous conditions
List of cutaneous conditions
* The project Together Against Genodermatoses of the Fondation René Touraine REFERENCES * ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. (10th ed.). Saunders
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Frederic E. Mohs
FREDERIC EDWARD MOHS (March 1, 1910 – July 2, 2002), a physician and general surgeon , developed the Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) technique in 1938 to remove skin cancer lesions while still a medical student at the University of Wisconsin–Madison
University of Wisconsin–Madison
. The Mohs procedure is considered the best method for treating certain types of skin cancer , because it has very high cure rates for even high-risk lesions, combined with maximal preservation of healthy tissues. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Medical career * 3 Personal life * 4 References EARLY LIFEMohs was born in Burlington, Wisconsin
Burlington, Wisconsin
. His father died when he was 3 months old, and the family moved to Madison, where his mother ran a boarding house. After initially considering a career as a radio engineer, he switched to medical studies in college
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Lupus
SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS (SLE), also known simply as LUPUS, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body. Symptoms vary between people and may be mild to severe. Common symptoms include painful and swollen joints , fever , chest pain , hair loss , mouth ulcers , swollen lymph nodes , feeling tired , and a red rash which is most commonly on the face. Often there are periods of illness, called flares, and periods of remission when there are few symptoms. The cause is not entirely clear. It is believed to involve hormonal , environmental , and genetic factors. Among identical twins, if one is affected there is a 24% chance the other one will be as well. Female sex hormones , sunlight, smoking, vitamin D deficiency , and certain infections, are also believed to increase the risk. The mechanism involves an immune response by autoantibodies against a person's own tissues
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Hospital
A HOSPITAL is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which typically has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire and accident victims to a heart attack . A district hospital typically is the major health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care and additional beds for patients who need long-term care. Specialised hospitals include trauma centres , rehabilitation hospitals , children\'s hospitals , seniors' (geriatric ) hospitals, and hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric treatment (see psychiatric hospital ) and certain disease categories. Specialised hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals. A teaching hospital combines assistance to people with teaching to medical students and nurses
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Clinic
A CLINIC (or OUTPATIENT CLINIC or AMBULATORY CARE CLINIC) is a healthcare facility that is primarily focused on the care of outpatients . Clinics can be privately operated or publicly managed and funded. They typically cover the primary healthcare needs of populations in local communities, in contrast to larger hospitals which offer specialised treatments and admit inpatients for overnight stays. Most commonly, the word clinic in English refers to a general medical practice, run by one or more general practitioners , but it can also mean a specialist clinic. Some clinics retain the name “clinic" even while growing into institutions as large as major hospitals or becoming associated with a hospital or medical school
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Hôpital Saint-Louis
HôPITAL SAINT-LOUIS is a hospital in Paris
Paris
, France
France
. It is part of the Assistance publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Paris
hospital system, and it is located at 1 avenue Claude-Vellefaux, in the 10th arrondissement near the metro station: Goncourt . Its address is 1 avenue Claude-Vellefaux (previously called rue Claude-Vellefaux), just north of rue Bichat. It was founded by King Henry IV (1553–1610) (King of France
France
and Navarre) on May 17, 1607 to decongest the Hôtel-Dieu de Paris
Paris
during the plague . He named it St. Louis in memory of Louis IX
Louis IX
, who died of the plague that devastated Tunis
Tunis
in 1270. Today, Hôpital Saint-Louis
Hôpital Saint-Louis
uses its historical premises (parts of which are classified as historical monuments) for administrative functions
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